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lessons, on “principles.” Then L. Yes, dear papa, please. we will find out their qualities, P. Then, you will be full of and effects too.

gratitude to him for saving you, Ion. Then, we should find, of and making you his childrencourse, that there are good and and, you will say, “I will not try bad principles.

to get moral principles only to P. True, Ion. And all this please myself,”—but, “I will try principles you have, make up what and find out every good principle is called your character, so now, that I may be better fitted to serve perhaps, you can tell me why you God. I'll show him my love by learn Moral lessons."

trying to please him.” Then I shail L. I can tell you, papa. You know that you are “taught of God” want us to see which principles and are religious characters. are good, that we may learn to ! Now, understand this differencegood characters.

If you try to get good principles for Ion. Yes-good moral characters your own good, then you will be-I have heard about “moral W. Moral characters. characters."

P. But when God has taught W. And there are religious cha- you to learn moral principles that racters, too.

you may serve him, then you will L. I think I can tell, papa, which

beof the principles we have been Ion. Religious characters. talking about are good ones P. Remember this, Ion, and all

The cautious principle is a good of you. Do not stop by learning principle,

to be moral characters, but ask The liberal principle is a good our Father to teach you that you principle,

may always live to His glory!
The principle of punctuality is
a good one-and

L. Have you finished, papa ?
The principle of love

P. Yes. There are many more P. Ah, that is a higher principle principles to talk about—but, we than the others. All moral prin- shall find them out as we go on. ciples are parts of religion, but They all spring from the one grand love forms a very large part of it. principle we have already been

Yes, dear children. Love is the learning, which is the foundation great principle of the great God! of the others. and, when His Spirit shall help

L. You mean the principle you to think of His wonderful “Truth,” papa,,but how can it be goodness, and shall thus help you the foundation of good principles? to feel His love, you will easily P. I will answer that question learn LOVE TO God. This is the for you next week, when we have highest principle of all. You were our first lesson on Honesty. You put down ir. this world on purpose will see then how truth leads to to learn it. Shall I tell you what honesty, if I can make you underyou will do. then?

stand it.

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He has also made an "oblique line" | Cases are generally used for preon it, to show you how it may be serving things; and, as the brain divided into two parts. Will you is such an important organlook carefully at the picture, and Ion. It deserves a very good tell me what is the exact position case to protect it. of this line.

M. You may be sure, as God Ion. I will, mamma. The ob- made this skull, that it is the best lique line begins at the ear, and case which could have been made. slants in an upward direction, So, now we will set to work and across to the eyebrow. So, it di- think about it. The object of the vides the head into two parts. skull is to protect the brain What is the upper part called ? what is there in the skull which

M. The upper part is called makes it so well fitted for its obTHE SKULL.

ject? Suppose you notice, first, its W. And the lower part

different parts. M. Just put your hands upon W. I will, mamma. The parts that part of your head!

of the skull are, Ist, the bone in W. I feel now-it is my face. front—the forehead bone. So the head has two great parts- M. Or, you may say, “The 1. The Skull.

frontal bone." 2. The Face.

W. And, here, behind the fronM. You know, I dare say, what tal bone, is a larger bone, which very important organ is placed in- forms the sides of the skull, and side your skull.

the top. There are two, I supW. Yes, mamma—my Brain.

pose-one on each side. They M. Think, then. This skull is make the great wall of the skull. formed as a case for your brain. M. Yes, they are sometimes




called the wall bones—but more “The SKULL consists of four properly “ The parietal bones.”

separate bones, Ion. And here is a smaller bone 1. The Frontal bone, at the back of the skull, in the 2. The Parietal bore, lower part.

3. The Occipital bone, M. That bone has a long 4. The Temporal bones; name, which you must take pains these bones have serrated edges, to remember-it is called “The and are dovetailed together, so Occipital bone.”

that they may not easily be sepaL. And here is a bone at the rated.” side of the head, below the parie L. You have not stated why tal bone.

there are several bones in the M. That is the bone of your skull, Willie. tempie—it is called the Temporal W. No, that does not belong to bone, from the Latin word, Tem- the description. If we want to pora.

know the reason why, we must reHere is the first question for member it. you,- Why should the skull con

M. Let us next look at the sist of these three bones, instead shape which these bones give to of being all in one piece?

the skull. Is it a square shape? W. I can't tell, mamma, and Ion. No; if we had square I'm sure that I have been think heads, we should always be knocking.

ing the corners off. Its shape is M. Perhaps, then, I had better round, and the shape at the top tell you. Suppose that the skull is like an arch, consisted of one piece. Then, if M. Let us see if this arched [ were to strike your skull, the shape is the best that could have olow would be felt throughout the been given to it. We want the whole of it—but, now, if I strike skull to be very strong. your frontal bone, it will be felt When men form a railway tunonly in that bone, and not in the nel, what shape do they find to be others, because they are separate. the best to prevent the earth from

Ion. Ah! that is a very good falling in? plan.

L. The railway tunnels I have W. And I have been noticing seen, have always been long those bones, mamma. Ilow curi- arches-and the Thames Tunnel ously they are joined together. too.

L. Yes, they have edges some W. And they build railroads on thing like those of a saw, or the arches, mamma. edge of a rose leaf.

Ion. And they build bridges on M. Such edges, from the Latin arehes, too, I suppose that is beword serra, a saw, are called cause the arehes can bear the “ Serrated” edges.

weight of the carts and omniIon. And these edges fit in be- buses. tween each other, or are dovetailed M. Yes, and, perhaps, men together, as the carpenter would learned that an arch is the strongsay. That is done that they may est form from their own skuils. The not easily be separated.

arch on the top of your head is W. Now I will say the first part the best possible form that can be of the decription-Write, Lucy.

given to it.

W. I think so, mamma, because they would vibrate more than if I often get very hard knocks on they were thin. If he received a my head, in the play-ground at hard blow, the vibration would be school-but it has not cracked too great, and, passing through to yet. So we will put that down in the brain, would injure it very the second part of the description. much. Such a strong vibration Will you write, Lucy?

would be more likely to kill him: “The bones form together an than a wound penetrating the arched shape, which form gives brain itself. greater strength to protect the As you become a man, your brain."

skull will be beautifully changed M. I should remind you, Wil to protect you from such accilie, that as you grow older you dents. Some of these bones, as will not be so well able to bear they become thicker, actually split such knocks, and must learn to be into two layers—just as a thick more careful. In our first lesson slice of bread is sometimes cut on bones, I told you that the bones into two thin slices. Then, beof the baby, and of young people, tween these two layers of bone, a are more soft and elastic than very soft substance is formed, those of men. That is why the which serves to keep them apart. baby was not killed last week when L. Just as you might put the he fell from nurse's lap on the butter between two thin slices of floor, with such a violent blow. bread, instead of outside. Such a blow would, perhaps, have M. Yes. And this alteration in killed your papa..

the bones of the skull almost preW. Because his bones are more vents any of its vibrations from brittle—but, then, they are thicker. reaching the brain. The skull

M. No, they are not much protects it perfectly. You may thicker, for the quality, thickness, think about this. How God takes would not be a good one for pro care of every part of us! He is tecting the brain. You know what always caring for us, from the is meant by vibratingyou have time when we are little children, seen the wires of the piano vi to the time when we are old men. brate.

You can, when you get older, Ion. Yes, they shake very quick- learn more of your skull,—but, ly, and tremble-so do the harp even now, you may say from your strings, when they are pulled. lesson,

M. And so does your skull when “The skull is beautifully fitted it is struck. Now, if the bones of by the Creator for its object, which your papa's skull were very thick, ) is to protect the brain.”

To the rose the sun is welcome, But the sun of our existence
As she blushes beneath his gleam,

Is the smile of those we love!
The lily lifts her snowy head

And what the sun is to the flower, To greet his fervid beam!

Still true tho' he may rove, There is joy, and light, and gladness, Is that brightest joy the heart can feel, Where his glowing footsteps rove,

The smile of those we love !


15th Week,




fainted from loss of blood. He then EDMUND IRONSIDE.

fell off and was dragged along the M. In our lesson on EDGAR, I ground with his foot in the stirrup told you of one of his wicked acts. He until he died. The people were murdered a nobleman, because he very much shocked at the wicked wanted that nobleman's wife, who Elfrida, and I should think must was called ELFRIDA. Now, what have disliked her very much; inkind of a woman must Elfrida have deed, she must have felt very been to marry a king who had wretched all her life. murdered her husband ?

There is something, dear chilL. I should think she was very dren, which you may learn even foolish

from this bad queen. Mind, and M. And even wicked. The his- have nothing to do or say with tory books say that she was a proud, wicked people. Ask God to make cruel woman;

and you will find you ashamed of wickedness, and this to be true.

keep you away from it. Say to When Edgar died in the year Him, “ Lead us not into tempta975), he left two sons. EDWARD, tion.” 15 years old, was the son of his If Elfrida, when Edgar asked her first wife; and ETHELRED, a little to be his queen, had said to him, boy 7 years old, the son of El-“You are a wicked man, I will have frida. Elfrida wished that her own nothing to do with you," she might boy should be king, but Dunstan, not have become so wretched who still had great power, said that but, you see that having once done the eldest son had the most right, wrong, she became worse and worse and that Ethelred was too young. until she was as bad as her husAnd the people said so too; so, band, and even committed murthey made Edward king.

der her own self. EDWARD THE MARTYR. Edward was an innocent good What sort of a king do you think king; but he only reigned four Ethelred would make? Kings are, years, for I am sorry to say that his what other men often are, just what wicked step-mother determined to their mothers make them. I once murder him, so that her own boy read in a French book these words: might reign instead. This is how “Every great man is the son of his she did it. Edward was always very mother,” which means that he has kind to his little brother Ethelred, been attended to more by his and to his step-mother Elfrida; and mother than his father, or any one one day he came to see her at Čorfe else. Castle. He did not suppose that Alfred had a good mother, so he she would do any wickedness to was a good king. Poor Ethelred him, and as he was going away he had a bad mother, one who was asked for some

wine to drink. foolish and wicked; so, what would Whilst he was sitting on his horse, he be? drinking, Elfrida silently called one L. A wicked and a foolish king, of her servants, who went behind very likely. him and stabbed him in the back. M. Indeed he was. He was so


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