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DEWDROP

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DIABATERIAL

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Dewdrop (dú'drop), n. A drop of dew, complish a purpose; promptness in devising solution rotating the plane of polarization which sparkles at sunrise; a spangle of dew. expedients;

quickness and skill in managing of a ray of light to the right. Eyes

or conducting a scheme of operations; as, Dextrous, a. See DEXTEROU'S. Of microscopic powers that could discern

the negotiation was conducted with dexte Dey (da), n. [Turk. dai, a maternal uncle; The population of a dewdrop. Montgomery. rity.

hence, a title applied by the Janizaries to Dewfall (dü'fal), n. The falling of dew, or They attempted to be knaves, but wanted art and a person of mature or advanced age, and the time when dew begins to fall.

dexterity.

South. more specifically to their commander, who Dewiness (dū'i-nes), n. State of being dewy. SYN. Adroitness, activity, expertness, art, frequently came to the pashaship or reDewitt (de-wit'), v. t. [After two Dutch states

skill, ability, address, tact, cleverness, faci gency of a province.] The title of the old men named De Witt, opponents of the Prince lity, aptness, aptitude.

governors or sovereigns of Algiers, Tunis, of Orange, massacred in 1672 by the mob, Dexterous, Dextrous (deks'ter-us, deks' and Tripoli, under the protection of the without subsequent inquiry.) To murder; trus), a. 1. Able or disposed to use the right Sultan of Turkey. to assassinate. [Rare.)

hand' in preference to the left; right-handed. Dey, Deyet (da), n. [See DAIRY) A female, One writer, in a pamphlet which produced a great 2. Ready and expert in the use of the body sometimes a male, servant who had the sensation, expressed his wonder that the people had and limbs; skilful and active in manual charge of the dairy and all things pertaining not, when Tourville was riding victorious in the Channel, Dewitted the nonjuring prelates. Macaulay.

employment; adroit; active; ready; as, a to it; a female servant in general. Chaucer.

dexterous hand; a dexterous workman. Deye,t v.i. To die. Chaucer. Dewlap (dü'lap), n. [Dew, and lap, to lick.] 1. The fold of skin that hangs from the For both their dextrous hands the lance could wield.

Deyer, t n. A dyer. Chaucer.

Pope. D.F. Abbreviation for defensor fidei,defender throat of oxen and cows, which laps or licks 3. Ready in the use of the mental faculties; of the faith. the dew in grazing. -2. The flesh on the

prompt in contrivance and management; D.G. Abbreviation for Dei gratia, by the throat become flaccid with age. expert: quick at inventing expedients; as,

grace of God. And when she drinks against her lips I bob, a dexterous manager.

Dhole (dol), n. The Cingalese name for the And on the withered dewlap pour the ale. Shak.

The dexterous Capuchins never choose to preach

wild dog of India (Canis dukhunensis), in Dewlapt (dūʻlapt), a. Furnished with a

on the life and miracles of a saint, until they have size between a wolf and jackal, and of a rich dewlap, or similar appendage.

awakened the devotional feelings of their auditors by bay colour. It hunts in packs, and runs Mountaineers

exhibiting some relic of him, a thread of his garment, down almost every animal except the eleDewlapt like bulls, whose throats had hanging at 'em a lock of his hair, or a drop of his blood. Macaulay.

phant and rhinoceros. Wallets of flesh.

Shak.

4. Skilful; artful; done with dexterity; as, Dholl (döl), n. The Indian name for Cytisus Dew-point (dū'point), n. The degree indi dexterous management. *Dexterous sleights Cajan, or pigeon-pea, a kind of pea supplied, cated by the thermometer when dew begins of hand.' Trench. -SYN. Adroit, active, ex dried and split, in India to the navy. to be deposited. It varies with the degree pert, skilful, clever, able, ready, apt. Dhoney, Dhony (do'ni), n. Same as Doni. of the humidity of the atmosphere. The Dexterously, Dextrously (deks’tér-us-li, Dhotee, Dhoty (do'tē, do'ti), n. A long more humid the atmosphere, the less the deks'trus-li), adv. With dexterity; expertly; narrow strip of cotton or gauze sometimes difference between its temperature and that skilfully; artfully; adroitly; promptly. ornamented with a silk border, worn by the of the dew-point, and vice versa. When Dexterousness, Dextrousness (deks'tër. male Hindus instead of pantaloons. the air is saturated with moisture and any us-nes, deks'trus-nes), n. Dexterity; adroit Dhow (dou), n. An Arab vessel, generally colder body brought into contact with it, ness.

with one mast, from 150 to 250 tons burden, deposition of moisture or dew immediately Dextrad (deks'trad), adv. In med. towards employed in mercantile trading, and also in takes place on its surface.

the dextral aspect, as of the body; towards Dew-retting (dū’ret-ing), n. In agri. the the right of the mesial plane. Barclay. spreading of hemp or flax on grass to expose (Rare.] it to the action of dew, which expedites the Dextral (deks'tral), a. Right, as opposed to separation of the fibre from the feculent

left. Sir T. Browne. - Dextral shell, in matter.

conch. a shell which has its convolutions Dew-stone (dū'ston), n. A species of lime from right to left when the mouth is turned

stone in Nottinghamshire, which collects a downward: opposed to sinistral shell. large quantity of dew on its surface.

Dextrality (deks-tral'i-ti), n. The state of Dew-worm (dū'werm), n. The common being on the right side. earth-worm (Lumbricus terrestris).

Dextrine (deks'trin), n. [From L. dexter, Dewy (dū'i), a. 1. Of or pertaining to dew.

right as opposed to left. ] (C: H10 05). The 'Tis a morning pure and sweet,

soluble or gummy matter into which the And a dewy splendour falls

interior substance of starch globules is conOn the little flower.

Tennyson.

vertible by diastase or by certain acids. It 2. Partaking of the nature or appearance of is remarkable for the extent to which it dew; like dew; as, deuy tears.

turns the plane of polarization to the right A devy mist

hand, whence its name. Its composition is Went up and watered all the ground. Milton.

the same as that of starch. By the action
3. Moist with, or as with, dew; as, dewy of hot diluted acids, or of an infusion of
fields.
malt, dextrine is finally converted into grape-

Slave Dhow, east coast of Africa.
His dewy locks distilled

sugar. It is white, insipid, and without Ambrosia.

Milton. smell. It is a good substitute for gum-arabic carrying slaves from the east coast of Africa 4. Accompanied with dew; abounding in in medicine.

to the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea. dew. 'Dewy eve.' Milton. – 5. Falling Dextro-compound (deks'tro-kom-pound), Dhu, Dubh (dụ). [Gael.] A common elegently, or refreshing, like dew. 'Dewy sleep n. In chem. a compound body which causes ment in Celtic place and personal names, ambrosial.' Cowper.-6. In bot. appearing the plane of a ray of polarized light to rotate

signifying black, as Dublin (Dubh linn), the as if covered with dew.

to the right. Dextrine, dextro-glucose, tar black pool; Dhu Loch, the black loch; RoDexiariæ (deks-i-a'ri-7), n. A family of dip taric acid, malic acid, cinchonine, are dex derick Dhu, the black Roderick. terous insects (flies), of inoffensive habits, tro-compounds.

Dhura, Dourah (dụ ra), n. [Ar. Hurac.] and usually seen on flowers. Dextro-glucose (deks'tro-glū-kos), n. In

Indian millet,

the seed of Sorghum vulgare, Dexter (deks'ter), a. [L. dexter, akin to chem. ordinary glucose or granular sugar, after wheat the chief cereal crop of the Gr. dexios, Skr. daksha, on the right hand. ] called also grape, fruit, honey, starch, dia Mediterranean region, and largely used in Pertaining to or situated on the right hand; betic, urine, chestnut, and rag sugar, accord

those countries by the labouring classes for right as opposed to left; as, the dexter side ing to its origin. It has its name from its food. Varieties are grown in many parts of of a shield. property of turning the plane of polarization

Africa. It is imported into this country On sounding wings a dexter

A

to the right. It occurs abundantly in sweet from the Levant. In Nubia it is used for eagle flew. Pope. fruits, honey, many animal tissues and

currency. See MILLET. The dexter side of the es

liquids, as the liver, amniotic and allantoic Di- [Gr. di, dis, twice.] A common Greek cutcheon is opposite to the left

liquors, the blood, the chyle, the yolk and hand ... of the person who

prefix meaning twofold or double; as, dipterlooks thereon. Encyc. Brit. white of hens' eggs, in urine, and in unnat

ous, two-winged; diptych, a tablet folded Dexter chief point, in urally large quantity in diabetic urine. It

in two leaves; diarchy, government by two. is said to occur in certain fern-impressions her. a point in the right

In chemical words, prefixed to a radicle from the clay-slate of Petit Cour of Savoy. hand upper corner of the

occurring in any compound it denotes that Dextro-gyrate (deks-tro-jir'āt), a. (From shield, being in the dexter

the compound contains two atoms of the A, Dexter chief extremity of the chief, as

dexter, and gyrate (which see). ) Causing to radicle; thus, dichloride of tin contains two point.

turn towards the right hand; as, dextroA in the cut.

atoms of chlorine and one of tin; dioxide of Dexterity (deks-te'ri-ti), n. (L. dexteritas, gyrate crystal, that is, a crystal which in

tin, two atoms of oxygen and two of tin. circular polarization turns rays of light to Di-, Dia-. (Gr. dia, through.) A prefix in from dexter, right, fit, prompt.) 1. Ability the right

in to use the right hand more readily than the

words derived from the Greek, whic

If the analyzer (a slice of quartz) has to be turned left; right-handedness.

some words signifies through, by, or throughtowards the right, so as to cause the colours to sucDexterity appears to be confined to the human ceed each other in their natural order-red, orange,

out, in others division or diversity. Somerace, for the monkey tribes use the right and left yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet--the piece of

times it appears to be merely intensive, inlimbs indiscriminately. Lancet. quartz is called right-handed or dextro-gyrate. creasing the positive meaning of the word.

Rodwell. 2. Suppleness of limbs; adroitness; activity;

Di-, Dis-, Dif- [L. dis, asunder, apart.) A expertness; skill; that readiness in perform: Dextrorse, Dextrorsal (deks-trors', deks frequent prefix implying separation, distriing an action which proceeds from experi

trors'al), a. [Formed from L. adv. dextror bution, and the like; as, divide, disrupt, ence or practice, united with activity or

sum, towards the right side, contr. from differ. quick motion; as, a man handles an instru

dextrovorsum-dexter, right, and vorsum, Diabase (di'a-bās), n. [Prefix di, two (in ment or eludes a thrust with dexterity.

for versum, versus, in the direction of, from this word with an erroneous form), and Dexterity of hand, even in common trades, cannot

verto, versum, to turn.) Rising from right base-rock with two bases.) Diorite: greenbe acquired without much practice and experience.

to left, as a spiral line, helix, or climbing stone: a name given by Brongniart, but A. Smith. plant.

afterwards abandoned by him. 3. Readiness of mind or mental faculties, as Dextrose (deks'tros), n. (C12H120) A Diabaterial (di'a-bā-tē"ri-al), a. [Gr. diain contrivance, or inventing means to ac name for grape-sugar, so called from its batèria (hiera), offerings before crossing the

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DIABETES

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DIAGONAL

In a

borders, from diabaino, See DIABETES.] emollient plaster originally composed of the Diadem (di'a-dem), v.t. To adorn with or Passing beyond the borders of a place. juices of herbs, but now made by beating as with a diadem; to crown. "Diadem'd Mitford.

together olive-oil and finely pounded lith with rays divine.' Pope. (Rare.) Diabetes (di-a-bē'tēz), n. [Gr. diabētēs, from arge. It is used for curing ulcers, and is the Diadem-spider (di'a-dem-spi-dér), n. A diabaino, to pass through-dia, and baino, basis of most officinal plasters.

name sometimes given to the common garto go or pass.) In med, a disease character Diachyma (di-a'ki-ma), n. [Gr. dia, and den-spider, perhaps from the markings upon ized by great augmentation and often mani. chyma, liquid.) In bot. the parenchyma, or the dorsal surface of its abdomen. See fest alteration in the secretion of urine. green cellular matter of leaves.

GARDEN-SPIDER. There are two varieties; the one is merely a Diaconal (di-ak'on-al), a. (L. diaconus, Gr. Diadexis (di-a-deks'is), n. (Gr. diadexis, a superabundant discharge of ordinary urine, diakonos, a deacon.) Administering by as taking from another, from diadechomai, to and is termed diabetes insipidus ; in the siduous offices; pertaining to a deacon. receive.). In pathol. a transformation of a other the urine has a sweet taste, and con- Diaconate (di-ak'on-āt), n. 1. The office or disease into another, differing from the tains abundance of a peculiar saccharine dignity of a deacon.—2. A body of deacons. former both in its nature and seat. matter (diabetic sugar); this variety is called Diaconate (di-ak’on-āt), a. Superintended Diadrom (di'a-drom), n. [Gr. diadromos, a diabetes mellitus. This disease usually at or managed by deacons. One great diaco running through-diá, through, and dromos, tacks persons of a debilitated constitution nate church.' Goodwin.

a running.) A course or passing; a vibratowards the decline of life, and generally Diacope (di-a'ko-pe), n. (Gr. diakopē, a tion; the time in which the vibration of a without any obvious cause. Thirst and a cutting in two, a notch, a cleft-dia, and pendulum is performed. voracious appetite are its first symptoms; kopto, to cut.] 1. In gram. tmesis; a cutting

A philosophical foot one third of a pendulum, whose the urine gradually increases in quantity; a word in two and inserting one or more diadroms, in the latitude of forty-five degrees, are and then there is a sense of weight and words between them; as, 'of whom be thou equal to one second of time, or a sixtieth of a minute. uneasiness in the loins, emaciation, ædemat ware.'--2. A genus of fishes of the section

Locke, ous legs, and hectic fever.

Acanthopterygii and family Percidæ, dis- Diæresis, Dieresis (dī-e're-sis or di-e're-sis), Diabetic, Diabetical (di-a-bēt'ik, di-a-bēt' tinguished from other genera of the family 17. [Gr, diairesis, from diaireo, to divideik-al), a Pertaining to diabetes. -Diabetic by a notch at the lower part of the preoper

dia, and haireo, to take, to seize.) Separsugar (C&H1908. H,O), the sweet principle culum, to which a projecting tubercle is

ation, particularly of one syllable into two; of diabetic urine. It is identical with starch attached. Many large and beautiful species

also the mark": which signifies a division, sugar, grape-sugar, sugar of fruits, &c., the of this genus inhabit the Indian seas. Some

as in naïf; dialysis. name common to all of which is dextro of them are upwards of 3 feet long.

Diaglyphic (di-a-glif'ik), a. (Gr. dia, and glucose. See DEXTRO-GLUCOSE. Diacoustic (di-a-kous'tik), a. (Gr. diakouă,

glypho, to carve.) A term applied to sculpDiablerie, Diablery (di-ä'ble-ri), n. [Fr. dia to hear-dia, and akouo, to hear.) Pertain ture, engraving, &c., in which the objects blerie.) 1. Mischief; wickedness; devilry. ing to the science or doctrine of refracted

are sunk into the general surface. Craig.-2. Incantation; sorcery; witchcraft. sounds.

Diagnose (di-ag-nos'), v.t. pret. & pp. diagClarke.

Diacoustics (di-a-kous'tiks), n. (See adjec nosed; ppr. diagnosing. (See DIAGNOSIS.) Diabolic, Diabolical (di-a-bol'ik, di-a-bol' tive.] The science or doctrine of refracted In pathol. to distinguish; to discriminate; ik-al), a. (L. diabolus, the devil. See DEVIL. ] sounds; the consideration of the properties

to ascertain from symptoms the true nature Devilish; pertaining to the devil; partaking of sound refracted by passing through differ

and seat of, as a disease. of the qualities of the devil; hence, infernal; ent mediums. Called also Diaphonics.

Diagnosis (di-ag-no'sis), n. [Gr. diagnosis, impious; atrocious; nefarious; outrageously Diacritical, Diacritic (di-a-krit'ik-al, di-a

from diagignosko, to distinguish.] Scientific wicked; as, a diabolical temper; a diabolical kritik), a. (Gr. diakritikos, able to distin discrimination of any kind; a short distincscheme or action. guish, from diakrino, to separate-dia, and

tive description, as of plants; more specifiDiabolically (di-a-bol'ik-al-li), adv. krino, to separate.) That separates or dis

cally, in med, the discrimination of diseases diabolical manner; very wickedly; nefari tinguishes; distinctive; as, a diacritical point.

by their distinctive marks or symptoms. ously, -Diacritical mark, a mark used in some

This is one of the most important branches Diabolicalness (di-a-bol'ik-al-nes), ne The languages to distinguish letters which are

of medical knowledge. state or quality of being diabolical; devilish similar in form. Thus, in the German run

Diagnostic (di-ag-nos'tik), a. (Gr. diagnosness; outrageousness; atrocity. Warton. ning-hand the letter u is written thus, ů, to

tikos, able to distinguish, from diagignösko Diabolify (di-a-bol'i-fî), v.t. To ascribe dia distinguish it from n.

dia, and gignösko, to know.) Distinguishing; bolical qualities to. (Rare.) Diadelph (di'a-delf), n. [Gr. di for dis,

characteristic; indicating the nature of a

disease. The Lutheran (turns) against the Calvinist, and

twice, and adelphos, a brother.] In bot. a diaboli fes him.

1. The sign or Farindon. plant the stamens of which are united into Diagnostic (dī-ag-nos'tik), n. Diabolism (di-ab'ol-izm), n.

symptom by which a disease is known or 1. The actions two bodies or bundles by their filaments.

distinguished from others. Diagnostics are of the devil; conduct worthy of a devil. Diadelphia (di-a-del'fi-a), n. pl. The name "Guilty of diabolism.' Sir T. Browne. - given by Linnæus to his seventeenth class

of two kinds—the adjunct, or such as are 2. Possession by the devil.

common to several diseases; and the special The farce of of plants. It consists chiefly of leguminous

genera. diabolisms and exorcisms.' Warburton.

or pathognomonic, which always attend the

disease, and distinguish it from all others. Diabolize (di-ab'ol-iz), v.t. To render dia- Diadelphous, Diadelphian (di-a-delf'us, bolical or devilish. Eclec. Rev. [Rare. ) di-a-delt'i-an), a.

2. pl. The department of medicine consistDiabrosis (di-a-bro'sis), n. [Gr., corrosionIn bot. having its

ing in the study of the symptoms by which dia, intens., and bibrēško, to eat.) In surg. stamens united in

one disease is distinguished from another; the action of corrosive substances, which two bundles by

symptomatology. possess a property intermediate between their filaments, the

But Radcliffe, who, with coarse manners and little caustics and escharotics. bundles being

book learning, had raised himself to the first practice

in London chiefly by his rare skill in diagnostics, Diacatholicon (di'a-ka-thol"ik-on), n. (Gr.

equal or unequal; Diadelphous Stamens of
Indigofera tinctoria.

uttered the more alarining words-small-pox. dia, and katholikos, universal.) A kind of grouped together

Macaulay purgative medicine: so called from its genein two bundles; as,

Diagnosticate (di-ag-nos'tik-át), v.t. To ral usefulness.

diadelphous stamens. In papilionaceous diagnose (which see). Diacaustic (di-a-kas'tik), a. (Gr. prefix dia,

flowers, out of ten stamens nine are often Diagometer (di-ag-om'e-tér), n. [Gr. diago, through and E. caustic from Gr. kaustikos,

united while one (the posterior one) is free. to conduct, and metron, a measure.] An from kaió or kao, to burn or inflame.] In Diadem (di'a-dem), n. [Gr. diadēma, from electrical apparatus used by Rousseau for math. belonging to a species of caustic curves

diadeo, to gird-dia, and deo, to bind.] ascertaining the conducting power of oil, as, formed by refraction. If rays Pm, issuing

1. Anciently, a head-band or fillet worn a means of detecting its adulteration. It from a luminous point P, be refracted by

by kings as a badge of royalty. It was consists of a dry pile, by means of which a made of silk, linen, or wool, and tie round

current is passed through the oil, and the the temples and forehead, the ends being strength of the current is determined by a tied behind and let fall on the neck. It magnetized needle. Want of conducting was usually white and plain; sometimes power diminishes the current, and there

fore the deviation of the needle. Diagonal (di-ag'on-al), a. (Gr. diagônios, from angle to angle--dia, and gonia, an angle or corner.) 1. In geom, extending from one angle to the opposite of a quadrilateral figure, and dividing it into two

equal parts.-2. Being in an angular diDiacaustic Curve.

rection. Diagonal scale, a scale which

consists of a set of parallel lines drawn the curve Am B, so that the sines of incidence are to the sines of refraction in a given ratio;

on a ruler, with lines crossing them at 1, Parthian Diadem. the curve CDH, which touches all the re

2, Jewelled Diadem of Con right angles and at equal distances. One stantine.-From ancient coins.

of these equal divisions, namely, that at fracted rays, is called the diacaustic curve

the extremity of the ruler, is subdivided or caustic by refraction. See CAUSTIC. embroidered with gold or set with pearls

into a number of equal parts, and lines are The principle, being once established, was applied

and precious stones.--2. Anything worn on to atmospheric refractions, optical instruments, dia. the head as a mark or badge of royalty; a caustic curves (that is, the curves of intense light crown. produced by refraction), and to various other cases. Mont Blanc is the monarch of mountains;

W howell.

They crown'd him long ago Diacaustic (di-a-kas'tik), n. 1. In med that On a throne of rocks, in a robe of clouds, which is caustic, or burns by refraction, as

With a diadem of snow.

Byron. the sun's rays concentrated by a double con 3. Supreme power; sovereignty. Dryden. vex lens, sometimes employed to cauterize 4. In her. an arch rising from the rim of a an ulcer.-2. A diacaustic curve. See the crown, and sometimes of a coronet, and

Diagonal Scale. adjective.

uniting with other arches to form a centre Diachylon, Diachylum (di-a'ki-lon, di-a' which serves, in the case of a crown, to sup drawn through the points of division obki-lum), n.' (Gr. diachylos, very juicy-dia, port the globe and cross or fleur-de-lis as a liquely across the parallels. With the help through, and chylos, juice.) In med. an crest.

of the compasses such a scale facilitates the

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DIAGONAL

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DIALYSIS

as

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laying down of lines of any required length branch of a parent language, with such ing dials; the science which explains the to the 200th part of an inch.

local modifications as time, accident, and principles of measuring time by the sunDiagonal (di-ag'on-al), n. In geom, a right revolutions may have introduced among dial. --Dialling lines or scale, graduated lines line drawn between

descendants of the same stock or family placed on rulers, or the edges of quadrants the opposite angles

living in separate or remote situations. But and other instruments, to facilitate the of a quadrilateral

in regard to a large portion of words many construction of dials. - Dialling sphere, an figure, as a square or

languages which are considered as distinct instrument made of brass, with several semiparallelogram, and

are really dialects of one common tongue. circles sliding over each other upon a movdividing it into two

In many cases dialects exhibit more accu able horizon, serving to demonstrate the equal parts. It is

rately the ancient form of this common nature of spherical triangles, as well as to sometimes called the

tongue, and are less corrupted or modi. give the true idea of drawing dials on all Diameter, and sometimes the Diametral. fied than the literary language.--2. Lan sorts of planes. Diagonally (di-ag'on-al-li), adv. In a diago guage; speech or manner of speaking. Dial-lock (di'al-lok), n. A lock provided pal direction

If the conferring of a kindness did not bind the

with one or more dials, each with a hand or Diagonialt (di-a-go'ni-al), a. Diagonal; dia person upon whom it was conferred, to the returns pointer connected with the mechanism of

metrical. Diagonial contraries. Milton. of gratitude, why, in the universal dialect of the the lock in such a way that the bolt will Diagonous (di-ag'on-us), a. In bot. having

world, are kindnesses still called obligations? South. not move unless the hands are set in a parfour corners. Syn. Language, tongue, speech, idiom, phras

ticular manner. Diagram (di'a-gram), n. [Gr. diagramma, eology.

Diallogite (di-al’lo-jit), n. (See DIALLAGE.) that which is marked out by lines-dia, and Dialectal (di-a-lek'tal), a. Same as Dialectic. A mineral of a rose-red colour, with a lamigraphó, to write.] 1. In geom. a figure, Dialectic, Dialectical (di-a-lek’tik, di-a nar structure and vitreous lustre. It is a drawing, or scheme delineated for the pur lek'tik-al), a. 1. Pertaining to a dialect or carbonate of manganese, more or less mixed pose of demon.

dialects; not radical. -2. Logical; argumen with the carbonate of lime. strating the pro

tal. Dialectical subtleties. Boyle. Diallyl (di-al'lil), n. See ALLYL. perties of any Dialectic, n. See DIALECTICS.

Dialogical (di-a-loj'ik-al), a. Pertaining to, figure,

Dialectically (di-a-lek'tik-al-li), adv. In the or partaking of the nature of, a dialogue; square, triangle, manner of a dialect.

dialogistic. Burton. circle, &c. 2.

Dialectician (di'a - lek - ti" shan), n. One Dialogically (di-a-loj'ik-al-li), adv. In the Any illustrative

skilled in dialectics; a logician; a reasoner: manner of a dialogue; dialogistically. Goldfigure; especial.

Dialectics, Dialectic(di-a-lek’tiks, di-a-lek' smith ly, one wherein

tik), n. [Gr. dialektikë (techně), the act of dis- Dialogism (di-al'o-jizm), n. A feigned speech the outlines are

Diagram.

cussing, from dialego. See DIALECT. H-1. (In between two or more; a mode of writing exclusively

the first form.) The name given to the art of dialogue in the third person; oblique or chiefly delineated; an illustrative table ex reasoning or disputing, or that branch of indirect narrative. hibiting the outlines of any subject. Such logic which teaches the rules and modes of Dialogist (di-al'o-jist), n. [See DIALOGUE ) diagrams are now much used by public lec reasoning, or of distinguishing truth from 1. A speaker in a dialogue.-2. A writer of turers and in educational works.--3. In error; the method of investigating the truth dialogues. ancient musie, a table representing all the by analysis; also, the science of ideas or Dialogistic, Dialogistical (di-al'o-jist"ik, sounds of the system; a musical scale. of the nature and laws of being. Later it di-al'o-jist"ík-al), a. Having the form of a Diagrammatic (di'a-gram-mat"ik), a. Per came to signify the art of using forms of dialogue. taining or relating to, or partaking of the reasoning so as to make fallacies pass for Dialogistically (di-al’o-jist"ik-al-li), adv. nature of, a diagram; represented by means truth; word-fence. --2. (Also in the first In the manner of dialogue. of a diagram; consisting of a diagram. form.) The logic of probabilities, as opposed Dialogize (di-al'o-jiz), v... (See DIALOGUE.]

Aristotle undoubtedly had in his eye, when he dis. to the doctrine of demonstration and scien To discourse in dialogue. criminates the syllogistic terms, a certain diagram tific deduction.-3. (In the second form.) In Dialogue (di'a-log), n. (Fr. dialogue, from matic contrast of the figures. Sir W. Hamilton.

Kant's philos. the logic of appearance, as Gr. dialogos, conversation, dialogue, from diaDiagrammatically (di'a-gram-mat"ik-al distinguished from universal logic, or that legomai, to dispute--dia, and lego, to speak.) li), adv. After the manner of a diagram. which teaches us to excite appearance or 1. A conversation or conference between For the first syllogistic figure, the terms, without

illusion. As logical or formal, it treats of two or more persons; particularly, a formal authority from Aristotle, are diagrammatically the sources of error and illusion, and the conversation in theatrical performances; placed upon a level.

Sir W. Hamilton.

mode of destroying them; as transcenden also, an exercise in colleges and schools, in Diagraph (di'a-graf), n. (Gr. dia, and grapho, tal, it is the exposure of the natural and which two or more persons carry on a disto describe.) An instrument for reprodu unavoidable illusion that arises from human course. — 2. A written conversation, or a cing, without its being necessary to know reason itself, which is ever inclined to look composition in which two or more persons drawing or prospective, the figure of objects upon phenomena as things in themselves. before the eyes.

are represented as conversing on some and cognitions a priori as properties adDiagraphic, Diagraphical (di-a-grafik,

topic; as, the Dialogues of Plato. hering to these things, and in such way to Dialoguet (di'a-log), v.i. To discourse todi-a-graf'ik-al), a. (Gr. dia, and grapho, to form the super-sensible, according to this gether; to confer. Dost dialogue with thy describe.) Descriptive.

assumed cognition of things in themselves. shadow?' Shak. Diagraphics (di-a-graf'iks), n. The art of design or drawing.

We termed Dialectic in general a logic of appear. Dialoguet (di'a-log), v.t. To express, as in

ance. This does not signify a doctrine of probabi dialogue; to put in the form of a dialogue. Dial (di'al), n. [L. L. dialis, daily, from L. lity; for probability is truth, only cognized upon in And dialogued for him what he would say.' dies, à day.) 1. An instrument for showing sufficient grounds, and though the information it gives

Shak. the hour of the day from the shadow thrown

us is imperfect, it is not therefore deceitful.

Kant, translated by Meiklejohn. Dial-plate (di'al-plät), n. by a stile or gnomon upon a graduated sur

1. The plate of a face. When the shadow is cast by the sun 4. (Also in the second form.) The method

dial, on which the lines are drawn to show it is called a sun-dial (which see).-2. The of dividing and subdividing, dissecting and

the hour or time of the day.-2. The face of face of a watch, clock, or other timekeeper, analyzing a topic, so that we may be directed

a clock or watch, on which the time of the on which the time of the day is indicated. to the various lines of argument by which

day is shown.-3. Any kind of index-plate. 3.1 A clock; a watch.

One of those it may be approached, investigated, de Dial-wheel (di'al-whel), n. He drew a dial from his poke; fended, or attacked: contrasted with logic,

wheels placed between the dial and pillarAnd looking on it with lack-lustre eye,

plate of a watch. whose province it is to criticise these arguSays, very wisely, 'It is ten o'clock

ments, so as to reject the sophistical, and Dial-work (di'al-wėrk), 1. That portion of Thus we may see,' quoth he, 'how the world wags.' allow their exact weight to the solid. Taylor.

the motion of a watch between the dial Shak.

and movement-plate. 4. A miner's compass. Wright.-5. Any plate

, ,

[Gr. or face on which a pointer or index revolves,

generalize; it does not lay bare the mechanism of Dialycarpous (di'a-li-kärp"us), a. moves backwards and forwards, or oscilthought, or evolve by the process of a rigid dialectic

dialyö, to separate, and karpos, fruit. In the secret order and systein of nature and history: bot. a term applied to a plant whose fruit is lates, marking revolutions, pressure, &c.,

Dr. Caird. composed of distinct separate carpels. according to the nature of the machinery of Dialectology (di'a-lek-tol"o-ji), n. That Dialypetalæ (di'a-li-pet"a-lē), n. pl. [Gr. which it forms part; as, the dial of a steam branch of philology which examines the dialyö, to separate, and petalon, a leaf. In gauge, gas-meter, or telegraphic instrument. nature and relations of dialects. Beck. bot. same as Polypetalæ (which see). -- Night or nocturnal dial, an instrument for [Rare. )

Dialypetalous (di'a-li-pet"al-us), a. In bot. showing the hour by the shadow of the moon. Dialector (di'a-lek-ter), n. One skilled in same as Polypetalous (which see). Such instruments may be constructed rela dialectics.

Dialyphyllous (di-al-is'il-lus), a. (Gr. dialyö, tive to the motions of the moon; or the hour Dialist (dial-ist), n. A constructor of dials; to separate, and phyllon, a leaf.) Same as may be found by calculation from the moon's one skilled in dialling.

Dialysepalous. shadow on a sun-dial.

Diallage (dial-aj or di- al'la - jē), n. (Gr. Dialysepalous (di'a-li-sep"al-us), a. (Gr. Dial (di'al), v. t. pret. & pp. dialled; ppr. diallage, an interchange, difference -- dia, dialyo, to separate, and L. L. sepalum, a dialling. 1. To measure with, or as with, a and allasso, to make other than it is, to leaf.] In bot. noting a flower with a calyx dial; to indicate upon, or as upon, a dial. change.] A silico-magnesian mineral of a composed of separate sepals; polysepalous.

Hours of that true time which is dialled in lamellar or foliated structure. Its sub-spe- Dialyse, Dialyze (di'a-liz), v.t. In chem. to heaven.' Talfourd. -2. In mining, to sur cies are green diallage, hypersthene, and separate by a dialyser, as substances capvey by means of a dial.

bronzite. The metalloidal sub-species is able of being so disengaged from a mixture; Dialect (di'a-lekt), n. (Gr. dialektos, conver called schillerstein, or schiller spar. It forms to diffuse by, or as by, the process called sation, speech, from dialego, to converse diallage rock, and enters into serpentine. dialysis. See DIALYSIS. dia, and lego, to speak; Fr. dialecte.] 1. The Diallage (di-alla-jë), n. (See previous en- Dialyser, Dialyzer (di'a-liz-er), n. The form or idiom of a language peculiar to try.) In rhet. a figure of speech by which parchment paper, or septum, stretched over a province or to a limited region or people, arguments are placed in various points of a wood or gutta-percha ring used in the as distinguished from the literary lan view, and then brought to bear all upon operation of dialysis. guage of the whole people, and consist one point.

Dialysis (di-a'li-sis), n. (Gr. dialysis, a loosing chiefly in differences of orthography Diallelt (di'al-lel), a. Meeting and inter ing from anything, a separation; dialyö, to or pronunciation. The Greek language is secting, as lines; crossing ; not parallel. dissolve--dia, and lyö, to dissolve.) 1. A remarkable for four dialects — the Attic, Ash.

mark in writing or printing consisting of Ionie, Doric, and Eolic. A dialect is the Dialling (di'al-ing), n. The art of construct two points placed over one of two vowels,

DIALYTIC

23

DIANATIC

to show that the two vowels are to be as, the diameter of a tree or of a stone or of be cut as rose diamonds are cut as tableseparated in pronunciation, as in aër: other the head.

diamonds. Fig. 1 is the diamond in its vise called Diæresis. — 2. In rhet. asynde- Diametral (di-a-met'ral), a. Diametrical rough state; fig. 2 is the vertical, and fig. 3 ton (which see). – 3. In med. debility; also, (which see).

the lateral appearance of a brilliant; fig. 4, a solution of continuity.--4. In chem. the Diametral (di-a-met'ral), n. A diameter; a the vertical, and fig. 5 the lateral appearact or process of separating the crystal diagonal

ance of a rose-cut diamond; in fig. 6 the flat 'oid elements of a body from the colloid. Diametrally (di-a-met'ral-li), adv. Diamet portion a in a cut stone is called the table; This is done by pouring a mixed solution rically

the part abb, which projects from the of crystalloid and colloid on a sheet of Diametric, Diametrical (di-a-met'rik, setting, is the front, the part b b c, sunk in parchment paper stretched over a wood or di-a-met'rik-al), a. 1. Of or pertaining to a the setting, is the back or culasse, while the gutta-percha hoop, having its edges well diameter. -2. Directly opposed; as far re line bb is the girdle.-3. A very small printdrawn up, and confined by an outer rim. The moved as possible, as at the two extremities ing letter.-4. A geometrical figure, otherparchment is allowed to float on a basin of of a diameter.

wise called a rhombus. -.5 One of a set of water. Diffusion immediately commences, At all events he had exposed himself to reproach playing cards marked with the figure or the crystalloid passing through and dissoly by diametrical opposition to the profession of his figures of a diamond.-6. A glazier's tool for ing in the pure water beneath, whilst the whole life.

Macaulay. cutting glass. Diamonds so used are uncut, colloid remains behind. Thus gruel or broth, Diametrically (di-a-met'rik-al-li), adv. In and they are so mounted as to act upon the containing a very little arsenic dissolved in a diametrical direction; directly; as, diamet glass, not by an angle, but by a curvilinear it, gives up the whole of its arsenic to the rically opposite. *Whose principles were edge of the crystal. - Black diamond, a term water, whilst scarcely a trace of the organic diametrically opposed to his.' Macaulay. applied colloquially to coal. - Diamond edi. substance passes through. As almost all Diamond (di'a-mond), n. (Fr. diamant,

tion, an edi. the poisons in common use, as arsenic, O.E. diamonte, diamaunt, corrupted from

tion of a work strychnine, corrosive sublimate, oxalic acid, adamant (which see). Compare also It. and

printed in diaacetate of lead, morphia, &c., are crystal Sp. diamante, G. diamant or demant. ]

mond, or very loids, the toxologist is by this process fur 1. Adamant; steel, or some imaginary sub

small type. nished with a very easy mode for detecting stance of extreme hardness or impenetra

Diamond fret their presence. bility.

in arch. a speDialytic (di-a-lit'ik), a. Pertaining to dialy Then zeal, whose substance is ethereal, arming in

cies of mouldsis; unloosing; unbracing, as the fibres; re complete diamond, ascends his fiery chariot.

ing consisting laxing.

Milton.
Diamond Fret.

of fillets interDiamagnetic (di'a-mag-net"ik), a. [Gr. dia, 2. A mineral, gem, or precious stone, of the

secting each and magnes, a magnet.) Pertaining to or ex

most valuable kind, remarkable for its hard-
ness, as it scratches all other minerals. When Diamond (di'a-mond), a.

other, so as to form diamonds or rhombuses. hibiting the phenomena of diamagnetism; a

Resembling a term applied to a class of substances which, pure, the diamond is usually clear and trans

diamond; as, a diamond colour; consisting when under the influence of magnetism, and

parent, but it is sometimes coloured, the col. freely suspended, take a position at right ours being white, yellow, blue, green, black,

of diamonds; as, a diamond necklace; or set angles to the magnetic meridian, that is, &c. In its rough state it is commonly in the

with a diamond or diamonds; as, a diamond

ring. point east and west. From the experiments of form of a roundish pebble, or of octahedral

Diamond-beetle (di'a-mond-bēt-1), n. The Faraday it appears to be clearly established

crystals. It consists of pure carbon. When that all matter is subject to the magnetic placed between the poles of a powerful bat

Entimus imperialis, a splendid coleopter

ous insect, belonging to the family Curcuforce as universally as it is to the gravitating tery it is completely burned to carbon di

lionidæ. oxide. force, arranging itself into two great divi.

When pure and transparent, dia

It is very abundant in some parts

of South America. sions, the paramagnetic and diamagnetic.

monds are said to be of the first water, and Diamond-borer, Diamond-drill (di’a; Among the former are iron, nickel, cobalt, as their transparency decreases they are

mond-bor-ér, di'a-mond-dril), n. classed as of the second and third water. platinum, palladium, titanium, and a few other substances; and among the latter are The weight, and consequently the value,

bar or tube, armed at the boring extremity bismuth, antimony, cadmium, copper, gold, of diamonds is estimated in carats, one of

with one or more diamonds, by the abrasion lead, mercury, silver, tin, zinc, and most which is equal to 4 diamond grains or 3.174

caused by which, as it rapidly revolves, solid, liquid, and gaseous substances. When grains troy, and the price of one diamond

rocks, gems, &c., are speedily perforated. a paramagnetic substance is suspended compared to that of another of equal colour,

Large implements of this kind driven by freely between the poles of a powerful horsetransparency, purity, form, &c., greatly in

steam-power are now used in mining, tunshoe magnet it points in a line from one creases with the weight. Thus, a diamond Diamonded (di'a-mond-ed), a. Having the

nelling, &c. pole to the other, which Faraday terms the of 1 carat would bring about £21, while one

figure of an oblique-angled parallelogram, arial line. On the other hand, when a diaof equal purity, form, &c., 2 carats in weight

rhombus, or lozenge. 'Diamonded would bring about £80. Diamonds are valumagnetic substance is suspended in the able for many purposes. Their powder is Diamond-mine (di'a-mond-min), n. A mine

streaked in the fashion of a lozenge.' Fuller. same manner it is repelled alike by both poles, and assumes an equatorial direction, the best for the lapidary and the gem en

in which diamonds are found. See DIAor a direction at right angles to the axial

graver, and they are much used in the cutline.

ting of window and plate glass. They are Diamagnetic (di'a-mag-net'ik), n.

Diamond-shaped (di'a-mond - shāpt), a. A sub

also extensively used by copper-plate enstance which, when magnetized and susgravers as etching points, and by engineers

Shaped like a diamond; specifically, in bot. pended freely, points east and west. See the for piercing rocks. (See DIAMOND-BORER.)

applied to leaves when approaching to a adjective. One of the largest diamonds known is that

lozenge-shape, having those sides that are Diamagnetism (di-a-mag'net-izm), n. 1. That belonging to the Rajah of Mattan, in Bor

opposite equal, and the angles generally

two obtuse and two acute. branch of magnetism which treats of dia

neo, weighing 367 carats. One of the most Diamond-spar (di'a-mond-spår), n. Same magnetic phenomena and diamagnetic celebrated diamonds is the Koh-i-noor, now

as Corundum. bodies.-2. The action or magnetic influence

belonging to the crown of Great Britain; Diana (di-ā'na or di-an'a), n. In myth. the which causes a diamagnetic substance, when it originally weighed, it is said, about 800

Latin name of the goddess known to the suspended freely between the poles of a

carats, but by subsequent recutting it has
been reduced to 103} carats.

Greeks by the name of Artemis, the daughpowerful horse-shoe magnet, to assume an

The Orlow equatorial position, or to take a direction diamond, belonging to the Emperor of Rus

ter of Zeus or Jupiter and Leto or Latona. at right angles to the axial line.

sia, weighs 195 carats; and the Pitt or Diamantinet (di'a-man-tin), a. Adaman

Regent diamond, among the French crown tine.

jewels, 1364. Diamonds are found in numerIn Destiny's hard diamantine rock.

ous localities in Hindustan, Malacca, Borneo, Sylvester, Du Bartas.

and other parts in the East. In America Diameter (di-am'et-ér), n. (Gr. diametros

they occur in Brazil, North Carolina, and dia, and metron, measure.]

Georgia. They have also been found in 1. A right

Algeria, Australia, and latterly in large line passing through the centre of a circle

quantities in South Africa. Diamonds are or other curvilinear figure, terminated by the circum

cut into various forms, but chiefly into bril

liants and rose diamonds or rosettes. The ference, and dividing the figure into two equal parts.

brilliant-cut best brings out the beauty of Whenever any point of a

the stone, and is the most expensive and figure is called a centre, any

difficult; it has an upper or principal ocstraight line drawn through

tagonal face, surrounded with many fa

cets; the greater the number of facets, the the centre, and terminated by

more valuable the diamond. The rose-cut opposite boundaries, is called a diameter.

diamond has a flat base, above which are And ary point which bisects all lines drawn through it from opposite boundaries is called a centre. Thus, the circle, the conic sections, the parallelogram, the sphere, the cube, and the parallelopiped, all have centres, and by analogy diameters. Euclid uses the word diaineter in the sense of diagonal. 2. In arch. the measure across the lower part of the shaft of a column, which, being divided into sixty parts, forms a

Diana.-Antique statue in the Louvre. scale by which all the parts of the order are measured. The sixtieth part of the diameter

and sister of Apollo. She was the virgin is called a minute, and thirty minutes make

Diamonds, rough and variously cut.

goddess of the chase, and also presided over a module.--3. The length of a right line

health. passing through the centre of any object two rows of triangular facets, the six upper- Dianatic t (di-a-nat'ik), a. (Gr. dianao, to from one side to the other; width; thickness; most uniting in a point. Stones too thin to flow through.) Reasoning logically and

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DLANDER

24

DIASTALTIC

progressively from one subject to another. pente, five.) 1. In music, a fifth; an interval Diaphoresis (di'a-fo-rē" sis), n. [Gr. diaScott.

making the second of the concords, and phoresis, perspiration, from diaphoreo, to Diander (di-an'dér), n. (Gr. di for dis, twice, with the diatessaron, an octave. 2 In carry through, to throw off (as fever) by

and aner, andros, a male.) In bot. a plant phar. a composition of five ingredients. perspiration -- dia, and phoreo, to carry] having two stamens.

Diaper (di'a-pėr), n. [Fr. diapré, pp. of dia. In med. a greater degree of perspiration Diandria (di-an'dri-a), n. pl. The second class prer, to variegate with different colours; than is natural, but less than in sweating. in the Linnæan system, com

LL diasprus, a kind of precious cloth Diaphoretic, Diaphoretical (di'a-fo-ret’ik, prehending all genera with

from It. diaspro, jasper, a precious stone of di'a-fo-ret''ik-al), a. (See DIAPHORESIS.) flowers having only two sta

various colours. See JASPER ] 1. A kind of Having the power to increase perspiration. mens, provided the stamens

textile fabric, formed of either linen or cot- i Diaphoretic (di'a-fo-ret"ik), n. A medicine are neither united at their

ton, or a mixture of the two, upon the sur which promotes perspiration; a sudorific. base, nor combined with the

face of which a figured pattern is produced Diaphoretics differ from sudorifics; the style and stigma, nor separ Diandria. by a peculiar mode of twilling. Diaper is former only increase the insensible perspiraated from the pistil

much used for towels or napkins. Hence tion, the latter excite the sensible discharge Diandrian, Diandrous (di-an'dri-an, di-an'. 2. A towel or napkin.

called sweat. drus), a. In bot. having two stamens.

Let one attend himn with a silver basin. ... Diaphragm (di'a-fram), n. [Gr. diaphrag. Dianoetic (di'a-no-et"ik), a. (Gr. dianoētikos, Another bear the ewer, the third a diaper. Shak. ma, a partition wall-dia, and phrassi, to from dia, and noeo, to revolve in the mind. ] 3. The flower

break off, to defend ] 1. In anat. the midriff, Capable of thought; thinking; intellectual; ing either of

a muscle separating the chest or thorax of or pertaining to the discursive faculty. sculpture

from the abdomen, or lower cavity of the I would employ ... dianoetic to denote the operalow relief, or

body. A complete diaphragm is found only tion of the discursive, elaborative, or comparative of painting, or

in mammalia-2. A partition or dividing faculty. Sir W. Hamilton. gilding used to

substance, commonly with an opening Dianoialogy (di'a-noi-al"o-ji), n. (Gr. dia ornament

through it.-3. In optics, a circular ring noia, thought, and logos, discourse.) That panel or flat

used in optical instruments to cut off mardepartment of philosophy which treats of surface. - 4. In

ginal portions of a beam of light, as at the the dianoetic faculties. Sir W. Hamilton. her. same as

focus of a telescope.-4. In conch. a straight Dianthus (di-an'thus), n. [Gr. dios, divine, Dia pering

calcareous plate which divides the cavity of and anthos, a flower.) The pink, a large (which see).

certain shells into two parts. genus of tufted herbs, nat, order Caryophyl5. A square

Diaphragmatic (di'a-frag-mat"ik), a. Aplaceæ, with narrow grass-like leaves, and piece of cloth

pertaining to the diaphragm. solitary or fascicled rose, purple, or white for wrapping

Diaphragmatitis (di-a-frag'ma-ti"tis), n. flowers. The calyx is tubular, and the five about the hips

In med. inflammation of the diaphragm, or petals have long claws. Two hundred of a child.

of its peritonæal coats. species have been described from Europe, Diaper (di'a Diaper, Westminster Abbey. Diaphysis (di-af'i-sis), n. (Gr. dia, through, temperate Asia, North America, and Africa. per), 0.t. To

and physis, growth.) In bot. an abnornal The garden pink is derived from D. Caryo variegate or diversify, as cloth, with figures; extension of the centre of a flower, or of an phyllus, and sweet-william is D. barbat us. to flower.

inflorescence. Four species are natives of Britain: D. Down-droop'd, in many a floating fold,

Diaplastic (di-a-plas’tik), n. A medicine Armeria (the Deptford pink), D. prolifer, D.

Engarlanded and diaper'd

used in the treatment of fractured or disdeltoides (the maiden pink), and D. caesius

With inwrought flowers, a cloth of gold.

located limbs.

Tennyson. (the Cheddar pink). Diaper (di'a-pér), v.i. To draw flowers or

Diapophysical (di'a-po-fiz''ik-al), a. Of or Diapaset (di'a-páz), n. Same as diapason. figures, as upon cloth. If you diaper on

pertaining to a diapophysis. A tuneful diapase of pleasures.' Spenser. folds. Peacham.

Diapophysis (di-a-po'fi-sis), n. [Gr. dia, Diapasm (di'a-pazm), 11., [Gr. diapasma, Diapered, p. and a. Flowered.

through, and apophysis, outgrowth.) In from diapasso, to sprinkle over.) A per: Diapering (di'a-per-ing), n.

In her. the

anat the dorsal or tubercular portion of the fume consisting of the powder of aromatic covering of the surface of a

transverse process of a vertebra. herbs, sometimes made into little balls. shield with ornament of

Diaporesis (di'a-po-rë"sis), n. (Gr. diaporeB. Jonson. some kind, independently

sis, a doubting, from dia poreo, to doubt) In Diapason (di-a-pā’zon), n. , [Gr. diapason, of the bearing or of the

rhet. doubt; hesitation; a figure in which the concord of the first of the musical scale colours. It was much used

the speaker seems to be in doubt which of with its eighth; the octave-a contr. for in the middle ages to give

two subjects he ought to begin with. dia pasõn chordón symphonia, the concord a richness to highly fin

Diarchy (di'ár-ki), n. [Gr. di for dis, twice, through the first and last (lit. through all) ished work. It is some

and archein, to be the first, to rule.) A form notes. Pason is the genit. pl. fem. of Gr. adtimes only painted, as in

of government in which the supreme power jective pas, all.] In music, (a) an old Greek the example here given,

is vested in two persons term for the octave, or interval which in but sometimes it is in

Diarial, Diarian (di-ä'ri-al, di-a'ri-an), a.

Diapering cludes all the tones of the diatonic scale. low relief like the speci

Pertaining to a diary or journal; daily. The diapason or eight in musick is the sweetest men of wall diaper given under DIAPER, n.

Diarist (di'a-rist), n. One who keeps a diary. concord; inasmuch as it is in effect an unison. Diaphane (di'a-san), n. (Gr. dia, through, Diarrhoea, Diarrhea (di-a-rē'a), n. [Gr. Bacon. and phaino, to show.) 1. A woven silk

diarrhoia from diarrheo, to flow through(6) Proportion in the constituent parts of stuff with transparent and colourless figures.

dia, and rheo, to flow.) A morbidly frequent an octave; concord; harmony; thus, a note

evacuation of the intestines, generally owing or instrument is said to be out of its diapa

2. In anat. an investing, cortical membrane
of a sac or cell.

to inflammation or irritation of the mucous son if it has not a correct relation with the Diaphaned (di'a-fānd), a. Transparent

membrane of the intestines, and commonly other parts of the octave. 'In perfect dia(Rare.)

caused by errors in regimen, the use of food pason. Milton. (c) The entire compass Diaphaneity (di'a-fa-nē"i-ti), n. [Gr. dia

hurtful from its quantity or quality, &c. of the tones of a voice or of an instrument. From harmony to harmony shine through-dia, and phaino, to shine.) Diarthrosis (di-är-thro'sis), n. [Gr., from

phaneia, transparency, from diaphaino, to Diarrhætic Diarrhetic (di-a-rētik), a. Through all the compass of the notes it ran, The diapason closing full in Man.

The power of transmitting light; transpa-
Dryden.
rency; pellucidness. *The diaphaneity of

diarthroő, to divide by joints--dia, through, (d) A rule or scale by which the pipes of the air.' Boyle. (Rare. ]

asunder, and arthroo, to fasten by a joint, organs, the holes of Autes, &c., are ad- Diaphanic, t Diaphanous (di'a-fan"ik, di

from arthron, a joint.] In anat. the movjusted, in due proportion for expressing af'an-us), a. [See DIAPHANEITY.) Having

able connection of bones, permitting them the several tones and semitones. (e) One power to transmit rays of light, as glass;

to revolve freely on each other in every of certain stops in the organ, so called be pellucid; transparent; clear.

direction, as in the shoulder joint. cause they extend through the scales of the

Diary (di'a-ri), n. (L. diarium, a daily al

Air is an element superior and lighter than water, instrument. They are of several kinds, as

lowance of food, a journal, from dies, a day.) through whose vast, open, subtle, diaphanic, or open diapason, stopped diapason, double transparent body, the light afterwards created easily

An account of daily events or transactions; diapason, and the like.

transpired.

Raleigh. a journal; a register of daily occurrences or

A crystal river Diapason-diapente (di-a-på'zon-di-a-pen'

observations; a blank book dated for the

Diaphanous, because it travels slowly. tē), n. In music, a compound consonance

Wordsworth

record of daily memoranda; as, a diary of

the weather. in a triple ratio, as 3 to 9, consisting of Diaphanometer (di'a-fan-om"et-ėr), n. (Gr. 9 tones and a semitone, or 19 semitones; a diaphanēs, transparent, and metron, a mea

In sea-voyages, where there is nothing to be seen

but sky and sea, men make diaries; but in landtwelfth. sure.) An instrument for estimating the

travel, wherein so much is to be observed, they omit Diapason-diatessaron (di-a - pă'zon-di-a transparency of the air.

it.

Bacon. tess'a-ron), n. In music, a compound con- Diaphanoscope (di-a-fan'o-skop), n. [Gr. Diary (di'a-ri), a. Lasting for one day; as, cord, founded on the proportion of 8 to 3, dia, through, phaino, to show, and skopeo, a diary fever. consisting of 8 tones and a semitone. to see.] In photog. a dark box in which 'Diaschisma (dī-a-skiz'ma), n. (Gr., a piece Diapason-ditone (di-a-på'zon-di'ton), n. In transparent positives are viewed, either cut off, from diaschizo-dia, and schizo, to

music, a compound concord, whose terms with or without a lens. The positive should cut off.) In ancient music, the difference are as 10 to 4, or 5 to 2.

be placed as far from the eye as the equiva between the comma and enharmonic diesis, Diapason -semiditone (di-a-pā'zon-se-mi lent focal length of the lens with which the commonly called the lesser comma. di'ton), n. In music, a compound concord, negative was taken; and when a lens is used 'Diaspore (di'a-spor), n (Gr. diaspeiro, to whose terms are in the proportion of 12 to 5. for

viewing it, its focal length should be the disperse.) A mineral, consisting of hydrate Diapensiaceæ (di-a-pen'si-a"sē-ė), n. pl. A same.

of alumina, occurring in lamellar concrenat. order of dicotyledonous plants, allied Diaphanously (di-af'an-us-li), adv. Trans tions, of a pearly gray colour. It is infusible, to the heaths, inhabiting the northern parts parently.

a small fragment, placed in the name of a of Europe and America, consisting of pro- Diaphonic, Diaphonical (di-a-fon'ik, di-a candle, or exposed to the flame of the blowstrate small shrubs with pentamerous gamo fon'ik-al), á. (Gr. dia, and phoneo, to sound. ] pipe, almost instantly decrepitating and petalous flowers, and three-celled erect cap Diacoustic.

being dispersed; whence its name. sules. The order contains six genera, each | Diaphonics (di-a-fon'iks), n. The science Diastaltic (di-a-stalt'ik), a. (Gr. diastalwith one or two species.

or doctrine of refracted sounds; diacoustics tikos, dilating.) Dilated or extended: an Diapente (di-a-pen'tė), n. [Gr. dia, and (which see).

epithet given by the Greeks to certain in

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