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China now has a railway mileage of about around the inclosure. Then he seemed to get 9,000 miles. Of this 1,330 miles is in operation over his hysterics and set his wits to work. Soon and the rest under construction, except 930 miles he began systematically to dig a spiral groove "in abeyance.” Last year the Chinese imperial round and round the inner surface of the hole, railways, 529 miles, paid 26 per cent on the cap- which was several feet deep. Night and day the ital outlay.
busy little captive worked away digging little poc
kets here and there as his improvised staircase The common sunflower, a native of Peru and
got farther from the ground, so that he might Mexico, is gaining favor in Europe as a febrifuge.
rest from his hard labors. The workmen kept In Russia, where the plant is extensively culti
him supplied with food, and after the third day vated for its edible seeds and its oil, fever pa
the indefatigable little creature reached the top, tients sleep upon beds of sunflower leaves, and a
and enthusiastic cheering welcomed his freedom. Russian physician, experimenting upon 100 children between one month and twelve years of age, Oil and gas comes from strata of porous rocks has found that alcoholic extracts of the leaves and the supply is regulated by the thickness of and flowers cure fever as speedily as quinine. In the deposit and the nature of the rock. In rock Spain and France also the sunflower has proved that is very porous and where the strata is of as satisfactory as quinine in fevers.
great thickness, the flow is fast, and the produc
tion has in some cases exceeded 30,000 and 40,Certain spiders sail in airships made of silken
000 barrels of petroleum per day. Where the dethreads, and now an insect that travels in bal
posit is contained in rock not so porous, the proloons has been reported by two American natural
duction is slower. The latter are the wells, ists. Small balloons a quarter of an inch long
which are pumped for years without becoming and composed of tiny bubbles, having been ob- exhausted. Where the rock is only slightly porserved, it was found that each carried a fly re
ous, even when known to contain great quantities sembling the hornet-fly, with a dead fly, sup
of oil, the flow is so small that the wells do not posed to be food.
pay to pump. From a scientific point of view it It is true that the rattlesnake and the black is said there are no inexhaustible wells, but some snake are mortal enemies, and the black snake is in the Pennsylvania field have been producing for the victor in their battles, breaking the neck of forty years without much diminution in the outhis adversary before the rattler has time to strike. put. The theory is that gas lies in the same straThe black snakes of this country are as harmless
ta above the oil and is more easily exhausted. as frogs. On many of the large plantations in Many wells pour out gas at first and then become the south they are tamed and kept as a protection
oil wells. Where a large number of wells are from their enemy, as the warm climate prevents
driven close together in any locality, the gas supkeeping the houses closed so as to keep them out.
ply becomes exhausted in a short time. Where
only a few wells have been drilled, the supply of Slavemaking is a trait of ant life which has at
gas is comparatively steady and some in Pennsyltracted much attention. It is practised by differ- vania and Ohio have been supplying fuel for ent species, and while in some cases the slaves, towns and manufacturing houses for years withbelonging to different groups from their masters, out much decrease in pressure. The gas springs perform the ordinary duties of the rest, acting as of the Caucausaus have been burning for censervitors, in other cases there is a complete de- turies. pendence of the owners on the slaves. One ant, noted by Huber in 1810, was shown to be in dan
Obsidian is a natural glass. It is a variety of ger of actual starvation unless fed by the slaves.
lava and is hard, brittle and has a glassy luster, A British species makes slaves but is not depend
and is but partially transparent.
Its common ent upon them. It, however, carries off the pupae
colors are black, dark-gray, green, red and from the nests of the ants on which it makes its
brown, and may be striped or spotted. A speciforays and the strange ants born in the nest of
men usually contains but one of these colors, the conqueror take up menial duties.
however. It is used mostly for jewelry and or
namental purposes and in early times was emDuring the digging of holes for New York ployed for arrow heads, knives and mirrors. It telegraph poles not long ago the workmen noticed is found in Yellowstone park and in other locala mouse which had fallen into one of the cavities. ities in the United States. Iceland also has speciFor hours the tiny prisoner raced frantically mens of the obsidian glass, likewise Vesuvius.
THE ART OF THINKING. BÝ Mrs. E. Eastwick. Pub- THE THEORETICAL SYSTEM OF KARL MARX. By lished by John Lane Co., New York. Price $.50, post- Louis B. Boudin. Published by Charles H, Carr & Co.,
Chicago. The Art of Thinking," by Mrs. Egerton Eastwick, is
Under this caption Louis B. Boudin gives us a new book a book, not on brain food, but of brain food. One who
that is hailed by thinkers and students of economic probreads this very neat little volume of vest-pocket size
lems, because it gives with the precision peculiar to Mr. allows his brain a treat that is bound to invigorate new
Boudin a lucid introduction of Marxian economic theory. and better action.
The book contains a complete outline of the great system
of thought of which the famous Karl Marx was the first THE LONG TRAIL. By Hamilton Garland. Published
exponent, and thus serves as a splendid aid to the under
standing of the doctrine. Those having but a bowing by Harper Bros., New York, Price $1.25.
acquaintance with the theoretical system of Mr. Marx, "The Long Trail" is a story of outdoor adventure re- often termed “Scientific Socialism," will find the work of lating the trials and tribulations of a boy, Jack Hen- Mr. Boudin a treasure, as it lucidates thoroughly the derson, who leaves his home on the broad plains of great problems embraced within the realm of Marxism. Minnesota to go to Klondike, taking the road leading over the old telegraph trail. The constant rivalry and 5,000 FACTS ABOUT CANADA. By Frank Yeigh.
Cathe desire and love for gold make the story deep and nadian Facts Publishing Co., Toronto, Canada. Price interesting. "The Long Trail" is not only a story for 25 cents. boys and young men, but older
A remarkable little booklet has readers will also enjoy reading this
been compiled under the above clear-cut narrative effectively por
self-explanatory title by Frank trayed by a man who knows well
Yeigh, of Toronto, the well-known the country of which he visits.
writer and lecturer on themes Ca
nadian. Perhaps no one in the THE MAYOR'S WIFE. By Kath
Dominion is better qualified to erine Green. Published
make such a compilation. Its value Bobbs-Merrill Company, Indian
is, as claimed, "worth its weight apolis, Ind. Price $1.50.
in Yukon gold or Cobalt silver.' Anna Katherine Green's latest
The idea is a clever one, viz., a book, “The Mayor's Wife," is one
fact in a sentence, giving a wonof the most interesting books upon
derful mass of information in the the market to-day. The author is
smallest compass on every phasse especially talented in the art of
of the commercial and industrial plot weaving, a fact an who have
life of Canada and her natural reread her books will instantly ad
sources. mire. "The Mayor's Wife' can easily be called a masterpiece of
PENROSE'S PICTORIAL ANpresent-day fiction. You need but
NUAL. By Wm. Gamble. Pubread it to realize the truth of
lished by A. W. Penrose & Co., these words. Well illustrated and
109 Farringdon Road, London, reatly bound in cloth.
Penrose's Pictorial Annual is a THE GIANT'S STRENGTH. By
most valuable addition to the Basil King. Published by Har
library of any business man or adper Bros. Price $1.50.
vertising manager. It is replete This story deals with the life
with the latest devices and scienof millionaire, Paul Trofferd,
tific discoveries and
excepwho has ruined many families in
tional value to the printer, the order to acquire wealth, and
photographer, the engraver and through the noble character of his
the artist. Most beautifully and daughter, Paula, is forced to see
profusely illustrated. his wrongdoings. Paula falls in love with Roger Winship, a poor,
AS THE HAGUE ORDAINS. Pub. struggling artist, very strong
lished by Henry Holt Co. character, whose family has been
Price $1.50. ruined by her father. By her
This volume portrays a most purity and true conscience and
ANNA KATHERINE GRBEN
vivid life of brave Russian moral judgment Paula leads her
woman who, upon hearing that father to give away his fortune to those whom he has her husband has been captured at the Yalu and taken ruined. The story in itself well implies the name given to the military prison in Japan, leaves her home in St. to the book.
Petersburg and, disguising herself as a nurse in a mili
tary hospital, assumes a position, the dangers of which, CHINESE THOUGHT. By Dr. Paul Carus. Published by
amid trials and tribulations, hold the reader captivated Open Court Publishing Company, Chicago, III. Dr. Paul Carus in his book on “Chinese Thought" gives
to the very end of her story. Illustrated hy photographs, us a fair knowledge of Chinese life, Chinese history and
with word pictures equally as clear. Chinese religion, and a very practical key to the Chinese language. HOW DOTH THE SIMPLE SPELLING BEE.
GOOD HUNTING. By Theodore Roosevelt. Published by
By Owen Wister. Published by The Macmillan Co., New York.
Harper & Brothers. Price $1.50. This humorous little volume on “Reform Spelling" is
This book offers for young folks a series of fascinating written by Owen Wister, who tells how Masticator B. tales of big-game hunting and outdoor life in the Fellows, president of the Chickle University, in order West. It is written out of Mr. Roosevelt's personal exto give his college publicity, forms a committee on spell
periences before the beginning of ing reform. Owing to the fact that the subject was a
active political leading topic in recent current literature, the book has
career, when there was leisure to follow the lonely trail gained much popularity and likewise is worthy of a proper
of elk, wolf, or antelope in true sportsman fashion withcomment.
out a "gallery of newspaper men."
88 WABASH AVENUE, CHICAGO 150 NASSAU ST., NEW YORK 195 OXFORD ST. W., LONDON 131 "A" CASHEL ST., CHRISTCHURCH, N. Z. C. U. Johnson, Representative Thomas Dixon, Representative
James Rodger, Representative NOTE:- Publishers will kindly obtain permission before using any article in this publication, as it is completely protected. All communications should be addressed COMMON-SENSE PUBLISHING CO. 88 WABASH AVENUE, CHICAGO. Subscription price, $1.00 yearly; Foreign countries, $1.50 yearly. Advertising rates will be supplied on application. Send money by postal money order, registered letter, check or draft.
OFFICIAL PUBLICATION INTERNATIONAL UNITED BROTHERHOOD OLEATHER WORKERS HORSE GOODS
Cloth, 214 pages The entrancing beauties of wood and field are here set forth in a manner which is at once delightful and satisfy!ng. He or she who enters the home of the lowly and the gaudy denizens of nature's recesses thru this book will find in Miss Cherry a competent and charming guide,
Twenty-one families of plants are treated. There is a beautiful frontispiece in colors, and the book has numerous halftone illustrations from nature, by the author. The teacher and the lover of woodland and prairie will find this book a delightful companion.
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