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at least, is generally acceptable, but what we it imply a deficiency of spiritual endowments. believe can be traced to preconceived intention, Parents and guardians, looking forward to sources and specific acts and formal contrivances of human of honourable maintenance for their children and understanding. A Christian instructor thoroughly wards, often direct their thoughts early towards accomplished would be a standing restraint upon the church, being determined partly by outward such presumptuousness of judgment, by impressing circumstances, and partly by indications of seriousthe truth that,

ness, or intellectual fitness. It is natural that a

boy or youth, with such a prospect before him, In the unreasoning progress of the world

should turn his attention to those studies, and be A wiser spirit is at work for us, A better eye than ours.

led into those habits of reflection, which will in

some degree tend to prepare him for the duties Revelation points to the purity and peace of a he is hereafter to undertake. As he draws nearer future world; but our sphere of duty is upon to the time when he will be called to these duties, earth; and the relations of impure and conflicting he is both led and compelled to examine the things to each other must be understood, or we Scriptures. He becomes more and more sensible shall be perpetually going wrong, in all but goodness of their truth. Devotion grows in him; and what of intention; and goodness of intention will itself might begin in temporal considerations, will end relax through frequent disappointment. How (as in a majority of instances we trust it does) in a desirable, then, is it, that a minister of the Gospel spiritual-mindedness not unworthy of that Gospel, should be versed in the knowledge of existing facts, the lessons of which he is to teach, and the faith of and be accustomed to a wide range of social ex- which he is to inculcate. Not inappositely may be perience! Nor is it less desirable for the purpose here repeated an observation which, from its obof counterbalancing and tempering in his own viousness and importance, must have been fremind that ambition with which spiritual power is quently made, viz. that the impoverishing of the as apt to be tainted as any other species of power clergy, and bringing their incomes much nearer which men covet or possess.

to a level, would not cause them to become less It must be obvious that the scope of the argu- | worldly-minded: the emoluments, howsoever rement is to discourage an attempt which would duced, would be as eagerly sought for, but by men introduce into the Church of England an equality from lower classes in society; men who, by their of income, and station, upon the model of that of manners, habits, abilities, and the scanty measure Scotland. The sounder part of the Scottish nation of their attainments, would unavoidably be less know what good their ancestors derived from their fitted for their station, and less competent to church, and feel how deeply the living generation discharge its duties. is indebted to it. They respect and love it, as ac Visionary notions have in all ages been afloat commodated in so great a measure to a compara- | upon the subject of best providing for the clergy ; tively poor country, through the far greater notions which have been sincerely entertained by portion of which prevails a uniformity of employ- good men, with a view to the improvement of that ment; but the acknowledged deficiency of theo- order, and eagerly caught at and dwelt upon, by the logical learning among the clergy of that church is designing, for its degradation and disparagement. easily accounted for by this very equality. What Some are beguiled by what they call the voluntary else may be wanting there, it would be unpleasant system, not seeing (what stares one in the face at to inquire, and might prove invidious to determine : the very threshold) that they who stand in most one thing, however, is clear; that in all countries need of religious instruction are unconscious of the temporalities of the Church Establishment the want, and therefore cannot reasonably be exshould bear an analogy to the state of society, pected to make any sacrifices in order to supply otherwise it cannot diffuse its influence through it. Will the licentious, the sensual, and the dethe whole community. In a country so rich and praved, take from the means of their gratifications luxurious as England, the character of its clergy and pursuits, to support a discipline that cannot must unavoidably sink, and their influence be advance without uprooting the trees that bear the every where impaired, if individuals from the fruit which they devour so greedily? Will they upper ranks, and men of leading talents, are to pay the price of that seed whose harvest is to be have no inducements to enter into that body but reaped in an invisible world? A voluntary system such as are purely spiritual. And this tinge of for the religious exigencies of a people numerous secularity' is no reproach to the clergy, nor does and circumstanced as we are! Not more absurd

would it be to expect that a knot of boys should This cannot be effected, unless the English draw upon the pittance of their pocket-money to Government vindicate the truth, that, as her build schools, or out of the abundance of their dis- church exists for the benefit of all (though not in cretion be able to select fit masters to teach and equal degree), whether of her communion or not, keep them in order! Some, who clearly perceive all should be made to contribute to its support. the incompetence and folly of such a scheme for If this ground be abandoned, cause will be given to the agricultural part of the people, nevertheless fear that a moral wound may be inflicted upon think it feasible in large towns, where the rich the heart of the English people, for which a remedy might subscribe for the religious instruction of the cannot be speedily provided by the utmost efforts poor. Alas! they know little of the thick dark- which the members of the Church will themselves ness that spreads over the streets and alleys of our be able to make. large towns. The parish of Lambeth, a few years But let the friends of the church be of good since,contained not more than one church and three courage. Powers are at work, by which, under or four small proprietary chapels, while dissenting Divine Providence, she may be strengthened and chapels, of every denomination were still more scan- the sphere of her usefulness extended ; not by tily found there; yet the inhabitants of the parish alterations in her Liturgy, accommodated to this amounted at that time to upwards of 50,000. Were or that demand of finical taste, nor by cutting off the parish church and the chapels of the Establish- this or that from her articles or Canons, to which ment existing there, an impediment to the spread the scrupulous or the overweening may object. of the Gospel among that mass of people? Who Covert schism, and open nonconformity, would shall dare to say so? But if any one, in the face survive after alterations, however promising in of the fact which has just been stated, and in op- the eyes of those whose subtilty had been exercised position to authentic reports to the same effect in making them. Latitudinarianism is the parfrom various other quarters, should still contend, helion of liberty of conscience, and will ever that a voluntary system is sufficient for the spread successfully lay claim to a divided worship. and maintenance of religion, we would ask, what

Among Presbyterians, Socinians, Baptists, and kind of religion? wherein would it differ, among

Independents, there will always be found numbers the many, from deplorable fanaticism?

who will tire of their several creeds, and some For the preservation of the Church Establish-will come over to the Church. Conventicles may ment, all men, whether they belong to it or not, disappear, congregations in each denomination could they perceive their true interest, would be may fall into decay or be broken up, but the constrenuous: but how inadequate are its provisions quests which the National Church ought chiefly to for the needs of the country! and how much is it aim at, lie among the thousands and tens of thouto be regretted that, while its zealous friends yield sands of the unhappy outcasts who grow up with to alarms on account of the hostility of dissent, no religion at all. The wants of these cannot they should so much over-rate the danger to be but be feelingly remembered. Whatever may be apprehended from that quarter, and almost over- the disposition of the new constituencies under look the fact that hundreds of thousands of our the reformed parliament, and the course which fellow-countrymen, though formally and nominally the men of their choice may be inclined or comof the Church of England, never enter her places pelled to follow, it may be confidently hoped that of worship, neither have they communication with individuals acting in their private capacities, will her ministers! This deplorable state of things endeavour to make up for the deficiencies of the was partly produced by a decay of zeal among the legislature. Is it too much to expect that prorich and influential, and partly by a want of due prietors of large estates, where the inhabitants expansive power in the constitution of the Estab- are without religious instruction, or where it is lishment as regulated by law. Private benefactors, sparingly supplied, will deem it their duty to take in their efforts to build and endow churches, have part in this good work; and that thriving manubeen frustrated, or too much impeded by legal facturers and merchants will, in their several obstacles: these, where they are unreasonable or neighbourhoods, be sensible of the like obligation, unfitted for the times, ought to be removed ; and, and act upon it with generous rivalry ? keeping clear of intolerance and injustice, means Moreover, the force of public opinion is rapidly should be used to render the presence and powers increasing: and some may bend to it, who are not of the church commensurate with the wants of a

so happy as to be swayed by a higher motive; shifting and still-increasing population.

especially they who derive large incomes from

sober-minded admit that, in general views, my affections have been moved, and my imagination exercised, under and for the guidance of reason.

lay-impropriations, in tracts of country where ministers are few and meagrely provided for. A claim still stronger may be acknowledged by those who, round their superb habitations, or elsewhere, walk over vast estates which were lavished upon their ancestors by royal favouritism or purchased at insignificant prices after church-spoliation ; such proprietors, though not consciencestricken (there is no call for that) may be prompted to make a return for which their tenantry and dependents will learn to bless their names. An impulse has been given ; an accession of means from these several sources, co-operating with a well-considered change in the distribution of some parts of the property at present possessed by the church, a change scrupulously founded upon due respect to law and justice, will, we trust, bring about so much of what her friends desire, that the rest may be calmly waited for, with thankfulness for what shall have been obtained.

Let it not be thought unbecoming in a layman, to have treated at length a subject with which the clergy are more intimately conversant. All may, without impropriety, speak of what deeply concerns all ; nor need an apology be offered for going over ground which has been trod before so ably and so often : without pretending, however, to any thing of novelty, either in matter or manner, something may have been offered to view, which will save the writer from the imputation of having little to recommend his labour, but goodness of intention.

It was with reference to thoughts and feelings expressed in verse, that I entered upon the above notices, and with verse I will conclude. The passage is extracted from my MSS. written above thirty years ago: it turns upon the individual dignity which humbleness of social condition does not preclude, but frequently promotes. It has no direct bearing upon clubs for the discussion of public affairs, nor upon political or trade-unions ; but if a single workman-who, being a member of one of those clubs, runs the risk of becoming an agitator, or who, being enrolled in a union, must be left without a will of his own, and therefore a slave-should read these lines, and be touched by them, I should indeed rejoice, and little would I care for losing credit as a poet with intemperate critics, who think differently from me upon political philosophy or public measures, if the

Here might I pause, and bend in reverence To Nature, and the power of human minds; To men as they are men within themselves. How oft high service is performed within, When all the external man is rude in show; Not like a temple rich with pomp and gold, But a mere mountain chapel that protects Its simple worshippers from sun and shower! Of these, said I shall be my song; of these, If future years mature me for the task, Will I record the praises, making verse Deal boldly with substantial things in truth And sanctity of passion, speak of these, That justice may be done, obeisance paid Where it is due. Thus haply shall I teach Inspire, through unadulterated ears Pour rapture, tenderness, and hope ; my theme No other than the very heart of man, As found among the best of those who live, Not unexalted by religious faith, Nor uninformed by books, good books, though few, In Nature's presence : thence may I select Sorrow that is not sorrow, but delight, And miserable love that is not pain To hear of, for the glory that redounds Therefrom to human kind, and what we are. Be mine to follow with no timid step Where knowledge leads me; it shall be my pride That I have dared to tread this holy ground, Speaking no dream, but things oracular, Matter not lightly to be heard by those Who to the letter of the outward promise Do read the invisible soul; by men adroit In speech, and for communion with the world Accomplished, minds whose faculties are then Most active when they are most eloquent, And elevated most when most admired. Men may be found of other mould than these; Who are their own upholders, to themselves Encouragement and energy, and will; Expressing liveliest thoughts in lively words As native passion dictates. Others, too, There are, among the walks of homely life, Still higher, men for contemplation framed ; Shy, and unpractised in the strife of phrase; Meek men, whose very souls perhaps would sink Beneath them, summoned to such intercourse. Their’s is the language of the heavens, the power, The thought, the image, and the silent joy: Words are but under-agents in their souls; When they are grasping with their greatest strength They do not breathe among them ; this I speak In gratitude to God, who feeds our hearts For his own service, knoweth, loveth us, When we are unregarded by the world.'

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INDEX TO THE POEMS.

In case of need, seek under the word Lines, Sonnet, or Stanzas. 1

Congratulation, 332
Conjectures, 312
Conversion, 315
Corruptions of the higher Clergy, 322
Countess' Pillar, 341
Cranmer, 324
Crusaders, 320
Crusades, 318

274

277

Danish Conquests, 317
Decay of Piety, 201
Dedication (Con. Tour), 255

(Mis. Son.), 197

(W. Doe of R.), 292
Departure.-Vale of Grasmere, 218
Descriptive Sketches, 6
Desultory Stanzas, 268
Devotional Incitements, 177
Dion, 165
Dissensions, 314
Dissolution of the Monasteries, 322

322

322
Distractions, 325
Druidical Excommunication, 313

ABUSE of Monastic Power, 322

At Applethwaite, 198
A Character, 362

At Bologna, 387
A Complaint, 79

387
Acquittal of the Bishops, 328

388
Address from the Spirit of Cocker. At Dover, 268
mouth Castle, 349

At Florence, 278
to a Child, 55

- 278
to Kilchurn Castle, 223

- 279
to my Infant Daughter, 130 At Furness Abbey, 217
- to the Scholars of the Village

217
School of 433

A Tradition of Oken Hill, 213
Admonition, 197

At Rome, 274
A Fact and an Imagination, 373

274
A Farewell, 75
Afflictions of England, 326

275
A Flower Garden, 113

At the Convent of Camaldoli, 277
After leaving Italy, 279

- 277
- 279
After-thought (Riv. Dud.), 292

At the Grave of Burns, 218
(Tour Contin.), 258 At Vallombrosa, 277
A Grave-stone.- Worcester Cathedral, A Wren's Nest, 127

213
A Jewish Family, 180
Airey-force Valley, 142

Baptism, 330

Before the Picture of the Baptist, 278
Aix-la-Chapelle, 256
Alfred, 316

Beggars, 147

Sequel, 148
Alfred's Descendants, 317
Alice Fell, 56

Bothwell Castle, 340
American Tradition, 289

Bruges, 255

- 255
Among the Ruins of a Convent in the

Apennines, 279
A Morning Exercise, 113

Calais, Aug. 1802, 236
Anecdote for Fathers, 60

- 15 Aug. 1802, 237
An Evening Walk, 2

Canute, 317
A Night-piece, 141

Captivity. Mary Queen of Scots, 208
A Night-thought, 369

Casual Incitement, 314
Animal Tranquillity and Decay, 429 Catechising, 330
An Interdict, 318

Cathedrals, &C., 333
Anticipation, Oct. 1803, 240

Cave of Staffa, 355
A Parsonage in Oxfordshire, 211

355
A Place of Burial in the South of Scot-

355
land, 336

Cenotaph, 432
A Plea for Authors, 216

Characteristics of a Child, 55
A Poet's Epitaph, 364

Character of the Happy Warrior, 371.
Apology (Ecc. Son.), 315

Charles the Second, 327
(Ecc. Son.), 323

Church to be erected, 333
- (Pun. of Death), 391

333
- (Yar. Rev.), 341

Cistertian Monastery, 319
A Prophecy, Feb. 1807, 242

Clerical Integrity, 327
Archbishop Chichely to Henry V., 321 | Conclusion (Ecc. Son.), 334
Artegal and Elidure, 72

(Mis Son.), 209
Aspects of Christianity in America, 328

(Pun. of Death), 391
329

(Riv. Dud.), 291

Confirmation, 330
At Albano, 275

- 330

verb

Eagles, 237
Echo, upon the Gemmi, 265
Edward VI., 324

- signing the Warrant, 324
Effusion.-Banks of the Bran, 233

- Tower of Tell, 259
Ejaculation, 334
Elegiac Musings.----Coleorton Hall, 438

Stanzas, 1824, 437
- F. W. Goddard, 266

Peele Castle, 434
Verses. John Wordsworth
1805, 435
Elizabeth, 325
Ellen Irwin, 221
Emigrant French Clergy, 332
Eminent Reformers, 325

325
Engelberg, 259
English Reformers in exile, 325
Epistle to Sir George Beaumont, Bart.,

392
Epitaph. Langdale Chapel-yard, 432
Epitaphs from Chiabrera, 430
Expostulation and Reply, 361
Extempore Effusion, upon the death

of James Hogg, 440

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Introduction, (Ecc. Son.), 312

Ode composed on an Evening of extra-
Invocation to the Earth, 436

ordinary splendour, 345
Iona, 356

- on May Morning, 381
- 356

Intimations of Immortality, 441
Journey renewed, 291

1815, 250
Isle of Man, 352

1814, 248
353

- to Duty, 370

- to Lycoris, 374

Old Abbeys, 332
Lament of Mary Queen of Scots, 80 On a Portrait of the Duke of Welling-
Laodamia, 162

ton, 214
Latimer and Ridley, 324

Open Prospect, 288
Latitudinarianism, 327

Other Benefits, 320
Laud, 326

- - 320
Liberty.-Gold and Silver Fishes, 396 - Influences, 315
Lines. Above Tintern Abbey, 160 Our Lady of the Snow, 259

- Album of the Countess of Oxford, May 30, 1820, 210
Lonsdale, 404

210
- Blank Leaf of the "Excursion,”
437
By the Sea-shore, 346

Papal Abuses, 318
By the Sea-side, 343

- Dominion, 318
By the side of Rydal Mere, 343 Pastoral Character, 329
Charles Lamb, 438

Patriotic Sympathies, 327
Coast of Cumberland, 342

Paulinus, 315
Expected Invasion, 1803, 240

Persecution, 313
In a boat at evening, 6

of the Covenanters,
In early Spring, 362

Personal talk, 367
Macpherson's Ossian, 354

Persuasion, 315
Mr. Fox, 436

Peter Bell, 185
Portrait, 383

Picture of Daniel in the Lion's Den,
- 384

340
- Suggested by a Picture of the Places of Worship, 329
Bird of Paradise, 180

Plea for the Historian, 274
- Upon seeing a coloured Draw Poor Robin, 397
ing of the Bird of Paradise, 385 Power of Music, 145
- Yew-tree Seat, 14

Prelude. Poems chiefly of early and
London, 1802, 238

late years, 403
Love lies bleeding, 128

Presentiments, 175
Companion to, 128

Primitive Saxon Clergy, 315
Loving and Liking, 104

Processions Chamouny, 265
Louisa, 77
Lowther, 358
Lucy Gray, 57

Recollection of the Portrait of Henry

VIII., 210

Recovery, 313
Malham Cove, 209

Reflections, 323
Mary Queen of Scots, 350

Regrets, 332
Maternal Grief, 85

Remembrance of Collins, 6
Matthew, 365

Repentance, 83
Memorial.-Lake of Thun, 258

Reproof, 316
Memory, 376

Resolution and Independence, 151
Michael, 96

Rest and be thankful.-Glencroe, 338
Missions and Travels, 316

Retirement, 204
Monastery of old Bangor, 314

Return, 289
Monastic Voluptuousness, 322

Revival of Popery, 324
Monks and Schoolmen, 319

Richard I., 318
Monument of Mrs. Howard, 357 Rob Roy's Grave, 224
Musings near Aquapendente, 270 Roman Antiquities.—Bishopstone, 213
Mutability, 332

- Old Penrith, 341
Rural Architecture, 60

- Ceremony, 332
Near Rome. In sight of St. Peter's,

- Illusions, 128
275

Ruth, 148
- the Lake of Thrasymene, 275

276
New Churches, 33

Sacheverel, 328
- Church-yard, 333

Sacrament, 330
Nunnery, 357

Saints, 323
Nun's Well, Brigham, 349

Saxon Conquest, 314
Nutting, 142

- Monasteries, 316

Scene in Venice, 318
Obligations of civil to religious Li- - on the Lake of Brientz, 258
berty, 328

Seathwaite Chapel, 289
Ode, 240

Seclusion, 316
- composed in January, 1816, 252

- 316

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Illustration, 326
Imaginative Regrets, 323
Incident at Bruges, 255

- characteristic of a favourite
Dog, 369
Indignation of a high-minded Spaniard,

246
Influence abused, 317

of natural objects, 62
In Lombardy, 279
Inscription. At the request of Sir
G. H. Beaumont, 411

Black Comb, 412
Crosthwaite. Church, 440

For a seat in the groves
of Coleorton, 411

Hermitage, 415
Hermit's Cell, 413

In a garden of Sir G, H.
Beaumont, 411

In the grounds of Cole
orton, 411

Island at Grasmere, 412

- at Rydal, 412

Spring of the Hermitage,
414

upon a Rock, 414
Inside of King's College Chapel, 333

334
334

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