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Indecisively (in-dé-si'siv-li), adv. In an indecisive manner; without decision. Indecisiveness (in-dé-si'siv-nes), n. The state of being indecisive; unsettled state. Indeclinable (in-dé-klin'a-bl), a. [Prefix in, not, and declinable.] In gram. not declinable; not varied by terminations; as, Latin instar is an indeclimable noun. Indeclinable (in-de-klin'a-bl), n. In gram. a word that is not declined. In ways first trodden by himself excels, And stands alone in indeclimatoes; Conjunction, preposition, adverb. Churchill. Indeclinably (in-dé-klin'a-bli), adv. Without variation. To follow inders inably . . . the discipline of the Church of England. Mountagu. Indecomposable (in-dé'kom-pôz"a-bl.), a. [Prefix in, not, and decomposable.] Not decomposable; incapable of decomposition or of being resolved into the primary constituent elements. “The assumed indecomposable substances of the laboratory.’ Coleridge. Indecomposableness (in-dé'kom-pôz"a-blnes), n. Incapability of decomposition. Indecorous (in-dé-kö'rus or in-dek’o-rus), a. [Prefix in, not, and decorows.] Not decorous; violating propriety or good manners; contrary to the established rules of good breeding, or to the forms of respect which age and station require. It was useless and indecorous to attempt anything more by inere struggle. Burke. SYN. Unbecoming, unseemly, rude, coarse, impolite, uncivil. Indecorously (in-dé-kö'rus-li or in-dekorus-li), adv. In an indecorous manner. Indecorousness (in-dé-kö'rus-nes or in-dek'o-rus-nes), n. The quality of being indecorous; violation of propriety or good manners. Indecorum (in-dé-kö’rum), n. [Prefix in, not, and decorum.] 1. Want of decorum; impropriety of behaviour; the element in behaviour or manners which violates the established rules of civility, or the duties of respect which age or station requires.—2. An indecorous or unbecoming act; a breach of decorum. The soft address, the castigated grace, Are indecorums in the modern maid. Poung. Indeed (in-déd’), adv. [Prep. in, and deed. In reality; in truth; in fact: sometimes use emphatically, sometimes as noting a concession or admission; sometimes interjectionally, as an expression of surprise, or for the purpose of obtaining confirmation. The carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. Rom. viii. 7. I were a beast indeed to do you wrong. Dryden. There is indeed no great pleasure in visiting these magazines of war. Addison. Against these forces were prepared to the number of near one hundredships; not so great of bulk inteed, but of a more nimble motion. - Aacon. The two elements of the word are sometimes separated by very, making the statement more emphatic. And in very feed for this cause have I raised thee
unweariedness; persistency. Indefatigable (in-dé-fat'i-ga-bly, a. [Prefix in, not, and defatigable.] Not defatigable; incapable of being fatigued; not easily exhausted; not yielding to fatigue; unremitting in labour or effort; as, indefatigable exertions; indefatigable attendance or perseverance... ‘Upborne with indefatigable wings." Milton. The ambitious person must rise early, and sit up late, and pursue his design with a constant indefor: toose attendance; he must be infinitely patient and servile. south. SYN. Unwearied, untiring, persevering, asHous. sedulous, unremitting, unintermitng. Indefatigableness (in-dé-fat'i-ga-bl-nes), n. Indefatigability. Parnell. Indefatigably o adu. Without weariness; without yielding to fatigue. “Indefatigably zealous.' Dryden. Indefatigation to (in-de-fat'ig-à"shon), m. Unweariedness. Gregory. Indefeasibility (in-de-féz'i-bil"i-ti), n. The quality or state of being indefeasible, or not subject to be made void; as, the indefeasibility of a title. Now among all those uniformities in the succession of phenomena, which common observation is sufficient
*** i- to this *--~ lity: and of those few one only honoun: capable of completely sustaining it. 3. S. Mill. Indefeasible (in-dé-féz'i-bl), a. [Prefix in, not, and defeasible.] Not defeasible; not to be defeated; not to be made void; as, an indefeasible estate or title. That the king had a divine and indefeasible right to the regal power, and that the regal power, even when most grossly abused, could not, without sin, be resisted, was the doctrine in which the Anglican Church had long gloried. Macaulay. Indefeasibly (in-de-féz'i-bli), adv. In a manner not to be defeated or made void. Indefectibility (in-de-fekt' i-bil” i-ts), n. [From indefectible.] The quality of being indefectible, or subject to no defect or decay. “God’s unity, eternity, and indefectibility.' Barrow. Indefectible (in-dé-fekt'i-bly, a. [Prefix in, not, and defectible. J Not defectible; not liable to defect, failure, or decay; unfailing. So persuaded is he (Lear) that the honour, reverence, and affection which he enjoys is personal, and, therefore, indefectible, that he does not even bargain for a separate household or income. Introd. to Rugby Ed. of Lear. Indefective (in-dé-fektiv), a. [Prefix in, not, and defective.] Not defective; perfect; com
Indefensibility, (in-dé-sens’i-billi-ti), n. The quality or state of being indefensible. Indefensible (in-dé-fens’i-bl), a. [Prefix in, not, and defensible.] Not defensible; incapable of being defended or maintained, vindicated or justified; as, a military post may be indefensible; indefensible conduct. As they extend the rule of consulting Scripture to all the actions of common life, even so far as to the taking up of a straw, so it is altogether false and indefensible. ..Sazza'er-sort. Indefensibly (in-dé-fensi-bli), adv. In an indefensible manner. Indefensive (in-dé-fensiv), a [Prefix in, not, and defensive.) Having no defence. The sword awes the indefensive villager. Herbert. Indeficiency(in-dé-fi'shen-si), n. The quality of being indeficient or not deficient.
Indeficient (in-dé-fi'shent), a. [Prefix in, not, and deficient. J Not deficient; not failing; perfect.
Indefinable (in-dé-fin'a-bl), a. [Prefix in,
not, and definable.] Not definable; incapable of being defined; unsusceptible of definition; inexplicable. When all such cases are taken into account, the notions that are of an indefinable and ultimate nature must be reckoned by hundreds. . . . How vain is a verbal definition of such words as firht, heat, motion, targe, up, fragrance, pain, wonder. Pry. Rain. Indefinably (in-dé-fin'a-bli), adv. So as not to be capable of definition. Indefinite (in-de'fin-it), a. [Prefix in, not, and definite.] Not definite: (a) not limited or defined ; not determinate; hence, not precise or certain; as, an indefinite time, proposition, term, or phrase. (b) Having no determinate or certain limits; not limited by the understanding, though yet finite: often contrasted with infinite; as, indefinite space. The reduction of the infinite to number is, then, the reduction of time infinite to its measure indefinite, that is, to the finite. C. S. Hezroy. (c) In bot. too numerous or various to make a particular enumeration important—usually more than twenty, when the number is not constant: said of the parts of a flower and the like.—Indefinite inflorescence, in bot, a mode of inflorescence in which the flowers all arise from axillary buds, the terminal bud †: on to grow, and continuing the stem indefinitely. —Indefinite proposition, in logic, a proposition which has for its subject a common term without any sign to indicate distribution or non-distribution; as, “Man is mortal." — I ndefinite term, a privative or negative term, in respect of its not defining or marking out an object by a positive attribute, as a definite term does; thus, umorganized being is an indefinite term, while organized being is definite.-SYN. Unlimited, undefined, indeterminate, inexact, vague, uncertain. Indefinitely (in-de'fin-it-li), adv. In an indefinite manner; without any settled limitation; not with certainty or precision; as, space indefinitely extended; to use a word indefinitely. Indefiniteness (...) m. The quality of being indefinite, undefined, unlimited, or not precise and certain. Indefinitude (in-dé-fin'i-tūd), n. 1. Indefin
to bring to light, there are few which have any, even iteness; want of precision.
This is indeed shown in the vacillation or rodefforttude of Aristotle himself in regard to the number of the Inodes. Sir Jo". Hazrizzton. 2. t Number or quantity not limited by our understanding, though yet finite. They arise to a strange and prodigious multitude, if not indefinitiede, by their various positions, coinbinations, and conjunctions. Sir Af. A firée. Indehiscence (in-dé-his'ens), n. In bot. the property of being indehiscent. Indehiscent (in-dé-his'ent), a. [Prefix in, not, and dehiscent.] In bot. not dehiscent; not o spontaneously when ripe, as a capsule, such as fruit of Umbelliferae, &c. Indelectable (in-dé-lekt'a-bl), a. [Prefix in, not, and delectable.] Not delectable; unpleasant; unamiable. Edin. Rev. Indeliberate (in-dé-lib'é-rät), a. [Prefix in. not, and deliberate.] Not deliberate; done or performed without deliberation or cousideration; sudden; unpremeditated. “The indeliberate commissions of many sins." Bramhall. Indeliberated (in-dé-lib'é-rāt-ed), a. Indeliberate. Indelibera (in-dé-lib'é-rát-li), adr. Without deliberation or premeditation. Indelibility (in-de'li-bil"i-ti), n. The quality of being indelible. ‘The indelibility of the sacred character.” Horsley. Indelible (in-de'li-bl.), a. [Prefix in, not, and delible.] Not delible: (a) not to be blotted out; incapable of being effaced, cancelled, or obliteratoi as indelible letters orcharacters, an indelible colour; an indelible stain. This magnificent peak . . . formed one of those scenes of Eastern travel which leave an irror/toe impression on the imagination, and bring back in after years indescribable feelings of pleasure and repose. Iloyer rif. (b) Not to be annulled. [Rare.]
. are endued with indelible power from above
to feed, to govern this household. Fr. Sprint. Indelibleness (in-de'li-bl-nes), n. Quality of being indelible. Indelibly (in-deli-bli), adv. In an inde
lible manner; so as not to be blotted out or effaced. ‘Indelibly stamped and impressed on the soul of man.” Ellis. Indelicacy (in-de'li-ka-si), n. The condition or quality of being indelicate; want of delicacy; non-avoidance of topics forbidden by social or conventional modesty to be discussed; want of a nice sense of propriety, or nice regard to refinement in manners or in the treatment of others; coarseness of manners or language; that which is offensive to refined taste or purity of mind. “The indelicacy of English comedy." Blair. Indelicate (in-desli-kāt), a [Prefix in, not, and delicate.] Not delicate; wanting delicacy; offensive to good manners, or to Inodesty or purity of mind; as, an indelicate word or expression; indelicate behaviour; indelicate customs. Their luxury was inelegant, their pleasures for:#ff. cafe. ... so arton. Indelicately (in-de'li-kāt-li), adr. In an indelicate manner; indecently; unbecom
It is enough if each product contributes a fraction, commonly an insignificant one, towards the remuneration of that labour and abstinence, or towards indemni/ying the immediate producer for advancing that remuneration to the person who produced the tools. 3. S. 4/ri/. Indemnity (in-deni'ni-ti), n. [Fr. indernmité, from L. indemnitas, from indemnon is, uninjured — prefix in, not, and dam notors, hurt, loss, damage.] 1. Security given to save a person harmless; security or exemption from damage, loss, injury, or punish: ment. ‘Having first obtained a promise of indemnitu for the riot they had committed." Sir W. Scott.—2. Indemnification; compensation for loss, damage, or injury sustained; reimbursement.
official position, from some penalty to which
they are liable in consequence of acting illegally, or, in case of members of government, in consequence of exceeding the linits of their strict constitutional powers. Such acts also sometimes provide compensation for losses or damage either incurred in the service of the government, or resulting from some public measure. Indemonstrability (in-dé-mon'stra-bil"iti), n. The condition or quality of being indemonstrable. Indemonstrable (in-dé-mon'stra-bl),a. [Prefix in, not, and demonstrable.] Not demonstrable; incapable of being demonstrated. In their art they have certain assertions, which as indemonstrable principles, they *; all to receive. ir H. Santays. Indemonstrableness (in-dé-mon'stra-blnes), n. State of being indemonstrable. Indenization (in-de-ni-ză'shon), n. Endenization. Indenize (in-de'niz), v. t. To endenize (which
see). Indenizen (in-de'ni-zn), v.t. To endenizen. Indent (in-dent'), v. t. [L.L. indentare, O. Fr. endenter, to indent, from L. in, and dens, dentis, a tooth.) 1. To notch; to jag; to cut into points or inequalities, like a row of teeth; as, to indent the edge of paper.— 2. To bind out or apprentice by indenture or contract; to indenture; as, to indent a young man to a shoemaker; to indent a servant.—3. In printing, to begin, as a line, farther in from the margin of the paper than the rest of the paragraph. Indent (in-dent'), v.i. 1. To be notched; to have indentations or inequalities like a row of teeth.-2. To run or wind in and out; to move in a zigzag course; to double. Then shalt thou see the dew-bedabbled wretch (the
are Turn and return, indenting with the way. Shak.
3. To contract; to bargain; to make a com
act. §§ we buy treason, and indent with fears? Shak. Indent (in-dent'), n. 1. A cut or notch in the margin of anything, or a recess like a notch; indentation. It shall not wind with such a deep indent. Shak,
2. t. A stamp; an impression.—3. A certificate or indented certificate issued by the government of the United States at the close of the revolution, for the principal or interest of the public debt.—4. A contract; an order, as for goods.-5. Inłoś. the blank space at the beginning of a paragraph. Indentation (in-dent-à'shon), n. 1. The act of indenting or state of being indented: (a) the act of notching or cutting into points or inequalities, like a row of teeth; the state of being notched or so cut. (b) In printing, the act of beginning a line or series of lines, as the first line of a paragraph, further in from the margin than others.2. A cut or notch in a margin; a recess or depression like a notch in any border. Indented (in-dent'ed), p. and a. 1. Cut in
the edge or margin into points like teeth; as, an indented paper; an indented moulding. Indented mouldings, such as the one shown in the cut, are a common ornamental feature in Norman architecture.—2. Bound out by indenture; as, an indented apprentice or servant. — 3. In her. notched like the teeth of a saw, but smaller than what is termed dancette : applied to one of the lines of partition. The ordinaries are also often thus borne.
Indentedly (in-dent’edli), adu. With indentations.
Indentee (in-dent-é'), p. and a. In her. having indents not joined to each other, but set apart.
Indentilley (in-dent'il-ć), a. In her. having long indents, somewhat resembling piles conjoined; as, a fesse indentilley at the bottom. Indenting (in-dent'ing), m. An impression like that made by a tooth. Indentment t (in-dent'ment), n. Indenture. “Some indentments or some bond to draw.’ By. Hall. Indenture (in-dent’īr), m. 1. The act of indenting or state of being indented; indentation. The general direction of the shore . . . is remarkably direct east and west, with only occasional totdentures and projections of bays and promontories. Mitford. 2. In law, a deed under seal entered into between two or more parties with mutual covenants. Formerly it required to be actually indented, or cut in a waving line, so as to correspond with the other copy of the deed; but this is no longer necessary. The term indenture is not used in Scotland, except in the case of indentures of apprenticeship. Indenture (in-dent’īr), v. t. pret. & pp. indentured; ppr. indenturing. 1. To indent; to wrinkle; to furrow. Though age may creep on, and indenture ow. oty. 2. To bind by indentures; as, to indenture an apprentice. Indenture t (in-dent’īr), v.i. To run in a zigzag course; to double in running. They took Their staves in hand, and at the good man strook:
But, by indenturing, still the good man scap'd. Heywood. Independence (in-dé-pend'ens), n. 1. The state of being independent; complete exemption from reliance or control, or the #. of others; a state over which no one as any power, control, or authority; ability to support or maintain one's self; direction of one's own affairs without interference by others. Let fortune do her worst, whatever she makes us lose, as long as she never makes us lose our honesty and our independence. Pope. 2. That which renders one independent; roperty or income sufficient to make one nqependent of others; as, he has acquired an independence.—Declaration of Independence, the solemn declaration of the Congress of the United States of America, on the 4th of July, 1776, by which they formally renounced their subjection to the government of Great Britain.—3. # The principles of the religious body who called themselves Independents; Congregationalism. Independency (in-dé-pend'en-si), n. Same as Independence. Give me. I cry'd, enough for me, My bread and indefendency. Pope. Independent (in-dé-pendent), a. [Prefix in, not, and dependent.) 1. Not dependent; not subject to the control of others; not relying on others; not subordinate; as, God is the only being who is perfectly independent; none of us is independent for the supply of his wants. The town of St. Gaul is a Protestant republick, independent of the abbot, and under the protection of the cantons. Addison. 2. Affording the means of independence; as, an independent estate. —3. Not subject to bias or influence; not obsequious; selfdirecting; as, a man of an independent mind. —4. Proceeding from or expressive of a spirit of independence; free; easy; selfcommanding; bold; unconstrained; as, an independent air or manner.—5. Irrespective; without taking note or regard; not to make mention. A gradual change is also more beneficial, independent of its being more safe, Broughamt. I mean the account of that obligation in general, under which we conceive ourselves bound to obey a law, increaendent of those resources which the law provides for its own enforcement. A'. J.; arraf. [Independent here = independently, and it would perhaps be more correct to regard it as an adverb. J–6. Pertaining to the Independents or Congregationalists. A very famous Independent minister was head of a college in those times. dison. 7. In math. a term o to a quantity or function not depending upon another for its value. [The preposition that follows independent is generally of, sometimes on. Independent (in-dé-pendent), n, Eccles, one who, in religious affairs, maintains that every congregation of Christians is a com
Aarter. Indesinently (in-de'sin-ent-li), adv. Without cessation. [Rare.] They continue a month indesinently, Ray. Indesirable (in-dé-zir'a-bl), a. [Prefix in, not, and desirable.] Not desirable; undesirable. Indestructibility (in-dé-strukt'i-bil’i-ti), m. The quality or condition of being indestructible. It is, therefore, natural, that the physical doctrine of indestructihissity applied to force as well as to matter, should be essentially a creation of the present century, notwithstanding a few allusions made to it by earlier thinkers, all of whom, however, groped vaguely, and without general purpose. Buckée. Indestructible (in-dé-struktsi-bly, a. [Prefix in, not, and destructible.] Not destructible; incapable of being destroyed. Indestructibleness (in-dé-struktsi-bl-nes), m. Indestructibility. Nothing but the indestructioleness of its (the church's) principles, however feebly pursued, could have maintained even the disorganized body that still survives. Disraeli. Indestructibly (in-dé-struktsi-bli), adv. In an indestructible manner. Indeterminable(in-dé-té1'min-a-lil),a. [Prefix in, not, and determinable. J Not determinable: (a) incapable of being determined, ascertained, or fixed. As its (the world's) period is inscrutable, so is its nativity indeterminable. Sir T. Browne. (b) Not to be determined or ended; interminable. Indetermina (in-dé-tér’min-a-bli), adv. In an indeterminable manner. Indeterminate (in-dé-tér’min-āt), a. [Prefix in, not, and determinate.] Not determinate; not settled or fixed; not definite; uncertain; not precise; as, an indeterminate number of years. ‘An indeteranimate number of successions.” Newton. —Indeterminate analysis, a branch of algebra in which there are always given a greater number of unknown quantities than there are independent equations, by which means the number of solutions is indefinite. —Indeterminate coefficients, in math, a method of analysis invented by Descartes, the principle of which consists in this, that if we have an equation of this form— A+B++Ca2+ Da:3+&c. = 0, in which the coefficients A, B, C are constant, and a: a variable which may be supposed as small as we please, each of these coefficients, taken separately, is necessa
rily equal to 0.-Indeterminate equation, |
in math. an equation in which the unknown quantities admit of an infinite number of values. A group of equations is indeterminate when it contains more unknown quantities than there are equations.-Indeterminate instorescence, in bot. indefinite inflorescence. See INDEFINITE. — Indeterminate problem, in math. a problem which admits of an infinite number of solutions or one in which there are fewer impose conditions than there are unknown or required results.-Indeterminate quantity, in math. a quantity that admits of an infinite number of values.—Indeterminate series, in math. a series whose terms proceed by the powers of an indeterminate quantity. Indeterminately (in-dé-termin-āt-li), adv. In an indeterminate manner; not in any settled manner; indefinitely; not with precise limits; as, a space indeterminately large; an idea indeterminately expressed. Indeterminateness (in-dé-termin-àt-nes), m. Want of certain limits; want of precision; indefiniteness. The want of adequate expressions to denote the endless shades of colour, and the indeterminateness of those which are applied to various tints. sir Jo. Lawrence. Indetermination (in-dé-têr’min-à"shon), n. [Prefix in, not, and determination.] Want of determination: (a) an unsettled or wavering state, as of the mind. (b) Want of fixed or stated direction. By contingents I understand all things which may be ... and may not be done, may happen, or may not happen, by reason of the indetermination or accidental occurrence of the cause. Rramthall. Indetermined (in-dé-têr'mind), a. [Prefix in, not, and determined.] Not determined; undetermined; unsettled; unfixed. Indevirginate t (in-dé-ver'jin-āt), a. Not devirginate or deprived of virginity; not defloured. “Pallas . . . who still lives indevirginate.” Chapman. Indevote (in-dé-vöt'), a. [Prefix in, not, and devote.] Not devoted. Indevoted (in-dé-voted), a. Not devoted. Indevotion (in-dé-vé'shon), n. [Prefix in, not, and devotion.] Want of devotion; absence of devout affections; impiety; irreligion. “An age of indevotion.” Jer. Taylor. Indevout (in-dé-vout'), a. [Prefix in, not, and devout..] Not devout; not having devout affections. “A careless indevout spirit.” Jer. Taylor. Indevoutly (in-dé-vout'li), adv. Without devotion. Indew t (in-dû'), v. t. [See INDUE.] To put on; to be clothed with; to indue. Spenser. Index (in'deks), n. pl. Indexes (in'deks-ez), sometimes, as in math., Indices (in'di-séz). [L. Root dik, to point out, to show, seen in Skr. dio, to show; Gr. deiknymi, to show; L. digitus, a finger; dico, to say..] 1. That which points out; that which shows, indicates, or manifests. “The face the inder of a feeling mind.” Crabbe. Tastes are the indexes of the different qualities of plants. Arbuthnot. 2. That which directs or points out, as a pointer or hand that Fo or directs to anything, as the hour of the day, the road to a place, &c.; the hand of used by printers, &c.—3. A table of the contents of a book; a table of references in an alphabetical order: anciently prefixed to the book. Get a thorough insight into the inder by which the whole book is governed and turned, like fishes, by the tail. wift. Hence—4.? Prelude; prologue. Ayme, what act That roars so loud and thunders in the *: o axe. An index and obscure prologue he his f Iust and foul thoughts. prologue to the h;" 5. In anat, the forefinger or pointing finger. 6. In math. the figure or letter which shows to what power any quantity is involved; the exponent. See EXPONENT. — Indez hand. Same as Indez, 2. — Indez a globe, a little style fitted on the nort $os. of an artificial terrestrial globe, which, by turning with the globe, serves to point to certain divisions of the hour circle.—Inder of a loso called otherwise the characteristic, s the integral part which precedes the logarithm, and is always one less than the number of integral figures in the given number. Thus, if the given number consist of four figures, the index of its logarithmr is 3, if of five figures, the index is 4, and so on. See LOGARITHM.–Indez of refraction, in optics, the ratio between the sines of the
in water, if the sine of the angle of refraction be taken as unity, that of incidence will be about 13, or more accurately 1336; and therefore the index of refraction in water is 1336. See REFRACTION.— Indez Expurgatorius (Index jo Indez Prohibitorius (Index Prohibitory), or more fully Index Librorum Prohibitorum (Index of Prohibited Books), a catalogue of books which are forbidden by the Roman Catholic Church to be read by the faithful. Index (in'deks), v. t. To provide with an index or table of references; to place in an index or table, as the subjects treated of in a book; as, to inder a book. Index-correction (in"deks-ko-rek'shon), n. In astron. the correction that has to be applied to an observation taken with an instrument that has an index-error. See INDEx-ErroR. Hoer (indeks-er), n. One who makes an X.
e Index-error (in'deks-er-rér), n. In astron. the difference between the zero point of the graduated limb of an astronomical instrument, as a sextant, and where the zero point ought to be as shown by the index when the index-glass is parallel to the horizon-glass. Index- er (in'deks-fing-gēr), n. The forefinger, so called from its being used in pointing. Index-glass (in'deks-glas), n. In reflecting astronomical instruments, a P. speculum, or mirror of quicksilvered glass, which moves with the index, and is designed to reflect the image of the sun or other object upon the horizon-glass, whence it is again reflected to the eye of the observer. Indexical (in-deks'ik-al), a., Having the form of an index; pertaining to an index. Indexically (in-deks'ik-al-li), adv. In the manner of an index. Indexterity (in-deks-te'ri-ti), n. [Prefix in, not, and deaterity. ]. Want of dexterity: (a) want of readiness in the use of the hands; clumsiness; awkwardness. (b) Want of skill or readiness in any art or occupation. The indexterity of our consumption-curers demonstrates their dimness in beholding its causes. Harvey. Indiadem (in-di'a-dem), v. t. [Prefix in, and diadem.] To place or set in a diadem, as a gem. Whereto shall that be likened? to what gem Indiademed 1 Southey. Indiaman (in'di-a-man), m. pl. Indiamen in’di-a-men). A large ship employed in the ndia trade. India-matting (in'di-a-mat-ing), n. Grass or reed mats made in the East, commonly from Papyrus corymbosus. Indian (in'di-an), a. [From India, and this from Indus, the name of a river in Asia; Skr. sindhu, a river.] 1. Pertaining to either of the Indies, East or West, or the aborigines of America –2. Made of maize or Indian corn; as, Indian meal; Indian bread. —Indian architecture, the architecture peculiar to India or Hindustan. It comprehends a great variety of styles, which are divided by Fergusson into the Buddhist styles as exemplified not only in the Buddhist works within the borders of Hindustan, but also in those of Burmah, Ceylon, Java, China, and Thibet (see Buddhist Architecture under BUDDHIST); the Jaina style, a corruption of the pure Buddhist by admixture with the Hindu style; the Dravidian or style of Southern India, a style of architecture of the Tamil races of the south; the Northern Hindu or Indo-Ayran, a cognate style occurring in the valley of the Ganges and its tributaries; the Chalukyan style, prevailing in the intermediate region between these two; the Modern Hindu, Indian Saracenic or Mohammedan, or that form which Indian architecture took after being influenced by the Mohammedan styles; and the styles peculiar to Cashmere and some other districts of India. Among the most remarkable of the works of Indian architecture are the rock-cut temples such as at Ellora. In the system of Indian decoration there is no trace of what may be called an order. Among the larger masses of decorations for support sculptured elephants very frequently occur, as well as lions, as may be seen from the accompanying cut of a portion of the Choultry or pillared hall at Madura, built by Tirumulla Nayak during 1623–45.Indian bay, a plant, Laurus indica. See
LAURUS.–Indian berry, Cocculus Indicus.
See under Cocculus.-Indian corn, a native
angles of incidence and of refraction. Thus | American plant (Zea Mays), otherwise called
, the prickly pear (Opuntia vulgaris).— %. }. single file; arrangement of persons in a row following one after another: so named from its being the manner in which the American Indians usually traverse the woods.—Indian fire, pyrotechnic composition, used as a signal light, consisting of 7 parts of sulphur, 2 of realgar, and 24 of nitre. It burns with a brilliant white flame. —Indian hen, a species of bittern (Botaurus minor) found in North America.-Indian ink, more properly China ink, a black pigment mainly !. from China, used in water-colour painting and for the lines and shadows of drawings. It is sold in sticks and cakes, and is said to consist of lamp-black and animal glue. Inferior imitations are manufactured in this country. — Indian oak, the teak-tree (Tectona grandis). See TECTONA.—Indian red, a species of ochre, a very fine o: earth, of a firm, com
pact texture and great weight, found abundantly in the Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire.—Indian reed, a name applied to various plants of the genus Canna.-Indian shot, a name given to the plants of the genus Canna. (See CANNA.) The fruit has three cells, each containing several round hard black seeds resembling shot, hence the name of the plant. Theseeds are sometimes used as a substitute for coffee, and yield, by compression, a purple dye.—Indian steel, a kind of steel imported from India; wootz (which see). — Indian summer, in North America, a season of pleasant warm weather occurring late in autumn. — Indian tobacco, a plant, Lobelia inflata. See LOBELIA. — Indian turnip, a North American plant (Aristema triphyllum), which has a root resembling a small turnip, two leaves, each divided into three leaflets, and arum-like blossoms — Indian wheat, Indian corn.-Indian yellour, a pigment of a bright yellow colour, but not permanent, much used in water-colour painting. It is imported from India, and i. composed of the phosphate of urea and
me. Indian (in'di-an), n. 1. A native of the Indies, West or East.—2. An aboriginal native of America; so named from the idea of Columbus and early navigators that America was identical with India. Indianeer (in'di-an-èr"), n. An Indiaman.
Fruit of Canna edulis (Indian Shot).
Indianite (in'di-an-it), m. [From India.] A mineral, a variety of anorthite found in the Carnatic, differing somewhat from ordinary anorthite from Vesuvius in the composition of the protoxides which it contains. Indian-like (in'di-an-lik), a. Resembling an Indian. India-paper (in'di-a-pā-për), m. A delicate absorbent paper made in China, and in this and other countries used to take first or finest proofs of engravings. It is imitated successfully by European makers. India-rubber (in'di-a-rub-êr), n. Caoutchouc, a substance of extraordinary elasticity, called also Elastic Gum or Resin. It is produced by incision from several trees of different natural orders, chiefly Euphorbiaceae, Artocarpaceae, and Apocynaceae. The india-rubber tree of Bengal is Ficus elastica, which yields a large portion of the caoutchouc exported from Bengal. See CAOUTchouc. Indic (in'dik), a. A term applied to a class of Indo-European (Aryan) languages, comprising the dialects at present spoken in India, as Hindi, Hindustani, Mahratti, Bengali, and the dead languages Prakrit and Pali, modern Sanskrit, and Vedic Sanskrit. Indicant (in'di-kant), a. [L. indicans, indicantis, ppr. of indico, to point out. See INII ATE.] Serving to point out, as a remedy. Indicant (in'di-kant), n. In med, that which indicates or points out; as, an indicant of a disease, or of a remedy to be used for a dis
ease. Indicate (in'di-kāt), v. t. pret. & pp. indicated; ppr. indicating. [L. indico, indicatum, from index, indicis, lit. a pointer. See INDEX.] 1. To point out; to make known; to direct the mind to a knowledge of; to show. Above the steeple shines a plate That turns and turns to indicate From what point blows the weather. Cowper. 2. In med, to show or manifest by symptoms; to point to as the proper remedy or remedies; as, great prostration of strength indicates the use of stimulants.-SYN. To show, mark, signify, denote, manifest, evidence. Indication (in-di-kä'shon), n. [L. indicatio, indicationis, from indico, to point. See INDICATE, INDEX.] 1. The act of indicating or pointing out. —2. That which serves to indic ate or point out; intimation; information; mark; token; sign; symptom. The frequent stops they make in the most convenient places are plain indications of their weariness. a root. 3. In med. o symptom or occurrence in a disease which serves to direct to suitable remedies.—4. Explanation; display. [Rare.] Without ...?. cannot make any true analysis and indication of the proceedings of nature. Bacon. Indicative (in-dik'a-tiv), a. [L. indicatirus, from indico, to point out. See INDICATE, INDEx...]. 1. Pointing out; bringing to notice; giving intimation or knowledge of something not visible or obvious; showing; as, reserve is not always indicative of modesty; it may be indicative of prudence. Ridicule, with ever-pointing hand, Conscious of every shift, of every shift Indicative, his inmost plot betrays. Shenstone. 2. In gram, a term applied to that mood of the verb that indicates, that is, affirms or denies, or that asks questions; as, he writes, he is writing; they run; has the mail ar
rived? Indicative (in-dik'a-tiv), n. In m. the indicative mood. See the adjective. Indicatively(in di'kat-iv-li),adv.Inamanner to show or signify. Indicator (in' dikāt-ér), n. 1. One who or that which indicates or points out; specifically, a in mech. (a) an in- * strument for ascertaining and recording the pressure of steam in the cylinder of a steam-engine, in contradistinction to the steam-gauge, which shows the pressure of the steam in the boiler. One of the most perfect indicators is shown in the accompanying figure. It consists of a small cylinder, within which there works a
Fo the upper end of the spindle of which s attached to and moves a parallel motion consisting of three links, which carries a marker at its central point. The pressure is recorded on a piece of paper attached to a small cylinder, on which is impressed a reciprocating circular motion corresponding to the motion of the steam piston. As the indicator piston rises by the force of the steam and is brought back by a graduated spring when the pressure is reduced, the pencil traces on the paper a figure (an indicator diagram) representing the pressure of the steam at each point of the stroke. (b) An instrument for co-ordinating the motions of the piston and valve, called the valre-indicator. (c) A dynamometer for measuring the power of any prime mover. (d) An apparatus or appliance in a telegraph for giving sig- --nals or on which messages are recorded, as the dial and index hand of the alphabetic telegraph; specifically, the name given to a recording instrument invented by Professor Morse, by which messages are printed as they are received. The current sent traverses the coils of an electro-magnet, with which an armature, furnished with a lever projecting forward, is connected. When the current is in action the armature is drawn down to the magnet, and on the cessation of the current it is again raised by a spring attached to the extremity of the lever. The lever thus works up and down upon an axis. A style supplied with ink is attached to the end of the lever, over which a strip of paper is drawn continuously from a roller by clockwork. When the armature is down the style rises and comes in contact with the paper, making a mark on it; when the current ceases the spring draws the end of the lever and the style down and away from the paper. Any number and length of dashes, or of mere dots, can thus be produced, and it is by these dashes and dots that letters are indicated. (See MORSE ALPHABET.) The instrument is called also Morse Register and Morse's Recording Instrument.-2. A genus of African birds, the honey-guides, so named from the habits of the species, as wherever they are seen it is pretty certain that in the neighbourhood there is a nest of wild bees. It is even said that they guide the natives to the nests of wild bees by flitting before them, reiterating their peculiar cry of ‘cherrl cherr'." They o to the family of the cuckoos. Two of the best known species are the great honey-guide (Indicator major) and the lesser honey-guide (I. minor) of South Africa, which build hanging nests shaped somewhat like a bottle and having the entrance downwards.-3. In anat. an extensor muscle of the forefinger, situated chiefly on the lower and posterior part of the forearm. Indicatorinae (in 'di-kā-to-ri"né), m. pl. The honey-guides, a sub-family of scansorial birds of the family Cuculidae or cuckoos, inhabiting South Africa. See INDICATOR, 2. Indicatory (in'di-ka-to-ri), a. Serving to show or make known; o, Indicavit (in-di-kā'vit), n. [L., he has shown –3d pers, sing: perf. of indico.] In eccles. law, a variety of the writ of prohibition. It lies for a patron of a church whose incumbent is sued in the spiritual court by another clergyman for tithes amounting to a fourth part of the profits of the advowson. Indice t (in'dis), m. An index. B. Jonson. Indices (in'di-séz), pl. of inder (which see). Indicia (in-di'shi-a), n., pl. . [L., pl. of indicium, a notice, a sign, from inder, indicis, lit. a pointer. ee INDEX.] In law, discriminating marks; badges; tokens; indications. Indicible t (in-dissi-bl), a. [Fr.] Unspeakable; inexpressible.
indite. —2 t To appoint publicly or by authority; to proclaim. I am told we shall have no Lent indicted this year. Ezelyn. 3. In law, to accuse or charge with a crime or misdemeanour in due form of law by the finding or presentment of a grand-jury. It is the peculiar province of a grand-jury to indict, as it is of the House of Commons to impeach. Indictable (in-dit'a-bl), a. 1. Capable of being or liable to be indicted; as, an indictable offender. —2. That may bring an indictment on one; as, an indictable offence. Indictee (in-dit-é'), n. A person indicted. Indicter (in-dit’ér), n. One who indicts. Indiction (in-dik'shon), n. [L. indictio, indictionis, a declaration, a period of fifteen years, from indico, to declare publicly.] 1. Declaration; proclamation. “Indiction of war.’ Bacon. —2. In chron. a cycle of fifteen years, instituted by Constantine the Great; originally, a period of taxation, Constantine having reduced the time which the Romans were obliged to serve in the army to fifteen years and imposed a tax or tribute at the end of that term to pay the troops discharged. This practice introduced the keeping of accounts by this period, and it was also used instead of the olympiads in tooning years, beginning from Jan. 1, A.D. 3
Indictive (in-dikt'iv), a. Proclaimed; declared. In all the funerals of note, especially in the publick or indictive, the corpse was first brought, with a vast train of followers, into the forum. Aennet. Indictment (in-dit’ment), n. The act of indicting, or the state of being indicted; accusation; formal charge or statement of grievances against a person. To Englishmen it seems that the impropriety of Mr. Bancroft Davis's indictment is aggravated by the improbability that it could have served the purpose of his clients. Sat. Rez. Specifically, in law, (a) a written accusation of one or more persons of a crime or a misdemeanour preferred to and presented upon oath by a grand-jury. An indictment is not properly so called till it has been found to be a true bill by the grand-jury; and when presented to the #. it is properly called a bill. The ecision of the grand-jury is not a verdict upon the guilt of the accused, but merely expresses their opinion, that from the case made by the prosecutor the matter is fit to be presented to the common jury and to be tried in the }. courts. If the grand-jury are of opinion that the accusation is groundless they indorse upon the bill ‘not a true bill' or ‘not found;" if the contrary, “a true bill.” (b) In Scots law, a form of process by which a criminal is brought to trial at the instance of the lord-advocate. It runs in the name of the lord-advocate, and, addressing the panel by name, charges him with being guilty of the crime for which he is to be brought to trial. Indictor (in-dit’ér), n. In law, one who indicts; an indicter. Indifference (in-différ-ens), n. [Fr., from L. indifferentia, from indusferens, indifferentis, indifferent. See INDIFFERENT.] The state or quality of being indifferent: (a) equioise or neutrality of mind concerning diferent persons or things; a state in which the mind is not inclined to one side more than the other; freedom from prejudice, prepossession, or bias; impartiality. In matters of religion he (the upright man) hath the indifference of a traveller, whose great concernment is to arriveathis journey's end; but for the way that leads thither, be it #. or low, all is one to him, so long as he is but certain that he is in the right way. Sharp. (b) A state of the mind or feelings when a person takes no interest in something which comes under his notice; unconcernedness; as, a complete indifference to the wants of others. (c) State in which there is no differ: ence, or in which no moral or physical reason preponderates; as, when we speak of the indifference of things in themselves; the indifference of actions from a moral oint of view. (d) The state or quality of ing scarcely passable; mediocrity or slight badness; as, the cotton was rejected on account of the indifference of its quality.— SYN. Carelessness, coldness, coolness, unconcern, apathy, insensibility. Indiff (in-différ-en-si), n. Indiffer
eren ence. [L. indif
ferens, indifferentis–in, not, and differens, ppr. of differo, to carry asunder. See
DIFFER ) 1. Not inclined to one side,
strong on both sides. Aacon.
2. Feeling no interest, anxiety, or care respecting anything; unconcerned; as, a man indifferent to his eternal welfare.-3. Not making a difference; having no influence or preponderating weight; having no difference that gives a preference; of no account; without significance or importance; as, it is indifferent which road we take. Dangers are to me indifferent. Shak. 4. Regarded without any friendly interest or affection: usually preceded with not. ‘Oh, Rachell say you love me.' "Mr. Tupman," said the spinster aunt, with averted head — I can hardly speak the words; but—but—you are not wholly indifferent to me." tréens. 5. Of a middling state or quality; neither very good nor very bad, but rather bad than good: passable; tolerable; as, indifferent writing or paper. The state rooms are in indifferent order. Sir Is . Scott. Formerly often used adverbially: to a moderate degree; passably; tolerably. “I am myself indifferent honest." Shak. erentism (in-différ-ent-izm), n. Systematic indifference; reasoned disregard; lukewarmness; want of zeal. The depreciation of Christianity by indifferentism is a more insidious and a less curable evil than infidelity itself. 7tately. The indifferentism which equalizes all religions and gives equal rights to truth and error. Card. Manning. Indifferentist (in-différ-ent-ist), n. Öne who is indifferent or neutral in any cause; specifically, one who maintains that all reliso sects and doctrines are equally good so ong as a man is thoroughly persuaded in his own mind that he holds the truth. Indifferently (in-différ-ent-li), adv. In an indifferent manner; impartially; without jor". wish, or aversion; tolerably; passably. They may truly and indifferently minister justice. ommon Prayer. Set honour in one eye and death i' the other, And I will look on both indifferently. Shak. But I am come to myself indifferently well since, I thank God for it. Howell. Indigence (in'di-jens), n. The condition of being indigent; want of estate or means of comfortable subsistence; penury; poverty. It is the care of a very great part of mankind to conceal their *::::::::::::::: the rest. 3 ohnson SYN. Penury, poverty, destitution, need, want. cy (in'di-jen-si), n. Indigence (which see). Bentley. Indigene (in'di-jén), n. [L. indigena—indu, old form of in, and gen, root of gigno, to beget; in the passive, to be born.) One born in a country; a native animal or plant. Indigenous(in-di'jen-us), a. [See INDIGENE.] Born or originating in, as in a place or country; produced naturally in a country or climate; native; not exotic; innate. Negroes . . . are not indigenous or proper natives of Aimerica. Stro T. Browne. Joy and hope are emotions indigenous to the human mind. 1s. Taylor. Indigent (in'di-jent), a. [L. indigens, indigentis, from indigeo, to stand in need of ind, a form of in, and egeo, to be in want.] 1.f Wanting; deprived of: followed by of “Indigent of moisture.' Bacon.—2. Destitute of property or means of comfortable subsistence; needy; poor. Charity consists in relieving the indigent. Addison, Indigently (in'di-jent-li), adv. In an indigent, destitute manner. Indigest (in-di-jest'), a. [Prefix in, not, and digest (which see). Not digested; indigested; crude; disorderly; shapeless. To make of monsters, and things fridorest, Such cherubins as your sweet self resemus, & Syrare. Indigest? (in-di-jest’), n. A crude mass; a disordered state of affairs. Be of good comfort, prince: for you are born To set a form upon !. indigest Which he hath left so shapeless and so rude. Shak. Indigested (in-di-jest'ed), a. [Prefix, in, not, and digested.] Not digested: (a) not concocted in the stomach; not changed or prepared for nourishing the body; undi
sted; crude. “Rising fumes of indigested
SYN. Ire, wrath, resentment, fury, rage.
Indignly t (in-din'li), adv. In an indign
PLANT. digogen, Indigogene (in'di-gū-jen), n. Indigo-white (which see under INDIGo). Indigolite (in'di-gū-lit), n. Indicolite (which See). Indigometer (in-di-gom’et-ér), n. [E. indigo and Gr. metron, a measure.] An instrument for ascertaining the strength of indigo, Indigometry (in-di-gom'et-ri), n. The art or method of determining the colouring power of indigo. Hooplan: in'di-gū-plant), n. A plant of the genus Indigofera, from which indigo is obtained. The species most commonly cultivated under this name is 1. tinctoria, a native of the East Indies and other parts of Asia, and grown in many parts of Africa and America. It is a shrubby plant about 3 or 4 feet high, with narrow Wolf leaves and long narrow pods. The fest Indian indigo is I. A nil, a shortpodded plant, native of the West Indies