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14th Week.


Object Lesson,

that it is penetrating--all liquids. WATER.


Ion. And fluids which are thinner M. You did not finish your than liquids are very penetrating. "description" of Water last week. Air is. "How the wind penetrates,

W. Ño, mamma, we only gave even through a cloth coat, and you its qualities; but I have thought makes you cold; and so does of three more qualities since then. sinoke. If you put a ship on the water, you W. Yes; but I was thinking of know it will float--the water will the qualities of the water. Because bear it up

it is liquid, it is penetrating. BeM. Yes; and that quality you cause it is penetrating, it is solvent. will find in all liquids. Because And, because it is solventthey have this quality, you may Ion. Ah, that will show us one say that they are buoyant.

of its effects. Because it is solvent, W. And, again, mamma, if you we take the water-jug in the mornpoured some water on a piece of ing, pour some water into the basin, sugar, it would get between the and put our hands in it. Then you particles of the sugar, and separate know what happens. The water them-just as the liquid, Tea, or penetrates between the little cracks the liquid, Coffee, would.

of our fingers, dissolves the dirt, Ion. You mean it would dis- and carries it away. So there is solve it.

an effect-it is cleansing. And we M. That is what Willie means ; may say the first effect is this, and, because water dissolves sub mamma, -it is liquid, penetratstances, it is said to be solvent. ing, and solvent; therefore, it is

W. Then, tea, and coffee are cleansing. Now for some more solvent; and all liquids, I suppose, effects. -gin, and brandy.

W. We can soon discover its M. Yes. But gin and brandy other effects. I will drink it all are spirits. They are strong soi- up, and will tell you .how I feel. vents, and will dissolve substances We do not want to observe it any. that cannot be dissolved in water. longer: that is, we do not want to Water will not dissolve camphor, observe with our senses — so I'll but spirits will.

drink it. W. But, mamma, I have thought Ion. Well, Willie, how do you of a third quality. Before the feel ? water can separate the particles of W. I can't tell yet. Why, I feel the sugar, it must work its way in that it is rather coolingthat is an between them- soak” in, I mean. effect ! And I think I'm refreshed All thin liquids will do this. a little after talking so much. It If you pour water or beer on the is refreshing. floor, how soon it soaks between I'm not stimulated very muchthe fibres of the wood !

not at all, I think. Now, because it separates the L. But, Willie, if you were to particles of a thing it is called sol- faint, and I threw some on you, it vent; but, because it soaks between would stimulate you. taem so easily, what is it called ? W. Yes-then it would revive M. The proper thing to say is, I me! The coldness in it would do

grow better.

that-so it is reviving. That will

inorganic, make four effects.

and reflective. M. And again, Willie, I'll tell

Because it is you something. When you were

liquid, it is about four years old, you were

penetrating, rather a weak child; so I took you

solvent, and te Broadstairs, and bathed you in

cleansing. the Sea-water, until it strengthened

It is also you.

cooling, W. That was very kind of you,

refreshing, mamma. And the water produced

reviving, an effect, certainly; for I am very

strengthening, strong now-it is strengthening.

and fertilizing. L. And when water comes down There, mamma! and that is a from the clouds, Willie, it produces | “true account” of the water. an effect on the flowers. It M. I think you have described strengthens them-or, at least, it it very fairly, although there are improves the earth, so that they some properties which you have

omitted. But, do you think this is M. Yes. It makes it more fer- such a description, that if you were tile; or, it fertilizes it, as we say to say it over slowly to any man --so it is fertilizing.

who had never seen water, he could W. That will make six different form an idea of it in his mind? effects altogether, mamma! Please Ion. Yes, mamma-I think so. co let me say them. Now-Because That is, if he knew the meaning of the water is liquid, it is penetrat the words. But I should hardly ing, solvent, and cleansing. It is think that a blind man could also cooling, refreshing, reviving, know the meaning of the word strengthening, and fertilizing. “Liquid." li you were to say

Ion. And now, mamma, may I to him—“Its particles hold togegive a full description of water? ther enough to form a drop,” he I will say all the properties and would say to you, " Please to say effects that we have discovered. it over again,” and he would try

I have written them all in a and think in his mind how it looks. string, on a piece of paper, and But


I do not think any one they make a very long account.. could imagine such a thing as Listen

water! WATER is

M. Nor do I, Ion. A man must thin,

water to know what it is. fluid,

Well, we have more to learn about liquid,

water yet. We have to notice what bright,

men can do with it, because it has sparkling,

these properties and effects. clear,

You may depend upon it, that transparent,

every quality in the water was tasteless,

put there for some good purpose inodorous,

or another. We will finish our inanimate,

lesson next week.


14th Week.


English Geography,


THE TRAVELLER THROUGH others, with a white, round-topped ENGLAND.

building upon it. It was covered with fine woods, and edged all

round with rocks. MY DEAR CHILDREN,

It is of no use for me to try and It would take too long a time to give you an idea of the beauty of tell you of all that Peg and I saw, the lake. You cannot imayine the on our road from Ullswater to reflections of the dark purple shaWindermere. We stopped at a dows in some parts—and the bright rich and lovely dale called Trout- gleams of sunshine which gave the beck—so called from the beck, or rest of the water the appearance of brook, flowing through it.

glass. Think of a sheet of glass We stood on Troutbeck bridge, several miles in length! You and tried to get a good view of the cannot imagine the beautiful relake, of which I had caught many flections of the blue sky, and the fine glimpses already; but it was white "flying clouds” which seemtoo late in the evening now, to see ed to be chasing each other over anything distinctly; so I resolved the hills, and, in the water at the to sleep at the inn here, and start same time. again the next morning.

I watched the fishing boats mov“Take the road to Low-Wood Inn, ing lazily and quietly along the sir ! and, just about a mile before edge of the distant shore; and two you reach there, you will get a little sailing boats belonging to genview of the lake. It is the best tlemen living in the island. There view, too, sir, except that of Ray- were large flocks of wild fowl, which rigg bank.”

frequently sprang up from the rocks As Peg walked comfortably in the smaller islands, and then, along, I was busy observing more after wheeling round and round in strange shapes in the mountains, the air, and flying about for some though some of the distant ones time, settled down on the lake; were still surrounded by clouds. some of them swimming together The mist, however, cleared off in groups; some forming long rows rapidly and just as the sun was or files, following each other, and brightening up, I found myself on never keeping in a straight line, the highest part of the road, where but cutting all manner of figures a most splendid prospect suddenly on the surface with the tracks they burst upon me.

left behind them ; whilst others There, spread out before me, was were dipping head first into the the clear bright sheet of water, water and rising again-making larger than that of Ullswater, somersets”-flapping their sides dotted here and there with islands, -splashing themselves-skimming and presenting an appearance too the bright surface rapidly-plungbeautiful for me to describe. From ing once more into the water, then, the place where I stood, nearly all out again-and so, continually the İslands could be distinctly and “ sporting on the wing.” clearly seen. I found that, alto The scenery around the lake gether, there were thirteen. One of also delighted me;-but, as I said, them, which was called “ Curwen's I cannot describe it. Words can Island," was much larger than the give you no idea of the distant

the op

hills, or “pikes," as they are called, I would just say, that one part rising above each other in long of the lake is very narrow; and lines of blue, -of the lines of grey there is a ferry-boat, in which hills which were nearer,—of the the people cross to glad green on those which were posite shore. After stopping at nearer still, --of the dark green the ferry-house to take dinner, shades, and deep blackness in the I hired a little skiff, and two men, thick woods around them,-of their and had a delightful row across the rich tints of olive-green, yellow, water, to the large island, called dark purple, and brown, -of the Curwen's Island, or Belle Isle. beautiful mansions with their One of the watermen walked smooth velvet lawns, which now with me round this beautiful place, and then peeped out, with some on a gravel path, nearly two miles times a fresh yellow buttercup long. We then walked up the hill, meadow, dotted with cows and to the stately mansion, and stopped sheep. But, there! again I cannot at a point from which may be seen describe it, dear children, and can one of the grandest, the most only say, as I once read in a book-magnificent landscapes which

“It would be mere vanity to try England ever presented to the and describe a scene which beggars delighted eyes of a traveller. all description. Taken altogether, On our return, the watermen it may be compared to a looking- gave me some information about glass of immense size, and rude the fish in the lake. It not only shape, set in a huge frame, adorned abounds with trout, but with a fish with the grandest carvings and called the char. This fish is about lace-work in a variety of the rich twice the size of a herring-of an est colours, and all the beauty of olive green at the back, while some nature's perfect workmanship.” of its lower parts are white, and

So, as I sat looking and won others, especially the fins, of a dering—forgetting Peg and myself bright red colour. They said that -feeling only how calm and hea

not everybody was allowed to fish venly were the works of God-Lo! | here, but that the lake was divided -Puff ! PUFF! another cough into five large districts. -and then another-- with a strange The owners of the lake let wheezing noise. Then the noise these districts to the fishermen, of a fiddle, and a harp, with a who pay so much money for rent heavy cloud of black smoke from every year, — just as your papa behind a rock projecting into the pays rent to “the landlord" for lake, told me that the works of his house. These men told me, man were near, in the shape of the too, of the great clouds and heavy steamer " Lady of the Lake.” showers which come on so sudShe was filled with all sorts of denly, and of the violent squalls of noisy folks from Manchester, who wind, which raise waves on the had come up by the last“ Excur- | lake, and storms, almost as fearful sion train.” So, although the steamer as those on the sea. looked pretty, as I did not like the W. Just like the waves on the fiddle and noise, I went away to

Lake we read about in the Testabreakfast.

ment, when Christ's disciples were I cannot tell you of all the tossed about so. places I saw on the next day; but After wandering about on the

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shores of the lake, and visiting At that time, Westmoreland some of the smaller islands, or being a border country, like NorHolmes, as they are called (for thumberland, there were very fre“Holme” is the Saxon word for quent fights and “frays" here. island), I reached the southern House burning, and robbery was end of the lake, crossed Newby continually happening, for the hills bridge, and set out for the large were infested with robbers. These market-town KENDAL.

border robbers, who were someOn my way, I picked up some times English, and sometimes information on the “soil" of West- Scotch, were called Moss Troopers, moreland, which you nay like to and they procured their food. by hear. It appears that this county coming down on the plains at night, derives its name from the wide, and carrying off the cattle and sheep open moors on its western side by force. Therefore every farmer larger than those of Cumberland- was obliged to fortify his house; where numbers of geese are fed. to drive in his cattle and sheep Other birds, called grouse, which from the fields, before evening sportsmen are fond of shooting, time; and to shut them up in his are also found in these moors. strong courtyard, for protection,

I had almost forgotten to tell where they were guarded by strong you something I had noticed on and faithful watch-dogs. the road, which we will put in the Both Peg and I enjoyed ourhistory of the county's “surface.” selves so much in this part of the

Some of the old mansions here, country, that we were not anxious and many more of the farm-houses to reach Kendal until evening. which I passed, were built, not of There, just after supper time, I clay, or bricks, but of strong stones. made some “Notes" on the diffeThese houses were surrounded by rent places we had seen-but I am large yards, with very thick and really so tired and sleepy, dear high stone-walls. On making in children, that I don't think I can quiry, I found that most of the sit up to copy them. You shall houses were built, perhaps, 400 have them next week. years ago, in the time before Eng- Good night, dear children! land and Scotland were made into Your faithful friend, one kingdom.


OLD ENGLAND. OLD England for ever!

If the African stand No power shall sever

But once on her strand, My heart from the land of my birth. That moment his freedom he gains ; Tis the land of the brave,

A captive no more, Which none shall enslave;

He leaps on her shoré, 'Tis the happiest land upon earth ; And breaks from him slavery's chains; 'Tis the happiest land upon earth; And breaks from him slavery's chains; 'Tis the land of the free;

Dear land of my birth! So it ever shall be,

Brightest spot upon earth! Which no earthly power can bind; From thee my heart never shall roanı; Ere Britons be slaves,

But gladly I'll prize, Bhe shall sink in the waves,

The blessings that rise, And leave not a vestige behind. From England, my country, my home.


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