The New England Book of Fruit: Containing an Abridgment of Manning's Descriptive Catalogue of the Most Valuable Varieties of the Pear, Apple, Peach, Plum, and Cherry, for New England Culture. To which are Added the Grape, Quince, Gooseberry, Currant, and Strawberry; with Outlines of Many of the Finest Sorts of Pears Drawn from Nature; with Directions for Pruning, Grafting, and General Modes of Culture

W. & S. B. Ives. Boston: W. J. Reynolds & Company, B. B. Mussey & Company And for sale at most of the agricultural and seed stores in the United States, 1847 - 144 páginas

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Página 54 - Plums upon Plums, and Peaches upon Peaches or Almonds, the scion is, in regard to fertility, exactly in the same state as if it had not been grafted at all. While, on the other hand, a great increase of fertility is the result of grafting Pears upon Quinces, Peaches upon Plums, Apples upon Whitethorn, and the like. In these latter cases, the food absorbed from the earth by the root of the stock is communicated slowly...
Página 122 - For the last ten years I have been unable to place dung on my vineyard, because I am poor and can buy none. But I was very unwilling to allow my vines to decay, as they are my only source of support in my old age ; and I often walked very anxiously amongst them, without knowing what I should do. At last my necessities became greater, which made me more attentive, so that I remarked that the grass was longer on some spots where the branches of the vine fell than on those on which there were none.
Página 137 - I find it refreshes the plants materially ; and I recommend to those persons to whom it may be convenient, to scatter in the spring, very lightly, some loose straw or long dung, between the rows. It serves to keep the ground moist, enriches the strawberry, and forms a clean bed for the trusses of fruit to lie upon ; and thus, by a little extra trouble and cost, a more abundant crop may be obtained.
Página 26 - ... employed should be fully formed, or what gardeners call ripe ^ if it is imperfectly formed, or unripe, it may not be capable of that subsequent elongation upwards and downwards upon which the whole success of the practice depends. Secondly, great care should be taken, in raising the bark of the stock for the insertion of the bud, that the cambium be not disturbed or injured. The cambium is a secretion between the wood and bark, not only destined to support the descending fibres of the buds, but...
Página 26 - Budding generally succeeds best when performed in cloudy weather, or in the morning or evening ; for the great power of the mid-day sun is apt to dry and shrink the cuttings and buds.
Página 39 - No. 20. Porter. Originated on the farm of the Rev. Samuel Porter, in Sherburne, Mass. The fruit is sometimes large, the shape oblong, pointed at the blossom end ; the skin of a bright yellow ; often with a blush of red on the sunny side ; the flesh fine, sprightly and agreeable. It bears well, ripens in September and October, and is a most beautiful fruit, either for the market or private garden. No. 21. Duchess of Oldenburg. A valuable and handsome apple, said to be of Russian origin. The size is...
Página 2 - ... fluid from the parts below them, and in this manner the motion continues until it reaches the roots, the grand reservoir of the sap, by which time the solar heat having penetrated the soil, the roots begin to feel its enlivened influence.
Página 127 - ... branches, attached to trees by their strong and numerous tendrils. On the contrary, it is evident that vines naturally bear their fruit in such a way as to screen it from the sun ; and man is most unwise when he rashly interferes with this intention. What is wanted is the full exposure of the leaves to the sun ; they will prepare the nutriment of the grape ; they will feed it, and nurse it, and eventually rear it up into succulence and lusciousness.
Página 21 - The tongue or wedge-like process, forming the upper part of the sloping face of the scion, is then inserted downwards in the cleft of the stock ; the inner barks of both being brought closely to unite on one side so as not...
Página 26 - The bark of the bud readily coheres with the wood of the stock, and secures the bud itself against all accident or injury. But if precautions of the same nature as in grafting are not requisite in budding, others are of no less moment. It is indispensable that the bud which is employed should be fully formed, or what gardeners call ripe ^ if it is imperfectly formed, or unripe, it may not be capable of that subsequent elongation upwards and downwards upon which the whole success of the practice depends....

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