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They had learned to tame some of of the Island before you leav. the animals, which came down from off. the hills to feed; and on the broad P. The Island is the one on which green pasture-land, you might have you are standing now. seen flocks of sheep, and herds of Ion. Perhaps there was a hut in cattle, which they would watch over our garden. during the day, leading them from P. It was called Britain, and the one green spot to another. So these people were called Britons. men, as their flocks increased, ga Ton. How long ago•was it? thered riches; some began to be P. A long time. Try and think masters, and some servants. They of the time. Nineteen hundred years were said to be in a pastoral state, ago. Fifty years before the birth of and were called SHEPHERDS.
our Saviour. L. Just like Abraham. The L. Now let us make up a lesson. Bible says that he was rich in cattle,
LESSON 1. and silver, and gold.
(1.) About 1900 years ago, which W. And the Bible says, too, that was 50 years before Christ, this counhe had sheep, and oxen, and mentry was called Britain. servants and maid-servants, and (2.) The People were called Britons. she-asses and camels. Do not the (3.) Some of the Britons lived in a Arabs live in such a state now? savage state, and were HUNTERS; some
P. Yes. There were others on lived in a pastoral state, and were the Island in a more civilised state, SHEPHERDS; and otherswhom I will describe next time. W. We shall learn about another
lon. Please, papa, tell us the name I day.
I God bless our native land,
Still guard our shore!
On war no more.
3 And not this land alone,
From shore to shore!
The wide world o'er
2 May just and righteous laws
And bless our Isle!
Kind Heaven may smile.
4 God save our gracious Queen,
God save the Queen!
W. Oh, I do not understand that Lucy. I do not know anything at all, mamma! Please, where is an about Object Lessons. Mamma, what object to begin with? are they for?
M. There are plenty of objects Mamma. First,—To teach you to everywhere. Here on the breakfastobserve minutely. More than half table is a good stock of lessons. The the knowledge which men possess, piece of bread and butter you are they get by carefully noticing things. eating—you have never noticed it
W. That is easy; we are to use half enough. our eyes, I suppose.
L. And the milk, and egg. M. Yes, and other organs also ; M. Yes; we will talk about the you do not observe sounds with your bread, butter, sugar, milk, the egg, eyes.
the salt, coffee, papa's cocoa, the W. No; I use my ears.
boiling water, bacon, knife and fork, M. And how do you notice dif- plate, tea-cup, spoon, coffee-pot, the ferent scents ?
table-cloth, and the mats: one obW. I observe them with my nose.ject every Thursday morning at
M. And the differences in taste- breakfast-time. between the taste of milk, and milk We shall not have time for a long and water, for instance?
lesson now-suppose we begin with W. I find that out with my the table-cloth. Now, Willie-take tongue.
great notice with your eyes, and tell M. And if you want to know me all its parts. whether your plate is hot or cold? W. My eyes tell me it has no
W. I can tell that by feeling. parts at all;—it is one large piece. M. So you have several organs to i
M. Then you must have very bad observe with.
eyes, Willie-look again. W. Yes; organs for seeing, hear- Ion. Here is the corner of the cloth ing, smelling, tasting, and feeling - in my lap. This is one part, is it there are five.
not? The table-cloth has corners. M. They are called the five senses. I M. Quite right, Ion. Now, move These senses are, all day long, bringing your finger from that corner to some knowledge or other to your mind. | Lucy's corner, without taking it off The Object Lessons will lead you to use the cloth, and you will find that it them more carefully and slowly,—and | may travel to her in four directions. afterwards to form words for expressing Ion. I can move my finger along your observations with exactness. this edge, or the other -- in two
In the course of time you will learn ! directions. many things. You will have to look
W. That is another part-the at two or three objects together,--and edge. The cloth has corners and to notice in what they are alike, and edges—two parts. in what they differ—to compare them Ion. Or, instead of going round the as we say. Then you will learn to edges, I may move my finger across find out the reason why they differ the face of the cloth to Lucy. to reflect ; and when you can observe, M. Do not say " the cloth's face," compare, and reflect carefully, you say surface. Your finger may travel in shall learn to arrange your objects in another way across the under surface classes.
- that will make four directions.
W. Ali, then, the cloth has four pulled up. The seeds are then parts — the edges, corners, upper beaten out; the stalks are soaked in surface, and under surface. And I water, and dried, and beaten, and see another! In what part is the combed, and bleached, and so on, urn placed?
until they become bundles of fibres Ada. In the middle; that is fit to make into a table-cloth.
L. What is done with the seeds? L. Here is another part, which I M. They are sold to the chemists, made myself—the “hem” round it. and others, and are called linseed.
Ion. And then you made some W. So my linseed-tea, and the stitches, they must be parts of the table-cloth, come from the same cloth.
plant. M. So they are.
L. And the linseed-oil which Jane Ada. I see some flowers marked rubs the furniture with. all over it.
M. Goods made from the flaxW. But they are not parts. plant are called “ linen” goods. They
L. I think the flowers on it must are manufactured in Leeds, Dundee, be called parts, because if the cloth Dunfermline, and the north of Ireland. had not any patterns on it, it would You may look for these places on be a sheet.
the map. Come, Willie, try if your W. Very well. It has a border- eyes are any better now.
tell me the parts of the table-cloth? Ion. Oh! oh! I am so pleased. I W. Yes, mamma, I can see them have found thousands of parts all at now. May I make up the lesson once. Look !- while I pull out some about it? in this place, where it is
Object Lesson No. 1.-THE TABLEvelled.” They are little threads, or
that is a part.
(1) Our Table-cloth is a piece of M. They are called fibres pro- linen with four edges--four cornersperly.
an Under Surface, Upper Surface Ion. Where do the fibres come from, — Middle, Hem, Stitches, Pattern, Bormamma ?
der, and Fibres. M. They grow in the fields. In (2) The linen is procured from the Yorkshire, Ireland, and Flanders, stalk of the flax plant, which is grown you may see fields covered with in YORKSHIRE, IRELAND, FLANplants, bearing a pretty blue flower: DERS, &c. they are called flax plants. After (3) Table-cloths are made at the flowers are dead, the plants are LEEDS, DUNDEE, DUNFERMLINE, JC.
God might have bade the earth bring forth
Without a flower at all.
For every want of ours,
And yet have made no flowers !
Then wherefore, wherefore were they made
All dyed in rainbow light,
Up-springing day and night?
Whene'er his faith is dim;
SOLIDS, LIQUIDS, AND FLUIDS. | Africa ; I will go and see the Coral
P. Come, Lucy! I have a long Rocks made by little insects, the story to tell you about ADOLF. rocks which have been formed by
1. Who is “ Adolf,” papa ? the water, and others which have
P. You shall hear. Adolf, and been made by fire. Then, I will his brother and sister, went up on a learn of the great fiery lakes under tall cliff. “Ah!” he said, “I have the earth, and the burning volcanoes. thought of something. You, my | Oh!” said he, “you may talk about brother, are going to learn of the your trees and animals, but the earth animals on the earth. You, my sis is all wonders. I WILL LEARN ter, are going to learn of all the ABOUT THE EARTH." beautiful trees and plants. And now, L. And, papa, shall we hear of all I, too, have found something to learn the places he saw? about; I will learn of the WORLD P. Yes. We will begin now. He ITSELF, on which they live.
first learned, what you all know, " Yes," said he, “I can see many that the world is a globe turning on things even already. Look, yonder, at its axis. Then he found out that, the broad green ocean! See the rolling although it seemed to be an immense waves, with their white foam dashing world, after all it is but a little speck against the rocks! Do you hear compared with some of the stars the angry wind. whistling to them ? which God has made. Listen, now!—it is howling and beat He found that the middle of this ing them about, and the poor waves globe consists of heavy rocks made are roaring for fear. Whew! Here of granite, &c., which are covered it comes. Mind! It will blow you , over with a CRUST OF EARTH."
You cannot see it, and yet it W. That earth is lighter than the is stronger than you are.
rocks. I dug some of it this morn“Do you notice the dark iron-grey | ing with my spade. cloud which seems almost to touch P. Then, the greater part of this the Ocean? How thick and heavy crust- all, except the high parts, it looks! Old Wind' seems in- where man and the animals live-is clined to make it move on. But ah! surrounded by a still lighter subit is rather hard work for him. He can stance. only persuade it to jog along slowly. L. That is WATER. You need
“See the long range of hills behind not dig that, Willie. It is so light, us, with their round white heads, that I can move it by blowing it made of chalk. Here are flint-stones with my breath. to examine, and black earth ; a bank P. And then he found that the of red earth, and shingle, and sand. earth and water are surrounded by - “Now," said Adolf to his sister, something else--thinner, and lighter “ whilst you are learning about your still-so that a drop of water will trees, I mean to notice all these sink through it. things. I will travel all over the L. That is AIR. world, and will learn of the deep P. By taking great notice, he waters, and the high mountains, with found that the three great divisions their snows, glaciers, and waterfalls. -EARTH, WATER, and Air, are all I will learn of the fields of ice at the composed of very little parts, called Poles, and the burning deserts of particles.
The particles of the earth hold fast | this, they would both fall down togeto each other, so that we can walk ther. and tread on them without sinking: P. That is true. Now bring me therefore, the earth is called solid. another glass of water. See, Willie !
Ion. The stones are very solid; but, Directly I put my solid finger on the when Jane bought a lump of salt top of the water, and push, the paryesterday, I moved some of its parti- ticles make way for it. cles away from the others, only by L. That is because they are so touching them with my finger. loose; the power which holds them
P. Still, when she placed the salt together cannot prevent your finger on the table, and you did not rub it, from separating them. I see the difit kept its shape, and the particles ference between Water and solid did not fall away from each other things—There is not so much power to so it is solid. But let us go down hold its particles together. What do in the kitchen. Here is a glass full you call the water, papa, if it is not of the next substance-Water. Wil- solid? lie, just turn it over, and put it in a P. We call it liquid. All of you lump on the table.
repeat this after me.
The particles W. I'll try. Ah, papa, look! In- of water are so loose, that they can stead of keeping the shape it had in only hang together so as to form a the glass, the water has allowed its drop-so water is called LIQUID. particles to run away from it, every Ion. And now—THE AIR. where. Mind, Lucy! Some of them W. The particles in the air must are running into your lap, and some be very small, for I cannot even see have gone on a visit to the floor. them. The particles of the water are sprawl Ion. And they are so loose, that ing all over the table, and do not even the drops of rain fall through keep in any particular shape. them. Yet they have some sub
1. That is because they cannot stance, I suppose ? hold together so much as the particles P. Yes. Take this empty bladof the earth.
der, Willie, and blow into it. Ion. Then water is not solid.
Ion. How it is swelling ! P. No, it is not. Yet there must W. Yes, of course, the particles of be a little power, which holds its air from my mouth move it. Now, particles together. All look at this I will open the bladder again, and drop, at the end of my finger. It let the particles out. Listen! Here has more than a million particles, they come. Hark! what a hurry yet there is some power keeping them | they are in. I can hear them. I close to each other in a round shape. can feel them against my cheek, but
L. Yes, the particles at the lower cannot see them. part of the drop hold fast to the P. See this feather which I have particles of the upper part.
thrown up in the air, how slowly it Ion. And there is some power
comes down! holding the outside particles to L. Yes, there must be particles in those inside.
the air to keep it up so long. W. And the same power holds the P. Now let us find a name for the drop to papa’s finger. But that power air. Repeat this, together:—The air is not strong enough to hold together is composed of particles, so small that the particles of two drops. If you we cannot see them. They are always were to try and 'oin another one to flowing about, and cannot hold together