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Under This Caption You Will Find In a Brief Form the Vital Points of

Legal Subjects of Interest To Business Men and Women Rights of widow in estate of deceased hus- third share in her husband's property. band. In the case of Griffing vs. Gislason, re- Griffing vs. Gislason, Supreme Court of cently decided in South Dakota, it appeared South Dakota. that Dennison J. Griffing, a widower, executed a will in which he bequeathed all of his prop- The liability of a concern when they appoint erty to his children then living, and to any that an agent to represent them in some outside might be born subsequently, in equal shares. town is quite often a question which the emOn the day after this will was made he remar- ployer is forced to face. The following should ried, but his new wife was in no manner men- be of great advantage to business men: tioned in the will, and no provision was ever “Agents are of two kinds, general and spemade for her.

cific. A general agent is one who is authorDennison J. Griffing thereafter died, and up- ized to act generally in connection with a paron reading the will it was a matter of uni- ticular trade, business or emplovment. If the versal surprise that Mrs. Griffing, the widow, agency referred to is of this character, then was not provided for. The widow was there- the person appointing him would be responsiupon advised by a friend of the family in whom ble for any acts which he might perform, proshe had great confidence that the will would vided they were within the general scope of not stand, and that her share in her husband's the business of his principal. A special agent estate, which amounted to over twenty thous- is one who is authorized to do one or more and dollars, would be the homestead and seven specific acts in pursuance of particular instruchundred and fifty dollars. The widow's adviser tions. In this case the principal is bound only had been a clerk of courts for many years, and to the extent of the authority which he has actshe felt, therefore, that whatever he said in re- ually conferred upon the agent or which he gard to legal matters must be right. As a mat- has permitted the agent to appear to have. ter of fact, where a married man dies without having made a valid will, the laws of South

Five Things Are Necessary Dakota give one-third of the estate to his

To Every Sale widow.

That the agreement should be binding. Although the widow was not aware of her That the property exist. legal rights, it seems that the other distribu

That it is owned by the seller. tees, the dead man's children, understood that That the agreement must refer to some parthe widow was entitled to one-third of her

ticular property. husband's propty. A contract was then That the consideration should be money. (Irawn up and signed by the widow and the

An agreement to sell requires only the first five children under which they all agreed to and last; a sale, all of the five. waive all rights under the will and to share Every sale is a contract. The buyer agrees alike in the estate each taking one-sixth. Shortly

to pay a certain sum for the goods, the seller afterward the widow discovered that instead

agrees to furnish the goods for the specified of gaining by the contract which she had

sum, the consideration is the agreement by the signed she had agreed to accept as her share buyer to pay for what he buys. Fraud in any one-half of what she was actually entitled to

part of the contract releases the defrauded party under the law, and she brought an action from his obligations. against the children to have the contract re

Property must exist. If A sold a horse to B, scinded and set aside.

and unbeknown to either the horse had died beThe will was invalid for the reason that the fore the sale, the whole contract would be void. statutes of South Dakota provide that the mar- If B had paid the price it must be returned to riage of one who has made a will operates as him. “If an article not yet manufactured is paid a revocation of the will if the wife is neither

for in advance, and is destroyed before finished, mentioned in the instrument nor otherwise the manufacturer must sustain the loss and furprovided for. Another statute of that State de- nish another article or restore the money to the clares that a party to a contract may rescind purchaser. the contract if his consent thereto was given Sale without ownership is no sale. No one by mistake, provided action is taken promptly can claim a thing simply because he has bought upon discovering the facts. Under this statute it, unless he has purchased it from the owner. it was held that the widow had a right to re- The true owner of property can claim it at any scind the contract and to come in for her one- time, and in whomsoever hands he finds it.

Arguments for Business Men Who Want to Make

Their Advertising Bring More Results In This Department Will Be Given the Best and Strongest Arguments to Help

the Merchants in Their Advertising and Form Letters Men's Clothing

Isn't it comforting to trade where you do not Needn't run to keep warm, with good over

have to be an expert and yet know you are getcoats as low as this.

ting the latest and best thing in furniture? You'll enjoy the cigar doubly, you'll appre

Reed Furniture.-A whole swamp of reeds ciate the book better in one of these house coats. made up into the prettiest, most artistic of house

The wearer of fine clothes will recognize at a hold furniture. Luxurious chairs, rockers, oddglance the refined tone of these garments.

shaped wood baskets, tables, etc. A Prince Albert coat you must have—if you

Shoes care to be well and correctly dressed. It's a

Shoes that can be worn with pleasure and coat for all occasions-christenings or funerals.

pride. It's correct in daylight or darkness.

Every pair has every penny possible put into Cleaning up the broken lines-odd lots of slow

the shoes. sellers—in our men's department brings to many

The soles of the footwear we sell remain with a calculating pocketbook a handsome saving.

the body. Consider the comfort of being able to get a

Man's Ideal Shoe.-Made on a last the shape suit or top coat to fit the very minute you want

of the natural foot. Low, broad soles, the it at haif the price of tailor-made and none of

broadest you ever saw. the worry of a made-to-measure garment. Boys' Clothing

Druggists' Goods Reefers and jackets for the little fellows, full We are in business. We want to be busy, to of warmth and cuteness.

keep busy, therefore it's to our interest to serve No cheaply-made gaudiness in the stock—all you as well as possible. are well-fashioned tailor-made suits.

A bottle on the shelf has been known to save Take two tailors of equal skill and experi- life—there isn't anything like a good remedy ence. Let one make men's clothes part of the when it's wanted—there isn't anything better to time and a boy's suit occasionally ; let the other the world than good medicine that does good. have nothing to do but to think about, design, The secret of success is often in adapting availcut and make boys' clothes. Which tailor would able means to certain ends. The hot-water bag you prefer to clothe your son ?

or bottle beats the old-fashioned hot brick and Men's Furnishings

makes sleigh-riding an enjoyable success. Domet Pajamas. There's nothing else so com

Jewelry and Silverware fortable for either lounging or sleeping as these Diamonds go for a song, and not a very good warm, fleecy protective garments.

song at that. A perfect hot-house, a flower garden of beauty,

We won't take a job for less than a fair price, large puff scarfs of highest grade silks and sat

and we won't slight any job we take. ins, Imperials, light or dark patterns, those re

You cannot buy this maker's silver plate at fined kinks and stylish points that well-dressed auction-house prices because he does not build liis men appreciate.

reputation on cheap goods. Our stock of shirts and neckwear contains a

Price has a Loud Voice.—Quality has a loud great many things you want and lots of things voice. But a duet between "quality and price" you must have.

You'll want them worse than brings down the house. Come to our store and ever when you see them. You never saw see what we have for you in jewelry. many pretty and desirable things at such tempt

It's no trick to pay the price and have a handing prices.

some ring or watch. What everybody is after is Neckwear comes in nicely at all times, though a chance to get them at a bargain. That is what it is only times like these that we would have the our specialty is, bargains in jewelry. nerve to bring out such styles as we now have. It is most important in buying Sheffield plate Look at our bows, scarfs, puffs, string ties, to trade with a reliable house, so as to secure four-in-hands, etc., if you are on a decorating good quality of plate and metal. There is much expedition.

cheap Sheffield in the market, made of copper Furniture

and thinly plated; but the quality we sell is made A beautiful piece of furniture is more than of nickel silver and very heavily plated. It will a gift—it often becomes an heirloom. Curio wear a lifetime, and even when the silver at last tables and cabinets are gifts of this sort.

is worn away the surface still remains white.

SO

The Making of Successful Color Illustrations

The production of artistic color-illustrations which all the reds of the original picture are for general use in books and magazines is today maintained while the yellows and blues are cinemvery nearly an exact science. The process color- ically cut out. This red negative goes through plate is right now at the zenith of its develop- the same process as the yellow negative, until it ment. Never before in the history of the graphic emerges a shallow metal plate in which the red arts were multiple results so uniform and so parts of the picture being copied are discernible pleasing; never before were purely mechanical on the surface. This plate is printed in red ink methods as applied to the duplication of the first on top of the yellow impression. To obtain a of the fine arts--painting-quite so perfect. This blue negative-the third in the series-a yellow perfection has been attained, however, only after glass and a red glass are required. These two many years of tireless chemical investigation and combined give an orange glass through which laborious experimenting. Many of our most the original picture is photographed, and this successful artisans have tried a dozen times and produces the blue negative holding only the failed and tried again before they finally suc- llues in the picture and eliminating all reds and ceeded in realizing their dreams of a commer- yellows. When this negative is turned into a cially feasible scheme of reproduction in colors. metal plate, it is printed on top of the yellow and No great work in science or art has ever been red impressions. The fourth plate required is accomplished without heart-breaking setbacks, the black plate. This is made from a negative and the making of color-process pictures is no which cuts out all of the threa first colors, yellow, exception to the universal rule. The Quadri red and blue. This black negative, the invenColor process of reproducing any picture or any tion of Bernhard Ludwig, is the most important subject in its original coloring represents the acquisition to process plate-making since the dishighest achievement of the best methods known coveries of Meisenbach, the father of photo-ento reproductive science.

graving processes. The modus operandi by which paintings and The old colortype process in which but three drawings in full color are reproduced is too tech- plates are used, does not reproduce copy with nical and would require too much space to de- perfect fidelity, since every object of nature, and scribe here. But, briefly, the stages through therefore all paintings and drawings in color which a large drawing or painting has to pass which reflect nature, contain black and grey in in the process of reproduction are as follows: greater or less degree, and the mere combining The picture or "copy" is first photographed and of yellow, red and blue can only approximate the this initial movement is the most important of greys and blacks which are a part of all things all. In photographing the original, the camera visual. is moved close to or far from it, and it is made It is one of the miracles of modern science small or large, according to its distance from the that a painting, in the execution of which the camera-box. By the Quadri Color process four artist has found it necessary to employ twenty plates, each plate representing a color, are neces- or more distinct and separate colors, can be rapsary. The colors employed are yellow, red, blue idly reproduced in exact fac-simile with four and black. The original painting or drawing is simple little metal plates printed in four simple first photographed for a yellow negative. To colors. The most complex canvases of the obtain this yellow negative a red and blue glass French impressionistic school of painting, in are necessary, and these two are placed together, which the approximation of nature's tones and forming a violet glass, through which the orig- tints is reached by a very riot of the prism, are inal picture is photographed; this produces the as cunningly fac-similed by this wonderful desired yellow negative—a negative which holds method as is the reflection of one's countenance all the yellows in the original and eliminates in a mirror. every particle of its reds and blues. This yellow It is all very wonderful, very beautiful, very negative is then converted through various stages laborious. It is the simple-appearing things that of photo-engraving until it becomes a solid metal are usually most complex in their making. This plate with that part of the design on its surface is distinctly true of color-plate production. Of containing every particle of yellow. This plate course, there are good color-pictures and there is printed with yellow ink and is the basic im- are bad, and the bad color-pictures you see in pression upon which the other three colors are some magazines may be the result of imperfectly iaid. The next required negative is the red one, made printing-plates, a carelessly printed sheet, and this is obtained with a yellow and blue glass or a poor quality of paper used for the impresand these two in combination give a green. Pho- sion; sometimes it is all of these things which tographing the original picture through this are responsible for a bad result. But where the green glass produces the red negative, or one in process is correct in all of its workings, where

Common-Sense

17

the presswork is accurate and in the hands of Chicago - The Mail Order Center careful workmen, and where the paper is of the

A careful observer of the mail order business finest quality, the result is a work of art. The

informs us that all other large cities in the east entire process by which color-pictures are made,

and west where an extensive mail order busiis as near perfection as human ingenuity and ness is carried on don't altogether do one-half skill can make it.

of the enormous mail order business handled Naturally there are many steps in the produc- from Chicago. An approximate estimate of the tion of the four plates from which the successive Chicago mail order business places the yearly yellow, red, blue and black impressions are made. amount to nearly $200,000,000, of which two The method of etching each metal plate is at

of the largest houses alone do a business of al-' once a delicate and a tedious one. And when

most $100,000,000. Outside of the regular mail the plate is all but ready for the press, there is a

order houses nearly every dry goods, clothing deal of "tooling" or hand engraving, as well as

and furnishing store is doing a good mail order burnishing to be done upon its polished copper

business, and yet the Chicago mail order busi

ness is only in its infancy. With the constant surface. Skilled engravers work for hours upon

increase of the rural free system, it is bound to a single plate, such as the black plate used in the

develop further and with the introduction of niniature reproduction on this page. And then the parcel post it will grow enormously, for the comes the electrotyping of the set of four plates express companies have so far, on account of ---the duplication of each plate many times so their exorbitant charges, and not too good serthat a large number of impressions can be made

vices, rather handicapped than favored the exwith one revolution of the press. The mere

tension of the mail order business. mixing of the colored inks is a science and the men who "make-read." a "form," or set of

Just Advertising plates, so that the impression is perfect, are artists in their particular vocation. From the mo- Advertising is to a man's business what steam ment the picture to be reproduced is received by is to an engine. Imagine a mail order concern the manager of the engraving department to the selling goods without advertising. Imagine the publication of the exquisite fac-simile in little,

result should Montgomery Ward, and Sears, there is an unceasing handling of it, a constant

Roebuck & Co. stop their advertising. Ask the

mammoth stores what would be the result scrutiny of it and the bending of the energies of a dozen skillful men to make the smaller picture

should they suddenly recognize (?) and cut

their advertising out. Picture to yourself what an exact duplicate in every line and tone of its

sort of a fair we would have if the A. Y. P. larger parent. A single slip in any one of the

Yet one meets several departments through which the plates people neglected to advertise.

men occasionally who profess to be disbelievers must pass, would be the instant undoing of all

in advertising—believe that it is a useless exthe care and thought which have been lavished

pense. But ask the man who pays the bills, upon them from the outset. The man at one of

and the bigger his bills the more enthusiastic the routing machines, for example, where all

his answer.—White's Sayings. the superfluous metal is cut away by sharp and rapidly revolving pointed steel tools, can destroy in a flash the day's work of the photographer and

“The first requisite of a good citizen in this etcher.

republic of ours is that he shall be able and What the future of this wonderful method of

willing to pull his weight; that he shall not be color reproduction is to be, no man can foretell.

a mere passenger, but shall do his share in the That it will go on from one step of perfection work that each generation of us finds ready to to another is certain. Its chief drawback today hand; and, furthermore, that in doing his work is its costliness. With so much labor involvei, he shall show, not only the capacity for sturdy it cannot be made comparatively inexpensive, self-help, but also self-respecting regard for the like the plain half-tone block. But present-day rights of others,"_Theodore Roosevelt. experiments are bringing the full-color process rearer and nearer to the point of cheapness and economy, and the time cannot be very far dis- Progress in life wants taking coolly. Attaintant when color work will be as economical to ing success is often something like catching a publish as the monotone. Meanwhile the Quadri train. You will see one man walking at a good Color process must stand for what is best in the pace that he can keep up till he gets there. Anwhole realm of artistic mechanical methods of other runs till he cannot progress at all. Vast full-color reproduction.—Metropolitan Maga- numbers of people are always getting pumped zine.

out!-Lord Beaconsfield.

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