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CUSTOMS RULE IV.

1. Vacancies in the lowest class or grade of the classified service of a customs district shall be filled in the following manner:

(a) The nominating officer, in any office in which a vacancy may exist, shall, in form and manner to be prescribed by the Commission, request the board of examiners to certify to him the names of either males or females eligible to the vacant place.

(6) If fitness for the place to be filled is tested by competitive examination, the board of examiners shall certify the names of three males or three females, these names to be those of eligibles wbo, standing higher in grade than any other three eligibles of the same sex on the register from which certification is to be made, have not been certified three times from said register: Provided, That if upon said register there are the names of eligibles who, under section 1754 of the Revised Statutes, have claim of preference in civil appointments, the names of such eligibles shall be certified before the names of other eligibles higher in grade. The Commission shall make regulations that will secure to each of such preference-claiming eligibles, in the order of his grade among other preference claimants, an opportunity to have his claim of preference considered and determined by the appointing officer.

(c) Each name on a register of eligibles may be certified only three times: Provided, That when a name has been three times certified, if there are not three names on the register of higher grade, it may, upon the written request of a nominating officer to whom it has not been certified, be included in any certification made to said officer.

2. Of the three names certified the nominating officer must select one; and, if at the time of making this selection there are more vacancies than one, he may select more than one name. Each person thus designated for appointment shall be notified, and upon reporting in person to the proper officer shall be appointed for a probational period of six months, at the end of which period, if his conduct and capacity be satisfactory to the nominating officer, he shall receive absolute appointment; but if his conduct and capacity be not satisfactory to said officer, he shall be notified that he will not receive absolute appointment, and this notification shall discharge him from the service.

3. Every nominating officer in the classified customs service shall require the officer under whom a probationer may be serving to carefully observe and report in writing the services rendered by and the character and qualifications of such probationer. These reports shall be preserved on file, and the Commission may prescribe the form and manner in which they shall be made.

4. All other vacancies, unless among the places excepted from examination, shall be filled by transfer or promotion.

CUSTOMS RULE V.

1. Until promotion regulations have been applied to a classified customs district the following promotions may be made therein at any time after absolute appointment:

(a) A clerk,* upon any test of fitness determined upon by the nominating officer, to any vacant place in the class next above the one in which he may be serving.

(b) A day inspector, upon any test of fitness determined npon by the nominating officer, to class 2 in the grade of clerk.

(c) A clerk, day inspector, opener-and-packer, or sampler, after passing the examiner examination, to the grade of examiner.

(d) A messenger, after passing the clerk examination, to the lowest class in the grade of clerk.

(e) A night inspector, after passing the day-inspector examination, to the grade of day inspector.

* Storekeepers shall be classed as clerks, and vacancies in that glass shall be filled by assignment.

2. Other promotions may be made, in the discretion of the promoting officer, upon any test of fitness determined upon by him.

CUSTOMS RULE VI.

1. Transfers may be made as follows:

(a) From one office of a classified district to another office in the same district, subject to the provisions of Customs Rule V.

(b) From one classified district to another, upon requisition by the Secretary of the Treasury.

(c) From a bureau of the Treasury Department, in which business relating to customs is transacted, and from the office of the Solicitor of the Treasury to a classified customs district, and from such a district to such a bureau of the Treasury Department or to said office, upon requisition by the Secretary of the Treasury.

2. No person may be transferred, as herein authorized, until the board of examiners, acting under (a) of clause 1, or until the Commission, acting under (b) or (c) of clause 1 of this rule, shall have certified to the officer making the transfer requisition that the person whom it is proposed to transfer has passed an examination to test fitness for the place to which he is to be transferred, and that such person has been at least six inonths preceding the date of the certificate in the classified service of the department or customs district from which the transfer is to be made.

CUSTOMS RULE VII.

Upon requisition of a nominating officer in any customs district the board of examiners thereof shall certify for reinstatement in any office under his jurisdiction, in a grade requiring no higher examination than the one in which he was formerly employed, any person who, within one year next preceding the date of the requisition, has, through no delinquency or misconduct, been separated from the classified service of said office: Provided, That certification may be made, subject to the other conditions of this rule, for the reinstatement of any person who served in the military or naval service of the United States, in the late war of tho rebellion, and was honorably discharged therefrom, or the widow of any such person, without regard to the length of time he or she has been separated from the service.

CUSTOMS RULE VIII.

Each nominating officer of a classified customs district shall report to the board of examiners

(a) Every probational and absolute appointment, and every appointment under any exception to examination authorized by Customs Rule II, clause 5, made within his jurisdiction.

(6) Every refusal by him to nominate a probationer for absolute appointment, and every refusal or neglect to accept an appointment in the classified service under him.

(c) Every transfer into the classified service under him.

(d) Every separation from the classified service under him, and whether the separation was caused by dismissal, resignation, or death. Places excepted from examination are within the classified service.

(e) Every restoration to the classified service under him of any person who may have been separated therefrom by dismissal or resignation.

SPECIAL CUSTOMS RULE.

RULE No. 1.

In addition to exceptions from examination in the classified customs service, made under Customs Rule No. 2, clause 5, the following special exceptions are made:

In the Boston customs district: Office of the naval officer: Assistant deputy naval officer.

At the port of New York: Office of the collector: Bookbinder, and detectives employed exclusively as such.

Office of the general appraiser: Chief clerk and law clerk.

POSTAL RULES.

POSTAL RULE I.

1. The classified postal service shall include the officers, clerks, and other persons in the several post-offices classified under the provisions of section 6 of the act to regulate and improve the civil service of the United States, approved January 16, 1883.

2. The classification of the postal service made by the Postmaster-General under section 6 of the act of January 16, 1883, is hereby extended to all free-delivery postoffices; and hereafter whenever any post-office becomes a free-delivery office the said classification or any then existing classification made by the Postmaster-General under said section and act shall apply thereto; and the Civil Service Commission shall provide examinations to test the fitness of persons to fill vacancies in all freedelivery post-offices, and these rules shall be in force therein; but this shall not. include any post-office made an experimental free-delivery office under the authority contained in the appropriation act of March 3, 1891. Every revision of the classification of any post-office under section 6 of the act of January 16, 1883, and every inclusion of a post-office within the classified postal service shall be reported to the I

POSTAL RULE II.

1. To test the fitness for admission to the classified postal service one or more examinations shall be provided as the Commission may determine, which shall not include more than the following subjects: Orthography, copying, penmanship, arithmetic (fundamental rules, fractions and percentago), elements of the geography of the United States, local delivery, reading addresses, physical tests. Provided, That when special examinations are needed to test fitness for any place requiring special or technical knowledge or skill, the examination shall include, in addition to the special subjects required, such of the subjects of the regular examination as the Commission may determine.

Non-competitive examinations.-Such examinations may, with the approval of the Commission, be held under conditions stated in General Rule III, clause 2.

2. No person shall be examined for the position of letter carrier if under twentyone or over forty years of age; and no person shall be examined for any other position in the classified postal service if under eighteen years of age.

3. Any person desiring examination for admission to the classified postal service must make request, in his own handwriting, for a blank form of application, which request, and also his application, shall be addressed as directed by the Commission,

4. The date of reception and also of approval by the board of each of such appli. cations shall be noted on the application paper.

5. Exceptions from examinations in the classified postal service are hereby made as follows:

(a) Assistant postmaster.
(6) One private secretary, or one confidential clerk of the postmaster.
(0) Cashier.
(d) Assistant cashier.

(e) Superintendents designated by the Post-Office Department, and reported as such to the Commission: Provided, That superintendents of mails shall be selected from among the employés of the Railway Mail Service.

(f) Custodians of money, stamps, stamped envelopes, or postal-cards, designated as such by the Post-Office Department, and so reported to the Commission, for whose fidelity the postmaster is under official bond.

6. No person appointed to a place under any exception to examination hereby made shall, within one year after appointment, be transferred to another place not also excepted from examination; but a person who has served not less than one year in an examination-excepted place may be transferred in the post-office in which he is serving to a place not excepted from examination: P That before any such transfer

may be made the Commission must certify that the porson whom it is proposed to so transfer has passed an examination to test fitness for the place proposed to be filled by such transfer.

POSTAL RULE III.

1. The papers of every examination shall be marked under the direction of the Commission, and each competitor shall be graded on a scale of 100, according to the general average determined by marks made by the examiners on his papers.

2. The Commission shall appoint in each classified post-office a board of examiners, which shall

(a) Conduct all examinations held to test fitness for entrance to or promotion in the classified service of the post-office in which the board is located.

(6) Mark the papers of such examinations, unless otherwise directed, as provided for by General Rule III, clause 12.

(c) Conduct such examinations for the classified departmental service as the Commission may direct.

3. The papers of an examination having been marked, the board of examiners shall ascertain

(a) The name of every competitor who has, under section 1754 of the Revised Statutes, claim of preference in civil appointments, and who has attained a general average of not less than 65 per cent.; and all such competitors are hereby declared eligible to the class or place to test fitness for which the examination was held.

(6) The name of every other competitor who has attained a general average of not less than 70 per cent.; and all such applicants are hereby declared eligible to the class or place to test fitness for which the examination was held.

4. The names of all preference-claiming competitors whose general average is not less than 65 per cent., together with the names of all other competitors whose general average is not less than 70 per cent., shall be entered upon the register of persons eligible to the class or place to test fitness for which the examination was held. The names of male and of female eligibles shall be listed separately. When two ar more eligibles are of the same grade, preference in certification shall be determined by the order in which their application papers were filed.

5. Immediately after the general averages shall have been ascertained each competitor shall be notified that he has passed or has failed to pass.

6. If a competitor fail to pass, he may, with the consent of the board, approved by the Commission, be allowed re-examination at any time within six months from the date of failure, without filing a new application. But a competitor failing to pass, desiring to take again the same examination, must, if not allowed re-examination

within six months from the date of failure, make, in due form, a new application therefor.

7. No person who has passed an examination shall, while eligible on the register supplied by such examination, be re-examined, unless he shall furnish evidence satisfactory to the Commission that at the time of his examination he was, because of illness or for other good cause, incapable of doing himself justice in said examination.

8. The term of eligibility to appointinent in the classified postal service shall be one year from the day on which the name of the eligible is entered on the register.

POSTAL RULE IV

1. Vacancies in the classified service of a post-office, unless among the places excepted from examination, if not filled by either transfer or promotion, shall be filled in the following manner:

(a) The postmaster at a post-office in which a vacancy may exist shall, in form and manner to be prescribed by the Commission, request the board of examiners to certify to him the names of either males or females, eligible to the vacant place.

(6) If fitness for the place to be filled is tested by competitive examination, the board of examiners shall certify the names of three males or three females, these names to be those of the eligibles who, standing higher in grade than any other three eligibles of the same sex on the register from which certification is to be made, have not been certified three times from said register: Provided, That if upon said register there are the names of eligibles who, under section 1754 of the Revised Statutes, have claim of preference in civil appointments, the names of such eligibles shall be certified before the names of other eligibles higher in grade. The Commission shall make regulations that will secure to each of such preference-claiming eligibles, in the order of his grade among other preference claimants, opportunity to have his claim of preference considered and determined by the appointing officer.

(c) Each name on any register of eligibles may be certified only three times.

2. Of the three names certified to him the postmaster must select one; and if, at the time of making this selection, there are more vacancies than one, he may select more than one name. Each person thus designated for appointment shall be notified, and upon reporting in person to the postmaster shall be appointed for a probational period of six months, at the end of which period, if his conduct and capacity be satisfactory to the postmaster, he shall receive absolute appointment; but if his conduct and capacity be not satisfactory to said officer he shall be notified that he will not receive absolute appointment, and this notification shall discharge him from the service.

3. The postmaster of each classified post-office shall require the superintendent of each division of his office to carefully observe and report in writing the services rendered by and the character and qualification of each probationer serving under him. These reports shall be preserved on file, and the Commission may prescribe the form and manner in which they shall be made.

4. In case of the sudden occurrence of a vacancy in a position within the classified service of any postoffice which the public interest requires shall be immediately filled, and which can not be so filled by certification from the eligible registers, such vacancy may be filled by temporary appointment until a regular appointment can be made under the provisions of sections 1 and 2 of this rule, provided such temporary appointment shall in no caso continue longer than ninety days; and provided further, That no person shall serve more than ninety days in any one year under such temporary appointment. Every such temporary appointment, and also the discontinuance of the same, shall at once be reported to the Commission,

POSTAL RULE V.

Until promotion regulations shall have been applied to a classified post-office, promotions therein may be made upon any test of fitness determined upon by the post

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