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M. And even by feeling. I have | with his trunk, and gathers them read somewhere that the Bat, up into a large mouthful. So, too, when it futters about in the dim the cameleopard has a long neck twilight, can not only hear the to reach the high branches, and sound in the air made by the a long tongue to twist them into flying of the insects, but, with its his mouth. It would not be so delicate wings, can even feel the pleasant for him to get his food motion in the air made by the with his teeth-just to bite off a wings of the insects; and thus, in few leaves at a time. the dark evenings, it finds its prey. W. No, mamma. The cameleo

Ion. Ah, just as if we were put in pard is like the who uses her a dark room, we should put out tongue to twist the long grass into our hands to feel for the furniture. her mouth. I have seen cows do

W. Or, just as we search for our that. prey with our hands, when we are M. Very well. So we will say, playing at “blind man's buff.” secondly, Mammals differ in their

M. Yes; we may therefore say, LIMBS and other parts with which these Mammals differ in their SENSES they get their food. What is next? with which they find their prey. What L. I suppose we are to think of comes next?

the parts with which they eat their L. They next have to catch food? their prey; and, as they have such Ion. Well, when the lion has different food, of course they do found an animal and caught it, he uot catch it in the same way; and, kills and eats it with his teeth, I of course, must have differences in suppose? the parts for getting it.

M. Yes, that is very likely. I M. True ;—as we said before, don't know any other parts which they have graspers, fins, wings, would be so suitable; and here claws, paws, feet, and hoofs. The we have great differences stillDog, who has paws, runs after the the Bat that eats hard shelled inanimals on the land and catches sects, has sharp-pointed teeth. The them with his teeth.

animals that eat hard nuts, and The Car and the Lion, who other fruits of trees, have rounded steal after the animals, and spring teeth. upon them, catch them with their The Lion has long teeth for claws.

ripping up the bodies of animals W. Ah, ah! and I know an and killing them, while the Cow, animal who gets his food with his who does not kill other animals, nose !-puts it in his mouth with has only teeth fit for cropping the his nose! Think of God making grass, and flat teeth with which an animal's nose so long that he she can grind her food into very can curl it round and put it in his small pieces - - SO we will say, mouth, and use it like a hand! thirdly, Mammals differ in their We call his long nose his trunk. TEETH, with which they eat their If ever you go in the Zoological food. Gardens and give him a piece of

W. And now, fourthly, mamma, cake

the part with which they digest M. Or, if you see the wild ele- their food—that is, the stomach. phant in the woods: he collects Are their stomachs different? the young branches of the trees M. Yes very. Vegetable food

is much harder to digest than 1. We find that the class Mammals animal food-so the Cow, for this contains many different animals which and other reasons, has what we may be arranged in smaller classes may call four stomachs, leading called Orders. from one into another. The CAMEL, 2. As these animals eat different that travels in the hot dry deserts, food, we find some of the greatest has, besides his four stomachs, a differences in the parts relating to bag to keep water in; and the their food. LLAMA, that has to travel in the 3. When, therefore, we wish to Andes, where it cannot get much arrange them in their different orders, water, has cells near its stomach we must notice these parts in partiin which it keeps a supply. On cular, observingthe other hand, the Lion, eating 1st, The parts with which they flesh, has only a single stomach; search and find their food-viz, and again, there are some monkies their SENSES. which have a stomach containing

2ndly, The parts with which they twelve or more different sacs. So, we may say fourthly, These get their foodviz., their LIMBS, * et

cetera. Mammals differ in the STOMACHS with which they digest their food.

3rdly, The parts with which they We shall notice these different kill and eat their foodviz., their parts in Mammals very particularly Teeth. And as we proceed.

4thly, The parts with which they Ion. Because, I suppose, mamma, digest their food-viz., the STOMACH. that these are the parts we are to And when we have observed these notice when arranging them into parts, we must find the Mammals that orders.

are alike in these and in some other M. Yes ; these and some other pointswe must then place them togeparts. We will write them in the ther; and we shall thus arrange our lesson, so that we may remember class into SUB-CLASSES, or ORDERS. them.

Lesson 13. HOW TO DIVIDE THE Properly the extremitres of the CLASS MAMMALS INTO ORDERS. limbs.

TELL, if thou canst, how yonder flower

To life and light has burst its way,
Though ten long months beneath the ground

Its snowy petals torpid lay.
Then will I teach thee how a child

From death's long slumber can awake,
And, to eternal life renewed,

His robe of heavenly beauty take.
While from the dust, each circling year,

The snow-drop lifts its humble head,
Bay, shall I doubt Gou's equal power

To call me from my lowly bed?

23rd Week.



THE NORMAN KINGDOM. P. No; I think that with the

death of William the Conqueror WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR (Concluded.)

we will stop. We will not have P. To-day we will make up our

any more history until next month. "lesson” on William's reign, and

You shall have some of Mr. Young's learn it.

Geography of England instead. L. I will write it, papa.

Tell me,-Which of the kings

we have heard of do you like LESSON 11. WILLIAM I.

best? Began to reign 1066

L. Oh, I like ALFRED best; beDied


cause he lived to do good. His 1. WILLIAM I. was the Duke of good laws, and the schools he Normandy. He claimed the crown built, show that he must have been of England because it had been a good king. promised to him by Edward the W. I liked, too, his dividing that Confessor, and by Haroid.

loaf with the poor man—that was 2. HAROLD was elected King by like Jesus Christ. And the manthe English; but William, being ner in which he treated the Danes, assisted by the Pope and the Nor. when he conquered them, pleased muck barons, invaded England, killed me, Harold, and was proclaimed king. Ion. Yes; but I did not like his

3. William, at first, treated his making them become Christians new subjects with kindness; but, because you know that he could finding that they would not submit to not really make them love Jesus. him, he subdued them with much cruel Jesus never tried to make anybody war and bloodshed. He then divided follow Him. I daresay He thought their lands amongst his followers, Alfred was a rather “officious" and introduced THE FEUDAL 878- disciple. TEM, which brought the people into a W. But then, Alfred was a state of slavery.

Roman Catholic; perhaps that was 4. This system also gave too much the reason. I know that Catholics power and riches to the king, whose do make people become Christians. income was TEN MILLION POUNDS I'm sure that none of the apostles A-YEAR. During William's reign, were Roman Catholics. What is many attempts were made to over a "Roman Catholic,” papa ? throw him. The conquered SAXONS Ion. I think I know-there's rebelled many times ; so also did the St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans, BARONS:-MALCOLM, CANUTE, and andODO, even his own son ROBERT, at P. Never mind now, who the tacked him; but he kept his power Roman Catholics Which until his death in the year 1087. king do you like best after Alfred ? 5. The writing of the DOOMSDAY

W. I like CANUTE, papa. It Book, the estabčishment of the CUR was such a good thing for him to FEW BELL, and the return of the make those " courtiers” look foolJews to England, were events worthy ish; and to put his crown away. of notice in this reign.

Ľ. That was not particularly

good. I like ATHELSTAN better, L. Now, papa, shall we hear because he treated his enemies about William Rufus ?

kindly, as Alfred did ; and made


{hat good law to encourage com

characters. And we may think, merce.

too, how pleasant it is to be one of Ion. Then, papa, I liked Ed- the good people, and for people to WARD, the son of Alfred. I think | bless us after we are dead. it was very good of him and his So, dear children, when you sister to take so much care of the think of the good people, try to people, and build walls round the copy them. Think!-say to yourtowns and castles to protect them. self, “ I have a soul,"_“I have a

L. EGBERT, too, must have been mind,”—“I will not come into this a good king-at least, I think so; world, and go out again, and do because he made all the people nothingI'll try and do good to the obey him. At all events, he must world, as Alfred did.” Think this have been very powerful.

thought; and think it every day W. And I liked that chief CA- | when you get up in the morning, RACTACUS, who was not afraid of “I will ask God to do me good CÆSAR, and made him repent by with His Spirit, then I'll try to do speaking the plain truth to him. good with my spirit.'

P. And there were two men W. But, papa, I shall never be worth noticing who had much a king—I cannot do so much that power over the people.

people will put my name down in Ion. Yes: Dunstan. He had a history book! great power in the reigns of Edred, P. Indeed, Willie, it will be put Edwy, Edgar, Edward the Martyr, down in a history book. The hisand Ethelred.

tory books written by men are W. And the other was the Earl very little things; but there is a Godwin, who had great power in great history book in heaven, the reign of Hardicanute and Ed- written by the Great Almighty. ward the Confessor.

He does not forget anything. He L. But there was a great differ- says that actions are just the same, ence between them : one gained whether they come from children power by his wickedness, and the or kings. other by his honesty.

So, once more, dear children, as P. Which do you like least of you pass through this world, take all these kings?

care of your “ history.” It is all L. I like ETHELRED least, the being written now; and perhaps cowardly man who murdered the

you may, one day, read it. Mind, Danes.

then, and let it be a good history; Ion. I say “Ethelred," papa. for you will either be called “good,

W. So do I. Ethelred and his or bad,” just as the kings we have mother Elfrida—they were a very been talking about. bad pair.

Here are three thoughts for you P. Well, we will not stop to about that history book. talk about the bad people. It is a First, I must be called good or good thing for men to have history bad. written in books, that they may Secondly, I may be called either. look back and see other people's Thirdly, Which shall I be?

Trust not yourself, but, your defects to know,
Make use of every friend, of every foe.


23rd Week,


Object Lesson

three parts.

THE KNIFE AND FORK were peculiar parts ; now, let as (Continued).

find the peculiar qualities. The

BLADE first. The blade is bright. M. Well, Willie, I hope that you W. And the blade is sharp. know now how to observe and de L. It is long, also, and thin. scribe the knife—so begin.

Ada. And it is flat. W. Yes; I observe that it has W. It is very hard, and smooth, two parts--the blade and the handle. too, and cold, and of a greyish colour. Ion. And the rivets, Willie Ada. The edge is straight.

Ion. Except at the top, Ada, L. And there is a stamp on the there it is curved ; and the back, blade—“shear steel”-four parts. too, is straight. We ought to no

Ion. And the blade has a round tice these things to show that it is thick piece at the beginning of it, a dinner-knife ; for, just look at where it is joined to the handle - my pocket knife—the large blade what is that called ?

that I cut slate pencils with. Do M. That is called the shoulder ; you see it? The edge curves forthere is another part yet

ward, and so does the back; it is W. Yes; there is a long piece of quite round-backed. iron running into the handle. Ada. Yes, it is something like a M. That is called the tang.

poll-parrot's beak. W. So that there are six parts L. And here is another quality —the blade, the handle, the rivets, - it will rust in water. the stamp, the shoulder, and the W. Before we describe the blade, tang. And then we might count if we want to write down its quaup the different parts of the blade, lities properly, I'll tell you what thus—the back, the edge, the sides, we should do-arrange them!-put the end, the beginning, and down the qualities that relate to its

Ion. The middle, you might say, shape first, then those relating to and then the half-way toward the its colour and surface. middle; then you might divide it Ion. The qualities which describe into inches, and call each inch a its shape arepart - the first inch, the second long,” inch, and so on.

thin, M. Yes, Ion, but you would only be observing its length-a pro "straight” (at the back and edge), perty which the knife must have, “ curved” (at the top), and as a matter of course. If you wish to make a description of the knife, W. You cannot say a “sharp" you must observe those parts which shape. belong to a knife in particular—the Ion. But you may say a thin shape. parts which make us call it “knife.” W. Yes. I think I have told you so before. Ion. Then the word “ sharp"

W. I think you did say so, here, means, “very thin.” The mamma. We are to make such an men make the front sharp, by account that anybody might be grinding it down to make it thinable to imagine the knife, if he ner, until it is very, very thin ; had never seen it.

so, if you may Ion. Well, the first six parts / shape, you may say “ sharp shape.”

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6 sharp.”


very thin"

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