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have heard, too, that the cocoa- you would like to examine one, seeds were, a long time ago, used and give me its description ? * as money in America.
L. I should, mamma, if I may. I can tell you another curious I notice, Ist, That it is of a long thing about this tree, although I oval shape. 2ndly, It has a rich deep am not quite sure whether it is brown colour. 3rdly—thirdlycorrect. It is said, that in order W. I'll give you a “thirdly'for it to grow well, it must be under feel it !it feels rather oily and the shade of the coral-tree, a tree greasy. with fine bright scarlet blossoms. Ion. Just try and break it, The Spaniards, I know, call the Lucy, and see if it is brittle. coral - tree “the mother of the L. It does break easily, but not cocoa.”
with very sharp edges, like a brittle When the pods on the cocoa- substance. tree have turned yellow, or Ion. Yet it is not friable, because brownish red colour, they are it does not crumble. ready for picking. This is done L. These pieces are not crumbs, twice a-year-in December and certainly. No, the proper word to June.
use is “crisp”—it is crisp. On opening one of these pods, W. Let me taste it, Lucy, please. you would see three rows of long Well, I should call such a taste seeds, lying parallel to each other, peculiar. It has and close together—as closely as not a saline flavour, peas are packed in their pods. not a bitter flavour, You may remember the history of not a sour flavour, coffee, and the way in which the not a sweet flavour. Its taste Negroes prepare it. They have is oily, rather bitter, rather sweet, almost the same plan in preparing and it has an aromatic flavourthe cocoa. The pods are dried in all four flavours mixed together. the sun, or in hot clay, until the We had better say that it has a husks are crisp, and can easily be rich taste. broken off.
Ion. And it has a smell—so it is If the seeds, which are called odorous. Then we will say that it "nibs,” are to be made into cocoa, is of a long oval shape, reddish they are ground into a powder; Brown colour, oily, crisp, odorous, but, if they are to be made into and with a rich taste. chocolate, they are formed into a Now let us make the lesson. L. Where is the cocoa sent to,
Lesson 9. Cocoa. mamma?
(1.) Cocoa nibs are the seed of a M. Some is exported to Eng- | tree growing in South AMERICA land; some to France. The French and the West Indies, where the make many different drinks from it; but the largest quantity is con
• It would be well for the children sumed in Spain. The Spaniards plied with the different objects which
who read Pleasant Pages to be suphave always been famous for eating form the subjects of the lessons, in as well as drinking chocolate. I order that they themselves may exerhave brought you, from the gro-cise their observation.
Every child cer's, two or three of the seeds, or should form a collection, and keep an rather the cocoa nibs. Which of object box.”
sugar and coffee grow. They are of they are green, they contain not only a long, oval shape, reddish brown the unripe seeds, but a pulp which is colour, oily, crisp, odorous, and with 80 sweet and refreshing that it is of a rich taste.
great service to travellers, and has (2.) The trees are cultivated in been called " the food for a God.” plantations, where they form long These seed pods, when 'ripe, are rows called cocoa walks.
picked, prepared almost in the same The pods which contain the seeds way as the coffee-berries, and ecare nearly of an oval shape. When ported to other countries.
A GARLAND OF SPRING FLOWERS. A GARLAND! a garland !
The violet! the violet ! Of blossoms fresh and fair;
From shelter'd mossy bed; A garlandl a garland !
The violet! the violet ! We twine for Spring to wear.
Just lifts its purple head. We'll pluck the flow'rets waking, Beneath the hedgerow hiding, And bursting into birth,
Where wither'd leaves are cast, While she her way is taking,
It cares not for the chiding O’or the reviving earth.
Of March's angry blast. The snowdrop! the snowdrop! The primrosel the primrose ! The foremost of the train ;
Beneath the ancient trees; The snowdrop! the snowdrop! The primrose I the primrose ! Whose lustre bears no stain.
Seeks shelter from the breeze. In modest beauty peerless,
Or where the streamlet dances, It shows its little bell,
'Mid rocky banks and steep, Thro' frost and snow so cheerless, To catch the sun's first glances, Of sunny days to tell.
Its carly flow'rets peep. The crocus! the crocus !
The cowslip! the cowslip! Unheeding wind or rain;
With leaves so fresh and green ! The crocus! the crocus!
The cowslip! the cowslip! Comes peeping up again.
With speckled bells is seen. In purple, white, or yellow,
Its bold and hardy flowers So charming to the sight,
Shoot up among the grass ; We scarce can find its fellow,
Nor fear the driving showers, For colours pure and bright.
That o'er the meadows pass. The daisy ! the daisy !
A garland I a garland ! Spread wide o'er hill and dale ; Of blossoms rich and fair; The daisy! the daisy !
A garland I a garland ! No season knows to fail.
We'll bind for Spring to wear. Tbo'bitter blasts are blowing, With butter cups entwining, Its lovely buds unfold,
The blue-bells shall be there, A crown of silver showing,
With hawthorn's bloom combining, And breast of yellow gold.
And lilies white and fair."
FRIDAY. English Geography.
THE WESTMORELAND LAKES
THE TRAVELLER THROUGH she had her nose close to the turf,
indifferent to natural scenery, for ENGLAND.
and was trying the flavour of some wild flowers !
Everything around the lake was W. I see, papa, that Mr. Young pleasing. On one of the shores I has arranged his “ Notes” just as saw many gentlemen's villas, with we arranged our lesson on Nor- green lawns, shaded by the thick thumberland. He has written woods surrounding them. On the about the shape first ;-then the opposite shore are mountains of a boundaries—the soil-surface, and great height, with their summits
That is very curious ! lost in the clouds-rude rocks P. I can explain it to you. I which seemed to strive, one with sent him our Northumberland another, for grandeur. We could lesson--and he sent word that he not see the distance very clearly, would in future arrange the par- because in some parts, the vapour ticulars in the same order. Here was rising from the lake, causing is his next letter.
all beyond it to look grey and MY DEAR CHILDREN, —
indistinct. I had no intention to remain at We turned off to the village of Penrith, --so when I went to see POOLEY, where I stopped to have Peg and bid her good night, I breakfast at a fisherman's house. whispered to her "To-morrow When the cloth was laid, the morning, old goody, at five o'clock, fisherman's wife brought me some we will be off to the lakes--so sleep fine trout, of which I ate very much, soundly.”
for I had a famous appetite. We did not, next morning, start “What other fish do you catch until six o'clock, but then--when in this lake, mar'm ?” I said. Peg sniffed the fresh dampness of “ Mostly trout, and eels, sir. the morning breeze, how briskly The eels here are very large--and she trotted along! We turned off so are the trout sometimes. I have to our right, as we left the town, known them to weigh as much as and took the road to Ullswater. thirty pounds." I watched the pale white sun which When breakfast was over, I had risen in a dripping mist from went with this good woman to a behind the hills-the streaks of most surprising place, which I will purple and rosy clouds,—the colours tell you about. glistening in the 'dew, which After half-an-hour's walk, we sparkled on the yellow heath-the found ourselves in a spot surearly busy bees, and the soaring rounded by high rocks, and hills. lark—then, by the time the mist I was looking, and wondering at of the rising dew had cleared off, the strange wild shapes of the and the sun had begun to warm rocks-when, suddenly, I heard the us, we had reached the end of our report of a cannon, which she had journey-about 7 or 8 miles, and told some man to fire off. looked down upon the clear bright “Hark, sir !-listen !” she cried; lake of Ullswater.
but it was not very easy to "hark.“ “This is enchanting !” said I to I was almost stunned--the report Peg; but I never saw a horse so of the cannon struck against one of the rocks, and then bounded “Ah! now ye be in trouble, sir,” back again to another.
cried my companion, “but, when It rolled back from that one to the noise be all gone, ye shall hear another rock, and another, and something pretty!" another,—until the number of I soon heard the sound of two echoes it made, all sounding French horns, which now produced together, were like a loud peal of very curious effects. Their echoes thunder. For several seconds, seemed to mingle together, forming the sounds were banging about sounds of all kinds of music;amongst the rocks, and seemed to sometimes like a splendid deephave no place to go to-until they wned organ,--at other times like gradually and gently died away. a soft breathing flute.
“I am rather glad that the “ Well,” said I, “this is very sound has gone,” said I, “but- beautiful! I never before heard why! they seem to be approaching such wonderful echoes ! - How again.” I could not now tell where large is this lake?” I asked of my the sound came from. Sometimes companion, as we went home again. it seemed to be on the right hand “Nine miles long, sir. It be one side, sometimes on the left—now of the largest lakes in Englandit seemed to be behind me, then and is called ULLSWATER. It in front-but at last seemed to measures two miles across in the he coming from all quarters with broadest part. But the largest lake good speed. Again the sound left in England is WINDERMERE, sir. us, and then returned as before, That is nearly 12 miles long." and this was repeated seven times! « And how far is it to Windcr
“Be’ent that queer, sir?” said mere?” my companion, as she laughed “ About 14 miles, I should say with joy at my staring—“but, ye - but if ye be going there, ye'd shall hear more yet.”
better stay and take some dinner In a moment there came a noise first, sir. May be my good man so violent that I felt as though I will be home." should fall to the ground. Several So I stopped at the house of the cannons had been discharged toge- fisherman until the afternoon; and
and the clap was tremendous. in my next letter, you shall read The sounds echoed and echoed how Peg and I set out for Winderfrom every side--whilst the con- mere. fusion and uproar was so great, that it seemed as if the enormous
Dear children, rocks which surrounded the lake were being rooted up, and hurled
Your affectionate friend into the water.
GRATITUDE—THE STORM. The air is chill, the rain falls fast, How many poor around me roam, And dark and wintry is the night, Not knowing where to lay their head, And cold and biting is the blast, Without a friend, without a home, And not a star affords its light; Except it be a mud-wall'd shed; How can I then ungrateful be, How can I then ungrateful be, Who have a house to cover mo? Who have a house to cover me?
(Concluded). P. Here are some more foursided figures.
Lesson 6. QUADRILATERAL F1GURES.
A figure with four sides is called a QUADRILATERAL FIGURE.
A quadrilateral figure with four equal sides, and four right angles, is called a SQUARE.
A quadrilateral figure with four equal sides, and two acute and two obtuse angles, is called a RHOMB.
A quadrilateral figure with two pair of equal sides, and four right angles, is called a RECTANGLE.
A quadrilateral figure with two pair of equal sides, and two pair of equal angles, is called a BARALLELOGRAM.
All other quadrilateral figures are called TRAPEZIUMS.
P. Now, here is a new drawing for you. You must not think it is difficult-you must first copy the two trapeziums carefully, then, if you can draw easily the
figures you have learned before, W. Please, papa, I would rather you will be sure to make the drawnot undertake to describe them. ing nicely. They have a very awkward look. L. I will count the different
P. Well, you need not do so. I figures in it. There are two squares, will simply tell you their names. viz. :—the upper part of the house, They are called Trapeziums. Every and the window of the shed. quadrilateral figure which is not a Three rectangles, viz. :—the lower square, or a rhomb, or a rectangle, part of the house, the tower of is called a Trapezium-no matter the church, and the door in the what may be its shape.
wall. L. What is meant by Quadri Three trapeziums, viz. :--the two lateral figures, papa ?
roofs, and the little house on the P. You may almost perceive left. that it must mean four sided. The The little piece of roof projecting word “quadrilateral” is made from from that house forms a right-angled two Latin words meaning four triangle --- and, the spire of the sided.
church is an isosceles triangle ; so You may now sit down and make that there are, altogether, two a lesson on all the quadrilateral squares, three rectangles, three figures you have been learning trapeziums, a right-angled triangle about.
-and an isosceles triangle.