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Depuratet (de'pūr-át), a. Cleansed; pure. deracinated; ppr. deracinating. (Fr. déra And ye shul both anon unto me swere, "A very depurate oil. Boyle. ciner--de, and racine, a root, from a hypo That never inore ye shul my contree dere.
Chancer. Depurate (de'pūr-át), v.t. [Prefix de, nega thetical L. form radicina, from radix, radi
In law, tive, and puro, to purify ] To render impure. cis, a root.)
To pluck up by the roots; to Dereignment: (dē-rān'ment), n. Priestly began by ascertaining that air depurated by extirpate. (Rare.]
same as Deraignment (which see). animals was purified by plants.
Derelict (der'e-likt), a. [L. derelictus, pp. of
The coulter rusts
derelinquo, derelictum, to leave behind, 1. The act
Shak. Depuration (de-pür-ä'shon), n.
abandon-de, intens., and relinquo, to leave of purifying or freeing fluids from hetero- Dera.cination (dé-ras'in-ā"shon), n. The act
-re, behind, and linquo, to leave.) Left; geneous matter. -- 2. The cleansing of a of plucking up by the roots. (Rare.]
abandoned. "Taking out a patent in Charles wound from impure matter.
Deraign, Derain (dé-rän'), v.t. (Norm. da the Second's time for derelict lands.' Sir Depurator (de'pūr-āt-ér), n. One who or reigner, derener, to prove, to clear one's
P. Pett. that which cleanses. self-de, a verb-forming prefix, and G. rein,
Derelict (der'e-likt), n. 1. In law, an article Depuratory (de'pūr-a-to-ri), a. Cleansing; clear, clean; or from L.L. derationare, in of goods or any commodity thrown away, purifying; tending to purify; specifically, which case its origin would be the same as
relinquished, or abandoned by the owner; applied to diseases which are considered that of darraign (which see).) To prove; a vessel abandoned at sea. capable of modifying the constitution ad to justify; to vindicate, as an assertion; to
When I am a little disposed to a gay turn of thinkvantageously by acting on the composition clear one's self, either by proving one's own ing, I consider, as I was a derelict from my cradle, of the fluids, as eruptions, intermittents, case or refuting that of an adversary. (An I have the honour of a lawful claim to the best pro. &c.; also applied to medicines and diets, by old law term now disused.]
tection of Europe.
Savage. which the same effect is sought to be in Deraign (dē-rān'), v. t. [See DERANGE.) To 2. A tract of land suddenly left dry by the duced. derange; to disorder; to disarrange.
sea, and fit for cultivation or use. Dapuret (de-pür'), v.t. To make pure; to Deraignment, Derainment (de-rân'ment), Dereliction (der-e-lik'shon), n. (L. dereliccleanse; to purge.
n. (See DERAIGN.] In law, the act of de tio, an abandoning, from derelinquo, dereHe shall first. be deprired and clensed, before raining; proof; justification.
lictum. See DERELICT.] 1. The act of leavthat he shall be layde up for pure goid in the trea- Deraignment (dē-rān'ment), n. 1. The act ing with an intention not to reclaim; an sures of God.
Sir T. More.
of disordering or disarranging; a turning utter forsaking; abandonment. A total Depurgatoryt (de-per' gã-to-ri), a. That out of course. -2. A renunciation of profes dereliction of military duties.' Sir W. Scott. purges; serving to cleanse or purify.
sion, as of religious or monastic vows; apos 2. The state of being left or abandoned. Depurition (de-pūr-i'shon), n. The removal tasy.
Hadst thou not been thus forsaken, we had per. of impurities, as from the body; depuration. Derail (dē-rál'), v.t. [L. de, from, and E. ished; thy dereliction is our safety. Bp. Hall. Deputation (de-pū-ta'shon), n. (Fr. députa rail, as in railway.) To run off the rails. tion; It deputazione. See DEPUTE.) I. The (United States. )
3. The gaining of land from the water by act of appointing a substitute or representa- Derailment (dé-räl'ment), n. The act of a
the sea's retiring below the usual watertive to act for another; the act of appointing railway train or carriage running off the
mark.-Syn. Abandonment, desertion, reand sending a deputy or substitute to trans rails. [United States. ]
nunciation, relinquishment. act business for another, as his agent, either Derange (de-ranj), v. t. pret. & pp. deranged;
Dereligionize (dé-rê-lij'on-iz), v.t. To make with a special commission and authority, ppr. deranging. (Fr. déranger--de, priv., and
irreligious. [Rare.) or with general powers. Their . . : deputa ranger, to set in order, from rang, rank.
He would dereligionize men beyond all others.
De Quincey. tions to offices of power and dignity.' Barrow. Akin rank, range (which see).] 1. To put out of order; to disturb the regular order
Dereling, n. 2. A special commission or authority to act
[See DARLING.] Darling.
Chaucer. as the substitute of another; as, this man of; to throw into confusion; as, to derange Dereworth, t a. [A. Sax. deorwurthe.) Preacts by deputation from the sheriff.-3. The the plans of a commander or the affairs of
cious; valued at a high rate. Chaucer. person deputed; the person or persons a nation; his private affairs are deranged. authorized and sent to transact business for
Dereyne,t v.t. To darrain. Chaucer.
The republic of regicide has actually conanother; as, the general sent a deputation quered the finest parts of Europe; has distressed,
Deride (de-rid), v.t. pret. & pp. derided; to the enemy to offer terms of peace.---By disunited, derange, broke to pieces all the rest.
ppr. deriding. (L. derideo-de, intens., and
Broke. rideo, to laugh.) To laugh at in contempt; deputation, or in deputation, by delegation;
2. To disturb the action or functions of. to turn to ridicule or make sport of; to by means of a substitute. Say to great Cæsar this: In deputation A casual blow, or a sudden fall, deranges some of
mock; to treat with scorn by laughter. I kiss his conquering hand.
The Pharisees also ... derided him. Luke xvi. 16.
our internal parts, and the rest of life is distress and
Some, who adore Newton for his fluxions, deride Deputatort (de'pūt-at-er), n. One who 3. To disorder the intellect of; to unsettle him for his religion.
Berkeley. rants deputation Locke.
the reason of.-4. To remove from place SYN. To mock, laugh at, ridicule, insult, Depute (dé-pūt'), v.t. pret. & pp. deputed; or office, as the personal staff of a principal banter, rally, jeer, jibe. ppr. deputing. (Fr. députer, to assign, to military officer. Thus when a general officer Derider (de-rid'ér), n. One who laughs at confide a mission to, from L. deputo, to resigns or is removed from office, the peresteemn, consider, destine, allot -- de, and
another in contempt; a mocker; a scoffer. sonal staff appointed by himself are said to Deriders of religion.' Hooker. puto, to prune, set in order, reckor con
be deranged. (Rare.)-SYN. To disorder, Deridingly (dē-rid'ing-li), adv. By way of sider.) 1. To appoint as a substitute or agent
embarrass, disarrange, displace, unsettle, derision or mockery. to act for another; to appoint and send with a special commission or authority to trans
disturb, confuse, discomposé, ruffle, discon- Derision (dö-ri'zhon), n. [L. derisio, a laugh
cert. act business in another's name; as, the sheriff Derangement (dē-rānj'ment), n. 1. The act
ing to scorn, from derideo, derisum. See
DERIDE.] 1. The act of deriding, or the deputes a man to serve a writ.
of deranging, or state of being deranged; a state of being derided; contempt manifested There is no man deputed by the king to hear. putting out of order; disturbance of re by laughter; scorn.
2 Sam xv. 3. The bishop may depute a priest to administer the gularity or regular course; embarrassment;
British policy is brought into derision in those na: Sacrament.
disorder. From the complexity of its mech tions that a while ago trembled at the power of our anism . . . liable to derangement.' Paley:
Burke. 2. To set aside or apart; to assign.
2. Disorder of the intellect or reason; de 2. An object of derision or contempt; a The most conspicuous places in cities are usually deputed for the erection of statues. Barrow.
lirium; insanity; as, a derangement of the laughing-stock.
I was a derision to all my people. Lam, iii. 14. Depute (deput), n. A deputy; a vicegerent;
embarrassment, irregularity, disturbance, as, a sheriff - depute or advocate-depute.
SYN. Scorn, mockery, insult, ridicule. lunacy, insanity, madness, delirium, mania. (Scotch)
Deray (de-rā'), n. [0. Fr. derroi, desroi, des Derisive (de-ri'siv), a. Expressing or charThe fashion of every depute carrying his own shell arroi, disorder-from des (L. dis), and roi,
acterized by derision; mocking; ridiculing. on his back in the form of his own carriage is a piece of very modern dignity. I myself rode circuits, when rai, order. See ARRAY.] Tumult; disor
'Derisive taunts.' Pope. I was advocate-depute, between 1807 and 1810. der; merriment. [Scotch.]
Derisively (de-ri'siv-li), adv. With mockery
or contempt. Deputize (de'pūt-īz), v.t. pret. & pp. depu outburst of triumph and deray, at which the elderly
Derisiveness (dē-ri'siv-nes), n. The state of tized; ppr. deputizing. To appoint as de shook their heads.
Carlyle. being derisive.
Derisive; mockputy; to empower to act for another, as a Derby (dèrbi), n. A race for a sweepstakes Derisory (de-ri'so-ri), a. sheriff. (United States.) of fifty sovereigns each, for three-year-old
ing; ridiculing. Derisory manner.' ShaftesDeputy (de'pů-ti), n. [Fr. député. See DE thorough-bred horses, founded in 1780 by Derivable (dé-riv'a-bl), a.
bury. (Rare.) PUTE] A person appointed or elected to the twelfth Earl of Derby, and run annually
(See DERIVE) act for another, especially a person sent with at Epsom, Surrey. It is the principal horse
1. That may be derived; that may be drawn a special commission to act in the place race in England.
or received, as from a source; as, income is of another; one that exercises an office in Derby-day (dėrbi-dā), n. The day on which
derivable from land, money, or stocks. another's right; a lieutenant; a viceroy; as, the Derby sweepstakes is run, which is the The exquisite pleasure derivable from the true and a prince sends a deputy to a diet or council
beautiful relations of domestic life. H. G. Beil. Wednesday before Whitsunday. to represent him and his dominions; a Derbyshire Neck (derbi-sher nek), n. A 2. That may be received from ancestors; as, sheriff appoints a deputy to execute the name given to bronchocele, from its fre an estate derivable from an ancestor. duties of his office. Much used in composi. quency in the hilly parts of Derbyshire. 3. That may be drawn, as from premises: tion; as, deputy-sheriff, deputy-collector, Derbyshire Spar(dérbi-sher spär). Fluoride deducible; as, an argument derivable from deputy-marshal, deputy-postmaster, &c. of calcium, a combination of lime with fluoric facts or preceding propositions. SYN. Substitute, representative, legate, de acid, found in great beauty and abundance
The second sort of arguments . . . are derivable legate, envoy, agent, factor. in Derbyshire, whence it has obtained its
from some of these heads.
Wilkins. Dequace, v.t. (L. de, down, and quatio, to name. It is also called Fluor - spar and shake.) To shake down. Chaucer. Blue-john. See FLUOR-SPAR.
4. That may be drawn from a radical word; Dequantitatet (de-kwon'ti-tât), v.t. (L. de, Der-doing t (der'do-ing), a. Pertaining to
as, a word derirable from an Aryan root. from, and quantitas, quantitatis, quantity.
By derivaor characterized by derring-do, or gallant Derivably (de-riv’a-bli), adv. See QUANTITY.) To diminish the quantity feats in arms.
Me ill besits, that in der.doing armes
Derivate (de'ri-vāt), n. [L. derivatus, pp. of Brown has words still more extraordinary, as feria.
And honours suit my vowed daies do sprendse
derivo, derivatum.See DERIVE.) A word tion, for keeping holiday, .. dequantitate, for
derived from another; a derivative. (Rare.) dininish.
Deret (der), v. t. (A. Sax. derian, to hurt.) To Derivatet (de'ri-vāt), v.t. (L. derivo. See Deracinate (dé-ras'in-āt), v.t. pret. & pp. hurt.
DERIVE.] To derive.
Derivation (de-ri-vă'shon), n. [L. derivatio, Deriver (de-riv'ér), n. One who derives or Dermography (der-mog'ra-fi), n. Same as a turning off into another channel, deriva draws from a source.
Dermatography tion, from derivo, derivatum. See DERIVE.] Derm, Derma, Dermis (derm, derma, der'- Dermohæmal See DERMAHÆMAL. 1. The act of deriving, drawing, or receiving mis), n. [Gr. derma, a skin, a hide.) The Dermohæmia (der'mo-he- mi-a), n. (Gr. from a source; as, the derivation of an true skin, or under layer of the skin, as dis derma, the skin, and haima, blood.] In estate from ancestors, or of profits from tinguished from the cuticle, epidermis, or med. hyperæmia, or congestion of the skin. capital, or of truth or facts from antiquity. scarf skin. It is also called enderon, the Dermoid (dèrm’oid), a. [Gr. derina, skin, My derivation was from ancestors epidermis being known as ecderon.
and eidos, resemblance.) Resembling skin; Who stood equivalent with mighty kings. Shak. Dermahæmal, Dermohæmal (der'ma-hē. dermatoid: applied to tissues which resemble 2. In gram. the drawing or tracing of a mal, der'mö-he-mal), a. (Gr. derma, skin, skin. word from its root or original; as, deriva and haima, blood. ) An epithet applied Dermology (der-mol'o-ji), n. Same as tion is from the L. derivo, and the latter to the ossified developments of the dermo Derinatology from prefix de, away, from, and rivus, a skeleton in fishes when they form points of Dermopteri, Dermopterygii (der-mop'testream.-3. A drawing from or turning aside attachment for the fins on the ventral or ri, der-mop'te-ri''ji']), n. pl. [Gr. derma, from a natural course or channel; as, the hamal side of the body.
skin, with pteron, and pteryx, pterygos, derivation of water from its channel by Dermal (der'mal), a. [Gr. derma, skin.] a wing or fin.) A section of fishes characlateral drains. "An artificial derivation of Pertaining to skin or the external covering terized by cutaneous vertical fins, with rays that river.' Gibbon. (Rare or obsolete. ] of the body; consisting of skin.
extremely soft and delicate, or altogether 4. In med. revulsion, or the drawing away Dermaneural, Dermoneural (dér'ma-nū. imperceptible, by the want of pectoral or of the fluids of an inflamed part, by apply. ral, dérmó-nu-ral), a. (Gr. derma, the skin, ventral fins, and by an unossified endoing blisters, &c., over it, or at a distance and neuron, a nerve.] In zool. a term ap skeleton. This section was removed by from it.-5. The thing derived or deduced; plied to the upper row of spines in the back Owen from the Chondropterygii on account a derivative; a deduction. [Rare or obso of a fish, from their connection with the of their inferior structure. They are of lete. )
skin and their relation to that surface of vermiform shape, and include the lampreys, Most of them are the genuine derivations of the the body on which the nervous system is lancelet, &c., which fishes, however, in rehypothesis they claim to.
cent systems of arrangement, are placed in
of insects, restricted by Kirby to the ear derma, skin, and sklēros, hard. ) A mass derivations, in general, consists in discover wigs (of which at least three genera are of spicules which occurs in the tissues of ing the law by which different quantities found in this country), comprising those some of the Actinozoa. are connected with each other, and in genera which have their anterior pair of Dermo-skeleton (dér-mo-ske'lė - ton), n. making use of this law as a method of cal wings coriaceous, not employed in flight, (Gr. derma, skin, and skeleton, skeleton.) culation for passing from one derivative to and forming elytra; their posterior wings A term applied to the coriaceous, crustaceanother.-7. In gun. the peculiar constant membranous and folded like a fan, only par. ous, testaceous, or osseous integument, such deviation of an elongated projectile from tially covered by the elytra, and the tail as covers many invertebrate and some vera rifled gun. armed with a forceps.
tebrate animals. It serves more or less Derivational (de-ri-vā'shon-al), a. Relating Dermapteran (der-map'ter-an), n. An in completely the offices of protecting the soft to derivation.
dividual of the Dermaptera (which see). parts of the body, and as a fixed point of Derivative (de-riv'a-tiv), a. Derived; taken
Dermapterous (der-map'ter-us). a. Belong attachment to the organs of movement. In or having proceeded from another or some ing to the order Dermaptera (which see). fishes and re the dermo-skeleton is the thing preceding; secondary; as, a derivative Dermatic, Dermatine (der-mat'ik, dêr'ma skin with the scales; in turtles it is united conveyance. * A derivative perfection.' Sir tin), a. Pertaining to the skin.
with parts of the endo-skeleton, such as the M. IIale. - Derivative chord, in music, a chord Dermatin, Dermatine (der'ma-tin), n. (Gr.
vertebra and ribs; insects and crustaceans derived from a fundamental chord. --Deriv derma, dermatos, the skin.) A dark olive have a dermo-skeleton only. ative conveyances, in law, secondary deeds, green variety of hydrophyte, of a resinous Dermotomy (der-mot'o-mi), n. (Gr. derma, as releases, confirmations, surrenders, con lustre, found in Saxony, so called because it the skin, and tomē, a cutting, from temno, signments, and defeasances.
frequently occurs as a skin or crust upon to cut.] The anatomy or dissection of the Derivative (de-riv'a-tiv), n. 1. That which
serpentine. It occurs also in reniform skin. is derived; that which is deduced or comes masses.
Derm-skeleton (dérm-ske'le-ton), n. Same by derivation from another; specifically, a Dermatography (der-ma-tog'ra-fi), n. (Gr. as Dermo-skeleton. word which takes its origin in another word, derma, skin, and graphó, to write.) The Dernt (dern), a. (A. Sax. dearn, secret. ) or is formed from it; thus, depravity is a anatomical description of the skin.
1. Hidden; secret; private. derivative from the L depravo, and ac Dermatoid (der'mat-oid), a. (Gr. derma,
But as they looked in Bernisdale
Then came there a knight riding. Old ballad,
2. Sad; solitary. Dr. II. More. 'Tis a derivative from me to mine, Shak. versed in dermatology.
Dern (dérn), n. In arch. see DEARN. 2. In music, a chord not fundamental. Dermatology (der-ma-tol'o-ji), n. [Gr. Derne (dern), v. t. To hide one's self, as in 3. In math. a function expressing the rela derma, skin, and logos, discourse. ] The
a hole. [Old English and Scotch.) tion between two consecutive states of a branch of physiology which treats of the varying function; a differential co-efficient. skin and its diseases.
He at length escaped them by derning himself in a fox-earth.
and other animals, and giving rise to various Dernier (der-nya), a. (Fr., from a hypotheDerivativeness (de-riv'a-tiv-nes), n. The forms of skin-disease, as ring-worm, sycosis,
tical L. adjective deretranus, which gives state of being derivative. &c.
derrain, whence derrainier, derenier, derDerive (de-riv), v.t. pret. & pp. derived; Dermatorhea (der' ma-to-rē"a), n. (Gr.
nier-de, and retro, behind, backward. ) Last; ppr. deriving. (L. derivo, to divert a stream derma, dermatos, the skin, and rheo, to flow.)
final; ultimate; as, dernier ressort (last refrom its channel, to draw away, to derive A morbidly increased secretion from the
sort). de, from, and rimus, a stream.] 1. To draw skin.
Dernly + (dern'li), adv. Secretly; solitarily; from, as in a regular course or channel; to Dermestes (dér-mes'tēz), n. (Gr. derma,
hence, sadly; mournfully. Spenser. receive from a source by a regular convey skin, and esthio, to eat.j' Ä genus of cole: Derogate (de'ro-gāt), v.t. pret. & pp. deroance; as, the heir derives an estate from his opterous insects, the type of the family
gated; ppr. derogating. (L. derogo, deroancestors. Dermestide. The larvæ of this genus are
gatum, to repeal part of a law, to restrict, For by my mother I derived am covered with slippery hairs; they devour
to modify-de, priv., and rogo, to ask, to From Lionel, Duke of Clarence. Shak. dead bodies, skins, leather, and other animal
propose. In ancient Rome rogo was used 2. To draw or receive, as from a source or substances. One species (D. lardarius) is
in proposing new laws, and derogo in reorigin; as, we derive ideas from the senses, known by the name of bacon-beetle; another
pealing some section of a law. Hence the and instruction from good books.-3. To (D. or Anthrenus muscorum) is peculiarly
sense is to take from or annul a part } deduce or draw, as from a root or primitive destructive in museums of natural history
1. To repeal, annul, or destroy the force word; as, a hundred words are often derived | Dermestidæ (dér-mes'ti-dē), n. pl. A family
and effect of some part of a law or estab. from a single monosyllabic root. - 4. To of coleopterous insects of the section Necro
lished rule; to lessen the extent of a law: turn from its natural course; to divert; as, phaga. The species of this family are for
distinguished from abrogate. to derive water from the main channel or the most part of small size. Their larva
By several contrary customs many of the civil and current into lateral rivulets. • The solemn
Hale. are covered with hair, and feed upon animal
canon laws are controlled and derogated, and right manner of deriving water.' Fuller. substances. The principal genera are Der 2. To lessen the worth of a person or thing; And her dew loves derived to that vile witch's mestes, Anthrenus, Megatoma, and Atta to disparage. (Rare.] share. Spenser. genus.
There is none so much carried with a corrupt The streams of justice were derived into every part Dermic (dérm'ik), a. Relating to the skin. mind ... that he will derogate the praise and honour of the kingdom.
Sir 7. Davies.
Derogate (de'rő-gāt), v.i. 1. To take away:
to detract; to lessen by taking away a part;
as, say nothing to derogate from the merit n. pl. [Gr. derma, skin, and branchia, gills.] Derive (de-riv'), v.i. To come or proceed
or reputation of a brave man. [The word from. (Rare.]
family of gasteropods, comprising those is generally used in this sense. )-2. To act
molluscs which respire by means of external Power from heaven derives.
beneath one's rank, place, or birth. (Rare.) Prior.
branchiæ or gills occurring in the form of The wish, that of the living whole
Would Charles X. derogate from his ancestors!
Would he be the degenerate scion of that royal line?
Derogate (de'ro-gāt), a. Lessened in value
or in authority; invalidated; degenerate; cylinder, but in that known as Henderson's And look you get a pray'r book in your hand, degraded; damaged. (Rare. ) derrick-crane the barrel on which the chain
And stand between two churchmen, good my lord,
For on that ground I'll make a holy descant. Shak. The chief ruler being in presence, the authority of
is taken up in raising the jib is of a parathe substitute was clearly derogate.
Hall. bolic form, similar to the fusee of a watch, Descant (des-kant), v.i. 1. In music, to run From her derogate body never spring and decreases in diameter as the jib ap
a division or variety with the voice, on a A babe to honour her. Shak. proaches the horizontal position, so that
musical ground in true measure; to sing. Derogately (de'ro-gāt-li), adv. In a manner the power to raise the weight is at all times
2. To discourse; to comment; to make a to lessen or take from; disparagingly. equal.
variety of remarks; to animadvert freely. That I should Derringt (der'ing), a. Daring.
A virtuous man should be pleased to find people
descanting on his actions. Derring-dot (der'ing-do), n. Daring deeds;
Addison. Once name you derogately, when to sound your name It not concerned me. Shak. manhood.
Descanter (des-kant'ér), n. One who desDerogation (de-ro-gā'shon), n. 1. The act For ever, who in derring-doe were dreade,
cants. of annulling or revoking a law, or some
The loftie verse of hem was loved aye. Spenser. Descend (dē-send), v.i. [L. descendo, to part of it; the act of taking away or destroy. Derring-doer (der'ing-dö-ér), n. A dar climb down, to descend - de, down, and ing the value or effect of anything, or of ing and bold doer. Spenser.
scando, to climb.] 1. To move or pass from limiting its extent, or of restraining its Derry (de'ri). [Ir. doire, an oak-wood, from a higher to a lower place; to move, come or operation; as, an act of parliament is passed dair, an oak.) A frequent element in place go downward; to fall; to sink; to run or in derogation of the king's prerogative; we names in Ireland; as, Derry, Derrybrian, flow down: applicable to any kind of motion cannot do anything in derogation of the Londonderry.
or of body. moral law.-2. The act of taking something The ancient name of Londonderry was Derry
The rain descended, and the floods came. from merit, reputation, or honour; a lessen calgagh, the oak-wood of Calgach. After St. Colum.
Mat. vii. 25. ing of value or estimation; detraction; dis
ba erected his monastery there, in 546, it was called 2. To go down, with the view of entering or
Derry-Columkille, until James I. granted it to a comparagement: with from or of; as, I say not pany of London merchants, who named it London.
engaging in this in derogation of Virgil; let nothing be derry.
He shall descend into battle and perish.
I Sam. xxvi. 10. said in derogation from his merit. Dervis, Dervish (der'vis, der'vish), n. [Per.
3. To come suddenly; to fall violently. He counted it no derogation of his manhood to be derwesh, poor, indigent; as a noun, a reliseen to weep. Robertson, gious monk; derwaze, begging; derwa, help
And on the suitors let thy wrath descend. Pope. Derogative (dé-rog'a-tiv), a. Derogatory:
less; from 0. Per. derew, to beg.) A Moham 4. Fig. to go in; to enter; to retire. * Absurdly derogative to all true nobility.'
(He) with holiest meditations fed Into himself descended.
Milton. State Trials, 1661. (Rare.] Derogatorily (dē-rog'a-to-ri-li), adv. In a
5. To come or go down in a hostile manner; detracting manner.
to invade, as an enemy; to fall upon. Derogatoriness (de-rog'a-to-ri-nes), n. The
The Grecian fleet descending on the town. quality of being derogatory.
Dryden. Derogatory (dé-rog'a-to-ri), a. Detracting
6. To proceed from a source or original; to or tending to lessen by taking something
From these our Henry lineally descends. Shak. from; that lessens the extent, effect, or value: with to.
7. To proceed, as from father to son; to pass His language was severely censured by some of
from a preceding possessor, in the order of his brother peers as derogatory to their order.
lineage, or according to the laws of succesMacaulay.
sion or inheritance. - A derogatory clause in a testament, a sen
To heirs unknown descends th' unguarded store, tence or secret character inserted by the
Or wanders, heaven-directed, to the poor. Pope. testator, of which he reserves the knowledge
8. To pass, as from general to particular conto himself, with a condition that no will he
siderations; as, having explained the general may make hereafter shall be valid, unless
subject, we will descend to particulars. — this clause is inserted word for word
9. To come down from a certain moral or a precaution to guard against later wills
social standard; to lower or abase one's self extorted by violence or obtained by sugges
morally or socially; as, to descend to acts of tion
meanness; to descend to an inferior posiDerrick, Derric (de'rik), n. [A word curi
tion. – 10. To condescend; to stoop. Deously derived from a London hangman in
scending to play with little children.' Evethe beginning of the seventeenth century,
lyn. whose true name, Theodoric, was thus cor
Descendable (dē-send'a-bl), a. Capable of rupted, and who is frequently mentioned in
Travelling Dervis of Khorasan.
descending by inheritance. See DESCENDold plays. He rides circuit with the devil,
IBLE. and Derrick must be his host, and Tyborne medan priest or monk, who professes exthe inn at which he will light.' The Bell treme poverty, and leads an austere life, Descend (dē-send'), v.t. To walk, move, or
pass downward upon or along; to pass from man of London, 1616. The name came after partly in monasteries, partly itinerant.
the top to the bottom of; as, to descend a wards to be applied to the gallows, and Dervises are highly respected by the people, hill; to descend an inclined plane. hence to any contrivance resembling it.] and reputed to be able to work miracles.
But never tears his cheeks descended, Byron. An apparatus for hoisting heavy weights, They generally carry about a wooden bowl, variously constructed, but usually consist into which the pious cast alms. One of their Descendant (de-send'ant), n. [Fr. descending of a boom supported by a central post practices is to dance in a ring or whirl about, ant; L. descendens, ppr. of descendo. See which is steadied by stays and guys, and and to shout for hours together 'Allah'
DESCEND.) An individual proceeding from furnished with a purchase, either the pulley (that is God), or some religious formula, in
an ancestor in any degree; issue; offspring, or the wheel and axle and pulley combined. order to work themselves into a state of
in the line of generation, ad infinitum; as, - To rig a derrick (naut.), to raise a single religious frenzy, in which condition they are
we are all descendants of Adam and Eve. pole (frequently a spare top-mast or boom), regarded as inspired. Written also Dervise. Descendent (dē-send'ent), a. 1. Descending; and to step it over and immediately be Darweesh.
falling; sinking. The descendent juice.' fore the main-mast, and inclining over Desart (deʼzért),, n. Same as Desert.
Ray. -2. Proceeding from an original or anthe main hatchway of the vessel. The foot Desatir (de-sä'tir), n. A book which pro
More than mortal grace is stepped into a piece of wood secured fesses to be a collection of the writings of
Speaks thee descendent of ethereal race.
Pope. to the deck, and hollowed to receive it. - fifteen old Persian prophets, together with
One who deDerrick-crane, a kind of crane combining the book of Zoroaster.
Descender (de-send'ér), n.
The Parsee who lived in the fourth century of Descendibility (de-send'i-bil"i-ti), n. the Hegira. It has been translated into
quality of being descendible, or capable of English.
being transmitted from ancestors; as, the
descendibility of an estate or of a crown. Descant (des'kant), n.. (0.Fr. deschant; Fr. déchant, from L.L. discantus-L. dis,'and Descendible (dé-send'i-bl), a. 1. That may cantus, singing, a song.) 1. f In music,
be descended or passed down; as, the hill
is descendible.-2. That may descend from (a) the art of composing music in several
an ancestor to an heir, A descendible parts. (6) An addition of a part or parts to
estate. Descant is plain,
Sir W. Jones. a subject or melody. figurative, and double. Plain descant is the Descending (dē-send'ing), p. and a. 1. Mov
ing downward; proceeding groundwork of musical compositions, con
from an ancestor; coming sisting in the orderly disposition of con
from a higher to a lower cords, answering to simple counterpoint.
place; falling; sinking; proFigurative or florid descant that part of
ceeding from an original. an air in which some discords are concerned.
2. In her. a term used for a Double descant is when the parts are so contrived that the treble may be made the bass,
lion or other animal, the
head of which is turned and the bass the treble. Derrick-crane.
towards the base of the Insomuch that twenty doctors expound one text
shield.- Descending series, twenty different ways, as children make descant upon the advantages of the common derrick and playne song
Descending in math. a series in which those of the ordinary crane. The jib of this
each term is numerically 2. A song or tune with various modulations, crane is fitted with a joint at the foot, and
The wakeful nightingale;
less than that preceding it. has a chain instead of a tension-bar attached
She all night long her amorous descant sung.
Descension (dé-sen'shon), n. [L. descensio, to it at the top, so that the inclination, and
Milton. a going down, descending, from descendo, consequently the sweep of the crane, can 3. A discourse; discussion; disputation; ani descensum. See DESCEND.] The act of going be altered at pleasure. In the ordinary madversion, comment, or a series of com downward; descent; a falling or sinking; derrick-crane the chain-barrel is a plain ments.
In Christ's descension we are to consider both the Describe (de-skrīb), v. t. pret. & pp. de to discover.] 1. To espy; to explore; to explace from which it did commence, and the place to which it did proceed.
scribed; ppr. describing. [L. describo, to amine by observation. South,
write down, to sketch, to delineate- de, In old astron. right descension is an arc of
The house of Joseph sent to descry Bethel. down, and scribo, to write. See SCRIBE)
Judg. i. 23 the equinoctial, intercepted between the 1. To delineate or mark the form or figure 2. To detect; to find out; to discover any. next equinoctial point and the intersec
of; to trace out; as, to describe a circle by thing concealed. tion of the meridian, passing through the the compasses.-2. To form or trace by mo
Scouts each coast light-armed scour, centre of the object, at its setting, in a right tion; as, a star describes a circle or an ellipsis Each quarter to descry the distant foe. Milton. sphere. Oblique descension is an arc of the in the heavens. --3. To show or represent equinoctial, intercepted between the next
3. To see; to behold; to have a sight of from to others orally or by writing; to give an ac a distance; as, the seamen descried land. equinoctial point and the horizon, passing count of; to depict in words; as, the poet through the centre of the object, at its set
4. To give notice of something suddenly describes the Trojan horse; the geographer discovered; to discover. He would to him ting, in an oblique sphere; as also an arc
describes countries and cities.-4. To disof the equator which descends with the sun
dexcrie great treason to him meant.' Spenser. tribute into classes or divisions; to distri- Descry (de-skri'), n. Discovery; thing disbelow the horizon of an oblique sphere. De bute into proper heads. scension of a sign is an arc of the equator,
covered. Shak. [Obsolete and rare.)
Men passed through the land, and described it by Desecrate («le'sė-krát), v.t. pret. & pp. dewhich sets with such a sign or part of the cities into seven parts in a book. Jos. xviii. 9.
secrated; ppr. desecrating. (This word apzodiac, or any planet in it. Right descension
SYN. To represent, delineate, relate, reof a sign is an are of the equator which de
pears to be formed from the negative prescends with the sign below the horizon of a
count, narrate, express, explain, depict, fix de, and L. sacer, sacred, to express the right sphere; or the time the sign is setting Describe (de - skrīb), v.i. portray.
opposite of consecrate.] 1. To divert from in a right sphere.
To represent in a sacred purpose or appropriation; to treat Descensional (dé-sen'shon-al), a. Pertain
words; to use the power of describing. in a sacrilegious manner; to render uning to descension or descent. — Descensional
Similes are like songs in love:
hallowed: opposed to conseerate; as, to dedifference, in old astron. the difference be
They much describe, they nothing prove. Prior, secrate a donation to a church. tween the right and oblique descension of Describent (de-skrib/ent), n. In geom. the The profane theatrical monument which some the same star or point of the heavens.
line or surface from the motion of which superannuated or careless dean has permitted to disDescensive (dé-sen'siv), a.
grace and desecrate the walls of Westminster Abbey. Descending; a surface or solid is supposed to be gener
Theodore Ilook. ated or described. tending downward; having power to de
2. To divest of a sacred character or office. scend
Describer (de-skrib'er), n. One who deDescensorie,t n. (Fr.) A vessel used in scribes by marks, words, or signs.
The clergy cannot sufier corporal punishment, without being previously deseciated.
Tooke. ancient chemistry in which distillation by Descrier (de-skri'er), n. [See DESCRY.] One descent was performed. Chaucer. See under
who espies or discovers; a discoverer; a Desecration (de-se-kra'shon), n. The act of DESCENT. detector.
diverting from a sacred purpose or use to Descent (dē-sent), n. (Fr. descente; L. de. Description (de-skrip'shon), n. [L. descrip.
which a thing had been devoted; the act of 8census, from descendo, descensum
divesting of a sacred character or office; See
tio, descriptionis, a marking out, delineaDESCEND.) 1. The act of descending; the tion, description, from describo, descriptum.
the act of treating sacrilegiously or renderact of passing from a higher to a lower place See DESCRIBE.) 1. The act of delineating,
ing unhallowed. by any form of motion, as by walking, rid
or representing the figure of anything by a Various profanations of the Sabbath have of late
plan, to be presented to the eye. 2. The ing, rolling, sliding, sinking, or falling.
years been evidently, gaining ground among us so as
to threaten a gradual desecration of that holy day. 2. Inclination downward; obliquity; slope; figure or appearance of anything delineated
Bp. Porteous. declivity. Down the dark descent.' Milton.
or represented by visible lines, marks, Desert (de'zért), a. [L desertux. pp. of de3. A sinking or decline, as in station, virtue,
colours, &c. Gregory.-3. The act of repre sero, desertum, to forsake, abandon-de, quality, or the like; fall from a higher to a senting a thing by words or by signs, or the
priv., and sero, sertum, to unite, to join lower state or station.
passage containing such representation; an together.] Uninhabited; untilled; waste;
account of the nature, properties, or apO foul descent, that I who erst contended
uncultivated; pertaining to or having the With gods to sit the highest, am now constrain'd pearance of a thing, so that another may
appearance of a desert; as, a desert island; Into a beast.
Milton. form a just conception of it; as, Homer a desert land or country. 4. Incursion; invasion; sudden attack. abounds with beautiful and striking descrip
He found them in a desert land and in the waste tions. They feared that the French and English fleets
Deut. xxxii. 10. would make a descent upon their coasts.
For her own person
Full many a fower is born to blush unseen,
And waste its sweetness on the desert air, Gray. 5. In law, a passing from an ancestor to an Milton has fine descriptions of morning: heir; transmission by succession or inherit
Desert (deʻzért), n. (L. desertum, neut. sing. ance; the hereditary succession of property 4. The qualities expressed in a representa
pp. of descro.
See the adjective.] 1. An vested in a person by the operation of law, tion; the combination of qualities which go
uninhabited tract of land; a region in its that is, by his right of representation as to constitute a class, genus, species, or in
natural state; a wilderness; a solitude; parheir at law-defined by 3 and 4 Wm. IV. dividual; hence, class; species; variety; kind.
ticularly, a vast sandy, stony, or rocky excvi. to be, 'the title to inherit lands by 'A friend of this description.' Shak. Per
panse, almost destitute of moisture and reason of consanguinity as well where the sons of different descriptions.' Sir W. Scott.
vegetation; as, the deserts of Arabia and heir shall be an ancestor or collateral rela
Africa. tion, as where he shall be a child or other The plates were all of the meanest description.
Oh! that the desert were my dwelling-place,
Macaulay. issue.' Descent is lineal when it proceeds
With one fair spirit for iny minister.
Byron. directly from the father to the son, and from
One simile that solitary shines presentation, sketch, cast, turn, kind, sort.
In the dry desert of a thousand lines. Pope. the son to the grandson; collateral when it Descriptive (de-skrip'tiv), a. Containing proceeds from a man to his brother, nephew, description; tending to describe; having the Desert (de-zért), v.t. (See the adjective.] or other collateral representative. - 6. A quality of representing; as, a descriptive
1. To forsake; to leave utterly; to abandon; proceeding from an original or progenitor; figure; a descriptive narration; a story de
to quit with a view not to return to; as, to hence, extraction; lineage; pedigree.
desert a friend; to desert our country; to scriptive of the age. -- Descriptive or physical
desert a cause. Trust nie, Clara Vere de Vere,
geology, that branch of geology which reFrom yon blue heavens above us bent, stricts itself to a consideration of facts
Deserted at his utmost need The grand old gardener and his wife
By those his former bounty sed. Dryden. Smile at the claims of long descent. Tennyson.
and appearances as presented in the rocky
2. To leave without permission; to forsake, 7. A generation; a single degree in the scale a term introduced by the French geome
the service in which one is engaged, in of genealogy; distance from the common ters to express that part of science which
violation of duty; as, to desert the army; to ancestor. * From son to son some four or consists in the application of geometrical
desert one's colours; to desert a ship. — To five descents.' Shak. rules to the representation of the figures,
desert the diet, in Scots criminal law, to No man living is a thousand descents removed
and the various relations of the forms of abandon proceedings in the particular libel from Adam himself.
in virtue of which a panel has been brought 8. Offspring; issue; descendants. methods. In the descriptive geometry, the
into court.- Forsake, Desert, Abandon. See If care of our descent perplex us inost, situation of points in space is represented
under FORSAKE. -SYN. To forsake, leave, Which must be born to certain woe. Milton. by their orthographical projections, on two
abandon, relinquish, quit, depart from. 9. A rank; a step or degree.
planes, at right angles to each other, called Desert (de-zért), v.i. To quit a service or Infinite descents the planes of projection. The most imme
post without permission; to run away; as, Beneath what other creatures are to thee. Milton. diate application of this kind of geometry
to desert from the army. 10. Lowest place.
is the representation of bodies, of which The poor fellow had deserted, and was not afraid Froin the extremest upward of thy head the forms are susceptible of a rigorous geo
of being overtaken and carried back. Goldsmith. To the descent and dust beneath thy feet. Shak, metrical definition. It has been applied Desert (de-zert'), n. 10. Fr. deserte, merit, 11. In music, a passing from one note or
by the French to civil and military engineer recompense, from deserrir, to merit. See sound to another lower in the scale.- Deing and fortification.
DESERVE.] 1. A deserving; that which gives scent of bodies, in mech. their motion or Descriptively (de-skrip'tiv-li), adv. By de a right to reward or demands, or which rentendency toward the centre of the earth, scription.
ders liable to punishment; merit or demerit; either directly or obliquely along inclined Descriptiveness (de-skrip'tiv-nes), n. State that which entitles to a recompense of equal planes or curves. The curve of swiftest deof being descriptive.
value, or demands a punishment equal to scent is the cycloid. -Distillation by descent,
Descrive (dē-skriv'), v.t. To describe. [Old the offence; good conferred, or evil done, in old chem a mode of distillation in which English and Scotch.)
which merits an equivalent return; as, a the fire was applied at the top and round
Let me fair Nature's face descrive, Burns. wise legislature will reward or punish men the vessel, whose orifice was at the bottom, Descry (de-skri'), v.t. pret. & pp. descried;
according to their deserts, by which the vapours were made to distil ppr. descrying. [Prefix de, and cry. Lit. to All desert imports an equality between the good downwards. -- SYN. Declivity, slope, gra make an outcry on discovering something
conferred and the good deserved or made due.
South. dient, fall, degradation, debasement, ex one has been on the watch for, then simply He either fears his fate too much, traction, pedigree, generation, lineage, as to discover See CRY The 8 has probably
Or his deserts are small, sault, invasion, incursion, attack.
got in through the influence of the 0. E. That dares not put it to the touch, Describable (de-skrib'a-bl), a.
To gain or lose it all. Mary of Montrose. be described; capable of description.
through the 0. E. descure, 0. Fr. descouvrir, 2. That which is deserved; reward or pun
ishment merited. Render to them their Desiccant (dē-sik'ant), a. (See DESICCATE.) Design is not the offspring of idle fancy, it is the desert.' Ps. xxviii. 4.-Syn. Merit, worth,
studied result of accumulative observation and de. Drying.
Ruskin. excellence, due.
A medicine or
Desiccant (de-sik'ant), n. Desert (dé - zert'), n. Same as Dessert. application that dries a sore.
2. A scheme or plan in the mind; purpose; Johnson.
intention; aim; as, a wise man is distinDesiccate (de-sik’āt), v.t. pret. & pp. desicDeserter (dė-zėrt'er), n. A person who for cated; ppr. desiccating. (L. desicco, to dry
guished by the judiciousness of his designs; sakes his cause, his post, or his party or up-de, intens., and sicco, to dry.) To dry; it is my design to educate my son for the
bar. friend; particularly, a soldier or seaman to exhaust of moisture; to exhale or remove
Envious commands, invented with design who quits the service without permission, moisture from. * Bodies desiccated by heat
To keep them low, whom knowledge might exalt. and in violation of his engagement. or age.' Bacon.
Milton. Desertful (de-zert'fùl), a. High in desert; Desiccate (de-sik'āt), r.i. To become dry. Hence-3. In a bad sense, an evil intention meritorious. (Rare. ) Desiccation (de-sik-kā'shon), n. The act of
or purpose, such as a scheme to acquire Till I be more desertful in your eye. Beau. & FI. making dry; the state of being dried.
what is not one's own, or to do an injury to: Desertion (dē-zėr'shon), n. 1. The act of Desiccative (dé-sik'a-tiv), a. Drying; tend
commonly followed by upon; as, he had ing to dry; that has the power to dry: forsaking or abandoning, as a party, a
designs upon the crown. A sedate settled Desiccative (dé-sik'a-tiv), n. A drying or friend, a country, an army or military band,
design upon a man's life.' Locke.--4. Conabsorbing substance; an application that trivance; the adaptation of means to a preor a ship; the act of quitting, with an in
dries up secretions. tention not to return. -2. The state of being
conceived end; as, the evidence of desigm in deserted or forsaken; as, the king in his
The ashes of a hedgehog are said to be a great a watch. desiccative of fistulas.
Bacon. desertion. *The desertion in which we
See what a lovely shell,
With delicate spire and whorl, lived.' Godiin. 3. The state of being for Desiderate (dē-sid'ér-at), v.t. [L. desidero,
How exquisitely minute, saken by God; spiritual despondency. The desideratum, to long for, to feel the want
A miracle of design,
Tennyson. agonies of a soul under desertion.' South.
of. See CONSIDER.) To want; to feel the
A work so - Dexertion of want of; to miss; to desire.
5. The realization of an artistic idea; specidiet, in Scots law, the abandoning judicially, in a criminal process,
much desired, and yet desiderated.' Sir T. fically, the emblematic or decorative figurBroune,
ing upon embroidery, medals, fabrics, and proceedings on the particular libel in virtue
the like. of which a panel has been brought into
Please to point out one word missing that ought to have been there; please to insert a desiderated stanza.
Silent light court
Prof. Wilson. Slept on the painted walls, wherein were wrought Desertless (de-zértles), a. Without merit
Two grand designs.
Tennyson. or claim to favour or reward; undeserv. Desideration (de-sid'ér-ā"shon), n. 1. The ing act of desiderating, or of desiring with sense
6. In music, the invention and conduct of of want or regret.
the subject; the disposition of every part, It has pleased you, gentlemen, rather in your indulgence than your wisdom, to observe in your elec Desire is aroused by hope, while desideration is
and the general order of the whole.-Schools inflicted by reminiscence.
Wm. Taylor. tion to the chair the Shaksperian maxim of choosing
of design, institutions in which persons are the most desertiess man to be constable. 2. The thing desiderated.
instructed in the arts and in the principles Lord Ellesmere.
of design for manufacturing purposes, and Desertlessly (de-zért les-li), adv. Unde- Desiderative (de-sid'èr-at-iv), a. Having or
with the view of diffusing a knowledge of, implying desire; expressing or denoting deservedly.
and a taste for, the fine arts among the Desertness (de’zért-nes), 11. Desert state or
sire; as, a desiderative verb.
people generally. condition. The desertness of the country.'
Desiderative (de-sid'ér-at-iv), n. 1. An ob; Designable (de-sin'a-bl or dē-zīn'a-bl), a.
ject of desire. -2. In gram. a verb formed Ullall.
Capable of being designed or marked out; from another verb, and expressing a desire Desertrice, t Desertrixt (de-zért'ris, dē.
distinguishable. The designable parts.' zért'riks), n. A female who deserts. Milton. of doing the action implied in the primitive
Boyle. verb. Deserves de:Zero i pret:& pp. deserved; Desideratum (dē-sid'ér-ā"tum), n. pl. De- Designate (desig-nāt), v.t. pret. & pp. desig
siderata (de-sid'ér-a"ta). [L., neut of defrom L. deservio, to serve diligently-de,
natum. See DESIGN.] 1. To mark out or intens., and servio, to serve.] 1. To merit; sideratus, pp. of desidero, to desire.] That
show so as to make known; to indicate by which is desired; that which is not possessed, to be worthy of: applied to good or evil.
visible lines, marks, description, or somebut which is desirable; any perfection or thing known and determinate; as, to desigSince we deserved the name of friends,
improvement which is wanted. And thine effect so lives in me,
nate the limits of a country; to designate A part of mine may live in thee,
To correct this inconvenience has long been a the spot where a star appears in the heavens; And move thee on to noble ends. Tennyson.
desideratum in that act.
to designate the place where the troops Let none admire
The great desiderata are taste and common sense.
Coleridge. That riches grow in hell; that soil may best
landed. -2. To point out; to distinguish from Deserve the precious bane. Milton. Desidiose, t Desidioust (de-si'di-os, dė-si'
others by indication; to name and settle
the identity of; as, to be able to designate 2. To merit by labour or services; to have a di-us), a. (L. desidiosus, idle-de, intens.,
every individual who was concerned in a just claim to an equivalent for good conand sido, to sit.] Idle; lazy.
riot. -—3. To appoint; to select or distinguish ferred; as, the labourer deserves his wages; Desidiousnesst (de-sid'i-us-nes), n. Lazihe deserves the value of his services. ---3. To
for a particular purpose; to assign: with ness; indolence. N. Bacon.
for; as, to designate an officer for the commerit by good actions or qualities in gene. Desightment (dē-sit'ment), n. The act of
mand of a station: or with to; as, this capral; to be worthy of, on account of excel making unsightly; disfigurement. (Rare.)
tain was designated to that station.-Syn. To lence.
Substitute jury-tuasts at whatever desightment or name, denominate, style, entitle, character'Tis not in mortals to command success;
damage in risk.
ize, describe. But we'll do more, Sempronius; we'll deserve it.
Design (de-sīn' or de-zin), v.t. [L. desigmo, Designate (de'sig-nät), a. Appointed; marked 4. To be worthy of, in a bad sense; to merit
to mark out, to point out, to contrive-de, out; as, the bishop designate. by an evil act; as, to deserve blame or pun
and signo, to seal or stamp, from signum, Designation (de-sig-na'shon), n. 1. The act ishment
mark, sign.] 1. To plan and delineate by of pointing or marking out by signs or obGod exacteth of thee less than thine iniquity de.
drawing the outline or figure of; to sketch, jects; a distinguishing from others; indicaserveth.
Job xi. 6.
as in painting and other works of art, as for tion; as, the designation of an estate by 5. + To serve; to treat; to benefit.
a pattern or model; to project or plan. boundaries. -- 2. Appointment; direction; as, that hath so well deserved me.' Massinger.
a claim to a throne grounded on the desig
Thus while they speed their pace, the prince deDeserve (dė-zėry'), v.i. To merit; to be
nation of a predecessor.
signs worthy of or deserving; as, he deserves well The new-elected seat, and draws the lines.
He is an High-priest, and a Saviour all-surñcient.
Dryden. or ill of his neighbour.
First, by his Father's eternal designation. Hopkins. 2. To contrive for a purpose; to project Those they honoured, as having power to work or with an end in view; to form in idea, as a
3. Appointment; a selecting and appointing: cease, as men deserved of thein.
assignment; as, the designation of an officer Deservedly (de-zerv'ed - li), adv. Justly;
Ask of politicians the end for which laws were ori.
to a particular command. --4. Import; disaccording to desert, whether of good or ginally designed, and they will answer, ...As a
tinct application. evil.
protection of the poor and weak, against the oppres Finite and infinite are primarily attributed in their
Burke. A man desertedly cuts himself off from the affecsion of the rich and powerful.'
first designation to things which have parts. Locke, tions of that coinmunity which he endeavours to sub. 3. To mentally devote to; to set apart in 5. Description; character; disposition. vert.
intention; to intend; as, we design this Such are the accidents which, sometimes remem. Deserver (dé-zerv'ér), n. He who deserves ground for a garden.
bered, and perhaps sometimes forgotten, produced or merits; one who is worthy of: used gene
One of those places was designed by the old man
that particular designation of mind, and propensity rally in a good sense.
Clarendon. to his son.
for some certain science or employment which is
commonly called Genius. Deserving (de-zerv'ing), a. Worthy of re
Johnson. 4. To mark out by tokens; to indicate; to ward or praise; meritorious; possessed of
6. That which designates; distinctive appeldenote; to give a name to; as, he designed good qualities that entitle to approbation;
lation; specifically, in Scots law, addition to himself John Smith. as, a deserring officer.
a name, as of title, profession, trade, or
Meet me to-inorrow where the master Deserving (de-zerv'ing), 1h. The act of merit
occupation, to distinguish the person from
And this fraternity shall design. Beant, & FI. ing; desert; merit.
others.-7. In Scots law, the setting apart SYN. To sketch, plan, invent, contrive, purYe have done unto him according to the deserving
of manses and glebes for the clergy from of his hands.
Judg. Ix. 16.
the church lands of the parish by the pres-
bytery of the bounds. The wages of their virtue, and all foes
out or start, with a certain destination in Designative (de'sig-nāt-iv), a. Serving to The cup of their deservings. Shak. view; to direct one's course.
designate or indicate. Deservingly (de-zerv'ing-li), adv. Merito From this city she designed for Collin (Cologne) Designator (de'sig-nát-ér), n. 1. One who riously; with just desert.
conducted by the Earl of Arundel. Evelyn. designates or points out. -2. In Rom. antiq. Deshabille (de-za-bel'), n. (Fr., compounded 2. To intend; to purpose; as, to design to an officer who assigned to each person his of des, equivalent to L. dis, implying sepa write an essay or to study law.
rank and place in public shows and cereration from or negation of, and habiller, to Design (de-sin'), n. 1. A plan or representa monies. dress, from L. habilis, convenient, suitable, tion of a thing by an outline; sketch; general Designatory (de'sig-na-to-ri), a. That defrom habeo, to have.) Undress; a loose morn view; first idea represented by visible lines, signates; designative. ing dress. as in painting or architecture.
Designedly (de-sin'ed-li or dē-zīn'ed-li), adv.