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IVY-MANTLED

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JACK

which exudes from the stem of the common or branched stems, bearing spikes of large class Arachnida. They are parasitic, posivy in warm countries. showy various-coloured flowers.

sessing oval or rounded bodies. See Tick. Ivy-mantled (i'vi-man-tld), a. Covered with Ixion (iks-i'on), n. In Greek myth. a king of Ixolyte (iks'o-līt), n. (Gr. ixos, bird-lime, and ivy. Yonder ivy-mantled tower.' Gray. Thessaly, whó for his wickedness was con lyö, to dissolve.) A mineral of a greasy lustre Ixia (iks'i-a), n. (L., from Gr. izos, bird-lime demned to suffer eternal punishment by found in bituminous coal. It becomes soft -in reference to the clammy juice.) An being tied to a perpetually revolving wheel and tenacious when heated, whence the extensive genus of Cape bulbs, of the nat. in the internal regions.

name. It is a mineral resin. order Iridaceæ. The beauty and elegance Ixodes, Ixodidæ (iks-o'dēz,iks-ö'di-dē), n. pl. Izard, Izzard (iz'ärd), n. The wild goat of of the flowers procure for them a high place (Gr. ixcödēs, like bird-lime-ixos, bird-lime, the Pyrenees: the ibex. among ornamental plants. They have narrow and eidos, likeness.) In entom. the ticks, a Izzard (iz'érd), n. The former name of the sword-shaped leaves, and slender simple section of the family Acarida or mites, and letter Z.

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J. The tenth letter in the English alphabet, Jacana (jak'a-na), n. The common name of and the seventh consonant. The sound the birds of the genus Parra, comprising of this letter coincides exactly with that of grallatorial or wading birds, having long gin genius. It is therefore classed as a palatal,

toes, the nails and is the voiced sound corresponding to the

of which are breathed sound ch(as in church). (See G.) The

very long and sound does not occur in Anglo-Saxon, and

pointed, so that was introduced through the French. The

they can stand French jnow, however, has a different sound.

and walk As a character it was formerly used inter

the leaves of changeably with i, both letters having ori.

aquatic plants ginally the same sound; and after the j

when in search sound came to be common in English i was

of their food, often written where this sound must have

which consists been pronounced. The separation of these

of worms, small two letters in English dictionaries, indeed,

fishes, and inis of comparatively recent date, being

sects. They brought about through the influence of the

have received Dutch printers.- In medical prescriptions,

their vulgar at the end of a series of numerals, j is gener

name of surally put for i; as, vj (six); viij (eight).-J.P. is

geons from the an abbreviation for Justice of the Peace.

prominent Jaal-goat (ja'al- göt), n. A species of

spur

on

the goat (Capra jaala) found in the mountains

wing. They of Abyssinia, Upper Egypt, and Mount Sinai.

are noisy and Jabber (jab'ber), v.i. (A form equivalent to Long-tailed Jacana (Parra quarrelsome gabble, Sc. gabber, freq. of gab, to talk much

sinensis).

birds, inhabitor pertly. See GAB, v.i.) To talk rapidly,

ing marshes in indistinctly, or nonsensically; to utter gib hot climates. In contour and habit they berish; to chatter; to prate.

somewhat resemble our moor-hen, to which Jabber (jab'bėr), v.t. To utter rapidly or indis they are very closely allied. Various species tinctly; as, to jabber French.

are spread over the tropical regions both of Jabber (jab'bér),n. Rapid talk with indistinct the Old and New World. utterance of words.

Jacaranda (jak-a-ran'da). See ROSE-WOOD. There are so many thousands, even in this country, Jacare (jak'a-rā), n. (Brazilian.) A species who only differ from their brother brutes in Hou of Brazilian alligator, having a ridge from yhnhminland, because they use a sort of jabber, and do not go naked.

eye to eye, fleshy eyelids, the cervical dis-
Swift.

tinct from the dorsal scutes, and small webs
Jabberer (jab'ber-ėr), n. One who jabbers. to the feet. Jacare or Alligator sclerops is
Jabbering-crow (jab'ber-ing-kro), n. Corvus
Jamaicensis, a conirostral bird found in the Jaca-tree, Jack-tree (ja’ka-trē, jak'trē), n.

a common species. Blue Mountains of Jamaica, remarkable for

(Native name.) Artocarpus integrifolia, a the resemblance of its voice to human

species of bread-fruit tree found in the speech. Jabberingly (jab'bėr-ing-li), adv. In a jab-jack-fruit, and the wood jack-wood.

Indian Archipelago. The fruit is called bering manner.

Jacchus (jak'kus), n. (In Greek, a name Jabberment (jab'bėr-ment), n. Idle or

of Bacchus.) A genus of South Amerinonsensical talk; the act of jabbering. can monkeys with thumbs on the hind feet

We are come to his farewell, which is to be a con only, and flat nails only on the thumbs. cluding taste of his jabberment in the law. Mil on.

The monkeys which constitute this genus Jabbernowl (jab'bėr-noul), n. Same as are of a small size, with short muzzle, fleshJobbernoul.

coloured face, round head, and tufts of Jabble, Jable (jab'l), v. t. (Perhaps imita white hair on the sides of the head. They

tive.) To splash, as water; to cause to splash, are squirrel-like in their habits, and omnivas a liquid. [Old English and Scotch.) orous. They are natives of Guiana and BraJabble (jab'l), 12. A slight agitation on the zil, and are known by the name of marmosets. surface of a liquid; small irregular waves Jacconet (jak’ó-net). See JACONET. running in all directions. (Scotch.) Jacent (jā'sent), a. (L. jacens, jacentis, ppr. Jabiru (jab'i-rö), n. (Brazilian name.) A of jaceo, to lie.) Lying at length. "Jacent wading bird of the crane kind, the Mycteria posture.' Reliquiæ Wottoniano. americana or senegalensis. It resembles Jacinth (jā'sinth), n. Another spelling of the stork.

Hyacinth (which see). Jaborandi (jab-o-ran'di), n. (Brazilian Jacitara-palm (jas-i-tä’ra-päm), 1. [BraGuarani name.) A powerful drug obtained zilian name.). Desmoncus macroacanthus, from the leaves and root of a plant probably a palm found in the forests of the lowlands belonging to the order Rutacea. It causes of the Amazon district in South America. a great increase of the saliva and profuse It has a slender flexible stem, often 60 or perspiration.

70 feet long. Jacamar (jak'a-mär), n. (Brazilian jaca Jack (jak), n. [Fr. Jacques, from L. Jacobus, marica.] The name given to climbing birds Jame From Jacques being the commonest of the genus Galbula, and sub-family Galbu christian name in France, it came to be linæ, nearly allied to the kingfishers, differ synonymous with rustic, clown, simpleton, ing, however, in the formation of their toes, fool,as Jacques with peasantry,while Jacqueand in their food consisting of insects. They rie meant an insurrection of peasantry. The belong to the order Scansores, and are Normans brought the word to England and about the size of a lark. Numerous species applied it to their serfs; but as John was are described. Their plumage has a metallic here the commonest name,it came to be used lustre. They live in damp woods and feed as a familiar substitute for it instead of for on insects. Most if not all the true jacamars James. We find it used in the French sense are natives of tropical America. The green of clown by Shakspere. jacamar is the Galbula viridis; the paradise jacamar is the G. paradisea, a native of

Since every Jack became a gentleman,

There's many a gentle person made a fack. Surinam and Cayenne.

Rich. III.

The name was transferred to any contrivance
which did the work of a common servant,
and to anything subjected to rough usage, as
boot-jack, jack-plane, roasting-jack, jack-
boots, &c.] 1. A nickname or diminutive of
the name John.-2. A term of contempt for
a saucy or impertinent fellow; an upstart;
a boor; a clown.-3. Term of address among
sailors, equivalent to messmate; hence, a
popular name for a sailor.
There's a sweet little cherub that sits up aloft
To keep watch on the life of poor Jack. Dibdin.
4. A contrivance for assisting a person in
pulling off his boots; a boot-jack. It fre-
quently is a simple board with a crotch or
fork for retaining the heel.-5. A contriv-
ance for raising great weights. A section of
the usual form of this machine is given in the
annexed figure. By turning the handle a,
the screw b, the upper end of which is
brought into contact with the mass to be
raised, is made to ascend. This is effected
by means of an endless screw working into
the worm-wheel c, which forms the nut of
the screw On the lower end of the screw
is fixed the claw d passing through a groove
in the stock; this claw serves at once to

prevent the screw b
from turning and to
raise bodies which lie
near the ground. The
axis of the endless
screw is supported by
two malleable iron
plates ej, bolted to
the upper side of the
wooden stock or frame-
work in which the
whole is inclosed.
6. In cookery, a con-
trivance for turning a
spit. The common jack
consists of a double set
of wheels, a barrel,
round which the rope

fastened to the pulleys Lifting Jack. is wound, a perpetual

screw, and a fly. See SMOKE-JACK. – 7. In stocking-making, the pivoted bar or lever in a stocking - frame, from whose end is suspended the sinker which forms the loop. – 8. In spinning, a bobbin and frame operating on the sliver from the carding-machine and passing the product to the roving - machine. – 9. In weaving, a box or frame suspended between the bank on which the bobbins of warp are mounted and the warping-mill on which

the yarns are wound. Its duty is to divide the warp threads into two alternate sets. 10. In music, formerly the hammer or plectrum of a clavichord, virginal, harpsichord, or spinet, but now the intermediate piece which conveys to the hammer the motion imparted to the key, as in the piano - forte. 11. A wooden frame on which wood is sawn. 12. In mining, a wooden wedge used to split rocks asunder after blasting.-13. A kind of

military coat quilted Jack Coat. and covered with lea

ther, worn over a coat of mail. The figure shows a jack of this description belonging to the thirteenth cen

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JACK

656

JACOBEAN

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tury. The term was also sometimes used He's the man who has all your bills; Levy is only Jack-fruit (jak'fröt), n. The fruit of the for the coat of mail itseif.

his jackal.

Lord Lytton. jaca-tree (which see). The horsemen are with jacks for the most part

Jack-a-lent (jak'a-lent), n. [For Jack-of- Jack-harè (jak'hår), n. A male hare. clad. Harrington. lent.) Originally, a puppet thrown at for

Old Tiney, surliest of his kind, 14. A pitcher of waxed leather: called also sport in Lent, like a Shrove-tide cock; hence,

Who, nursed with tender care, a Black-jack (which see). - 15. A small bowl a simple sheepish fellow.

And to domestic bounds confined, thrown out for a mark to the players in the On an Ash-Wednesday,

Couper.

Was still a wild Fack-hare. game of bowls. - 16. Naut. a flag, ensign, or When thou didst stand six weeks the Fack-a-lent, Jack-Ketch (jak'kech), n. (As regards the

For boys to hurl three throws a penny at thee. colours, displayed from a staff on the end

etymology see extracts below.) In England,

B. Jonson. of a bowsprit, used in making signals. In

a public executioner or hangman. the British navy, the jack is the union flag Jackanape, Jackanapes (jak'a-náp, jak'a

The manor of Tyburn was formerly held by Richard when used by itself as on shore. It was näps), n. (Jack the ape.) 1. A monkey; an

Jaquette, where felons for

a long time were executed; ape. -2. A coxcomb; an impertinent fellow. named Union Jack after James I., under

from whence we have Jack Ketch. whose direction the first union flag was A young upstart jackanapes.' Arbuthnot.

Lloyd's MS., British Museum, Jack-arch (jak'ärch), n. An arch whose He (Monmouth) then accosted Fohn Ketch, the constructed, and who signed his name thickness is only of one brick.

executioner, a wretch who had butchered many brave 'Jacques.' See UNION FLAG.–16. The male

Jackass (jak'as), n. 1. The male of the ass. and noble victims, and whose name has, during a of certain animals, as the ass.-17. A young 2. A term of reproach or contempt applied

century and a hall, been vulgarly given to all who pike. – 18. A name given to various bril

have succeeded him in his odious office. Macaulay. liantly coloured fish of the mackerel family

to an ignorant or stupid person. - Laughing found in the West Indies.–19. Half a pint;

jackass, a species of kingfisher (Dacelo gigan- Jack - knife (jak’nif ), n. A large strong teus). See KINGFISHER.

clasp-knife for the pocket. also, a quarter of a pint. [Provincial) Jack-back (jak'bak), n. In brewing, a ves

Jackman (jak'man), n. In mulit. antiq. a 20. Any one of the knaves in a pack of cards. sel below the copper which receives the

man that wears a jack; a horse-soldier; a - Jack-at-a-pinch, (a) a person who reinfusion of malt and hops therefrom, and

retainer. ceives unexpected calls to do anything. (b)A which has a perforated

It is Christie of the Clinthill, the Laird's chief jack. poor itinerant clergyman who has no cure, bottom to strain off the

Sir W. Scott, but officiates for a fee in any church where his assistance is required. [Provincial.)- | Jack-block (jak blok), n. hops.

Jack-plane (jak'plān), n. In carp. a plane

about 18 inches long used by joiners for Jack-by-the-hedge, a plant of the genus EryA block attached to the

coarse work. See PLANE. simum (E. Alliaria), which grows under topgallant-tie of a ship, to

Jack-pudding (jak’pyd-ding), n. [Comp. hedges. - Jack-in-a-box, (a) a plant of the genus Hernandia (H. Sonora), which bears sway up or to strike the

the German Hansuurst, a buffoon or merryyard.

andrew-Hans, Jack, and wurst, sausage. a large nut that rattles in its pericarp when shaken. (b) A large wooden male screw, Jack-boot (jak böt), n. A

pudding.) A merry-andrew; a buffoon; a kind of large boot reach

zany. turning in a female one, which forms the upper part of a strong wooden box shaped ing up over the knee, and

Fack-pudding in his party-colour'd jacket, used as a sort of defensive

Tosses the glove, and jokes at every packet. Gay. like the frustum of a pyramid. It is used armour for the leg, intro

And I persuade myself, the extempore rhymes of by means of levers passing through holes in duced in the seventeenth

some antic jack pudding may deserve printing better; it, as a press in packing, and for other purcentury: also, a similar

so far am I from thinking aught he says worthy of a poses. (c) A kind of toy, consisting of a box,

serious answer.

Milton. out of which, when the lid is opened, a

boot reaching above the
knee worn by others than

Jack-rafter (jak’räf-tér), n. In arch. a short figure springs. (d) A gambling sport in

soldiers, as that worn by Jack-boot rafter used especially in a hip-roof. See cut which a stick is placed upright in a hole

fishermen.

(time of James II.)

under HIP. with an article on the top of it, which is Jack-chain (jak'chån), n.

Jack-rib (jak'rib), n. In arch. any rib in a pitched at with sticks. If the article on The chain that revolves on the wheel of a

framed arch or dome which is shorter than the top, when struck, falls clear of the hole, kitchen jacket

the rest. the thrower becomes possessor of it.

Naut, an

Jack-sauce (jak'sąs), n. An impudent fellow; Jack-in-the-green, Jack-a-green, a chimney. Jack-crosstree (jak’cros-trē), n.

iron cross-tree at the head of a long top a saucy jack. sweeper's boy dressed about with foliage for the procession on the 1st day of May.-Jackgallant mast.

Every jack-sauce of Rome shall thus odiously dare Jackdaw (jak'da), n. An insessorial bird of to control and disgrace it. in-office, one who is vain of his petty office.

By Hall -Jack-of-all-trades, a person who can turn

the genus Corvus (C. monedula), the small- | Jack-saw (jak'sa), n. A natatorial bird be

est of the crows. It is of a black colour longing to the genus Merganser. his hand to any kind of business. -Jack-of

with a blue or metallic reflection. The jack Jack-screw (jak’skrū), n. See JACK, 17. 5. the-clock, Jack-of-the-clock-house, a figure of a little man that strikes the quarters in

daw frequents church steeples, deserted Jack-slave (jak'slāv), n. A low servant; a some clocks.

vulgar fellow. But my time

Every jack-slave hath his bellyful of fighting, and Runs posting on in Bolingbroke's proud joy,

I must go up and down like a cock that nobody can While I stand fooling here, his jack o' the clock.

match.

Shak. Shak.

Jacksmith (jak'smith), n. A smith who -Jack-with-a-lantern, or Jack-a-lantern,

makes jacks for the chimney. Will-o'-the-wisp, or an ignis fatuus, a meteor that appears in low moist lands.

Jack-snipe (jak'snip), 11. (The jack in this Jack (jak), n. Same as Jaca-tree.

compound is perhaps the W. giach, a snipe.)

A small species of snipe, the Scolopax galJackadandy (jak-a-dan'di), n. A little fop

linula of Linnæus. Called also Judeock. pish fellow; a dandiprat. Jackal (jak'al), n. (Fr. chacal, Turk, chakal,

Though allied to the snipes in its haunts and general Per. shaghal, shagál, a jackal.) 1. An animal

habits, the jack-snipe is still distinguished by various

peculiarities. It is more decidedly a winter visitant of the genus Canis, the C. (Sacalius) aureus,

only, the instances of its remaining through the sumresembling a dog and a fox; a native of Asia

mer in this country being very rare. It is more soli and Africa. The jackals are of gregarious

Jackdaw (Corvus monedula).

tary than the common snipe, though sometimes found

Yarrell, habits, hunting in packs, rarely attacking

in pairs. the larger quadrupeds. They feed on the chimneys, old towers, and ruins, in flocks, Jack-staff (jak'staf), n. The staff on the remnants of the lion's prey, dead carcasses,

where it builds its nest. The jackdaw may bowsprit or forepart of a vessel on which and the smaller animals and poultry, which be readily tamed and taught to imitate the the union jack is flown. they seize as prey. They lie concealed during sounds of words. It is common through Jack-stay (jak'stā), n. Naut, one of a set the day, and their cries when they come out Europe. Some authorities maintain that

of ropes, iron rods, or strips of wood attached forth at night are of a most dismal charac there is also another species of European to the yard for bending a square sail to. ter. The jackal interbreeds with the com jackdaw, the black jackdaw, but this seems Jack-straw (jak'stra), n, 1. A man, or figure mon dog, and may be domesticated. The doubtful.

or effigy of a man, made of straw; hence, a Jacket (jak'et), n. (Fr. jaquette, dim. of man without any substance or means; a dejaque, a coat of mail, a jacket. See JACK, 13.] pendant. 1. A short close garment extending down Salmasius is called 'an inconsiderable fellow and a ward to the hips; a short coat.-2. An outer jack-straw. why should I not know what a 'jact. case of cloth, felt, wood, steam, water, or

straw' is, without recurring to some archaic glossary other substance, generally used to prevent

for this knowledge.

Tronck. the radiation of heat; as, the felt jacket of 2. One of a set of straws or strips of ivory, a steam-boiler, or of an engine cylinder, whalebone, or the like, used in a child's &c.-3. A garment lined with cork to sup

game, the jack-straws being thrown conport the wearer while swimming; a cork

fusedly together on a table, to be gathered jacket. - To dust one's jacket, to give a beat up singly by a hooked instrument without ing to any one.

disturbing the rest of the pile. Jacket (jak'et), v.t. 1. To cover with a jacket, Jack-timber (jak'tim-bér), n. In arch, a as a steam-boiler, &c.—2. To give a beating

timber in a bay which, being intercepted by to; to thrash. [Colloq.)

some other piece, is shorter than the rest; Jacketed (jak'et-ed), p. and a. Wearing or thus, in a hipped roof, each rafter which is Jackal (Canis (Sacalius) aureus). furnished with a jacket.

shorter than the side rafter is called a JackJacketing (jak'et-ing), n. 1. The materials, rafter. See cut under Hip. wild jackal emits a highly offensive odour, as cloth, felt, &c., from which a jacket is Jack-towel (jak'tou-el), n. A coarse towel which is scarcely perceptible in the domes made; the jacket itself. – 2. A thrashing. hanging from a roller for general use. ticated animal. There was a popular but [Slang.)

Jack-tree, n. See JACA-TREE erroneous notion that the jackal hunted up I've got a good jacketing many a Sunday morning

Jack-wood (jak'wyd), 1. A furniture and the prey for the king of beasts, and he was for waking people up with crying mackerel

fancy wood obtained from the jaca-tree, therefore called the lion's provider. Hence

Mazhew. See JACA-TREE. 2. Any one who does dirty work for another; Jack-flag (jak'flag), n. Naut. a flag hoisted Jacobean, Jacobian (ja-koʻbē-an, ja-köbi. one who subserves the interests of another. at the spritsail topmast-head.

an), a. In arch. the term sometimes ap

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JACOBIN

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plied to the later style of Elizabethan archi cottage-garden plant, and grows wild in 3. To weary or fatigue in general. tecture, from its prevailing in the age of bushy places in the north of England. It is The mind once jaded by an attempt above its James I. It differed from pure Elizabethan found in temperate and northern latitudes power is very hardly brought to exert its force again. in most parts of the world. Jacob's-ladder

Locke. is a tall erect plant, about 1} foot high,

4.1 To befool or make ridiculous. with alternate pinnate smooth bright-green I do not now fool myself, to let imagination jade leaves, and terminal corymbs of handsome

Shak. blue (sometimes white) flowers. -- 2. Naut.

Jade (jād), v.i. To become weary; to lose a rope-ladder with wooden steps or spokes

spirit; to sink. by which to go aloft.

They are promising in the beginning, but they fail Jacob's-membrane (jā’kobz-mem-brān), n.

and jade and tire in the prosecution. South. In anat. the thin external membrane of the Jade (jād), n. [Origin unknown.] A mineral, retina, considered by Dr. Jacob to be a ser

a variety of tremolite; called also Nephrite ous membrane.

or Nephritic Stone, remarkable for its hardJacob's-staff (jā'kobz-staf), n. 1. A pilgrim's

ness and tenacity. It is of a colour more staff.2. A staff concealing a dagger.-3. A

or less green, of a resinous or oily aspect cross-staff; a kind of astrolabe; a surveyor's

when polished, and fusible into a glass or instrument for taking heights and distances enamel. It has been used by rude nations where great accuracy is not required. See

for their weapons. It is found in detached CROSS-STAFF.

masses or inhering in rocks. Jacob's-stone (jā’kobz-ston), n. The stone

Jadery (jād'ér-i), n. The tricks of a jade. brought from Scone in Perthshire by Ed

Beau. d Fl. ward I. and inclosed within the chair on

Jadish (jād'ish), a. 1. Vicious; bad, like a which the kings of England sit at their

jade: said of a horse.-2. Unchaste: said of coronation : so named from being reputed to have been the stone which supported

'Tis to no boot to be jealous of a woman; for if the Jacob's head at Luz. See LIA-FAIL.

humour takes her to be jadish, not all the locks and Jacobus (ja-ko'bus), n. (See JACOBITE.) A

spies in nature can keep her honest. L'Estrange. gold coin, value 258. sterling, struck in the Jag (jag), n. 1. A small load, as of grain or reign of James I.

hay in the straw. [Provincial. ]—2. A saddleJaconet (jak'ő-net), n. (Fr. jaconas.) A light bag; a cloak-bag; a pedlar's wallet. Sir W. soft muslin of an open texture, used for

Scott. (Scotch.) dresses, neck-cloths, &c. It is intermediate Jag (jag), v.t. To carry, as a load; as, to jag to cambric and lawn. Written also Jacconet.

hay. Jacquard (jak-kärd'), a. Pertaining to or Jag (jag), v.t. pret. & pp. jagged; ppr. jag. Jacobean Architecture - Waterston Hall, Dorset.

invented by Jos. Marie Jacquard of Lyons, ging. [Origin and connections doubtful; who died in 1834. -Jacquard arrangement

comp. Icel. jaki, a piece of ice (see ICICLE); chiefly in having a greater admixture of

or appendage, a contrivance appended to a O. E. jag, to cut or slash, G. zacke, a prong, debased Italian forms.

loom for weaving figured goods. It consists tooth, jag; zacken, to dent, jag; zickzack,

essentially of a series of perforated paper or E. zigzag.) 1. To notch; to cut into notches Jacobin (jak'o-bin), n. (From Jacobus, the metal cards connected with a revolving per

or teeth like those of a saw.-2. To prick, Latin name of James.] 1. A Gray or Dominican Friar, from these friars having first forated prism, and so arranged as to secure

as with a sharp instrument. [Scotch.) established themselves in Paris in the Rue

the raising of the proper warp threads to Jag (jag), n. (See the noun above.] 1. A St. Jacques (Saint James Street).-2. A memproduce a figure of a given pattern by the

tooth of a saw; a notch or denticulation; a entrance of wires connected with these sharp protuberance or indentation. ber of a club of violent republicans in France threads into particular perforations.-Jac

Like waters shot from some high crag during the revolution of 1789, who held

quard loom, a loom furnished with such an The lightning fell with never a jag. "Coleridge. secret meetings in the monastery of the Jacobin monks, in which measures were Jacquerie (zhäk-rē), n. (Fr. See JACK.) An appendage.

2. In bot. a cleft or division. concerted to direct the proceedings of the

Jaganat, Jagganath (jag'a-nat, jag'gaNational Assembly. Hence-3. One who

insurrection of peasants; originally, the nath), n. Same as Jagannatha.

name given to a revolt of_the peasants opposes government in a secret and unlaw.

Jagannatha, Jaggannatha (jég-gén-nä': ful manner or by violent means; a turbulent Jactancy + (jak'tan-si), ?. (L. jactantia,

against the nobles of Picardy, France, in 1358. tha), n. [Skr.) Lit. 'Lord of the World,' demagogue.-4. A variety of pigeon whose

the name given to Krishna, the eighth inneck-feathers form a head, and whose wings

from jacto, freq. of jacio, to throw.) A carnation of Vishnu, and to a very celeand tail are long. boasting. Cockeram.

brated idol of this deity. It is a very Jacobin (jak'ő-bin), a.

Jactation (jak-ta'shon), n. [L. jactatio, jac-
The same as Jaco-

rudely cut wooden image, having the body binic. tationis, from jacio, to thr See JACTI

red, the face black, and the arms gilt; the TATION.) Act of throwing; agitation of They knew from the beginning that the Facobin

mouth is open and of the colour of blood; party was not confined to that country. Burke.

the body for exercise; the exercise of riding the eyes are formed of precious stones. It in some kind of vehicle.

is covered with magnificent vestments and Jacobine (jak’ő-bin), n. Same as Jacobin.

Among the Romans there were four things much seated upon a throne between two othersJacobinic, Jacobinical (jak-o-bin'ik, jak-o in use : bathing, fumigation, friction, and jactation. his brother Bala-Rama and his sister Subbin'ik-al), a. Of or pertaining to, or resem

Temple. bling the Jacobins of France; turbulent; Jactitation (jak-ti-tā'shon), n. [From L.

hadra, coloured respectively white and discontented with government; holding de jactito, a double freq. from jacto, freq. of

black. The temple specially dedicated to mocratic principles. jacio, to throw.) 1. A frequent tossing of

Jagannatha is situated at Puri in Orissa. The triumph of Jacobinical principles was now the body; restlessness. — 2. Vain boasting;

It stands in a square area containing many complete.

other temples and inclosed by a lofty stone Sir W. Scott. bragging. -Jactitation of marriage, in the Jacobinically (jak-o-bin'ik-al-li), adv. In a canon law, a boasting or giving out by a

wall, each side of which is about 650 feet in party that he or she is married to another,

length. It is built chiefly of a coarse granite manner resembling the Jacobins.

resembling sandstone, and appears as a vast whereby a common reputation of their marJacobinism (jak’o-bin-izm), n. The principles of the Jacobins; unreasonable or vioriage may follow.

mass of masonry surmounted by several lent opposition to legitimate government. Jaculate (jak’ū-lat), v.t. [L. jaculor, jacu

lofty towers, the great tower rising to a

height of 192 feet. Under the main tower are Jacobinize (jakso-bin-iz), v.t. pret. & pp. ja

latus, to throw the javelin.) To dart; to
throw out; to emit.

placed the idol of Jagannatha and those of cobinized; ppr. jacobinizing. To taint with

The action Jacobinism

his brother and sister. Great numbers of pilJaculation (jak-ū-lā'shon), n. France was not then jacobinized.' Burke. of darting, throwing or launching, as missive

grims, at the time of the festivals of Jagan

nátha, assemble from all quarters of India to weapons. *The more violent jaculation, Jacobinly (jak-7-bin-li), adv. In the man

pay their devotions at his shrine. On these ner of Jacobins. vibration, and speed of the arrows.' King.

occasions the idol, along with those of his Jacobite (jak’o-bīt), n. [L. Jacobus, James; Jaculator (jak'u-lāt-ér), n. 1. One who jacu

brother and sister, is mounted on a monGr. Iakobos, Heb. Ya'akob, Jacob.] 1. In

lates or darts. - 2. The archer-fish (which
see).

strous car resting on sixteen wheels, which Eng. hist. a partisan or adherent of James

is drawn by the pilgrims; and formerly 1. after he abdicated the throne, and of his Jaculatory (jak’ū-la-to-ri), a. Darting or descendants; an opposer of the revolution throwing out suddenly, or suddenly thrown

great numbers of the congregated people out; uttered in short sentences. Jaculain 1688 in favour of William and Mary.

were wont to throw themselves under the 2. Eccles. one of a sect of Christians in Syria Jade (jād), n. (Prov. E. yaud, Sc. yaud, jaud, tory prayers.' Spiritual Conflict.

wheels, and were thus crushed to death, the

victims believing that by suffering this sort and Mesopotamia who hold that Jesus Christ had but one nature. The sect has its name an old mare; Icel. jalda, Prov. Sw. jälda, a

of death they should be immediately con

veyed to heaven. This horrid practice, mare.] 1. A mean or poor horse; a tired from Jacobus Baradæus, a Syrian disciple of Eutyches. horse; a worthless nag.

however, is now of rare occurrence. Written

also Juggernaut. Jacobite (jak’o-bit), a. Pertaining to the

Tired as a jade in overloaden cart. Sir P. Sidney.

Jagataic (jag-a-tā'ik), a. [From Jagatai, partisans of James II. or his descendants; 2. A mean woman; a wench; a quean: used the native name of Turkestan, from Tagaholding the principles of a Jacobite. opprobriously.

tai, one of the sons of Ghengis Khan, to Jacobitic, Jacobitical (jak-o-bit'ik, jak-o She shines the first of battered jades. Swift. whom he left this portion of his empire.) bit'ik-al), a. Relating to the Jacobites. 3. A young woman: used in irony or slight

A term applied to the eastermost dialects Jacobitically (jak-o-bit'ik-al-li), adv. In a contempt.

of the Turkish group of tongues, spoken by manner resembling the Jacobites. You now and then see some handsome young jades. Jagerant (jā'jèr-ant), n.

the people of Turkestan. Jacobitism (jak’o-bit-izm), n. The princi

Same as Jazerant ples of the Jacobites or partisans of James Jade (jād), v.t. pret. & pp. jaded; ppr. jading.

(which see). II. of England.

1. To treat as a jade; to kick or spurn. Shak. Jagged (jag'ed), p. and a. Having notches Jacob's-ladder(jāskobz-lad-dér),n. 1. A com 2. To ride or drive severely; to overdrive; or teeth; cleft; divided; laciniate; as, jagged mon garden plant of the genus Polemoas, to jade a horse.

leaves : in her said of the division of the nium, the P. cæruleum, belonging to the

It is a dull thing to tire, and, as we say now, to jade

field, or of the outlines of an ordinary, which nat. order Polemoniaceæ. It is a favourite

anything too far.

Bacon. appear rough by being forcibly torn asunder.

[graphic]

ch, chain; ch, Sc. loch;

g, go; j, job;

, Fr. ton;

ng, sing; TH, then; th, thin;

w, wig; wh, whig; zh, azure.-See KEY.

JAGGEDNESS

658

JAMPAN

Jaggedness (jag'ed-nes), n. The state of all, and by its political leanings towards the mouth. Male jalap, or orizaba-root, is being jagged or denticulated; unevenness. Brahmanism. The Jains deny the divine produced by Ipomoea orizabensis, and TamFirst draw rudely your leaves, making them plain,

origin and infallible authority of the Vedas; pico jalap from I. simulans. before you give them their veins or jaggedness. they reverence certain holy mortals, who Jalapic (ja-lap'ik),a. Relating to or consist

Peacham. have acquired by self-denial and mortifica ing of jalap or jalapin. - Jalapic acid Jagger (jag'er), n. 1. One who or that which tion a station superior to that of the gods; (C34HC0018), an acid produced, with assimijags.-2. A jagging-iron (which see).

and they manifest extreme tenderness for lation of water, by dissolving jalapin in Jagger (jag'ér), n. One who carries a jag animal life. They affirm that the world has aqueous solutions of the alkalies or askaline or pedlar's wallet; a pedlar. Sir W. Scott. existed from all eternity, not having been earths. [Scotch.)

created, and that it will exist for ever. Jalapin, Jalapine (jal'a-pin), n. (Cz+H56016) Jaggernaut (jag'ger-nät), n. Same as Jag. Jaina (jān'a), a. Of or pertaining to the A basic resin, which is the purgative prinannatha.

Jains or their creed. - Jaina architecture, a ciple of the roots and tubers of certain Jaggery, Jagghery (jagʻér-i), n. (Hind. style of architecture which appears to be a plants of the convolvulaceous order See jagri.] In the East Indies, the name given modification or development of Buddhist JALAP. to sugar in its coarse state; imperfectly architecture, as Jainism is an outgrowth of Jalouse, Jaloose (ja-löz'), v.i. or t. (A form granulated sugar; also, the inspissated juice Buddhism. In Buddhist architecture po of jealous.) To suspect; to guess. [Scotch.) of the palmyra-tree.

structural arch occurs, but in the remains Jagging-iron (jag'ing-i-érn), n.

They jaloused the opening of our letters at Fair. A brass of Jaina architecture, chiefly consisting of port.

Sir W. Scott. wheel, with a jagged or notched edge, for temples, we meet with a horizontal arch, Jalousie (zhäl-ö-zē), n. [Fr., from jalouz, cutting cakes into ornamental figures. that is, one in which the stones rest hori. Jaggy (jag'i), a.

jealous. See JEALOUS.) A wooden frame Set with teeth; denticu zontally. Its most distinguishing character

or blind for shading from the sunshine, much lated; uneven; notched. istic, however, is its dome, built horizontally

used in tropical and hot countries; a veneHis teeth stood jaggy in three dreadful rows. and resting commonly upon eight pillars

tian blind. Addison. arranged octagonally; but these eight pillars Jaghirdar (jag-hér-där), n. In the East are almost never left to themselves, the base Jam (jam), n., [Ar. jamd, congelation, conIndies, a person holding a jaghire. being made square by the addition of four

cretion; jamid, concrete, conjealed. So rob, Jaghire (jag-hér), n. In the East Indies, others at the angles. There are many small

a conserve of fruits, is also of oriental orian assignment of the government share of buildings so constructed, that is with only

gin.) A conserve of fruits boiled with sugar

and water. the produce of a portion of land to an indi twelve pillars, but oftener two more are vidual, either personal or for the support added on each face, making twenty, or four Jam (jam), n. [Per. and Hind. jamah, raiof a public establishment, particularly of a on each face, making twenty-eight, or six on

ment, robe.) I. A muslin dress worn in

India.-2. A kind of frock for children. military nature.

each face, making thirty-six, and so on. The Jaguar (ja-gwär), n. [Brazilian jaguara.] principal object in a Jaina temple is a cell Jam (jam), v.t. pret. & pp. jammed; ppr. Felis onca, the American tiger or ounce of lighted from the door, containing a cross

jamming. [Perhaps from jamb, so that the Brazil, the largest and most formidable legged figure of the saint to whom the

original notion might be that of pressing temple is dedicated. The cell is always

between two uprights or jambs. Skeat, howterminated upwards by a pyramidal spire

ever, regards it as the same word as chan like roof, and there is a portico attached,

and champ, to chew, to crush.] 1. To press; generally of considerable extent, and in

to crowd; to wedge in; to squeeze tight. most instances surmounted by a dome. The The ship, which, by its building was Spanish, stuck whole is inclosed in a court-yard, surrounded

fast, jammed in between two rocks; all the stern and by a double colonnade of smaller pillars,

quarters of her were beaten to pieces with the sea

Defoe. which form porticos to a range of cells, each 2. To tread hard or make firm by treading, occupied by the cross-legged image of a saint. There are also Jaina towers, such as Jam (jam), n.

as land by cattle. (Provincial.)

A crush; a squeeze; a block towers commemorative of victory, very ela

of people.
borate in construction and ornamentation.
The civil architecture presents no feature

Yet onward still the gathering numbers cram,

Contending crowders shout the frequent damn, of interest, there being nothing to distin And all is bustle, squeeze, row, jabbering, and jam. guish it from that of the Hindus. Jaina

& H. Smith architecture was at its best about the Jam (jam), n. In mining, same as Jamb, 2. Jaguar (Felis onca).

eleventh or twelfth century of our era. Jamadar (jam'a-dar), n. Same as Jemidar. Jainism (jān'izm), n. The principles, doc

Jamaican (ja-ma'feline quadruped of the New World. It is trines, or creed of the Jains.

kan), a. Relating marked with large dark spots in the form Jak, Jak-tree (jak, jak'trē), n. Same as

or belonging to Jaof circles, with a dark spot or pupil in the Jaca-tree.

maica. centre of each. It is as large as a wolf, and Jakes (jāks), n. (Origin doubtful. Wedg.

Jamaican (ja-ma'preys on all sorts of animals, from insects wood connects it with Fr. gachis, a heap of

kan), n. One who and shell-fish up to horses and oxen. It filth, G. gauche, a filthy fluid.) A privy.

belongs to Jamaica; rarely attacks man unless hard pressed by Jakes-farmert (jāks'färm-er), n. One who

a native or iphabihunger or driven to bay. cleanses the jakes, or public privies; jocu

tant of Jamaica Jah (ja), n. (Heb.] Jehovah. larly called a Gold-finder.

Jamaica Pepper Jail (jal), n. (Fr. geole, 0. Fr. gaiole, a prison; Nay we are all signiors here in Spain, from the

(ja-mă'ka pep-per). It. gabbiola, a small cage, dim. of gabbia, a jakes.farmer to the grandee or adelantado.

Same as Allcage; from L. cavea, a cage, a coop, a den,

Beau. & FI.

spice (which see). from cavus, hollow.) A prison; a building Jak-wood (jak'wyd), n. Same as Jack-wood.

Jamb (jam), n. [Fr. or place for the confinement of persons ar Jalap (jal'ap), n. [Fr. jalap; Sp. jalapa: so

jambe, a leg, whence rested for debt or for crime. called from Jalapa, a province in Mexico,

jambage, a jamb.) Jail (jäl), v.t. To put in prison; to imprison. whence it is imported.] The name given to

In arch. a side or Jailbird (jal'bérd), n. À prisoner; one who the tuberous roots of several plants of the A, Jamb of Doorway.

vertical piece of has been confined in prison: sometimes used nat. order Convolvulaceæ, that of Ipomoea

any opening or apadjectivally.

purga being the most important. This is erture in a wall, such as a door, window, or There was the same air about them all-a listless, a twining herbaceous plant, with cordate chimney, which helps to bear the piece that jailbird, careless swagger,

Dickens. acuminate, sharply auricled leaves, and discharges superincumbent weight of Jail-delivery (jāl'de-liv-ér-i), n. In law, a

elegant salver-shaped deep pink flowers, the wall.–2. In mining, a mass of mineral or commission to the judges, &c., of assize, growing naturally on the eastern declivities stone in a quarry or pit standing upright, empowering them to try and deliver every of the Mexican Andes, at an elevation of more or less distinct from neighbouring or prisoner who may be in jail when they arrive from 5000 to 8000 feet. The jalap of commerce adjoining parts. at the assize town, whenever or by whom

Jamb (jam), v.t. To jam (which see). soever indicted, or for whatever crime com

Jambart (jam bärt), n. Same as Jambe mitted.

(which see). Jailer, Jailor (jāl'ér), n. The keeper of a

Jambe,t n. [Fr. jambe, the leg.] Armour prison.

for the leg, sometimes made of cuirbouilli, Jail-fever (jāl'fő-vér), n. A dangerous and

but most frequently of metal, much used often fatal fever generated in jails and other

during the fourteenth, fifteenth, and sixplaces crowded with people, said to be due

teenth centuries. See SOLLERET. to confinement and bad air.

Jambee (jam-bē'), n. [O. Fr. jamboier, to Jailkeeper (jälkép-ér), n. One who keeps

walk, from jambe, the leg.) A fashionable a jail; a jailer.

cane. Tatler. Jain, Jaina (jān, jān'a), n. One of a Hindu

Jambeux,t n. pl. A plural form of Jambe. religious sect, which, from the wealth and

One for his legs and knees provided well, influence of its members, forms an import

With jambeaux armed and double plates of steel. ant division of the Indian population. The

Dryden. name signifies a follower of Jina, one of the

Jamdari (jam'da-ri), n. In the East Indies, denominations of their deified saints. The

a species of muslin flowered in the loom. sect was very numerous and important in

Jalap Plant (Ipomea purga).

Jamesonite (ja'mē-son-it), n. A mineral the eighth and ninth centuries of the Chris

thus named after Professor Jameson; axottian era, and they have left many monu consists of irregular ovoid dark-brown roots, omous antimony-glance. ments of their skill and power in the fine varying from the size of an egg to that of a Jam-nut (jam'nut), n. In mech. a nut temples built in different parts of the coun hazel-nut, but occasionally as large as a placed in contact with the main nut on the try. Jainism was an offshoot of Buddhism, man's fist. The drug jalap is one of the same bolt to keep it from turning, with which it has many leading doctrines most common purgatives, but is apt to gripe Jampan (jam'pan), n. In the East Indies, in common, but is distinguished from it by and nauseate. It has little smell or taste, a solid sedan-chair supported between two its recognition of a divine personal Ruler of but produces a slight degree of pungency in thick bamboo poles, and borne by four men.

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JAMPANEE

659

JASMINACEA

ous.

"To jar

cer.

Jampanee (jam-pancē'), n. The bearer of Slavery was the hinge on which the gates of the I love thee not a jar o'the clock behind a jampan. temple of Fanus turned in the American war).

Shak.
What lady she her lord.

Times newspaper.
The mate of the jampanees came out at the door.
W. H. Russell. Janus-faced (jā'nus-fāst), a. Having two

Jar (jär), n. (Fr. jare; Sp. jarra; It. giara,

a jar, from Ar. jarrah, a water-pot.] 1. A Jamrosade (jam'ros-ād), n. The rose-apple; faces; two-faced; double-dealing; deceitful. the fruit of the East Indian tree Jambosá Janus-headed (jā'nus-hed-ed), a.

vessel, as of earthenware or glass, of various Double

shapes and dimensions; as, a jar of honey. vulgaris or Eugenia jambos. headed.

2. The quantity contained in a jar; the conJan (jan), n. [Ăr.) In Mohammedan myth. Japan (ja-pan'), n. [From the country so an inferior kind of demon. called.] 1. Work varnished and figured in

tents of a jar; as, a jar of oil, Jane (jän), n. 10. E. jean, from Genoa. ) the manner practised by the natives of Jararaca (ja-ra-zá'ka), n. [The native name

in Surinam.) A species of serpent, a native 1. A coin of Genoa; any small coin.- Many Japan. -2. The varnish employed in japana jane, much money. Spenser.-2. A kind ning articles. See JAPAN-LACQUER.

of Brazil, seldom exceeding 18 inches in of twilled cotton cloth; jean.

length, having prominent veins on its head, Japan (ja-pan'), a. Of or pertaining to

and of a dusky brownish colour, variegated Jane-of-apes (jān'ov-aps), n. A pert girl: Japan or to the peculiar lacquered work of

with red and black spots. It is very poison. the female counterpart of jackanapes. Mas Japan. singer.

Japan (ja-pan'), v.t. pret. & pp: japanned; Jarble, Jarvel (järbl, järvel), v.t. [See Jangada (jän-gå'da), n. [Pg.) A raft-boat ppr. ja panning. 1. To varnish in the man

JAVEL) To bemire. [Provincial.] used in Peru and the northern parts of ner of the Japanese, that is, to cover wood, Brazil. metal, paper, &c., with a thick coating of

Jarde (järd), 1. (Fr.) In farriery, a callous Jangle (jang'gl), v.i. pret. & pp. jangled; hard and brilliant varnish wholly or partly

tumour on the leg of a horse, below the

bend of the ham on the outside. ppr. jangling. (O. Fr. jangler, gangler; Pr. coloured. -2. To black and gloss, as in blackjanglar, to mock, rail, quarrel, from L.G. ing shoes or boots. -- Japanned leather,

Jardiniere (zhär-den-yār), n. (Fr., a female

gardener; a gardener's wife.) An ornaand D. jangelen, to whimper, to brawl, to a species of enamelled or varnished leather

mental stand for plants and flowers, used quarrel.) 1. To sound discordantly or prepared with several coatings of a mixture

as a de

ation of an apartment. harshly. -2. To quarrel in words; to alter consisting of linseed-oil, Prussian-blue, and cate; to bicker; to wrangle. Shak. lamp-black rubbed in with the hand and

Jarglet (jar'gl), v. i. (Perhaps a form of Jangle (jang'gl), v. t.

jangle, through the influence of jargon, 1. To cause to sound then dried in a stove. harshly or inharmoniously. -- 2. To give Japan-earth (ja-pan'érth), n. A name of

gargle.) To emit a harsh or shrill sound. utterance to in a discordant or inharmoni. terra japonica, catechu or cutch, an astrin

Her husband's rusty iron corselet;

Whose jargling sound inight rock her babe to rest. ous manner. gent matter procured from Acacia Catechu.

Bp. Hall.
Ere inonkish rhymes
Japanese (jap'an-ēz), a. Pertaining to Jargogle+

(jär'gog-l), v.t. (Probably from Had jangled their fantastic chimes. Prior. Japan or its inhabitants.

jargon.) To jumble; to confuse. Jangle (jang'gl), n. Discordant sound; prate; Japanese (jap'an-ěz), n. 1. sing. and pl. A babble. The mad jangle of Matilda's lyre.' native or natives of Japan.

gogle your thoughts.' Locke.

- 2. sing. The Jargon (jär'gon), n. (Fr.; origin doubtful. Gifford. language of the inhabitants of Japan.

See JAR, v.i] 1. Confused, unintelligible Jangler (jang'gl-ér), n. A wrangling noisy Japan-lacquer (ja-pan'lak-ér), n. A valufellow; a prater; a babbler. able black hard varnish used in japanning.

talk or language; gabble; gibberish.

They (the Normans) abandoned their native speech Jangleress, Jangleresset(jangʻgl-ér-es), It is obtained from Rhus vernix, a tree be

and adopted the French tongue. They speedily n. A female prater or babbler.

longing to the nat order Anacardiaceæ. raised their new language to dignity and importance Janglerie, t n. Idle talk; prate; jangle; Japanner (ja-pan'ér), n. 1. One who japans which it had never before possessed. They found it babble. or varnishes in the manner of the Japanese.

a barbarous jargon; they fixed it in writing.

Macaulay. The janglerie of woman ne can nothing hide. 2. A shoe-black. Pope,

2. Any phraseology peculiar to a sect, proJanglour,t n. A jangler; a prater. Chau- Japannish (ja-pan'ish), a. Of or pertaining to Japan; after the manner of Japan or of

fession, or the like; professional slang; as, japanned articles. (Rare.)

the jargon of the schools.' Prior.-3. ConJanissary. See JANIZARY.

fusion; disorder. Addison. Janitor (jan’i-tėr), 1. (L.) A doorkeeper; Japet (jāp), v. [Perhaps a form derived

from Icel. geipa, to talk nonsense, from

Jargon (jär'gon), v.i. To utter unintelligible a porter.

sounds. Janitrix (jan'i-triks), n. 1. A female janigeip, nonsense; or connected with gab, to

The noisy sea prate, Sc. gab, to speak pertly, gab, the tor or doorkeeper. -2. In anat. a large vein;

Fargoning like a foreigner at his food. Keats. mouth, as jabber with gabble.) To jest. the vena porta.

Jargon (jargon), n. (Fr.; It. giargone, from Janizart (jan'i-zar), n. A janizary.

It was not time with him to jape nor toy. Skelton,

gialio, yellow.) A mineral, usually of a gray Janizarian (jan-i-za'ri-an), a. Pertaining Japet (jāp), v.t. 1. To cheat; to impose or greenish white colour, in small irreguto the janizaries or their government. The upon. -2. To deride; to taunt; to gibe. lar grains, or crystallized in quadrangular janizarian republic of Algiers.' Burke. Chaucer.

prisms, surmounted with pyramids, or in Janizary, Janissary (jan'i-za-ri, jan'is-sa- Japet (jāp), n. A jest; a trick. 'And turned octahedrons consisting of double quadri), n. (Turk. yeni, new, and tcheri, militia, all his harm into a jape.' Chaucer.

rangular prisms. It is sometimes written soldiers.) A soldier of the Turkish foot Japer, t n. A jester; a buffoon. Chaucer. Jargoon. See ZIRCON. guards. The janizaries were a body of in- Japetidæ (ja-pet'i-dē), n. pl. (From Japheth, Jargonelle (jär-gon-el'), n. (Fr., from jar. fantry, and reputed the Grand Seignor's

one of the three sons of Noah) One of the gon. See JARGON, the mineral.) A variety guards. They became turbulent, and rising three great divisions into which Dr. Latham

of early pear. in arms against the sultan, were attacked, divides the family of man, the other two Jargonic ( jär-gon'ik), a. Pertaining to the defeated, and destroyed in Constantinople being Mongolidæ and Atlantidæ.

It com mineral jargon. in June, 1826.

prises the chief nations of Europe belonging | Jargonize (jargon-iz), v. i. To utter uncouth Janker (jang'ker), n. A long pole on two to the family generally known as the Indo and unintelligible sounds. wheels, used in Scotland for transporting European

Jargoon (jar'gön), n. In mineral. see JARlogs of wood.

Japhetic(jā-fet'ik), a. Pertaining to Japheth, GON. Jannock (jan'nok), a. (Comp. Gael. ionann one of the sons of Noah; as, the Japhetic Jarl (yärl), n. (Icel., a warrior, a nobleman, ach, equal.) Fair; straightforward; downnations.

a chief.] The name given in the early history right. [Provincial. ]

Jar (jar), v. i. pret. & pp. jarred; ppr. jarring. of the Scandinavian kingdoms to the lieuJannock (jan'nok), n. Fair-play; open deal (Also found in forms chur, jur, and imitative tenant or governor of a province; an earl.

ing. (Provincial English and Scotch.) of sound;comp. night-jar, night-churr, names Jar-nut (jär'nut), n. Pig-nut or earth-nut. Jannock (jan'nok), n. Oat-bread. [Local. ]

of the goat-sucker from its cryi also jargon, Jarrah (jarra). n. A timber-tree of West Jansenism (jan'sen-izm), n. The doctrine L. garrio, to chatter.] 1. To strike together Australia, the Eucalyptus rostrata of botanof the Jansenists.

with a short rattle or tremulous sound; to ists. The wood is very durable, and reJansenist (jan'sen-ist), n. A follower of give out an untuneful or harsh sound; to sembles mahogany.

Jansen, bishop of Ypres in Flanders, who sound discordantly; as, a jarring sound. Jarringly (jär'ing-li), adv. In a jarring or leaned to the doctrine of irresistible grace A string may jar in the best master's hand. discordant manner. as maintained by Calvin. The Jansenists

Roscommon. Jarvey, Jarvy (jär'vi), n. 1. A hackneyformed a powerful party in the Roman

2. To be inconsistent; to clash; to interfere; coach. Catholic Church. to quarrel; to dispute; as, our views do not

I stepped into the litter-I mean the litter at the jar. Jant (jänt), n. and v. Same as Jaunt (which

bottom of the jarvy.

Theodore Hook. For orders and degrees see).

Far not with liberty, but well consist. Milton.

2. The driver of a coach, cab, or similar Janthina (jan'thin-a), n. Same as Ianthina

They must be soinetimes ignorant of the means

conveyance. (Slang. ) (which see).

conducing to those ends, in which alone they can jar Jasey (jā'zi), n. (Possibly a corruption of Jantily (jän'ti-li), adv. Same as Jauntily. and oppose each other,

Dryden. Jersey, as being made of Jersey yarn.) A Jantiness (jän'ti-nes), n. Same as Jaunti. 3. To vibrate regularly; to repeat the same worsted wig. Addison. sound.

A little, snuffy spindle-shanked gentleman in wait. Jantu, Janta (jän'tö, jän'ta), n.

A ma

My thoughts are minutes, and with sighs they jar. ing, in a brown jasey and a green coat covered with chine for raising water to irrigate land, used

Shak.
orders.

Thackeray. in Hindustan. Jar (jar), v. t. To cause a short tremulous

Jashawk (jashąk), n. (A form of eyasJanty (jan'ti), a. Same as Jaunty. motion to; to cause to shake or tremble.

hawk.) A young hawk. We owe most of our janty fashions now in vogue When once they (bells) jar and check each other, Jasione (ja-si-o'nē), n. [Gr. iasiónē, a name to some adept beau.

Guardian. either jangling together, or striking preposterously, given by Theophrastus to a wild potJanuary (jan'ū-a-ri), n. [L. januarius, the

how harsh and unpleasing is that noise ! Bp. Hall.

herb, now unknown.] A genus of plants month consecrated to Janus.] The first Jar (jär), n. 1. A rattling vibration of sound; of the nat, order Campanulaceæ. The J. month of the year according to the present a harsh sound; a discord; as, “a trembling montana, or common sheep's bit, is found computation

jar.' Holder. -2. Clash of interest or opi in Britain growing on dry heathy pastures. Janus (jā'nus), n. A Latin deity represented nions; collision; discord; debate; conflict. Its flowers are of a bright blue, in terminal with two faces looking opposite ways, and And yet his peace is but continual jar. Spenser.

dense, hemispherical heads, surrounded by holding a key in one hand and a staff in the

The slaughtered chiefs, the mortal jar, a many-leaved involucre. other. He presided over the commence

The havoc of the feudal war,

Jasminaceæ (jas-min-a'sē-ė), n. pl. A group ment of all undertakings. His temple at

Shall never, never be forgot. Sir W. Scott.

or nat. order of exogenous plants, containing Rome was kept open in time of war, and 3. Repetition of the noise made by the pen the genera Jasminum, Menodora, and Nyeshut in time of peace. dulum of a clock.

tanthes. The plants have a double berry

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