Imágenes de páginas




a.or adj. stands for adjective.
abbrev, abbreviation, abbreviated.

accusative. act.

active. adv.

adverb. agri.

agriculture. alg.

algebra. Amer.

American, anat,

anatomy. anc.

ancient. antiq.

antiquities. aor.

aorist, aoristic, Ar.

Arabic. arch.

architecture. archæol. archæology. arith.

arithmetic. Armor.

Armoric. art.

article. A. Sax.

Anglo-Saxon. astrol.

astrology. astron,

astronomy. at. wt.

atomic weight. aug.

augmentative. Bav.

Bavarian dialect. biol.

biology. Bohem.

Bohemian, bot.

botany. Braz.

Brazilian. Bret.

Breton (=Armoric). Bulg.

Bulgarian. Catal.

Catalonian. carp.

carpentry. caus.

causative. Celt.

Celtic. Chal.

Chaldee. chem.

chemistry. chron.

chronology. Class.

Classical (=Greek and

Latin). cog.

cognate, cognate with. colloq.

colloquial. com.

commerce. comp.

compare. compar.

comparative. conch.

conchology. сопј. .

conjunction. contr.

contraction, contracted. Corn.

Cornish. crystal.

crystallography. Cym.

Cymric. D.

Dutch. Dan.

Danish. dat.

dative. def.

definite. deriv.

derivation. dial,

dialect, dialectal. dim,

diminutive. distrib.

distributive. dram.

drama, dramatic. dyn.

dynamics. E., Eng.

English. eccles.

ecclesiastical. Egypt.

Egyptian. elect.

electricity. engin.

engineering. engr.

engraving. entom,

entomology. Eth.

Ethiopic. ethn.

ethnography,ethnology. etym.

etymology. Eur.

European ezclam,

exclamation. fem.

feminine. fig.

figuratively. Fi.

Flemish. fort.

fortification. Fr.

French, freq.

frequentative. Fris.

Frisian, fut.

future. G.

German, Gael.


galv. stands for galvanism.


stands for participle.

palæon. palæontology.










Persic or Persian, gram. grammar.








Hlindostanee, Hindu, or Pg.

history. [Hindi. phar.




philos. philosophy.







phys. geog. physical geography.

physiol. physiology.




Platt Dutch.






Indo-Eur. Indo-European

pol. econ. politioal economy.




past participle.


present participle. Ir. Irish.











pron. pronunciation, pronounced.
Low German,


literal, literally.





late Latin, low do. psychol. psychology.



R. Cath.Ch.... Roman Catholic Church. masculine.



Rom.antiq.... Roman antiquities.




Med. L.
Medieval Latin.






Scripture. metaph. metaphysics.






Middle High German.




Sanskrit. mineral. mineralogy.


Slavonic, Slavic.
Mod. Fr. Modern French.



sp. gr.

specific gravity.
Norse, Norwegian. stat.



nat, hist.
natural history.


superlative. nat. order,... natural order.


nat. phil. natural philosophy.









New High German. Tart.





telegraphy. North. E. Northern English.










0. Bulg. Old Bulgarian (Ch, Slavic). Turk.

Old English (i.e. English typog.

between A.Saxon and var.

variety of species). Modern English). v.i.

verb intransitive. 0. Fr. Old French.


verb neuter.
Old High German. v.t.

verb transitive.
0. Prus.
Old Prussian.


Old Saxon.




obsolete. (2)



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Depasture (de-pas'tūr), v.t. pret. & pp. de 2. To be related to anything. as to the cause other cause; inability to sustain itself withpastured; ppr, depasturing. (L. depascor, of its existence orof its operation and effects; out the aid of; as, we ought to feel our deto feed upon.) 1.7 To eat up; to consume. to have such connection with anything as a pendence on God for life and support; the Spenser.-2. To pasture; to graze.

cause, that without it the effect would not child should be sensible of his dependence If 40 sheep yield 80 lbs of wool, and are depas.

be produced; to be contingent or condi on his parents. — 5. Reliance; confidence; tured in one parish for a whole year, the parson tioned: followed by on or upon; as, we de trust; a resting on; as, we may have a firm shall have 8 lbs.

pend on air for piration.

dependence on the promises of God. Depasture (dlē-pas'tūr), v.i. To feed or pas Our happiness depends little on political institu.

Let me report to hin ture; to graze. tions, and much on the temper and regulation of our

Your sweet dependency; and you shall find If a man takes in a horse, or other cattle, to graze

own minds.

A conqueror that will pray in aid for kindness.

Shak. and depzsture in his grounds, which the law calls

3. To be in the condition of a dependant agistruent. Blackstone.

6. In law, the state of being depending or or retainer; to serve; to attend.

pending; the state of waiting for decision. Depatriate (dé-pā’tri-át), v. i. _[L. de, from,


Do not you follow the young Lord Paris? and patria, one's country.) To leave one's

*An action is said to be in dependence from sir, when he goes before me.' 'You depend upon the moment of citation till the final decision country; to go into voluntary exile. (Rare.)

him, I mean?'

Shak. of the House of Lords.' Bell.-7. That of A subject born in any state May, it he please, depatriate.

which the existence presupposes the existMason.

4. To be in suspense; to be undetermined; as,
the suit is still depending in court. See

ence of something else; that which pertains Depatriate (de-på'tri-át), v.t. To drive from PENDING. 5. To rely; to rest with confi

to something else; an accident or quality; one's country; to banish; to expel. dence; to trust; to confide; to have full con

something non-essential. Depauperate (de-pa'pér-āt), v.t. pret. & pp. fidence or belief: with on or upon; as, we Modes I call such complex ideas . . . which are depauperated; ppr. depauperating. [L. de

depend on the word or assurance of our considered as dependencies, or affections of subpaupero-de, intens,, and paupero, to beg

Locke. friends; we depend on the arrival of the mail. gar, from pauper, poor.) To make poor; to impoverish; to deprive of fertility or rich

First, then, a woman will or won't-depend on't;

8. The state of being dependent, subordi

If she will do't, she will; and there's an end on't. nate, or subject to another: opposed to ness; as, to depauperate the soil or the blood.

Aaron Hill. sovereignty. “Humility of mind which depauperates the 6. To hang over; to impend. spirit.' Jer. Taylor. (Rare.)

So that they may acknowledge their dependency This is the curse depending on those that war for upon the crown of England.

Bacon. Depauperate, Depauperated (de-pa'pér

a placket.

Shak. at, dé-pa'pér-at-ed), p. and a. Impoverished;

9. That which is attached to, but subordi. made poor In bot. imperfectly developed; Dependable (de-pend'a-bl), a.

That may

nate to something else; as, this earth and its looking as if ill-formed from want of suffi be depended on; trustworthy. Dependable dependencies.-10. A territory remote from cient nutriment. friendships.' Pope.

the kingdom or state to which it belongs, Depauperize (dė-pa'pér-iz), v.t. (L. de, priv., We might apply these numbers to the case of giants

but subject to its dominion; as, Great Britain and pauper, poor.) To raise from a condi and dwarfs if we had any dependable data from which has its dependencies in Asia, Africa, and tion of poverty or pauperism; to free from

the mean human stature and its probable deviation America. [Dependency is the form exclucould be ascertained.

Sir y Herschel. paupers or pauperism.

sively used in this and the foregoing sense. ) Our efforts at depauperising the children of pau. Dependance, Dependancy (de-pend'ans,

11. The subject of a quarrel, when duels pers would be more successful, if the process were de-pend'an-si), n. Same as Dependence.

were in vogue; the affair depending. not carried on in a lump.

Edin, Rev.

Dependant, Dependent (de-pend'ant, de Your masters of dependencies, to take up Depeacht (de-pêch), v.t. [Fr. dépêcher, to pend'ent), n. 1. One who is at the disposal A drunken brawl.

Massinger. expedite towards a result. See DESPATCH.] of another; one who is sustained by another,

-Dependence is more used in the abstract, To despatch; to discharge. or who relies on another for support or

and dependency in the concrete; thus, we They shall be forth with heard as soon as the party favour; a retainer; as, the prince was fol

say'a question independence before a judge,' which they shall find before our justices shall be lowed by a numerous train of dependants.

but'a dependency of a state.' defuched.

Hackluyt. 2. That which depends on something else; Dependent, Dependant (de-pend'ent, dē. Depectiblet (de-pek'ti-bl), a. (L. depecto, a consequence; a corollary. With all its

pendant), a. 1. Hanging down; as, a deto comb off --de, off, and pecto, to comb. ] circumstances and dependents.' Prynne.

pendent leaf. Tough; tenacious. [It would perhaps be better if a distinction

The furs in the tails were dependent. Peacham. It may be that .. some bodies are of a more

were uniformly made between dependant depectible nature than oil.

Bacon. and dependent, as to some extent it is made, 2. Subject to the power of; at the disposal Depeculation (de-pek’ū-lā"shon), n. [L.

the former being more generally used as the of; not able to exist or sustain itself without depeculor, de peculatus, to embezzle-de, in

noun, the latter as the adjective. We give the will or power of; subordinate; as, we tens., and peculari, to embezzle, public Dependence, Dependency (de - pend’ens, the adjective under DEPENDENT.)

are dependent on God and his providence: money. See PECULATE.) A robbing or em

an effect may be dependent on some unbezzling: Depeculation of the public trea

de-peud'en-si), n. 1. A state of hanging down known cause. sure.' Hobbes. from a support. --2. Anything hanging down;

England, long dependent and degraded, was again Depeinct 1 (de-pant'), v. t. [0. Fr. depeinct, a series of things hanging to another.

a power of the first rank.

Macaulay. depicted, L. depingo. See DEPICT.) To paint. Like a large cluster of black grapes they show, 3. Relying on for support or favour; unable

And made a long dependence from the bough. The Red rose medled with the White yfere,


to subsist or to perform anything without In either cheek depeinclen lively cheere. Spenser. 3. Connection and support; mutual connec

the aid of; as, children are dependent on Depeint, pp. Painted. Chaucer. tion; inter-relation; concatenation. 'A

their parents for food and clothing; the Depend (de-pend'), v. i. (L. dependeo, to hang dependency of thing on thing.' Shak.

pupil is dependent on his preceptor for

instruction. See DEPENDANT. down de, down, and pendeo, to hang )

But of this frame the bearings and the ties, 1. To hang; to be sustained by being fastened

Dependently, Dependantly (de-pend'ent

The strong connections, nice dependencies. Pope. or attached to something above: followed

li, de-pend'ant-li), adv. In à dependent by from

4. A state of being at the disposal of another manner. From the frozen beard

for support or existence; a state of being Depender (de-pend'ér), n. One who depends; Long icicles depend.

Dryden. subject to the power and operation of any a dependant.

Mite, fär, fat, fall; mē, met, hér; pine, pin; nõte, not, möve; tūbe, tub, byll; ch, chain; ch, Sc. loch; 8, go; j, job; n, Fr. ton; ng, sing; TH, then; th, thin;

oil, pound; ü, Sc. abune; y, Sc. fey. w, wig; wh, whig; zh, azure. --- See KEY.




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Depending t (de-pend'ing), n. Suspense. Deplete (de-plėt'), v.t. pret. & pp. depleted; previously compacted into a column, so as Delay is bad, doubt worse, depending conson.

ppr. depleting. "[L. depleo, depletum, to to present a large front.

empty out---de, priv., and pleo, to fill.] 1. To Deplumation (de plūm-ä'shon), n. [See Dependingly (de-pend'ing-li), adv.

In a

empty, reduce, or exhaust by draining away, DEPLUME) 1. The stripping or falling off dependent or subordinate manner.

as the strength, vital powers, resources, &c.; of plumes or feathers. -2. In med. a disease Depeople (de-pe'pl), v.t. [Fr. dépeupler as, to deplete a country of inhabitants. or swelling of the eyelids, with loss of hair. de, priv., and peuple, people.) To depopu At no time were the Bank cellars depleted to any Deplume (de-plum'), v.t. pret. & pp. delate; to dispeople. Chapinan.

alarming extent.

Sat. Rev. plumed; ppr depluiming. (LL deplumo, Deperdit (ile-pèr'dit), n. [L. deperditus, pp.

2. In med. to empty or unload, as the ves to strip off leathers--L de priv , and plumno, of deperdo, deperditum, to destroy, to lose

sels of the human system, with the view of to cover with feathers, from pluma, a fea- de, intens., and perdo, perditum, to lose. ] reducing plethora or inflammation, as by

ther.) To strip or pluck off feathers; to deThat which is lost or destroyed. Paley. blood-letting or saline purgatives.

prive of plumage. [Rare. )

Depletion (de-plē'shon), n. (L. de pleo, to Such a person is like Homer's bird, definmes himDeperditelyt (de-pér'dit-li), adv. In the empty out-de, priv., and pleo, to fill] The

self to feather all the naked callows that he sees. manner of one ruined; desperately. act of emptying; specifically, in med the act

Fer. Taylor. perditely wicked.' King.

of diminishing the quantity of blood in the Depolarization (de-põler-iz-á" shon), n. Deperdition (de-per-di'shon), n. Loss; devessels by venesection; blood-letting.

The act of depriving of polarity; the restorstruction See PERDITION. Depletive (de-plėt'iv), a. Tending to de

ing of a ray of polarized light to its former Depertiblet (de-pert'i-bl). a. (L dispertio,

state. plete; producing depletion. Depletive to distribute, to divide-dis, asunder, and treatment is contraindicated.' Wardrop.

Depolarize (dle põ'ler-īz), v.t. (Prefix de, partio, to share, to part.) Divisible; separ- | Depletive (de-plet'iv), n. That which de

priv., and polarize.) To deprive of polarity. able. Bacon. pletes; specifically, any medical agent of

Depone (de-pön'), v. t. [L depono, to lay Dephal (dep'hal), n. Artocarpus Lakoocha, depletion. She had been exhausted by

down, to deposit-de, down, and pono, to an Indian tree, of the same genus as the depletives.' Wardrop.

place, lay.) 1.7 To lay down; to deposit. bread-fruit and jack, and cultivated for its

Depletory (de-plė'to-ri), a. Calculated to What basins, most capacious of their kind, fruit The juice is used for bird-lime. deplete.

Enclose her, while the obedient element Dephlegmt (de-flem), v.t. (De, priv., and

Lifts or depones its burthen.
Deplication (de-pli-ka'shon), n. (, priv.,

Southey phleg.) To deprive of or clear from phlegm; and plico, to fold.) An unfolding, untwist

2. To lay down as a pledge; to wager, to dephlegmate. Boyle. ing, or unplaiting.

Huibras. Dephlegmate (de-flegʻmát), v.t. (Prefix de,

Deplorability (de-plör’a-bil''i-ti), n. De- Depone (de-põn'), v. i. In old English and and Gr. phlegma, phlegm, from phlegó, to

plorableness. The deplorability of war.' Scots law, to give testimony; to bear witness; burn.) To deprive of superabundant water, Times' newspaper.

to depose. as by evaporation or distillation; to rectify:

Deplorable (dě-plör'a-bl), a. (See DEPLORE] Farther Sprot deponeth, that he entered himself said of spirits or acids. 1. That may be deplored or lamented; la

thereafter in conference with Bour. State Trials. Dephlegmation (de-fleg-mā'shon), n. The

mentable; that demands or causes lamenta Not that he was in a condition to depone to every operation of separating water from spirits tion; hence, sad; calamitous; grievous;

thing he tells.

. and acids by evaporation or repeated dis miserable; wretched; as, the evils of life Deponent (de-põn'ent), a. (L. deponens, tillation; concentration.

are deplorable. "The deplorable condition deponentis, ppr. of depono-de, and pono, Dephlegmator (dē-fleg-mā'tér), n. A form

to which the king was reduced.' Clarendon. to lay.) Laying down. - Deponent verb, in of condensing apparatus for stills, consisting

2. Low; contemptible; pitiable; as, deplor. Latin gram a verb which has a passive terof broad sheets of tinned copper soldered

able nonsense; deplorable stupidity. (Colloq.) mination, with an active signification; as, together so as to leave narrow spaces be SYN. amentable, sad, di ial, wretched, loquor, to speak: so called because such tween them.

calamitous, grievous, miserable, hopeless, verbs were regarded as having laid down Dephlegmedness t (de-flem'ed-nes), n. A contemptible, pitiable, low.

their passive sense. state of being freed from water.

Deplorableness (dé-plör'a-bl-nes), n. The Deponent (dé-pon'ent), n. 1. One who deDephlogisticate (de-flo-jis’ti-kát), v.t. pret.

state of being deplorable; misery; wretched poses or gives a deposition, especially under & pp. dephlogisticated; ppr. dephlogisticatness; a miserable state.

oath; one who gives written testimony to ing (Prefix de, and Gr. phlogistos, burned, Deplorably (de-plor'a-bli), adv. In a man be used as evidence in a court of justice, or inflammable, from phlogiző, to burn. See

ner to be deplored; lamentably; miserably; for any other purpose.--2. In Latin gram. PHLOGISTON] An old term meaning to deas, manners are deplorably corrupt.

a deponent verb. prive of phlogiston, or the supposed princi

Deploratet (dé-plor'at), a. Lamentable; Depopularize (de-po'rū-lér-iz), v.t. To renple of intlammability. hopeless. Sir R. L'Estrange.

der unpopular. Westininster Rev. (Rare.) Dephlogistication (de-flo-jis'ti-kā"shon), n.

Deploration (de-plor-a'shon), n. 1. The act Depopulate (dě-po'pů-lät), v.t. pret. & pp. A term applied by the older chemists to of lamenting * The deploration of her for depopulated; ppr. depopulating. [L. depocertain processes by which they imagined

tune.' Speed. -- 2. In music, a dirge or pulor, depopulatus, to lay waste, ravage that plilogiston was separated from bodies. mournful strain.

de, intens., and populor, to ravage or lay They regarded oxygen as common air de

Deplore (de-plör), v. t. pret. & pp. deplored; waste, from populus, people.) To dispeople; prived of phlogiston; and hence called it

ppr. deploring. (L. deploro, to weep bitterly to unpeople; to deprive of inhabitants, dephlogisticated air.'

to wail--de, intens., and ploro, to howl, to whether by death or by expulsion. It is Depict (de-pikt'), v.t. (L. depingo, depictum

wail; from Indo-Eur. root plu, whence not synonymous with laying waste or de-de, and pingo, to paint.] 1. To paint; to

pluere, to rain; plurius, rain; and our flow, stroying, being limited to the loss of inhaportray; to form a likeness of in colours;

jlood.) 1. To lament; to be wail; to mourn; bitants; as, an army or a famine may depoas, to depict a lion on a shield.

to feel or express deep and poignant grief pulate a country. It rarely expresses an His arms are fairly depicted in his chamber. Fuller. for.

entire loss of inhabitants, but often a great 2. To describe; to represent in words; as, Thou art gone to the grave! but we will not deplore

diminution of their numbers. the poet depicts the virtues of his hero in thee.


Grim death, in different shapes, glowing language. 2. To despair of; to regard or give up as

Depopulates the nations, thousands fall
His victims.

Philips. Cæsar's gout was then depicted in energetic lan desperate. guage.


The physicians do make a kind of scruple and Depopulate (de-po'pū-lāt), v.i. To become Syn. To delineate, paint, sketch, portray, religion to stay with the patient after the disease is dispeopled. (Rare or obsolete.) describe, represent.



This is not the place to enter into an inquiry Depiction (de-pik'shon), n. A painting or 3. To complain of.

whether the country be de populating or not.

Goldsmith depicting. (Rare or obsolete.)

Never more
Will I my master's tears to you de plore.

Depicture (de-pik'tūr), v.t. pret. & pp. de-


Depopulation (de-po'pū-la"shon), n. pictured; ppr, depicturing. [Prefix de, and Syn. To bewail, lament, mourn, bemoan.

act of dispeopling; destruction expulsion

of inhabitants. picture.) To paint; to picture; to represent Deplore (de-plor“), v.i. To utter lamenta Depopulator (de-po'pū-lāt-ér), 12. One who in colours tions; to lament; to moan. (Rare.)

or that which depopulates; one who or that Several persons were depictured in caricature.

'Twas when the sea was roaring Fielding

which destroys or expels the inhabitants of

With hollow blasts of wind, Depilate (de'pil-āt), v.t. pret & pp. depil

A damsel lay deploring,

a city, town, or country; a dispeopler. ated; ppr. depilating. (L. depilo, to pull out

All on a rock reclined.


Deport (de-port'), v.t. (Fr. déporter, to the hair – de, priv., and pilo, to put forth Deploredly t (de-plored-li), adv. Lament

banish; 0. Fr. se deporter, to amuse one's hairs, from pilus, hair.) To strip of hair. ably.

self; L. deporto, to convey down or away, to Depilation (de-pil-a'shon), n. The act of Deploredness (dē-plored-nes), n. The state

banish-de, down, away, and porto, to carry.] stripping of hair; the removal of hair from of being deplored; deplorableness. Bp. Hall.

1. To carry; to demean; to behave: with the hides.

reciprocal pronoun. (Rare.) Depilatory (de-pila-to-ri), a. Having the Deplorer (de-plor'ėr), n. One who deplores

Let an ambassador deport himself in the most quality or power to remove hair from the

graceful manner before a prince.

Pope. or deeply laments; a deep mourner. skin. Deploringly (de-plor'ing-li), adv. In a de

2. To transport; to carry away, or from one Depilatory (dē-pil'a-to-ri), n. Any applica ploring manner.

country to another. tion which is used to strip off hair without Deploy (de-ploi'), v.t. (Fr. déployer-de, He told us he had been deported to Spain, with a injuring the texture of the skin; specifically,

hundred others like himself.

Halsh. priv., and ployer, equivalent to plier, to fold, a cosmetic employed to remove superfluous from L. plico, to fold. See PLY.) Milit. to (Compare the parallel meanings of the words hairs from the human skin, as a preparation display; to open; to extend in a line of small port, portly; carry, carriage.] of lime and orpiment, or a plaster of pitch depth, as an army, a division, or a battalion Deport (dē-port), n. Behaviour; carriage; and rosin.

which has been previously formed in one or demeanour; deportment. Goddess - like Depiloust (de-pīl'us), a. Without hair.

more columns.

deport.' Milton. (Rare.) The animal is a kind of lizard corticated and de

Deploy (de-ploi'), v.i. To open; to extend; Déport (dá-por), n. A French stock exchange pilous.

Sir T. Browne.
to form a more extended front or line.

term, equivalent to our word backwardaDeplant (de-plant), v.t. [Prefix de, and


A column is said to deploy when it makes a flank plant (verb). ] To remove plants from beds; march or unfolds itself, so as to display its front Deportation (de-port-a'shon), n. Transportto transplant. (Rare.]

Sullivan. ation; a carrying away; a removal from one Deplantation (de-plant-ā'shon), n. The act Deploy, Deployment (de-ploi', dē-ploi' country to another, or to a distant place; of taking up plants from beds. [Rare.] ment), n. The expansion of a body of troops, exile; banishment. * That sudden transnii.




gration and deportation out of our country.' ing to one person is intrusted to the gratui Unjustly thou depravest it with the name Stoker. tous custody of another (called the deposi

Of servitude, to serve whom God ordains. Deportment (cle-port'ment), n. [Fr. déporte

Milton. tary), to be re-delivered on demand. A

Our captains began ... to be depraved and con. ment. See DEPORT.) Carriage; manner proper depositation is one where a special demned.

Golden Book. of acting in relation to the duties of life; subject is deposited to be restored without

SYN. To corrupt, vitiate, contaminate, pol. behaviour; demeanour; conduct; manage alteration. An improper depositation is

lute. ment.

one where money or other fungibles are de- Depravet (dē-prāv), v.i. To practise deWhat's a fine person or a beauteous face posited to be returned in kind.

traction; to speak slanderously. Unless deportment gives them decent grace? Deposition (de-po-zi'shon), 11. [L. depositio,

depositionis, a deposition, a pulling down, a

Lie and cog and flout, deprave and slander. Deposable (dē-poz'a-bl), a. That may be

Shak giving of testimony, from depono, depositum. Depraved (de-prāvd'), p. and a. deposed or deprived of office.

1. Made See DEPONE.) 1. The act of laying or setting Deposal (de põz'al), n. The act of deposing

bad or worse; vitiated; tainted; corrupted. down; placing; as, soil is formed by the deor divesting of office.

2. Corrupt; wicked; destitute of holiness or position of fine particles during a flood.

good principles.-Criminal, Sinful, Wicked, The short interval between the de posal and death of princes is becoine proverbial.


The acquisition of the body of the saint (Mark). Immoral, Depraved. See under CRIMINAL.

and its deposition in the ducal chapel, perhaps not SYN. Corrupt, vicious, vitiated, profligate, Depose (dē-poz'), v.t. pret. & pp. deposed; yet completed, occasioned the investiture of that

abandoned. ppr. deposing. (Fr. déposer, from prefix de chapel with all possible splendour. Ruskin. = L de, from, away, and poser (see POSE),

Depravedly (dē-prāv'ed-li), adv.

In a cor2. That which is thrown down; that which but influenced by L depono. See DEPONE. )

rupt manner. is lodged; as, the banks of rivers are some1+ To lay down; to let fall; to deposit. Its

Depravedness (de-prāv'ed-nes), n. Corruptimes depositions of alluvial matter.-3. The surface raised by additional mud deposed on

tion; taint; a vitiated state. Hammond. act of laying down or bringing before; pre- Depravement (de-práv'ment), n. A vitiated it' Woodward.-2. To lay aside. sentation,

stāte. "Melancholy depravements of fancy.' God hath deposed his wrath towards all mankind.

The influence of princes upon the dispositions of Sir T. Browne. (Rare.)

their courts needs not the deposition of their ex. 3. To remove from a throne or other high

Depraver (de-prāv'er), n. amples, since it hath the authority of a known prin.

A corrupter; he station; to dethrone; to degrade; to divest ciple.

who vitiates; a vilifier.

Mountagu. of office; as, to depose a king or a pope. 4. The act of giving testimony under oath.

Depravingly (dē-prāv'ing-li), adv. In a deThus when the state one Edward did depose, 5. Declaration; assertion; specifically, the Depravity (dě-prav'i-ti), n.

praving manner. A greater Edward in his room arose. Dryden. attested written testimony of a witness; an

1. Corruption; 4. To give testimony on oath, especially to affidavit.-6. The act of dethroning a king,

a vitiated state; as, the depravity of manners

and morals.--2. A vitiated state of the heart; give testimony which is committed to writ or the degrading of a person from an office ing; to give answers to interrogatories, in or station; a divesting of sovereignty, or of

wickedness; corruption of moral principles;

destitution of holiness or good principles.tended as evidence in a court.-5. To take office and dignity; a depriving of clerical away; to strip; to divest. orders. A deposition differs from abdication;

SYN. Corruption, vitiation, wickedness, vice,

profligacy. You may my glory and my state depose. Shak.

an abdication being voluntary, and a depo- Deprecable (de'prē-ka-bl), a. That is to be 6. To examine on oath. sition compulsory.

deprecated. Depositor (dē-poz'it-ér), n. One who makes Depose him in the justice of his cause. Shak, a deposit.

I look upon the temporal destruction of the greatest Depose (dé-poz'), v.i. To bear witness. Depository (dė-poz'it-o-ri), n. 1. A place

king as far less deprecable than the eternal damna

tion of the meanest subject. Eikon Basilike. 'Twas he that made you to depose.' Shak. where anything is lodged for safe-keeping; Deprecate (de'pre-kāt), v.t. pret. & pp. deDeposer (de-pöz'ér), n. 1. One who deposes as, a warehouse is a depository for goods. 2. A or degrades from office.-2. A deponent; a

precated; ppr. deprecating. (L. deprecor, person to whom a thing is intrusted for witness,

deprecatus, to pray earnestly to, to pray safe-keeping. (Rare. )

against, to ward off by prayer-de, off, and Deposit (de-poz'it), v.t. [L. depositum, some

If I am a vain man, my gratification lies within a thing deposited, a deposit, from depono, de

precor, to pray.) 1. To pray against; to narrow circle. I am the sole depository of my own positum. See DEPONE.) 1. To lay down; to

pray or entreat that a present evil may be secret, and it shall perish with me. Junius. place; to put; as, a crocodile deposits her Deposit-receipt (de-poz'it-re-sēt), n. A note

removed, or an expected one averted; to eges in the sand; an inundation deposits

pray deliverance from; as, we should all or acknowledgment for money lodged with a particles of earth on a meadow.--2. To lay

deprecate the return of war. banker for a stipulated time, on which a up; to lay in a place for preservation; as, we

The judgments we would deprecate are not removed. higher rate of interest is allowed than on

Smallridge. deposit the produce of the earth in barns, the balance of a current account. cellars, or storehouses; we deposit goods Depot (de-po'), n. [Fr. dépôt, o. Fr. depost,

2. To plead or argue earnestly against; to in a warehouse, and books in a library.-

urge reasons against; to express strong disfrom L depono, depositum, to lay down, to 3. To lodge in the hands of a person for

approval of: said of a scheme, purpose, and put or place aside-de, down, and pono, to the like. safe-keeping or other purpose; to commit

place.) 1. A place of deposit; a depository; to the care of; to intrust; to commit to one

His purpose was deprecated hy all around him, and a warehouse; a storehouse, as at a railway

he was with difficulty induced to abandon it. as a pledge; as, he money is deposited as a station, canal terminus, &c., for receiving

Sir W. Scoll. pledge or security. goods for storage or sale; as, a coal-depot.

3. To implore mercy of. The people with whom God thought fit to deposit

2. A railway-station; a building for the ac Those darts, whose points make gods adore these things for the benefit of the world. Clarke. commodation and shelter of passengers by His might, and deprecate his power. Prior. 4.1 To lay aside; to get rid of.

railway.-3. Milit. (a) a military magazine, Deprecatingly (de'prē-kāt-ing-li), adv. By If what is written prove useful to you to the depos. as a fort, where stores, ammunition, &c., deprecation. iting that which I cannot but deem an error.

are deposited; or a station where recruits for Deprecation (de-pre-kā'shon), n. 1. A prayHammond,

different regiments are received and drilled, Deposit (de-poz'it), n. 1. That which is laid

ing against; a praying that an evil may be and where soldiers who cannot accompany or thrown down; any matter laid or thrown

removed or prevented. Deprecation of their regiments remain. (6) The head-quar death.' Donne.-2. Entreaty; petitioning; down, or lodged; that which having been suspended or carried along in a medium

ters of a regiment where all supplies are an excusing; a begging pardon for. South. lighter than itself, at length subsides, as

received, and whence they are distributed. 3. An imprecation; a curse. mud, gravel, stones, detritus, organic re(C) By extension, that portion of a battalion

We may, with too much justice, apply to him the which remains at home when the rest are scriptural deprecation-He that withholdeth his corn mains, &c. ordered on foreign service.--4. In fort. a the people shall curse him.'

Gilpin. The most characteristic distinction between the lacustrine and marine deltas, consists in the nature of

particular place at the tail of the trenches Deprecative (de'prē-kāt-iv), a. See DEPRE

out of the reach of the ca the organic remains which become imbedded in their

non of the place, CATORY. deposits


where the troops generally assemble who Deprecator (de'prē-kāt-er), n. One who de2. Anything intrusted to the care of another; are ordered to attack the outworks.

precates. a pledge; a pawn; a thing given as security, Depravation (de-pra-vá'shon), n. (L. depra- Deprecatory, Deprecative (de'prē-kā-toor for preservation; more specifically, money

vatio. See DEPRAVE.] 1. The act of making ri, de'pré-kat-iv), ā. That serves to deprelodged in a bank for safety or convenience;

bad or worse; the act of corrupting, --- 2. The cate; tending to remove or avert evil hy as, these papers are committed to you as a

state of being made bad or worse; degener prayer; having the form of a prayer. “Hunisacred deposit; he has a deposit of money in

acy; a state in which good qualities are lost ble and deprecatory letters. Bacon. his hands.-3. A place where things are deor impaired.

Depreciate (dě-prē'shi-át), v.t. pret. & pp. posited; a depository. [Rare.) 4. In law, We have a catalogue of the blackest sins that depreciated; ppr. depreciating. (L. depretio, (a) a sum of money which a man puts into

human nature, in its highest depravation, is capable to lower the price, to undervalue--de, down, the hands of another as a kind of security

of committing


and pretium, price; Fr. déprécier, dépriser. for the fulfilment of some agreement, or as 3.1 Censure; defamation.

See PRICE.) 1. To lessen the price of; to bring a part payment in advance. (b) A naked

Stubborn critics apt, without a theme,

down the price or value of; as, to depreFor depravation.

Shak. bailment of goods to be kept for the bailer

ciate notes or their value; to depreciate the without recompense, and to be returned SYN. Deterioration, degeneracy, corruption, currency.-2. To undervalue; to represent when the bailer shall require it. (c) In Scots contamination, vitiation.

as of little value or merit, or of less value law, same as Depositation.- In deposit or Deprave (de-práv'), v. t. pret. & pp. depraved; than is commonly supposed. on deponit, given into a person's custody for ppr.depraving. (L. depravo,to make crooked,

It is very natural for such as have not succeeded safe-keeping

to pervert, to make worse, to seduce-de, to depreciate the work of those who have. Depositary (de-poz'it-a-ri), n. [Fr. déposit intens., and prarus, crooked, perverse,

Spectator aire; L depositarius, one who receives a wicked.] 1. To make bad or worse; to im

To prove the Americans ought not to be free, we deposit, from depono, depositum. See DE pair the good qualities of; to vitiate; to

are obliged to depreciate the value of freedom itself.

Burke. PONE) A person with whom anything is corrupt; as, to deprave manners, morals, - Decry, Depreciate, Detract, Traduce. See left or lodged in trust; one to whom a thing government, laws; to deprave the heart, under DECRY.-SYN. To disparage, traduce, is committed for safe-keeping, or to be used mind, will, understanding, taste, principles,

decry, lower, detract, undervalue, underfor the benefit of the owner; a trustee; a &c. Whose pride depraves each other better rate. guardian; as, the Jews were the depositaries part.' Spenser.

Depreciate (de-pré'shi-āt), v.i. To fall in of the sacred writings,

All things proceed, and up to Him return,

value; to become of less worth; as, a paper Depositation (de-poz'it-a"shon), n. In Scots If not depraved from good.


currency will depreciate, unless it is convertlaw, a contract by which a subject belong 2. To defame; to vilify,

ible into specie.




Depreciation (de-pré'shi-ā"shon), n. 1. The Depressed (dé-prest'), p. and a. 1. Pressed of divesting a bishop or other clergyman of act of lessening or bringing down price or or forced down; lowered; dejected; dispirit his spiritual promotion or dignity: the takvalue.-2. The falling of value; reduction ed; sad; humbled; sunk; rendered languid; ing away of a preferment; deposition. This of worth. “This depreciation of their funds.' low; fit; as, business is in a very depressed is of two kinds: a beneficio and ab officio. Burke.-3. The act of undervaluing in esti state. --- 2. In bot. (a) applied to a leaf which The former is the deprivation of a minister mation; the state of being undervalued; as, is hollow in the middle, or has the disc more of his living or preferment; the latter, of given to depreciation of one's friends. depressed than the sides: used of succulent his order, and otherwise called de position Depreciative (de-prē'shi-at-iv), a. Under leaves, and opposed to convex. (6) Lying or degradation. valuing

flat: said of a radical leaf which lies on the Deprive (de-priv), v.t. (L. de, intens., and Depreciator (de-prē'shi-āt-ér), n. One who ground. - 3. In zool. applied to the whole or priro, to take away. See PRIVATE ] 1. To depreciates.

part of an animal when its vertical section take from; to bereave of something posDepreciatory (de-prē’shi-ā-to-ri), a. Tend. is shorter than the transverse. -- 4. In her. sessed or enjoyed: followed by of; as, to ing to depreciate.

surmounted or debruised See DEBRUISED. deprive a man of sight; to deprire one of Depredable (de'pré-da-bl), a. Liable to de. Depressingly (de-pres'ing-li), adv. In a strength, of reason, or of property. This predation. Bacon. depressing manner.

has a general signification, applicable to a Depredate (de'pré-dāt), v.t. pret. & pp. Depression (de-pre'shon), n. 1. The act of lawful or unlawful taking. depredated; ppr. depredating. [L. depræ pressing down, or the state of being pressed God hath deprived her of wisdom. Job xxxix. 17. dor, to plunder, pillage ---de, intens., and down; a low state.--2. A hollow; a sinking

2. To hinder from possessing or enjoying; prædor, to plunder, from præda, prey. See or falling in of a surface; or a forcing in

to debar. PREY.] 1. To plunder; to rob; to pillage; as, ward; as, roughness consisting in little pro

From his face I shall be hid, deprived the army depredated the enemy's country. tuberances and depressions; the depression His blessed countenance.

Millon. That kind of war which depredates and distresses of the skull.

3. To take away; to divest. individuals.


Should he (one born blind) draw his hand over a 2. To destroy by eating; to devour; to prey picture, where all is smooth and uniform, he would

Most happy he

Whose least delight sufficeth to deprite never be able to imagine how the several prominen. upon; to waste; to spoil; as, wild animals

Reineinbrance of all pains which himn opprest. cies and depressions of a human body could be depredate the corn.

Speiser. shown on a plain piece of canvas, that has in it no

4. To divest of an ecclesiastical preferment, It maketh the body more solid and compact, and unevenness or irregularity.

Spectator. so less apt to be consumed and depredited by the 3. The act of humbling; abasement; as, the

dignity, or office; to divest of orders, as a spirits.

depression of pride.

bishop, prebend, or vicar. "A minister deDepredate (de'pré-dát), v.i. To take plunder

prired for inconformity' Bacon. – 5. To or prey; to commit waste; as, the troops

Depression of the nobility may make a king more injure or destroy. Melancholy hath deabsolute but less safe.

Басон. depredated on the country.

prived their judgments.' Reginald Scot. Depredation (de-pré-da'shon), n. 1. The

4. A sinking of the spirits; dejection; a 6. To prevent; keep off ; avert. - Syn. To act of plundering; a robbing; a pillaging.

state of sadness; want of courage or anima strip, bereave, rob, despoil, dispossess, deSir 11. Wotton. 2. Waste; consumption; a

tion; as, depression of the mind. In great bar, divest. taking away by any act of violence; as, the

depression of spirit.' Baker.-5. A low state Deprivement (dé-priv'ment), n. The act sea often makes depredations on the land;

of strength; a state of body succeeding de of depriving or state of being deprived. intemperance commits depredations on the

bility in the formation of disease. --6. A state Milton. constitution.-3. In Scots law, the offence of

of dulness or inactivity; as, depression of Depriver (dé-priv'ér), n. He who or that driving away numbers of cattle or other

trade; commercial depression.-7. In astron. which deprives or bereaves. bestial by the masterful force of armed per

(a) the sinking of the polar star toward the Deprostratet (de-pros'trāt), a. [Prefix de, sons; otherwise called Hership.

horizon, as a person recedes from the pole intens, and prostrate.) Extremely prosDepredator (de'prē-dat-ėr), 11. One who toward the equator. (b) The distance of a star trate; very low; mean. plunders or pillages; a spoiler; a waster. from the horizon below, which is measured by

How may weak niortal ever hope to file Depredatory (de'pré-dā-to-ri), a. Plunder

an arc of the vertical circle or azimuth, pass His unsmooth tongue, and his defrostrate style. ing; spoiling; consisting in pillaging. Deing through the star, intercepted between the

G. Fletcher. predatory incursions.'

star and the horizon. -- 3. In surg. couching: Depth (depth), n. [From deep.) 1. Deep

Deprehend ! (de pré-hend'), v.t. (L. depre-

an operation for cataract which consists in ness; the distance or measure of a thing hendo, to seize firmly, to take forcible pos

the removal of the crystalline lens out of the from the highest part, top, or surface to the session of, to find out-de, intens., and pre

axis of vision, by means of a neeille..--De lowest part or bottom, or to the extreme hendo, to take or seize. ) 1. To catch; to pression of an equation, in alg. the reduc part downward or inward; the measure from take unawares or by surprise ; to seize, as

tion of it to a lower degree, by dividing the anterior to the posterior part; as, the a person committing an unlawful act.

both sides of it by a common factor. In this depth of a river may be 10 feet; the depth As if thou wert pursude,

way a biquadratic equation may be reduced of the ocean is unfathomable; the depth of Even to the act of some light sinne, and deprehended

to a cubic equation, a cubic to a quadratic a wound may be an inch; the battalion

Chuifman. equation.--Angle of depression, the angle formed a column of great depth. In a ver2. To detect; to discover; to obtain the

by which a straight line drawn from the tical direction, depth is opposed to height. knowledge of.

2. A
to be depre-
eye to any object dips below the horizon.

eep place; an abyss; a gulf of infinite hended by experience.' Bacon.

See DIP.--SYN. Abasement, reduction, sink profundity Deprehensiblet (de-prē-hens'i-bl), a. That ing, fall, humiliation, dejection, melancholy.

Wolsey, that once trod the ways of glory. may be caught or discovered. Depressive (elė-pres'iv), a. Able or tending

And soundeil all the depths and shoals of honour.

Shak. Deprehensiblenesst (de-prē-hens'i-bl-nes), to depress or cast down.

3. The sea; the ocean. Capableness of being caught or dis

May Liberty

The depth closed me round about. Jonah ii. 5. covered.

Even where the keen depressivé North descends, Deprehensiont (de-prē- hen'shon), n.

4. The inner, darker, or more concealed А Sull spread, exalt, and actuate your powers.

Thomson, part of a thing; the middle, darkest, or catching or seizing; a discovery.

Depressor (de - pres'ér), n. 1. One who stillest part; as, the depth of winter; the Her deprehension is made an agyravation of her presses down; an oppressor. * The great depth of night; the depth of a wood or shame: such is the corrupt judginent of the world: to do ill troubles not man; but to be taken in doing it.

depressors of God's grace. Abp. Usher. forest. -- 5. Abstruseness; obscurity; that

2. In anat. a muscle that depresses or draws which is not easily explored; as, the depth

Bp. Hall, Depress (de-pres'), v. t. [L. deprimo, dedown the part to which it is attached; as, of a science.-6. Immensity; infinity; inten

sity. pressum, to depress-de, down, and premo,

the depressor of the lower jaw or of the pressum, to press.] 1. To press down; to eyeball. Called also depriment muscle. o the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and

knowledge of God.

Rom. xi. 33 let fall to a lower state or position; to lower;

3. In surg. an instrument like a curved

spatula used for reducing or pushing into The depth of some divine despair. Tennyson. as, to depress the muzzle of a gun; to depress the eye. “Lips depressed as he were sad.' place a protruding part.

7. Profoundness; extent of penetration, or Tennyson.– 2. To render dull or languid; to

Depriment (de'pri-inent), a. (L. deprimo, of the capacity of penetrating; as, depth of limit or diminish; as, to depress commerce.

to depress.) Serving to depress; specific understanding; depth of skill. -- Depth, as 3. To deject; to make sad; as, to depress

ally, applied to certain muscles which pull a military term applied to a body of men, the spirits or the mind.

downwards, as that which depresses the ex refers to the number of men in a file, which

ternal ear, and the rectus inferior oculi forms the extent from the front to the rear; If the heart of man is depress'd with cares, The mist is dispell'd when a woman appears. Gay.

which draws down the eyeball. (Rare or as, a depth of three men or six men.
obsolete ]

Depthent (depth'n), v.t. To deepen. Bailey. 4. To humble; to abase; as, to depress pride. Deprisuret (de-prīz'ūr), n. [ Fr. depriser, Depucelate (dē-pū'sé-lat), v.t. (Fr. dépu5. To impoverish; to lower in temporal to depreciate-de, priv., and priscr, from celer, to deflower-L. de, priv., and L.L estate; to bring into adversity; as, misfor prix, L. pretium, price. ] Low esteem; con pucella, a virgin.) To deflower; to rob of tunes and losses have depressed the mer tempt; disdain.

virginity. Cotgrave, Bailey. chants.-6. To lower in value; as, to depress Deprivable (de-prīv'a-bl), a. (See DEPRIVE.) Depulset (de-puls'), v. t. [L. depello, depul. the price of stock. -7. In, alg. to reduce to That may be deprived; liable to be dispos sum, to drive down, to drive out or away-a lower degree, as an equation.-To depress sessed or deposed.

de, from, and pello, pulsum, to drive. ] To the pole (naut.), to cause the pole to appear Or else make kings as resistable, censurable, de.

drive away.

Cockeram. lower or nearer the horizon, as hy sailing privable, and liable to all kinds of punishments, Depulsiont (de-pul'shon), n. (L. depulsio, toward the equator.--SYN. To sink, lower,

Prynne. depulsionis, a driving off or away, from abase, cast down, deject, humble, degrade, Deprivation (de-pri-vā'shon), n. (See DE

depello, depulsum. See DEPULSE.) A drivdispirit. PRIVE.] 1. The act of depriving; a taking

ing or thrusting away. Speed. Depresst (cle-pres), a. Hollow in the centre; away.

Depulsoryt (de-pul’so-ri), a. Driving or concave. 'If the seal be depress or hollow.' Deprivation of civil rights is a species of penal in. thrusting away; averting. Depulsory sacHammond.


Sir G. C. Louis.

rifices.' Ilolland Depressaria (de-pres-a'ri-a), n. A genus of 2. A state of being deprived; loss; want; Depurate (de'pur-āt), v. t. pret. & pp. demoths, family Tineidæ, whose caterpillars bereavement.

purated ; ppr. depurating. [L.L. depuro, do great mischief to various umbelliferous Fools whose end is destruction and eternal depri. de puratum, to purify-L. de, intens., and plants, as carrots and parsnips, when left

vuitton of being.

Bentley. puro, puratum, to purify, from purus, for seed, by eating off the flowers and cap 3. Degradation; deposition. The depri pure, clean.) To purify: to free from impuri. sules, sometimes even stripping off the vation, death, and destruction of the queen's ties, heterogeneous matter, or feculence; to leaves.

majesty.' State Trials.--4. In law, the act clarify. "To depurate thy blood.' Boyle.


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