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H 1030.08.11

rist, ollege Library

20 june :891. affermagem
rum the Library of
Pof, E. W. GURNEY.

Southern District of Nevo-York, ss.

BÉ IT REMEMBERED, That on the second day of June, A. D. 1825, in the

forty-ninth year of the independence of the United States of America, Charles II . Baldwin, of the said District, hath deposited in this office the title of a book, t'e right whereof he claims as proprietor, in the words following, to wit:

"A Universal Biographical Dictionary, containing the lives of the most cele

brated characters of every age and nation, embracing Warriors, Heroes, Poets, Philosophs, istorians, Politicians, Statesmen, Lawyers, Physicians, Divines, Discoverers, Inventors, and generally, all such Individuals, as from the earliest periods of history to the pre senit time, have been distinguished among mankind; to which is added, a Dictionary of the Pricipal Divinities and Heroes of Grecian and Roman Mythology; and a Biographical Dictionory of eininent Living Characters."

in conformity to the Act of Congress of the United States, entitled, “An Act for the Encouragement of Learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the time therein mentioned.” And also to an Act entitled,

Au Act, Supplementary to an Act, entitled, "An Act for the Encouragement of Learning, by securing i be copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies,

during the times therein mentioned.' and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, i engraving, and etching historical and other prints.

JAMES DILL,
Clerk of the Southern District of New-York.

ADVERTISEMENT.

| This work embraces every article in Lempriere, generally in an abridged form; it also contains many of the articles found in the Biographical works of Jones, Watkins, Allen, &c. not included in Lempriere; besides a few original notices, prepared for this work, and to be found in no other. The number of articles are, therefore, believed to be greater than in any other Biographical Dictionary, and though in most instances they are necessarily very concise, yet it has been the aim of the compilers to give ample details when the characters are particularly conspicuous, and in other cases, to embrace in few words the leading points of interest.

It is acknowledged with pleasure, that great assistance has been derived, in the compilation, from Mr. E. Lord's correct and enlarged edition of Lempriere, lately published in New York—a work which has laid the public under many obligations; particularly for the new matter which it brings forward. The excellent work of Allen has also been of great use in forming the present abridgment.

BIOGRAPIEIO AL DIOTIONARY

CONTAINING

THE LIVES OF THE MOST CELEBRATED CHARACTERS OF

EVERY AGE AND NATION,

EMBRACING WARRIORS, HEROES, POETS, PHILOSOPHERS, HISTORIANS, POLITICIANS, STATEMEN, LAWYERS, PHYSICIANS, DIVINES, DISCOVERERS, INVENTORS, AND GENERALLY, ALL SUCH INDIVIDUALS, AS FROM THE EARLIEST PERIODS OF HISTORY TO THE PRE

TIME, HAVE BEEN DISTINGUISHED AMONG MANKIND;

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H 1038.04, ollege Library

21 june : 391. nonton run the Library of

P of. E. W. GUONEY, Southern District of New York, ss.

BE IT REMEMBERED, That on the second day of June, A. D. 1825, in the forty-ninto year of the independence of the United States of America, Charles

4. Baldwin, of the said District, hath deposited in this office the title of a book, It'e right whereof he claims as proprietor, in the words following, to wit

"A Universal Biographical Dictionary, containing the lives of the most cele

brated characters of every age and nation, embracing Warriors, Heroes, Poets, Philosopus, listorians, Politicians, Statesmen, Lawyers, Physicians, Divines, Discoverers, Inventors, and generally, all such Individuals, as from the earliest periods of history to the pre sent time, have been distinguished among mankind; to which is added, a Dictionary of the Principal Divinities and Heroes of Grecian and Roman Mythology; and a Biographical Dictionary of eininent Living Characters."

În conformity to the Act of Congress of the United States, entitled, “An Act for the Encouragement of Learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the time therein mentioned.” And also to an Act entitled, * An Act, Supplementary to an Act, entitled, “ An Act for the Encouragement of Learuing, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned.' and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints.'

JAMES DILL,
Clerk of the Southern District of New-York.

ADVERTISEMENT.

This work embraces every article in Lempriere, generally in an abridged form; it also contains many of the articles found in the Biographical works of Jones, Watkins, Allen, &c. not included in Lempriere; besides a few original notices, prepared for this work, and to be found in no other. The number of articles are, therefore, believed to be greater than in any other Biographical Dictionary, and though in most instances they are necessarily very concise, yet it has been the aim of the compilers to give ample details when the characters are particularly conspicuous, and in other cases, to embrace in few words the leading points of interest.

It is acknowledged with pleasure, that great assistance has been derived, in the compilation, from Mr. E. Lord's correct and enlarged edition of Lempriere, lately published in New-York-a work which has laid the public under many obligations; particularly for the new matter which it brings forward. The excellent work of Allen has also been of great use in forming the present abridgment.

BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.

AA

AB
A A, Peter Vander, a bookseller of Leyden, who left bebind him very accurate and judicious me.

published a work in 66 vols. folio, entitled moirs of all the embassies in which he was eGalerie du Monde, &c. was living in 1729. lployed.

AAGARD, Nicholas and Christian, brothers, AARSENS, or AERSENS, Peter, called by born at Wiburg, in Denmark, the eldest, distin-the Italians Pietro Longo, from his tallness, 2 guished for the acuteness of his philosophical celebrated painter, born at Amsterdam in 1511 writings, died 1657; the other known for his lle excelled very particularly in paintiug a poetical talents, died 1664.

kitchen ; but an altarpiece of his, viz. acru cilix, AALAM, an astrologer of the ninth century, representing an executioner breaking with all at the court of Adado Daula.

Hiron bar the legs of the thieves, &c. was prodiAALST, Everard, a dutch painter, whose giously admired. This noble piece was destroyed pieces were highly valued, was born at Delft, by the rabble in the time of the insurrection, 1602, and died in 1658.

1566. He atterwards complained of this to the AARON, elder brother of Moses, of the tribe populace in terms of such severity, that more of Levi, born A. M. 2434; he was the friend and than once they were going to murder him. He the assistant of Moses, was happily gifted with died in 1585. the powers of eloquence, and became the first | AARTGEN, or AENTGEN, a painter of high-priest among the Hebrews. He died in his merit, born at Leyden in 1498. It was a customi 123d year.

with this painter never to work on Mondays AARON, Raschid, a caliph of the Abassides, l but to devote that day with his disciples to the distinguished by his conquests and the eccentri-bottle. He used to stroll about the streets in the city of his character, died A. D. 809, in the 234|night, playing on the German flute; and in one year of his reign.

of these frolics was drowned in 1561. AARON, Schascou, a rabbi of Thessalonica,lt ABA, brother-in-law to Stephen, the first celebrated for his writings.

Christian king of Hungary; disgraced himselt AARON, a British saint, put to death with his by his cruelties; was conquered in battle by the brother Julius, during Dioclescian's persecution Emperor llenry III.; and was sacrificed to the of the Christians.

resentment of his offended subjects, 1014. AARON, a presbyter and physician of Alex- ABAFFI, Michael, son of a naisirate of Ilerandria, in the eighth century; he wrote 30 books manstad, rose by his abilities and intrigues, 10 on medicine in the Syriac language, and is the the sovereignty of Transylvania, in 1661. first author who makes mention of the small pox! ABACA, or ABAKA, a king of Tartary, con and micazles, diseases which were introduced quered Persia, and proved a powerful and forini inw Egypt from Arabia, about 640.

Ildable neighbour to the Christians at Jerusalent, AARON, Hariscon, a Caraite rabbi who was died 1282. known as physician at Constantinople in 1294 :11 ABANO, vid. Apono. and wrote a learned commentary on the penta-| ABARIS, a Scythian philosopher, the history teuch, Hebrew grammar, &c.

of whose adventures, mentioned by Herodotus AARON, Hacharon or Posterior, another and others, appears more fabulous than aulearned Rabbi, born in 1346; he wrote on the thentic. law of Moses, the customs of his nation, and all ABAS, Schah, seventh king of Persia, was treatise entitled the Garden of Eden.

brave and active; he took conjointly with the AARON, Isaac, an interpreter of languages English forces, 1622, the Island of Ormus, which at Constantinople under the Comeni.

had been in the possession of the Portuguese 14 AARON, Ben Chaim, the chief of the Jewish years; he died 1629 in the 44th year of his reigl. Synagogue, at Fez and Morocco, in the begin- ABAS, Schah, the great grandson of the prening of the 17th century; he wrote commenta-l ceding, succeeded his father in 1642, in his 13t1 ries on Joshua, the Law, the Prophets, &c. lvear; he patronised the Christians, and was dis

AARON, Ben-aser, a learned rabbi in the 5th tinguished for his benevolence and liberality; lie century, to whom the invention of the Hebrewll died Sept. 25, 1666. points and accents is attributed; he wrote al ABASSA, an officer who revolted against Hebrew grammar, printed 1515.

Mustapha I. emperor of the Turks, and afterAARON, a Levite of Barcelona, wrote 613 wards was employed against the Poles, 1634, at precepts on Moses, printed at Venice, 1523; hel the head of 60,000 men. The cowardice of his died 1292.

lstroops robbed him of a victory, and he was AARSENS, Francis, lord of Someldyck and strangled by order of the Sultan. Spyck, one of the greatest ministers for negutia-| ABASSĂ, a sister of Aaron Raschid, whose tion that the United Provinces of Holland have hand was bestowed by her brother on Giafer; at any time possessed. He was the first person her husband was sacrificed by the tyrant, and ever recognised as Dutch ambassador by the she was reduced to poverty. French court: the first of three extraordinaryl ABASSON, an impostor, who, under the ambassadors sent to England in 1620; and the character of the grandson of Abas the great, obSecond in 1641, who were to treat about the mar- stained the patronage of the court of France and riage of prince William, son to the prince of of the grand seignior, by whose order het?

CU

ABATS, Andrew, a painter of fruit and still threw him into a deep melancholy; he ever aflife, born at Naples, was employed by the king erwards kept a monthly fast on Tuesday, the of Spain, and died in 1732.

day on which this fatal mischance happened, ABAUZIT, Firmin, born at Uzes, 11th Nov. land settled an annuity of 201. on the widow. 1679, fled from the persecution which attended | Worn out, however, with cares and infirmities, his parents on account of their profession of liue died at Croydon, Aug. 5, 1633. protestantism, and retired to Geneva, becamel ABBOT, Maurice. youngest brother of the distinguished for his superior progress in every archbishop, acquired consequence in coma erbranch of polite learning, but particularly ||cial affairs, was employed in 1624 in establishmathematics and natural history; was flattereding the settlement of Virginia, and was the first by Voltaire, and complimented by Rousseau ; person on whom Charles I. conferred the hohe died March 20, 1767.

Inour of knighthood. He was elected represenABBADIE, James, an eminent Protestant di- tative for London, and in 1638 was raised to the vine, and dean of Rilaloe, born at Nay, in Berne,l|mayoralty of the city, and died Jan. 10th, 16-40. in the year 1654 (or, according to some accounts, ll ABBOT, Robert, D. D. eldest brother of the

in 1658,) died in the parish of Maryla-bonne, lltwo preceding ; he was born at Guildford, was i in London, 1727. The chief of this author's lleducated at Baliol college, and elected master

works was, “Traité de la Verité de la Religion thereof, 1609. His eloquence as a preacher reChrétienne; Rotterdam, 1684." This has gonellcommended him to further patronage ; he was through several editions, and is perhaps the best appointed chaplain to the king, and regius probook ever published on that sub,ect.

lltessor of divinity at Oxford. He was conseABAS, Tlalli, a physician, and one of the crated bishop of Salisbury, 1615, and died Mar. Persian magi, who followed the doctrines of ||2, 1617, in his 58th year. His writings were Zoroaster; he wrote A. D. 980, a book called principally controvrsial. a royal work, which was translated into Latin) ABBT, Thomas, the German translator of by Stephen of Antioch, 1127, and is now extant. Sallust, and the adnired author of a treatise

AEBAS, the uncle of Mahomet, opposed the On merit," and of another, “Of dying for one's ambitious views of the impostor; but when de-l country," was born at Ulm, and died at Buckefcated in the battle of Bedr, was reconciled tollberg, 1766, aged 28. his nephew, embraced his religion, and thanked | ABDALCADER, a Persian who was greatly lieaven for the prosperity and the grace he en-l revered by the mussulmans for his learning, his joyed as a mussulman. He died in the 32d year piety, and the sanctity of his manners. of the hegira.

ABDALLAH, father of Mahomet, was a ABBASSA, vid. Abassa.

lave, and a driver of camels. ABBATEGIO, Marian d', an ecclesiastic or || ABDALLAH, son of Zobair, was proclaimed the 14th century, who rose by his abilities to be caliph of Mecca and Medina, after the expusion governor of Aquila.

lof Yesid. After enjoying the sovereignty for ABBATISSA, Paul, a famous Sicilian poet, Ilfour years, he was besieged in Mecca, by the born at Messina, 1570. He translated into Italia successor of Yesid in Syria, and sacrificed to verse Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, and Ovid's the ambition of his rival, 733. Metamorphoses.

I ABDALLAH, son of Yesid, celebrated as a ABBIATI, Philip, a historical painter, bormussulman lawyer in the 7th century. at Milda 1640, died 1715.

11 ABDALLAH, son of Abbas, endeavoured ABBON, a monk of St. Germain des Près, i to raise his family on the ruins of the Ommiades; wito was present at the siege of Paris by the lhe was defeated by his rivals, wbo, afterwards, Formans, at the close of the 9th century; henretending to be reconciled, perfidiously murwrote an account of this event in 1200 verses, Iidered hin), 754. in execrable Latin, which was edited by Du- ABDALMALEK, son of Marvan, was 5th plessis, 1753.

caliph of the Ommiades, and began to reign, 685. ABBON, de Fleury, an ecclesiastic of Or-le was called 'Abulzebab, because bis breath ; Itans, who became abbot of Fleury, supported was so offensive that it killed the very flies that

the rights of the monastic order against the in-settled on his lips; he reigned 21 years, and was trusions of the bishops. He was killed in a succeeded by Valid, the eldest of his 16 sons. quarrel between the French and Gascons, 1004. || ABDALMALEK, the last of the caliphs of

ABBOT, Hull, a respectable minister of the race of the Samanides, was dethroned and Charlestown, Massachusetts, published several murdered by Mahmoud, 999. Sermons, died 1782, aged 80.

ABDALRAHMAN, or ABDERAMES, vid. ABBOT, George, archbishop of Canterbury, ||Abderames. born 1562, at Guildford, in Surry. In 1604 that ll ABDAS, a bishop in Persia, who, by incontranslation of the Bible now in use was begun by Isiderately abolishing a Pagan temple of the the direction of king James, and Dr. Abbot was sun, excited the public indignation against him15e second of eight divines of Oxford, to whom Jlself and his religion. the care of translating the whole New Testa- ABDEMELEK, king of Fez and Morocco, was - en: (excepting the Epistles) was committed. lldethroned by his nephew, Mahomet; but by the on April 5, 1619, Sir Nicholas Kempe laid the assistance of troops, sent him by the sultan first stone of the hospital at Guildford. The Selim, defeated Sebastian, king of Portugal, archbishop, who was present, afterwards en who had landed in Africa to support the usurper.

dowed it with lands to the value of 3001. perll The two African monarchs and Sebastian fell Fann. The archbishop, being in a declining statellon the field, 1578. of bealth, used in the summer to go to Hamp-|| ABDERAMES, a caliph of the race of Om shire for the sake of recreation; and being in- miades, was invited into Spain by the Saracens. viied by lord Zouch to hunt in his park at Bran-He assumed the title of king of Corduba, and vill, he met there with the greatest misfortune the surname of just; he died, 790, after reigning that ever befell him ; for he accidentally killed 32 years. Pership's keeper by an arrow from a cross- ABDERAMES, a Saracen general of the ca

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