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Depuratet (de'pūr-át), a. Cleansed; pure. deracinated; ppr. deracinating. (Fr. déra And ye shul both anon unto me swere, "A very depurate oil. Boyle. ciner--de, and racine, a root, from a hypo That never inore ye shul my contree dere.

Chancer. Depurate (de'pūr-át), v.t. [Prefix de, nega thetical L. form radicina, from radix, radi

In law, tive, and puro, to purify ] To render impure. cis, a root.)

To pluck up by the roots; to Dereignment: (dē-rān'ment), n. Priestly began by ascertaining that air depurated by extirpate. (Rare.]

same as Deraignment (which see). animals was purified by plants.

Derelict (der'e-likt), a. [L. derelictus, pp. of

The coulter rusts
That should deracinate such savagery.

derelinquo, derelictum, to leave behind, 1. The act

Shak. Depuration (de-pür-ä'shon), n.

abandon-de, intens., and relinquo, to leave of purifying or freeing fluids from hetero- Dera.cination (dé-ras'in-ā"shon), n. The act

-re, behind, and linquo, to leave.) Left; geneous matter. -- 2. The cleansing of a of plucking up by the roots. (Rare.]

abandoned. "Taking out a patent in Charles wound from impure matter.

Deraign, Derain (dé-rän'), v.t. (Norm. da the Second's time for derelict lands.' Sir Depurator (de'pūr-āt-ér), n. One who or reigner, derener, to prove, to clear one's

P. Pett. that which cleanses. self-de, a verb-forming prefix, and G. rein,

Derelict (der'e-likt), n. 1. In law, an article Depuratory (de'pūr-a-to-ri), a. Cleansing; clear, clean; or from L.L. derationare, in of goods or any commodity thrown away, purifying; tending to purify; specifically, which case its origin would be the same as

relinquished, or abandoned by the owner; applied to diseases which are considered that of darraign (which see).) To prove; a vessel abandoned at sea. capable of modifying the constitution ad to justify; to vindicate, as an assertion; to

When I am a little disposed to a gay turn of thinkvantageously by acting on the composition clear one's self, either by proving one's own ing, I consider, as I was a derelict from my cradle, of the fluids, as eruptions, intermittents, case or refuting that of an adversary. (An I have the honour of a lawful claim to the best pro. &c.; also applied to medicines and diets, by old law term now disused.]

tection of Europe.

Savage. which the same effect is sought to be in Deraign (dē-rān'), v. t. [See DERANGE.) To 2. A tract of land suddenly left dry by the duced. derange; to disorder; to disarrange.

sea, and fit for cultivation or use. Dapuret (de-pür'), v.t. To make pure; to Deraignment, Derainment (de-rân'ment), Dereliction (der-e-lik'shon), n. (L. dereliccleanse; to purge.

n. (See DERAIGN.] In law, the act of de tio, an abandoning, from derelinquo, dereHe shall first. be deprired and clensed, before raining; proof; justification.

lictum. See DERELICT.] 1. The act of leavthat he shall be layde up for pure goid in the trea- Deraignment (dē-rān'ment), n. 1. The act ing with an intention not to reclaim; an sures of God.

Sir T. More.

of disordering or disarranging; a turning utter forsaking; abandonment. A total Depurgatoryt (de-per' gã-to-ri), a. That out of course. -2. A renunciation of profes dereliction of military duties.' Sir W. Scott. purges; serving to cleanse or purify.

sion, as of religious or monastic vows; apos 2. The state of being left or abandoned. Depurition (de-pūr-i'shon), n. The removal tasy.

Hadst thou not been thus forsaken, we had per. of impurities, as from the body; depuration. Derail (dē-rál'), v.t. [L. de, from, and E. ished; thy dereliction is our safety. Bp. Hall. Deputation (de-pū-ta'shon), n. (Fr. députa rail, as in railway.) To run off the rails. tion; It deputazione. See DEPUTE.) I. The (United States. )

3. The gaining of land from the water by act of appointing a substitute or representa- Derailment (dé-räl'ment), n. The act of a

the sea's retiring below the usual watertive to act for another; the act of appointing railway train or carriage running off the

mark.-Syn. Abandonment, desertion, reand sending a deputy or substitute to trans rails. [United States. ]

nunciation, relinquishment. act business for another, as his agent, either Derange (de-ranj), v. t. pret. & pp. deranged;

Dereligionize (dé-rê-lij'on-iz), v.t. To make with a special commission and authority, ppr. deranging. (Fr. déranger--de, priv., and

irreligious. [Rare.) or with general powers. Their . . : deputa ranger, to set in order, from rang, rank.

He would dereligionize men beyond all others.

De Quincey. tions to offices of power and dignity.' Barrow. Akin rank, range (which see).] 1. To put out of order; to disturb the regular order

Dereling, n. 2. A special commission or authority to act

[See DARLING.] Darling.

Chaucer. as the substitute of another; as, this man of; to throw into confusion; as, to derange Dereworth, t a. [A. Sax. deorwurthe.) Preacts by deputation from the sheriff.-3. The the plans of a commander or the affairs of

cious; valued at a high rate. Chaucer. person deputed; the person or persons a nation; his private affairs are deranged. authorized and sent to transact business for

Dereyne,t v.t. To darrain. Chaucer.

The republic of regicide has actually conanother; as, the general sent a deputation quered the finest parts of Europe; has distressed,

Deride (de-rid), v.t. pret. & pp. derided; to the enemy to offer terms of peace.---By disunited, derange, broke to pieces all the rest.

ppr. deriding. (L. derideo-de, intens., and

Broke. rideo, to laugh.) To laugh at in contempt; deputation, or in deputation, by delegation;

2. To disturb the action or functions of. to turn to ridicule or make sport of; to by means of a substitute. Say to great Cæsar this: In deputation A casual blow, or a sudden fall, deranges some of

mock; to treat with scorn by laughter. I kiss his conquering hand.

The Pharisees also ... derided him. Luke xvi. 16.

our internal parts, and the rest of life is distress and


Some, who adore Newton for his fluxions, deride Deputatort (de'pūt-at-er), n. One who 3. To disorder the intellect of; to unsettle him for his religion.

Berkeley. rants deputation Locke.

the reason of.-4. To remove from place SYN. To mock, laugh at, ridicule, insult, Depute (dé-pūt'), v.t. pret. & pp. deputed; or office, as the personal staff of a principal banter, rally, jeer, jibe. ppr. deputing. (Fr. députer, to assign, to military officer. Thus when a general officer Derider (de-rid'ér), n. One who laughs at confide a mission to, from L. deputo, to resigns or is removed from office, the peresteemn, consider, destine, allot -- de, and

another in contempt; a mocker; a scoffer. sonal staff appointed by himself are said to Deriders of religion.' Hooker. puto, to prune, set in order, reckor con

be deranged. (Rare.)-SYN. To disorder, Deridingly (dē-rid'ing-li), adv. By way of sider.) 1. To appoint as a substitute or agent

embarrass, disarrange, displace, unsettle, derision or mockery. to act for another; to appoint and send with a special commission or authority to trans

disturb, confuse, discomposé, ruffle, discon- Derision (dö-ri'zhon), n. [L. derisio, a laugh

cert. act business in another's name; as, the sheriff Derangement (dē-rānj'ment), n. 1. The act

ing to scorn, from derideo, derisum. See

DERIDE.] 1. The act of deriding, or the deputes a man to serve a writ.

of deranging, or state of being deranged; a state of being derided; contempt manifested There is no man deputed by the king to hear. putting out of order; disturbance of re by laughter; scorn.

2 Sam xv. 3. The bishop may depute a priest to administer the gularity or regular course; embarrassment;

British policy is brought into derision in those na: Sacrament.


disorder. From the complexity of its mech tions that a while ago trembled at the power of our anism . . . liable to derangement.' Paley:

Burke. 2. To set aside or apart; to assign.

2. Disorder of the intellect or reason; de 2. An object of derision or contempt; a The most conspicuous places in cities are usually deputed for the erection of statues. Barrow.

lirium; insanity; as, a derangement of the laughing-stock.
mental organs. --Syn. Disorder, confusion,

I was a derision to all my people. Lam, iii. 14. Depute (deput), n. A deputy; a vicegerent;

embarrassment, irregularity, disturbance, as, a sheriff - depute or advocate-depute.

SYN. Scorn, mockery, insult, ridicule. lunacy, insanity, madness, delirium, mania. (Scotch)

Deray (de-rā'), n. [0. Fr. derroi, desroi, des Derisive (de-ri'siv), a. Expressing or charThe fashion of every depute carrying his own shell arroi, disorder-from des (L. dis), and roi,

acterized by derision; mocking; ridiculing. on his back in the form of his own carriage is a piece of very modern dignity. I myself rode circuits, when rai, order. See ARRAY.] Tumult; disor

'Derisive taunts.' Pope. I was advocate-depute, between 1807 and 1810. der; merriment. [Scotch.]

Derisively (de-ri'siv-li), adv. With mockery
Lord Cockburn,
So have we found weddings celebrated with an

or contempt. Deputize (de'pūt-īz), v.t. pret. & pp. depu outburst of triumph and deray, at which the elderly

Derisiveness (dē-ri'siv-nes), n. The state of tized; ppr. deputizing. To appoint as de shook their heads.

Carlyle. being derisive.

Derisive; mockputy; to empower to act for another, as a Derby (dèrbi), n. A race for a sweepstakes Derisory (de-ri'so-ri), a. sheriff. (United States.) of fifty sovereigns each, for three-year-old

ing; ridiculing. Derisory manner.' ShaftesDeputy (de'pů-ti), n. [Fr. député. See DE thorough-bred horses, founded in 1780 by Derivable (dé-riv'a-bl), a.

bury. (Rare.) PUTE] A person appointed or elected to the twelfth Earl of Derby, and run annually

(See DERIVE) act for another, especially a person sent with at Epsom, Surrey. It is the principal horse

1. That may be derived; that may be drawn a special commission to act in the place race in England.

or received, as from a source; as, income is of another; one that exercises an office in Derby-day (dėrbi-dā), n. The day on which

derivable from land, money, or stocks. another's right; a lieutenant; a viceroy; as, the Derby sweepstakes is run, which is the The exquisite pleasure derivable from the true and a prince sends a deputy to a diet or council

beautiful relations of domestic life. H. G. Beil. Wednesday before Whitsunday. to represent him and his dominions; a Derbyshire Neck (derbi-sher nek), n. A 2. That may be received from ancestors; as, sheriff appoints a deputy to execute the name given to bronchocele, from its fre an estate derivable from an ancestor. duties of his office. Much used in composi. quency in the hilly parts of Derbyshire. 3. That may be drawn, as from premises: tion; as, deputy-sheriff, deputy-collector, Derbyshire Spar(dérbi-sher spär). Fluoride deducible; as, an argument derivable from deputy-marshal, deputy-postmaster, &c. of calcium, a combination of lime with fluoric facts or preceding propositions. SYN. Substitute, representative, legate, de acid, found in great beauty and abundance

The second sort of arguments . . . are derivable legate, envoy, agent, factor. in Derbyshire, whence it has obtained its

from some of these heads.

Wilkins. Dequace, v.t. (L. de, down, and quatio, to name. It is also called Fluor - spar and shake.) To shake down. Chaucer. Blue-john. See FLUOR-SPAR.

4. That may be drawn from a radical word; Dequantitatet (de-kwon'ti-tât), v.t. (L. de, Der-doing t (der'do-ing), a. Pertaining to

as, a word derirable from an Aryan root. from, and quantitas, quantitatis, quantity.

By derivaor characterized by derring-do, or gallant Derivably (de-riv’a-bli), adv. See QUANTITY.) To diminish the quantity feats in arms.

tion. of

Me ill besits, that in der.doing armes

Derivate (de'ri-vāt), n. [L. derivatus, pp. of Brown has words still more extraordinary, as feria.

And honours suit my vowed daies do sprendse

derivo, derivatum.See DERIVE.) A word tion, for keeping holiday, .. dequantitate, for

derived from another; a derivative. (Rare.) dininish.


Deret (der), v. t. (A. Sax. derian, to hurt.) To Derivatet (de'ri-vāt), v.t. (L. derivo. See Deracinate (dé-ras'in-āt), v.t. pret. & pp. hurt.

DERIVE.] To derive.





Derivation (de-ri-vă'shon), n. [L. derivatio, Deriver (de-riv'ér), n. One who derives or Dermography (der-mog'ra-fi), n. Same as a turning off into another channel, deriva draws from a source.

Dermatography tion, from derivo, derivatum. See DERIVE.] Derm, Derma, Dermis (derm, derma, der'- Dermohæmal See DERMAHÆMAL. 1. The act of deriving, drawing, or receiving mis), n. [Gr. derma, a skin, a hide.) The Dermohæmia (der'mo-he- mi-a), n. (Gr. from a source; as, the derivation of an true skin, or under layer of the skin, as dis derma, the skin, and haima, blood.] In estate from ancestors, or of profits from tinguished from the cuticle, epidermis, or med. hyperæmia, or congestion of the skin. capital, or of truth or facts from antiquity. scarf skin. It is also called enderon, the Dermoid (dèrm’oid), a. [Gr. derina, skin, My derivation was from ancestors epidermis being known as ecderon.

and eidos, resemblance.) Resembling skin; Who stood equivalent with mighty kings. Shak. Dermahæmal, Dermohæmal (der'ma-hē. dermatoid: applied to tissues which resemble 2. In gram. the drawing or tracing of a mal, der'mö-he-mal), a. (Gr. derma, skin, skin. word from its root or original; as, deriva and haima, blood. ) An epithet applied Dermology (der-mol'o-ji), n. Same as tion is from the L. derivo, and the latter to the ossified developments of the dermo Derinatology from prefix de, away, from, and rivus, a skeleton in fishes when they form points of Dermopteri, Dermopterygii (der-mop'testream.-3. A drawing from or turning aside attachment for the fins on the ventral or ri, der-mop'te-ri''ji']), n. pl. [Gr. derma, from a natural course or channel; as, the hamal side of the body.

skin, with pteron, and pteryx, pterygos, derivation of water from its channel by Dermal (der'mal), a. [Gr. derma, skin.] a wing or fin.) A section of fishes characlateral drains. "An artificial derivation of Pertaining to skin or the external covering terized by cutaneous vertical fins, with rays that river.' Gibbon. (Rare or obsolete. ] of the body; consisting of skin.

extremely soft and delicate, or altogether 4. In med. revulsion, or the drawing away Dermaneural, Dermoneural (dér'ma-nū. imperceptible, by the want of pectoral or of the fluids of an inflamed part, by apply. ral, dérmó-nu-ral), a. (Gr. derma, the skin, ventral fins, and by an unossified endoing blisters, &c., over it, or at a distance and neuron, a nerve.] In zool. a term ap skeleton. This section was removed by from it.-5. The thing derived or deduced; plied to the upper row of spines in the back Owen from the Chondropterygii on account a derivative; a deduction. [Rare or obso of a fish, from their connection with the of their inferior structure. They are of lete. )

skin and their relation to that surface of vermiform shape, and include the lampreys, Most of them are the genuine derivations of the the body on which the nervous system is lancelet, &c., which fishes, however, in rehypothesis they claim to.


cent systems of arrangement, are placed in
6. In math. the operation by which a deriv- Dermaptera (dér-map'ter-a), n. pl. (Gr. separate and distinct orders.
ative is deduced from that which precedes derma, skin, and pteron, wing.) An order Dermosclerite (der-mo-slēr'it), n. (Gr.
it, or from the function. The method of

of insects, restricted by Kirby to the ear derma, skin, and sklēros, hard. ) A mass derivations, in general, consists in discover wigs (of which at least three genera are of spicules which occurs in the tissues of ing the law by which different quantities found in this country), comprising those some of the Actinozoa. are connected with each other, and in genera which have their anterior pair of Dermo-skeleton (dér-mo-ske'lė - ton), n. making use of this law as a method of cal wings coriaceous, not employed in flight, (Gr. derma, skin, and skeleton, skeleton.) culation for passing from one derivative to and forming elytra; their posterior wings A term applied to the coriaceous, crustaceanother.-7. In gun. the peculiar constant membranous and folded like a fan, only par. ous, testaceous, or osseous integument, such deviation of an elongated projectile from tially covered by the elytra, and the tail as covers many invertebrate and some vera rifled gun. armed with a forceps.

tebrate animals. It serves more or less Derivational (de-ri-vā'shon-al), a. Relating Dermapteran (der-map'ter-an), n. An in completely the offices of protecting the soft to derivation.

dividual of the Dermaptera (which see). parts of the body, and as a fixed point of Derivative (de-riv'a-tiv), a. Derived; taken

Dermapterous (der-map'ter-us). a. Belong attachment to the organs of movement. In or having proceeded from another or some ing to the order Dermaptera (which see). fishes and re the dermo-skeleton is the thing preceding; secondary; as, a derivative Dermatic, Dermatine (der-mat'ik, dêr'ma skin with the scales; in turtles it is united conveyance. * A derivative perfection.' Sir tin), a. Pertaining to the skin.

with parts of the endo-skeleton, such as the M. IIale. - Derivative chord, in music, a chord Dermatin, Dermatine (der'ma-tin), n. (Gr.

vertebra and ribs; insects and crustaceans derived from a fundamental chord. --Deriv derma, dermatos, the skin.) A dark olive have a dermo-skeleton only. ative conveyances, in law, secondary deeds, green variety of hydrophyte, of a resinous Dermotomy (der-mot'o-mi), n. (Gr. derma, as releases, confirmations, surrenders, con lustre, found in Saxony, so called because it the skin, and tomē, a cutting, from temno, signments, and defeasances.

frequently occurs as a skin or crust upon to cut.] The anatomy or dissection of the Derivative (de-riv'a-tiv), n. 1. That which

serpentine. It occurs also in reniform skin. is derived; that which is deduced or comes masses.

Derm-skeleton (dérm-ske'le-ton), n. Same by derivation from another; specifically, a Dermatography (der-ma-tog'ra-fi), n. (Gr. as Dermo-skeleton. word which takes its origin in another word, derma, skin, and graphó, to write.) The Dernt (dern), a. (A. Sax. dearn, secret. ) or is formed from it; thus, depravity is a anatomical description of the skin.

1. Hidden; secret; private. derivative from the L depravo, and ac Dermatoid (der'mat-oid), a. (Gr. derma,

But as they looked in Bernisdale
knowledge a derirative from knowledge, dermatos, skin, and eidos, resemblance. Í By a derne street
which is a derivative from know.
Resembling skin; skin-like.

Then came there a knight riding. Old ballad,
For honour
Dermatologist (der-ma-tol'o-jist), n. One

2. Sad; solitary. Dr. II. More. 'Tis a derivative from me to mine, Shak. versed in dermatology.

Dern (dérn), n. In arch. see DEARN. 2. In music, a chord not fundamental. Dermatology (der-ma-tol'o-ji), n. [Gr. Derne (dern), v. t. To hide one's self, as in 3. In math. a function expressing the rela derma, skin, and logos, discourse. ] The

a hole. [Old English and Scotch.) tion between two consecutive states of a branch of physiology which treats of the varying function; a differential co-efficient. skin and its diseases.

He at length escaped them by derning himself in a fox-earth.

H. Miller.
4. In med. an agent employed to draw away Dermatophyte (der'ma - to-fīt), n. (Gr.
the fluids of an inflamed part, applied over derma, dermatos, the skin, and phyton, a Dernful, t a. Solitary; hence, sad; mournful.
it or at some distance from it. See DERIVA growth or plant.) A parasitic plant, chiefly The birds of ill presage this lucklesse chance fore-
of the lowest type of the Cryptogamia,

By dernfull noise.

Derivatively (de-riv'a-tiv-li), adv. In a de infesting the cuticle and epidermis of men
rivative manner; by derivation.

and other animals, and giving rise to various Dernier (der-nya), a. (Fr., from a hypotheDerivativeness (de-riv'a-tiv-nes), n. The forms of skin-disease, as ring-worm, sycosis,

tical L. adjective deretranus, which gives state of being derivative. &c.

derrain, whence derrainier, derenier, derDerive (de-riv), v.t. pret. & pp. derived; Dermatorhea (der' ma-to-rē"a), n. (Gr.

nier-de, and retro, behind, backward. ) Last; ppr. deriving. (L. derivo, to divert a stream derma, dermatos, the skin, and rheo, to flow.)

final; ultimate; as, dernier ressort (last refrom its channel, to draw away, to derive A morbidly increased secretion from the

sort). de, from, and rimus, a stream.] 1. To draw skin.

Dernly + (dern'li), adv. Secretly; solitarily; from, as in a regular course or channel; to Dermestes (dér-mes'tēz), n. (Gr. derma,

hence, sadly; mournfully. Spenser. receive from a source by a regular convey skin, and esthio, to eat.j' Ä genus of cole: Derogate (de'ro-gāt), v.t. pret. & pp. deroance; as, the heir derives an estate from his opterous insects, the type of the family

gated; ppr. derogating. (L. derogo, deroancestors. Dermestide. The larvæ of this genus are

gatum, to repeal part of a law, to restrict, For by my mother I derived am covered with slippery hairs; they devour

to modify-de, priv., and rogo, to ask, to From Lionel, Duke of Clarence. Shak. dead bodies, skins, leather, and other animal

propose. In ancient Rome rogo was used 2. To draw or receive, as from a source or substances. One species (D. lardarius) is

in proposing new laws, and derogo in reorigin; as, we derive ideas from the senses, known by the name of bacon-beetle; another

pealing some section of a law. Hence the and instruction from good books.-3. To (D. or Anthrenus muscorum) is peculiarly

sense is to take from or annul a part } deduce or draw, as from a root or primitive destructive in museums of natural history

1. To repeal, annul, or destroy the force word; as, a hundred words are often derived | Dermestidæ (dér-mes'ti-dē), n. pl. A family

and effect of some part of a law or estab. from a single monosyllabic root. - 4. To of coleopterous insects of the section Necro

lished rule; to lessen the extent of a law: turn from its natural course; to divert; as, phaga. The species of this family are for

distinguished from abrogate. to derive water from the main channel or the most part of small size. Their larva

By several contrary customs many of the civil and current into lateral rivulets. • The solemn

Hale. are covered with hair, and feed upon animal

canon laws are controlled and derogated, and right manner of deriving water.' Fuller. substances. The principal genera are Der 2. To lessen the worth of a person or thing; And her dew loves derived to that vile witch's mestes, Anthrenus, Megatoma, and Atta to disparage. (Rare.] share. Spenser. genus.

There is none so much carried with a corrupt The streams of justice were derived into every part Dermic (dérm'ik), a. Relating to the skin. mind ... that he will derogate the praise and honour of the kingdom.

Sir 7. Davies.
-- Dermic remedies, remedies which act due to so worthy an enterprise.

5. To communicate from one to another by through the skin,
descent. (Rare.)

Derogate (de'rő-gāt), v.i. 1. To take away:
Dermis, n. See DERM.

to detract; to lessen by taking away a part;
An excellent disposition is derived to your lordship Dermobranchiata (dėr'mo-brangk'i-ā"ta),
from your parents.

as, say nothing to derogate from the merit n. pl. [Gr. derma, skin, and branchia, gills.] Derive (de-riv'), v.i. To come or proceed

or reputation of a brave man. [The word from. (Rare.]

family of gasteropods, comprising those is generally used in this sense. )-2. To act

molluscs which respire by means of external Power from heaven derives.

beneath one's rank, place, or birth. (Rare.) Prior.

branchiæ or gills occurring in the form of The wish, that of the living whole

Would Charles X. derogate from his ancestors!
No life may fail beyond the grave,
thin membranous plates, tufts, or filaments.

Would he be the degenerate scion of that royal line?
Derives it not from what we have,
They are more commonly called Nudibran-

The likest God within the soul? Tennyson. chiata

Derogate (de'ro-gāt), a. Lessened in value

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or in authority; invalidated; degenerate; cylinder, but in that known as Henderson's And look you get a pray'r book in your hand, degraded; damaged. (Rare. ) derrick-crane the barrel on which the chain

And stand between two churchmen, good my lord,

For on that ground I'll make a holy descant. Shak. The chief ruler being in presence, the authority of

is taken up in raising the jib is of a parathe substitute was clearly derogate.

Hall. bolic form, similar to the fusee of a watch, Descant (des-kant), v.i. 1. In music, to run From her derogate body never spring and decreases in diameter as the jib ap

a division or variety with the voice, on a A babe to honour her. Shak. proaches the horizontal position, so that

musical ground in true measure; to sing. Derogately (de'ro-gāt-li), adv. In a manner the power to raise the weight is at all times

2. To discourse; to comment; to make a to lessen or take from; disparagingly. equal.

variety of remarks; to animadvert freely. That I should Derringt (der'ing), a. Daring.

A virtuous man should be pleased to find people

descanting on his actions. Derring-dot (der'ing-do), n. Daring deeds;

Addison. Once name you derogately, when to sound your name It not concerned me. Shak. manhood.

Descanter (des-kant'ér), n. One who desDerogation (de-ro-gā'shon), n. 1. The act For ever, who in derring-doe were dreade,

cants. of annulling or revoking a law, or some

The loftie verse of hem was loved aye. Spenser. Descend (dē-send), v.i. [L. descendo, to part of it; the act of taking away or destroy. Derring-doer (der'ing-dö-ér), n. A dar climb down, to descend - de, down, and ing the value or effect of anything, or of ing and bold doer. Spenser.

scando, to climb.] 1. To move or pass from limiting its extent, or of restraining its Derry (de'ri). [Ir. doire, an oak-wood, from a higher to a lower place; to move, come or operation; as, an act of parliament is passed dair, an oak.) A frequent element in place go downward; to fall; to sink; to run or in derogation of the king's prerogative; we names in Ireland; as, Derry, Derrybrian, flow down: applicable to any kind of motion cannot do anything in derogation of the Londonderry.

or of body. moral law.-2. The act of taking something The ancient name of Londonderry was Derry

The rain descended, and the floods came. from merit, reputation, or honour; a lessen calgagh, the oak-wood of Calgach. After St. Colum.

Mat. vii. 25. ing of value or estimation; detraction; dis

ba erected his monastery there, in 546, it was called 2. To go down, with the view of entering or

Derry-Columkille, until James I. granted it to a comparagement: with from or of; as, I say not pany of London merchants, who named it London.

engaging in this in derogation of Virgil; let nothing be derry.

Scotsman newspaper.

He shall descend into battle and perish.

I Sam. xxvi. 10. said in derogation from his merit. Dervis, Dervish (der'vis, der'vish), n. [Per.

3. To come suddenly; to fall violently. He counted it no derogation of his manhood to be derwesh, poor, indigent; as a noun, a reliseen to weep. Robertson, gious monk; derwaze, begging; derwa, help

And on the suitors let thy wrath descend. Pope. Derogative (dé-rog'a-tiv), a. Derogatory:

less; from 0. Per. derew, to beg.) A Moham 4. Fig. to go in; to enter; to retire. * Absurdly derogative to all true nobility.'

(He) with holiest meditations fed Into himself descended.

Milton. State Trials, 1661. (Rare.] Derogatorily (dē-rog'a-to-ri-li), adv. In a

5. To come or go down in a hostile manner; detracting manner.

to invade, as an enemy; to fall upon. Derogatoriness (de-rog'a-to-ri-nes), n. The

The Grecian fleet descending on the town. quality of being derogatory.

Dryden. Derogatory (dé-rog'a-to-ri), a. Detracting

6. To proceed from a source or original; to or tending to lessen by taking something

be derived.

From these our Henry lineally descends. Shak. from; that lessens the extent, effect, or value: with to.

7. To proceed, as from father to son; to pass His language was severely censured by some of

from a preceding possessor, in the order of his brother peers as derogatory to their order.

lineage, or according to the laws of succesMacaulay.

sion or inheritance. - A derogatory clause in a testament, a sen

To heirs unknown descends th' unguarded store, tence or secret character inserted by the

Or wanders, heaven-directed, to the poor. Pope. testator, of which he reserves the knowledge

8. To pass, as from general to particular conto himself, with a condition that no will he

siderations; as, having explained the general may make hereafter shall be valid, unless

subject, we will descend to particulars. — this clause is inserted word for word

9. To come down from a certain moral or a precaution to guard against later wills

social standard; to lower or abase one's self extorted by violence or obtained by sugges

morally or socially; as, to descend to acts of tion

meanness; to descend to an inferior posiDerrick, Derric (de'rik), n. [A word curi

tion. – 10. To condescend; to stoop. Deously derived from a London hangman in

scending to play with little children.' Evethe beginning of the seventeenth century,

lyn. whose true name, Theodoric, was thus cor

Descendable (dē-send'a-bl), a. Capable of rupted, and who is frequently mentioned in

Travelling Dervis of Khorasan.

descending by inheritance. See DESCENDold plays. He rides circuit with the devil,

IBLE. and Derrick must be his host, and Tyborne medan priest or monk, who professes exthe inn at which he will light.' The Bell treme poverty, and leads an austere life, Descend (dē-send'), v.t. To walk, move, or

pass downward upon or along; to pass from man of London, 1616. The name came after partly in monasteries, partly itinerant.

the top to the bottom of; as, to descend a wards to be applied to the gallows, and Dervises are highly respected by the people, hill; to descend an inclined plane. hence to any contrivance resembling it.] and reputed to be able to work miracles.

But never tears his cheeks descended, Byron. An apparatus for hoisting heavy weights, They generally carry about a wooden bowl, variously constructed, but usually consist into which the pious cast alms. One of their Descendant (de-send'ant), n. [Fr. descending of a boom supported by a central post practices is to dance in a ring or whirl about, ant; L. descendens, ppr. of descendo. See which is steadied by stays and guys, and and to shout for hours together 'Allah'

DESCEND.) An individual proceeding from furnished with a purchase, either the pulley (that is God), or some religious formula, in

an ancestor in any degree; issue; offspring, or the wheel and axle and pulley combined. order to work themselves into a state of

in the line of generation, ad infinitum; as, - To rig a derrick (naut.), to raise a single religious frenzy, in which condition they are

we are all descendants of Adam and Eve. pole (frequently a spare top-mast or boom), regarded as inspired. Written also Dervise. Descendent (dē-send'ent), a. 1. Descending; and to step it over and immediately be Darweesh.

falling; sinking. The descendent juice.' fore the main-mast, and inclining over Desart (deʼzért),, n. Same as Desert.

Ray. -2. Proceeding from an original or anthe main hatchway of the vessel. The foot Desatir (de-sä'tir), n. A book which pro


More than mortal grace is stepped into a piece of wood secured fesses to be a collection of the writings of

Speaks thee descendent of ethereal race.

Pope. to the deck, and hollowed to receive it. - fifteen old Persian prophets, together with

One who deDerrick-crane, a kind of crane combining the book of Zoroaster.

Descender (de-send'ér), n.
Some authorities

regard it as spurious, and ascribe it to a

The Parsee who lived in the fourth century of Descendibility (de-send'i-bil"i-ti), n. the Hegira. It has been translated into

quality of being descendible, or capable of English.

being transmitted from ancestors; as, the

descendibility of an estate or of a crown. Descant (des'kant), n.. (0.Fr. deschant; Fr. déchant, from L.L. discantus-L. dis,'and Descendible (dé-send'i-bl), a. 1. That may cantus, singing, a song.) 1. f In music,

be descended or passed down; as, the hill

is descendible.-2. That may descend from (a) the art of composing music in several

an ancestor to an heir, A descendible parts. (6) An addition of a part or parts to

estate. Descant is plain,

Sir W. Jones. a subject or melody. figurative, and double. Plain descant is the Descending (dē-send'ing), p. and a. 1. Mov

ing downward; proceeding groundwork of musical compositions, con

from an ancestor; coming sisting in the orderly disposition of con

from a higher to a lower cords, answering to simple counterpoint.

place; falling; sinking; proFigurative or florid descant that part of

ceeding from an original. an air in which some discords are concerned.

2. In her. a term used for a Double descant is when the parts are so contrived that the treble may be made the bass,

lion or other animal, the

head of which is turned and the bass the treble. Derrick-crane.

towards the base of the Insomuch that twenty doctors expound one text

shield.- Descending series, twenty different ways, as children make descant upon the advantages of the common derrick and playne song


Descending in math. a series in which those of the ordinary crane. The jib of this

each term is numerically 2. A song or tune with various modulations, crane is fitted with a joint at the foot, and

The wakeful nightingale;

less than that preceding it. has a chain instead of a tension-bar attached

She all night long her amorous descant sung.

Descension (dé-sen'shon), n. [L. descensio, to it at the top, so that the inclination, and

Milton. a going down, descending, from descendo, consequently the sweep of the crane, can 3. A discourse; discussion; disputation; ani descensum. See DESCEND.] The act of going be altered at pleasure. In the ordinary madversion, comment, or a series of com downward; descent; a falling or sinking; derrick-crane the chain-barrel is a plain ments.

declension; degradation.

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In Christ's descension we are to consider both the Describe (de-skrīb), v. t. pret. & pp. de to discover.] 1. To espy; to explore; to explace from which it did commence, and the place to which it did proceed.

scribed; ppr. describing. [L. describo, to amine by observation. South,

write down, to sketch, to delineate- de, In old astron. right descension is an arc of

The house of Joseph sent to descry Bethel. down, and scribo, to write. See SCRIBE)

Judg. i. 23 the equinoctial, intercepted between the 1. To delineate or mark the form or figure 2. To detect; to find out; to discover any. next equinoctial point and the intersec

of; to trace out; as, to describe a circle by thing concealed. tion of the meridian, passing through the the compasses.-2. To form or trace by mo

Scouts each coast light-armed scour, centre of the object, at its setting, in a right tion; as, a star describes a circle or an ellipsis Each quarter to descry the distant foe. Milton. sphere. Oblique descension is an arc of the in the heavens. --3. To show or represent equinoctial, intercepted between the next

3. To see; to behold; to have a sight of from to others orally or by writing; to give an ac a distance; as, the seamen descried land. equinoctial point and the horizon, passing count of; to depict in words; as, the poet through the centre of the object, at its set

4. To give notice of something suddenly describes the Trojan horse; the geographer discovered; to discover. He would to him ting, in an oblique sphere; as also an arc

describes countries and cities.-4. To disof the equator which descends with the sun

dexcrie great treason to him meant.' Spenser. tribute into classes or divisions; to distri- Descry (de-skri'), n. Discovery; thing disbelow the horizon of an oblique sphere. De bute into proper heads. scension of a sign is an arc of the equator,

covered. Shak. [Obsolete and rare.)

Men passed through the land, and described it by Desecrate («le'sė-krát), v.t. pret. & pp. dewhich sets with such a sign or part of the cities into seven parts in a book. Jos. xviii. 9.

secrated; ppr. desecrating. (This word apzodiac, or any planet in it. Right descension

SYN. To represent, delineate, relate, reof a sign is an are of the equator which de

pears to be formed from the negative prescends with the sign below the horizon of a

count, narrate, express, explain, depict, fix de, and L. sacer, sacred, to express the right sphere; or the time the sign is setting Describe (de - skrīb), v.i. portray.

opposite of consecrate.] 1. To divert from in a right sphere.

To represent in a sacred purpose or appropriation; to treat Descensional (dé-sen'shon-al), a. Pertain

words; to use the power of describing. in a sacrilegious manner; to render uning to descension or descent. Descensional

Similes are like songs in love:

hallowed: opposed to conseerate; as, to dedifference, in old astron. the difference be

They much describe, they nothing prove. Prior, secrate a donation to a church. tween the right and oblique descension of Describent (de-skrib/ent), n. In geom. the The profane theatrical monument which some the same star or point of the heavens.

line or surface from the motion of which superannuated or careless dean has permitted to disDescensive (dé-sen'siv), a.

grace and desecrate the walls of Westminster Abbey. Descending; a surface or solid is supposed to be gener

Theodore Ilook. ated or described. tending downward; having power to de

2. To divest of a sacred character or office. scend

Describer (de-skrib'er), n. One who deDescensorie,t n. (Fr.) A vessel used in scribes by marks, words, or signs.

The clergy cannot sufier corporal punishment, without being previously deseciated.

Tooke. ancient chemistry in which distillation by Descrier (de-skri'er), n. [See DESCRY.] One descent was performed. Chaucer. See under

who espies or discovers; a discoverer; a Desecration (de-se-kra'shon), n. The act of DESCENT. detector.

diverting from a sacred purpose or use to Descent (dē-sent), n. (Fr. descente; L. de. Description (de-skrip'shon), n. [L. descrip.

which a thing had been devoted; the act of 8census, from descendo, descensum

divesting of a sacred character or office; See

tio, descriptionis, a marking out, delineaDESCEND.) 1. The act of descending; the tion, description, from describo, descriptum.

the act of treating sacrilegiously or renderact of passing from a higher to a lower place See DESCRIBE.) 1. The act of delineating,

ing unhallowed. by any form of motion, as by walking, rid

or representing the figure of anything by a Various profanations of the Sabbath have of late

plan, to be presented to the eye. 2. The ing, rolling, sliding, sinking, or falling.

years been evidently, gaining ground among us so as

to threaten a gradual desecration of that holy day. 2. Inclination downward; obliquity; slope; figure or appearance of anything delineated

Bp. Porteous. declivity. Down the dark descent.' Milton.

or represented by visible lines, marks, Desert (de'zért), a. [L desertux. pp. of de3. A sinking or decline, as in station, virtue,

colours, &c. Gregory.-3. The act of repre sero, desertum, to forsake, abandon-de, quality, or the like; fall from a higher to a senting a thing by words or by signs, or the

priv., and sero, sertum, to unite, to join lower state or station.

passage containing such representation; an together.] Uninhabited; untilled; waste;

account of the nature, properties, or apO foul descent, that I who erst contended

uncultivated; pertaining to or having the With gods to sit the highest, am now constrain'd pearance of a thing, so that another may

appearance of a desert; as, a desert island; Into a beast.

Milton. form a just conception of it; as, Homer a desert land or country. 4. Incursion; invasion; sudden attack. abounds with beautiful and striking descrip

He found them in a desert land and in the waste tions. They feared that the French and English fleets

howling wilderness.

Deut. xxxii. 10. would make a descent upon their coasts.

For her own person

Full many a fower is born to blush unseen,
It beggared all description. Shak.

And waste its sweetness on the desert air, Gray. 5. In law, a passing from an ancestor to an Milton has fine descriptions of morning: heir; transmission by succession or inherit

D. Hebster.

Desert (deʻzért), n. (L. desertum, neut. sing. ance; the hereditary succession of property 4. The qualities expressed in a representa

pp. of descro.

See the adjective.] 1. An vested in a person by the operation of law, tion; the combination of qualities which go

uninhabited tract of land; a region in its that is, by his right of representation as to constitute a class, genus, species, or in

natural state; a wilderness; a solitude; parheir at law-defined by 3 and 4 Wm. IV. dividual; hence, class; species; variety; kind.

ticularly, a vast sandy, stony, or rocky excvi. to be, 'the title to inherit lands by 'A friend of this description.' Shak. Per

panse, almost destitute of moisture and reason of consanguinity as well where the sons of different descriptions.' Sir W. Scott.

vegetation; as, the deserts of Arabia and heir shall be an ancestor or collateral rela

Africa. tion, as where he shall be a child or other The plates were all of the meanest description.

Oh! that the desert were my dwelling-place,

Macaulay. issue.' Descent is lineal when it proceeds

With one fair spirit for iny minister.
SYN. Account, statement, delineation, re-

Byron. directly from the father to the son, and from

One simile that solitary shines presentation, sketch, cast, turn, kind, sort.

In the dry desert of a thousand lines. Pope. the son to the grandson; collateral when it Descriptive (de-skrip'tiv), a. Containing proceeds from a man to his brother, nephew, description; tending to describe; having the Desert (de-zért), v.t. (See the adjective.] or other collateral representative. - 6. A quality of representing; as, a descriptive

1. To forsake; to leave utterly; to abandon; proceeding from an original or progenitor; figure; a descriptive narration; a story de

to quit with a view not to return to; as, to hence, extraction; lineage; pedigree.

desert a friend; to desert our country; to scriptive of the age. -- Descriptive or physical

desert a cause. Trust nie, Clara Vere de Vere,

geology, that branch of geology which reFrom yon blue heavens above us bent, stricts itself to a consideration of facts

Deserted at his utmost need The grand old gardener and his wife

By those his former bounty sed. Dryden. Smile at the claims of long descent. Tennyson.

and appearances as presented in the rocky
crust of the earth. -- Descriptive geometry,

2. To leave without permission; to forsake, 7. A generation; a single degree in the scale a term introduced by the French geome

the service in which one is engaged, in of genealogy; distance from the common ters to express that part of science which

violation of duty; as, to desert the army; to ancestor. * From son to son some four or consists in the application of geometrical

desert one's colours; to desert a ship. To five descents.' Shak. rules to the representation of the figures,

desert the diet, in Scots criminal law, to No man living is a thousand descents removed

and the various relations of the forms of abandon proceedings in the particular libel from Adam himself.

bodies, according to certain conventional

in virtue of which a panel has been brought 8. Offspring; issue; descendants. methods. In the descriptive geometry, the

into court.- Forsake, Desert, Abandon. See If care of our descent perplex us inost, situation of points in space is represented

under FORSAKE. -SYN. To forsake, leave, Which must be born to certain woe. Milton. by their orthographical projections, on two

abandon, relinquish, quit, depart from. 9. A rank; a step or degree.

planes, at right angles to each other, called Desert (de-zért), v.i. To quit a service or Infinite descents the planes of projection. The most imme

post without permission; to run away; as, Beneath what other creatures are to thee. Milton. diate application of this kind of geometry

to desert from the army. 10. Lowest place.

is the representation of bodies, of which The poor fellow had deserted, and was not afraid Froin the extremest upward of thy head the forms are susceptible of a rigorous geo

of being overtaken and carried back. Goldsmith. To the descent and dust beneath thy feet. Shak, metrical definition. It has been applied Desert (de-zert'), n. 10. Fr. deserte, merit, 11. In music, a passing from one note or

by the French to civil and military engineer recompense, from deserrir, to merit. See sound to another lower in the scale.- Deing and fortification.

DESERVE.] 1. A deserving; that which gives scent of bodies, in mech. their motion or Descriptively (de-skrip'tiv-li), adv. By de a right to reward or demands, or which rentendency toward the centre of the earth, scription.

ders liable to punishment; merit or demerit; either directly or obliquely along inclined Descriptiveness (de-skrip'tiv-nes), n. State that which entitles to a recompense of equal planes or curves. The curve of swiftest deof being descriptive.

value, or demands a punishment equal to scent is the cycloid. -Distillation by descent,

Descrive (dē-skriv'), v.t. To describe. [Old the offence; good conferred, or evil done, in old chem a mode of distillation in which English and Scotch.)

which merits an equivalent return; as, a the fire was applied at the top and round

Let me fair Nature's face descrive, Burns. wise legislature will reward or punish men the vessel, whose orifice was at the bottom, Descry (de-skri'), v.t. pret. & pp. descried;

according to their deserts, by which the vapours were made to distil ppr. descrying. [Prefix de, and cry. Lit. to All desert imports an equality between the good downwards. -- SYN. Declivity, slope, gra make an outcry on discovering something

conferred and the good deserved or made due.

South. dient, fall, degradation, debasement, ex one has been on the watch for, then simply He either fears his fate too much, traction, pedigree, generation, lineage, as to discover See CRY The 8 has probably

Or his deserts are small, sault, invasion, incursion, attack.

got in through the influence of the 0. E. That dares not put it to the touch, Describable (de-skrib'a-bl), a.

That may
descrive, to describe, 0. Fr. descrire; or

To gain or lose it all. Mary of Montrose. be described; capable of description.

through the 0. E. descure, 0. Fr. descouvrir, 2. That which is deserved; reward or pun




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ishment merited. Render to them their Desiccant (dē-sik'ant), a. (See DESICCATE.) Design is not the offspring of idle fancy, it is the desert.' Ps. xxviii. 4.-Syn. Merit, worth,

studied result of accumulative observation and de. Drying.

lightful habit.

Ruskin. excellence, due.

A medicine or

Desiccant (de-sik'ant), n. Desert (dé - zert'), n. Same as Dessert. application that dries a sore.

2. A scheme or plan in the mind; purpose; Johnson.

intention; aim; as, a wise man is distinDesiccate (de-sik’āt), v.t. pret. & pp. desicDeserter (dė-zėrt'er), n. A person who for cated; ppr. desiccating. (L. desicco, to dry

guished by the judiciousness of his designs; sakes his cause, his post, or his party or up-de, intens., and sicco, to dry.) To dry; it is my design to educate my son for the

bar. friend; particularly, a soldier or seaman to exhaust of moisture; to exhale or remove

Envious commands, invented with design who quits the service without permission, moisture from. * Bodies desiccated by heat

To keep them low, whom knowledge might exalt. and in violation of his engagement. or age.' Bacon.

Milton. Desertful (de-zert'fùl), a. High in desert; Desiccate (de-sik'āt), r.i. To become dry. Hence-3. In a bad sense, an evil intention meritorious. (Rare. ) Desiccation (de-sik-kā'shon), n. The act of

or purpose, such as a scheme to acquire Till I be more desertful in your eye. Beau. & FI. making dry; the state of being dried.

what is not one's own, or to do an injury to: Desertion (dē-zėr'shon), n. 1. The act of Desiccative (dé-sik'a-tiv), a. Drying; tend

commonly followed by upon; as, he had ing to dry; that has the power to dry: forsaking or abandoning, as a party, a

designs upon the crown. A sedate settled Desiccative (dé-sik'a-tiv), n. A drying or friend, a country, an army or military band,

design upon a man's life.' Locke.--4. Conabsorbing substance; an application that trivance; the adaptation of means to a preor a ship; the act of quitting, with an in

dries up secretions. tention not to return. -2. The state of being

conceived end; as, the evidence of desigm in deserted or forsaken; as, the king in his

The ashes of a hedgehog are said to be a great a watch. desiccative of fistulas.

Bacon. desertion. *The desertion in which we

See what a lovely shell,

With delicate spire and whorl, lived.' Godiin. 3. The state of being for Desiderate (dē-sid'ér-at), v.t. [L. desidero,

How exquisitely minute, saken by God; spiritual despondency. The desideratum, to long for, to feel the want

A miracle of design,

Tennyson. agonies of a soul under desertion.' South.

of. See CONSIDER.) To want; to feel the

A work so - Dexertion of want of; to miss; to desire.

5. The realization of an artistic idea; specidiet, in Scots law, the abandoning judicially, in a criminal process,

much desired, and yet desiderated.' Sir T. fically, the emblematic or decorative figurBroune,

ing upon embroidery, medals, fabrics, and proceedings on the particular libel in virtue

the like. of which a panel has been brought into

Please to point out one word missing that ought to have been there; please to insert a desiderated stanza.

Silent light court

You cannot.

Prof. Wilson. Slept on the painted walls, wherein were wrought Desertless (de-zértles), a. Without merit

Two grand designs.

Tennyson. or claim to favour or reward; undeserv. Desideration (de-sid'ér-ā"shon), n. 1. The ing act of desiderating, or of desiring with sense

6. In music, the invention and conduct of of want or regret.

the subject; the disposition of every part, It has pleased you, gentlemen, rather in your indulgence than your wisdom, to observe in your elec Desire is aroused by hope, while desideration is

and the general order of the whole.-Schools inflicted by reminiscence.

Wm. Taylor. tion to the chair the Shaksperian maxim of choosing

of design, institutions in which persons are the most desertiess man to be constable. 2. The thing desiderated.

instructed in the arts and in the principles Lord Ellesmere.

of design for manufacturing purposes, and Desertlessly (de-zért les-li), adv. Unde- Desiderative (de-sid'èr-at-iv), a. Having or

with the view of diffusing a knowledge of, implying desire; expressing or denoting deservedly.

and a taste for, the fine arts among the Desertness (de’zért-nes), 11. Desert state or

sire; as, a desiderative verb.

people generally. condition. The desertness of the country.'

Desiderative (de-sid'ér-at-iv), n. 1. An ob; Designable (de-sin'a-bl or dē-zīn'a-bl), a.

ject of desire. -2. In gram. a verb formed Ullall.

Capable of being designed or marked out; from another verb, and expressing a desire Desertrice, t Desertrixt (de-zért'ris, dē.

distinguishable. The designable parts.' zért'riks), n. A female who deserts. Milton. of doing the action implied in the primitive

Boyle. verb. Deserves de:Zero i pret:& pp. deserved; Desideratum (dē-sid'ér-ā"tum), n. pl. De- Designate (desig-nāt), v.t. pret. & pp. desig

siderata (de-sid'ér-a"ta). [L., neut of defrom L. deservio, to serve diligently-de,

natum. See DESIGN.] 1. To mark out or intens., and servio, to serve.] 1. To merit; sideratus, pp. of desidero, to desire.] That

show so as to make known; to indicate by which is desired; that which is not possessed, to be worthy of: applied to good or evil.

visible lines, marks, description, or somebut which is desirable; any perfection or thing known and determinate; as, to desigSince we deserved the name of friends,

improvement which is wanted. And thine effect so lives in me,

nate the limits of a country; to designate A part of mine may live in thee,

To correct this inconvenience has long been a the spot where a star appears in the heavens; And move thee on to noble ends. Tennyson.

desideratum in that act.


to designate the place where the troops Let none admire

The great desiderata are taste and common sense.

Coleridge. That riches grow in hell; that soil may best

landed. -2. To point out; to distinguish from Deserve the precious bane. Milton. Desidiose, t Desidioust (de-si'di-os, dė-si'

others by indication; to name and settle

the identity of; as, to be able to designate 2. To merit by labour or services; to have a di-us), a. (L. desidiosus, idle-de, intens.,

every individual who was concerned in a just claim to an equivalent for good conand sido, to sit.] Idle; lazy.

riot. -—3. To appoint; to select or distinguish ferred; as, the labourer deserves his wages; Desidiousnesst (de-sid'i-us-nes), n. Lazihe deserves the value of his services. ---3. To

for a particular purpose; to assign: with ness; indolence. N. Bacon.

for; as, to designate an officer for the commerit by good actions or qualities in gene. Desightment (dē-sit'ment), n. The act of

mand of a station: or with to; as, this capral; to be worthy of, on account of excel making unsightly; disfigurement. (Rare.)

tain was designated to that station.-Syn. To lence.

Substitute jury-tuasts at whatever desightment or name, denominate, style, entitle, character'Tis not in mortals to command success;

damage in risk.


ize, describe. But we'll do more, Sempronius; we'll deserve it.


Design (de-sīn' or de-zin), v.t. [L. desigmo, Designate (de'sig-nät), a. Appointed; marked 4. To be worthy of, in a bad sense; to merit

to mark out, to point out, to contrive-de, out; as, the bishop designate. by an evil act; as, to deserve blame or pun

and signo, to seal or stamp, from signum, Designation (de-sig-na'shon), n. 1. The act ishment

mark, sign.] 1. To plan and delineate by of pointing or marking out by signs or obGod exacteth of thee less than thine iniquity de.

drawing the outline or figure of; to sketch, jects; a distinguishing from others; indicaserveth.

Job xi. 6.

as in painting and other works of art, as for tion; as, the designation of an estate by 5. + To serve; to treat; to benefit.

A man

a pattern or model; to project or plan. boundaries. -- 2. Appointment; direction; as, that hath so well deserved me.' Massinger.

a claim to a throne grounded on the desig

Thus while they speed their pace, the prince deDeserve (dė-zėry'), v.i. To merit; to be

nation of a predecessor.

signs worthy of or deserving; as, he deserves well The new-elected seat, and draws the lines.

He is an High-priest, and a Saviour all-surñcient.

Dryden. or ill of his neighbour.

First, by his Father's eternal designation. Hopkins. 2. To contrive for a purpose; to project Those they honoured, as having power to work or with an end in view; to form in idea, as a

3. Appointment; a selecting and appointing: cease, as men deserved of thein.


assignment; as, the designation of an officer Deservedly (de-zerv'ed - li), adv. Justly;

Ask of politicians the end for which laws were ori.

to a particular command. --4. Import; disaccording to desert, whether of good or ginally designed, and they will answer, ...As a

tinct application. evil.

protection of the poor and weak, against the oppres Finite and infinite are primarily attributed in their

Burke. A man desertedly cuts himself off from the affecsion of the rich and powerful.'

first designation to things which have parts. Locke, tions of that coinmunity which he endeavours to sub. 3. To mentally devote to; to set apart in 5. Description; character; disposition. vert.


intention; to intend; as, we design this Such are the accidents which, sometimes remem. Deserver (dé-zerv'ér), n. He who deserves ground for a garden.

bered, and perhaps sometimes forgotten, produced or merits; one who is worthy of: used gene

One of those places was designed by the old man

that particular designation of mind, and propensity rally in a good sense.

Clarendon. to his son.

for some certain science or employment which is

commonly called Genius. Deserving (de-zerv'ing), a. Worthy of re

Johnson. 4. To mark out by tokens; to indicate; to ward or praise; meritorious; possessed of

6. That which designates; distinctive appeldenote; to give a name to; as, he designed good qualities that entitle to approbation;

lation; specifically, in Scots law, addition to himself John Smith. as, a deserring officer.

a name, as of title, profession, trade, or

Meet me to-inorrow where the master Deserving (de-zerv'ing), 1h. The act of merit

occupation, to distinguish the person from

And this fraternity shall design. Beant, & FI. ing; desert; merit.

others.-7. In Scots law, the setting apart SYN. To sketch, plan, invent, contrive, purYe have done unto him according to the deserving

of manses and glebes for the clergy from of his hands.

Judg. Ix. 16.
pose, intend, devote, project, mean.

the church lands of the parish by the pres-
All friends shall taste
Design (de-sin' or dē-zin), v.i. 1.f To set

bytery of the bounds. The wages of their virtue, and all foes

out or start, with a certain destination in Designative (de'sig-nāt-iv), a. Serving to The cup of their deservings. Shak. view; to direct one's course.

designate or indicate. Deservingly (de-zerv'ing-li), adv. Merito From this city she designed for Collin (Cologne) Designator (de'sig-nát-ér), n. 1. One who riously; with just desert.

conducted by the Earl of Arundel. Evelyn. designates or points out. -2. In Rom. antiq. Deshabille (de-za-bel'), n. (Fr., compounded 2. To intend; to purpose; as, to design to an officer who assigned to each person his of des, equivalent to L. dis, implying sepa write an essay or to study law.

rank and place in public shows and cereration from or negation of, and habiller, to Design (de-sin'), n. 1. A plan or representa monies. dress, from L. habilis, convenient, suitable, tion of a thing by an outline; sketch; general Designatory (de'sig-na-to-ri), a. That defrom habeo, to have.) Undress; a loose morn view; first idea represented by visible lines, signates; designative. ing dress. as in painting or architecture.

Designedly (de-sin'ed-li or dē-zīn'ed-li), adv.

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