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For the Farmers' Register. 1 pense without serious embarrassment, and regulate REVIEW.
their appetites so they are never drunken. But to such An address to the Esser (Mass.) Agricultural|I would say, you incur a useless expense, and encourSociety delivered at their annual cattle show, |
age by your example your neighbor, who can neither September 26th, 1833: By Jeremiah Spofford..
| bear the expense, nor regulate his appetite. Let me Published ty order of the society. Salem, print
entreat such to change their example to the other side
of the question, and lend their aid in drying those tears ed by Foote & Chisholm, 1834.
of heart-rending anguish which flow without mixture, With the mechanical costume of this publica- where a husband and a father is spending his estate, tion, as also with many things in it we have been wasting his time, and converting himself into an idiot, much pleased. The address itself was delivered or a savage. We have all seen those that thought the by a gentleman of one of the learned professions
same-that they knew what did them good, and could before the farmers of his county. This is as it go
govern themselves; that they were in no danger of ought to be. No professional gentleman descends de
being drunkards, and resented even the suspicion of
scenas danger. But still they are lost, their business neglectto encourage agriculture by speech or example.ed, their property spent, their farmns mortgaged, their It is also pleasant to see any gentleman speaking families ruined! 'I would that this were only imaginawell of his native land, and expressing, even in tion; but I know, and you all know, that it is the truth, strong terms, as our author does, his love of coun- and that in numerous instances. But some say this is try. Nor are we less pleased at any well directed a land of liberty, and they scorn to be persuaded not intelligent efforts to improve the solid wealth of to exercise it, in every particular. What a glorious any community, even if it were in China, much liberty it is for a man to exercise, to leave his business, more when in our own beloved country. Let all!
( Let all travel four miles and back, under a burning sun, to men by all fair means endeavor to generate gen
vindicate his right to spend twenty cents for rum! to eral contentment in the minds of their industrious
tickle his palate, intoxicate his brain, and burn up his
liver-hiding his bottle, and hanging his head like a neighbors. We are much pleased with some thief, when he meets those whora he owes and cannot other things in Dr. Spofford's address. We think pay. My friends, I paint from real life, but I hope he has paid a just and becoming tribute to christi- such farmers are scarce. But some farmers yet say anity and its institutions, and has also done honor they cannot hire laborers, unless they give them ardent to his own head and heart, when he says, that his spirits. This does for an excuse, when both the owner “memory still loves to "hover o'er' those inestimable
and the laborer are desirous to use it; but no man who
is firm and unwavering, leaves his crops ungathered Sabbaths, when, aster six days labor done, we found a
| for want of help; but hundreds of farmers are now day of rest, and assembled within these very walls, to
ready to testify that they never had their work done enjoy it in social, solemn worship; nor can any one
when spirits were used, so easy and so well. Seventy know the value of those Sabbaths, unless it be those
physicians of Boston have fixed their names to the who spend the week in patient labor, and assemble on
opinion, that ardent spirits are never necessary to perthe seventh as a sacred holiday, to greet the counte
sons in health: and my own experience in labor and nances of their friends, and pay their devotions to the
exposure in cold and heat, by night and by day, conmost high God. Here then we met few except culti
| firms me in the opinion, that a dose of spirit is no more vators of the soil, prepared by their labors in the field
necessary in health, than a dose of calomel or tartar to render their tribute of gratitude to Him who gives rain from heaven, and fruitful seasons, filling their emetic.--Pp. 20, 22. hearts with food and gladness. Venerable fathers! who Nor are we less pleased with our author's rethen bowed in this sacred temple! may your sons as marks on personal industry. We have always patiently cultivate the soil you then possessed, and as concurred in such doctrine as is taught in the foldevoutly worship here. You will forgive this digres- lowing paragraphs. In the South and West, as sion, when you look around the world, and see how closely connected are christian morality and agricul
well as in the North, it is true that tural prosperity,—and you will as soon expect to gath “the person who should in this age and nation, wear er grapes from thorns, or figs from thistles, as to find appendages or ornaments, to show that he did nothing, a well cultivated farm under the superintendence of him would at the same time, in the estimation of an imwho neither fears God, nor regards man.”—pp. 5, 6. mense majority, be making himself ridiculous, and Nor are we less gratified with the sensible re
showing himself worth nothing."-p.7. marks on the importance of a total disuse of'ardent So also our author properly says-spirits among all persons engaged in agriculture. “It is often literally true that the hand of the diligent On this subject there ought to be, and we are per- maketh rich;' but where from any cause it fails to ensuaded when the facts are well examined and able a person to gather heaps of shining dust, it always weighed, that there will be but one judgement.
in this land enables the diligent to possess constantly The following sentences are very appropriate:
and plentifully the necessaries and comforts of life,
which to every reasonable mind is true riches."-p. 16. "No portion of the community have paid a heavier tribute to the distillery than the farmers. Their labori
We are also much gratified to see proper enco
It must ous occupations and exposure to heat and cold, fostered / miums passed on agricultural pursuits. the belief that ardent spirits were necessary to them. I be the case, that for at least a century to come, if But this error is now nearly exploded, and I rejoice not always, notwithstanding many and powerful that the hour of their emancipation has arrived. Too inducements to the contrary, the great body of the long have you submitted to a tax ten times more bur- solid wealth and influence in this land, must be in densome than Great Britain ever attempted to impose, the hands of the agriculturist. This is the safest when it was resisted by a seven years' war. But what place for it, and we rejoice to see just commendais worst of all is, that this tax is not like the tax on tions bestowed upon this class of our fellow-cititea, merely collected and carried out of the country,
zens. We too can sympathise with our author, but it returns in another forin to curse the payer and 4 make him an idiot and a slave. Here some will ob
ob. when speaking of farmers he saysject, and say they still use spirits, and have neither “It was among them, and in their employment, that I spent their property, nor destroyed their intellects. I spent those years of happy childhood, when every allow the truth of the assertion, some can bear the ex- thing makes its deepest impressions. My earliest ideas of property, were derived from their possessions. To i We were in the great city of Cincinnati about me houses and farms and cattle were wealth, and their a generation ago, and it was tlien about as reowners nature's nobility. While money and notes and markable for its want of comforts and houses and stocks and merchandise, appeared fleeting and tran- churches and schools, as it is now, and for years sient-there seemed something in the possession of haar solid acres, especially when these were compact farms,
has been, for its possession of them. A larger with their venerable mansions, descending from gene
proportion of the youth of Ohio are acquiring
? ration to generation, that elevated the possessor, and
à liberal educations, than of those in Massachusetts. gave a dignity and character to his pursuits truly ho- Let the doctor re-examine his statistics. Nor norable and desirable. Nor have these been merely could we deem it so terrible a calamity, for the new the illusions of youth: they have followed me, and I countries never to be modeled in morals and rehave cherished them in my riper years. And I view ligion after New England, provided they do better, with gratitude that kind Providence, which cast my as easily they might. We see very much to deyouth among that class of society. The labors of the plore in both these respects in New England. field gave a value to my scanty library, and my few The Macedonian cry of which our author speaks. hours of study, of which, under almost any other cir
shows a readiness to be assisted, even in morals cumstances, I could have had no conception."-p. 5. “Agriculture at the present day, instead of being aan
and religion, and by New England too. Has it mean, servile employment, is now justly ranked as an
Pan never entered the doctor's mind, that it might be important science; and the studies of the learned are charity to go and abide in the wilderness for the now often directed to the most laudable employment purpose of making the "solitary place glad?” We of multiplying the fruits of the earth, and improving do further and seriously doubt whether the title of the quality of the fruits produced.”-p. 8.
"cradle of liberty” can be properly applied to New We are not so clear in deciding on the charac- / England, in the manner of our author. There is ter of all our author's representations, as on the no history to justify such a remark. We had supforegoing. He states some things, concerning
posed, and we still suppose, that liberty was rockwhich we contess ourselves skeptics. We not
ed not a little, far south of the land of constant only doubt the truth but also the morality, if true,
industry and steady habits--the land of “bibles of such a sentence as the following:
and of Sabbaths”-the land of "red school houses
and white churches.” Edmund Burke was of the “I would by no means encourage ambition, but still a desire for property, and accommodation (call it by same opinion. what name you please) is the life-spring of all that is ! We have mentioned some things in this address, valuable in society."-p. 18.
concerning which we had doubts; but we are rain
ed to say, that we find in this publication some senNor do we feel altogether so clear as to the
tences, yea paragraphs, which we can but conutility of agricultural festivals, popularly called demnin Tere
als, popularly called demn in terms positive and unequivocal. Some "cattle shows." We have been on the northern
of the things relate to the West and South West, side of Mason's and Dixon's line more than once,
nce, and some to the South. As to the West and South and we have been by our friends carried to the West we shall not say much, except merely to cattle show, and we confess that a good "address"
give a specimen of the writer's views about that notwithstanding, we did doubt whether more was country. We do not remember to have read any not lost than gained to the community. Northing more fanciful and inconsistent with geologi. are we sure that the perpetuation in any county, Imolarte than the followin
in any, county: cal facts, than the following paragraph in reference of the observance of the "farmer's holiday,” would
ud to the original conformation of the Great West:
be not be a great evil. Not that the design is not good: but invariably, so far as we have seen, the “Casting our eyes to the South West, the country along original design is well-nigh lost sight of. Could the lower Mississippi must have been once an immense the original design be kept fairly in view, our judge. bay, or arm of the Gulf of Mexico, but the alluvial
Si deposite, floated annually down this immense river, ment might be different. The following sentiment is at least a curious one, containing as it does, made most of it into swamp, and part of it into some
from the boundless west, has filled up this bay: and what we have never before seen asserted:
thing like dry land. The immensity of waters from "Larger crops than are here obtained, wherever the three thousand miles and ten thousand hills, still keep the hand of the diligent applies the plough and manure a main channel through this wilderness of water and with liberality, if attainable, are hardly desirable.”- mire and driftwood, and depositing more soil, when the
thickened waters first spread froin the main channel,
than was carried farther back, the banks of the river It seems rather strange too for any one to plead
became much higher than the back country.-p.11. against a "rich alluvial soil” in these words: I "The immense vegetation which annually decays in a The paragraph respecting Mr. Flint is dishon. rich alluvial soil, 'saturated with, water, 'is sure in a orable both to the writer and Mr. Flint.-warm or new country, to render the air unhealthy, and “A clergyman of this state, who was seized with this produce bilious and other diseases."-p. 12.
spirit of emigration, some years ago, and has indulged If such reasoning be good, it proves the desert it to his heart's content, informs us that the villages and the “barren sands" better than fertile valleye. on the Arkansas and Red Rivers are uninhabitable Nor will the history of the new countries in ihe during summer, and the people leave them and build
camps in the woods, and on higher grounds, to escape United States justify such remarks as the follow
certain death. He spent one summer in one of these ing:
encampments, battling with the musquitoes, and re“Nor have many of these emigrants considered what solving to improve the first moment of escape to a they will find painfully true, that they and their gene- more northern climate." ration will have passed off the stage, before their new homes possess the advantages of a New England set- / Mr. Flint did something else in the West betlement,-comfortable dwellings, fruitful orchards, good sides “battling with the musquitoes." How ut. roads, social villages, schools of science and temples of terly destitute of truth is all that is said about the the living God.--p. 13.
"Who to avoid the drifting snow and driving sleet, Cine" woods, (there are no “pine barrens") yet would leave the land of pleasant sleigh-rides, and did we never tread upon, nor were we ever in happy winter evenings, to breath the sirocco, which danger of being bitten by one of the venemous sweeps froin the Gulf of Mexico for weeks together, reptiles. But a large swamp is so terrible to our up the boundless valley, loaded with the fetid exhala-1
- author! Especially one in Georgia, "one hundred tions of a thousand bayous and swamps?"-p. 14.
and eighty miles in circumference!” seems to These are mere specimens of the justice done be very alarming. Does our author know that by our author to the great West. We would swamps in the South contain not stagnant but remark that we have travelled some tens of thous- running water? If not he ought to learn. Does ands of miles in the West, and have not seen any he know that people of great age are found living "signs" of what he speaks of; and that during all around them? No portion of the United States twenty years residence and travel in the West, can surpass the South in furnishing instances of we never saw a family towards whom even chari- great longevity. That there are diseases prevaty needed to feel any compassion on account of lent in our climate, to which the New England want of shelter, or fuel, or substantial clothing, or states are very much strangers is certain; but then wholesome food. Can the doctor say more of Essex we generally know how to manage them. One County? But the West can defend itself. We physician in a low county near the Great Dismal feel ourselves called upon, however, to notice more Swamp, (be not startled at the name) had in his particularly some statements respecting the South. I practice in one year eighty cases of bilious fever, The doctor seems more anxious to say hard things yet did he not lose one patient. Has it never occurof the South, little as the tide of emigration from red to the doctor that the land of pleasant sleighNew England is towards it, than of the West. rides" was also a land of pining consumptions, We regret that he did so; but we have the privi- inflammatory rheumatisms, iinmanageable pleuri. lege of reply. How could the doctor feel justified in sies, &c. ? We know but little of such things in the use of such language as the following ?- the South. It ought not to be forgotten too, that
during the prevalence of diseases peculiar to the "Upon better information, I found that instead of rais
South, many of our people travel even to Essex ing fine cattle without labor, they could scarcely raise them at all; that their beef was poor, and a Georgia
County, and go to Boston too, and when they cow scarcely yielded more milk than a New England come home and make speeches before Agricultugoat; and that instead of green pastures all the year, ral Societies, they are careful not to tell scare-crow grass hardly grows, and they scarcely know what á tales about New England. And did not consump green pasture is.”—p. 10.
tions, &c., drive our Northern brethren to the
South sometimes, we fear that such speeches as - Did the doctor know that the finest beeves in the
the one under review would leave us hardly any United States were grazed on the South Branch
| friends in New England. of Potomac, and that no country produced more
On page 17 of this address is a most unworthy fine cattle than the mountainous districts of Vir
insinuation, viz: that it is a common thing for slave ginia, and the upper part of Georgia? Does not
holders to spend their time "at horse races or barthe doctor wish he had not written such words?
bacues.” Were this true, we are yet to learn that Every Southron knows such statements to be very
ey a "sleigh-ride" is less cruel than a horse race," or different from his own knowledge. His remarks in regard to the health of the South are not any
that the manners and morals prevalent in "sleighmore fair, though more specious and plausible.
rides,” exceed in elegance or purity those of a
barbacue. We confess ourselves as much opHear our author:
posed to all frolics as the good people of Essex "Along our southern coast, Virginia, the Carolinas and County can possibly be. But we do consider it Georgia, present for the most part, for eighty or one unworthy of any professional gentleman to be so hundred miles from the sea, pine barrens, candy plains ignorant of Southern manners and habits, as to and swamps, abounding in noxious insects, and venom suppose we have in use no modes of employing ous reptiles. A single swamp lying in Georgia and our leisure time besides those already alluded to, Florida, is one hundred and eighty miles in circumfer- and in addition telling stories in long happy winence; and no degree of fertility, or an everlasting sum- ter evenings.” If we had learned the lariguace mer, could compensate for the pestiferous exhalations,
ot' Downingville, we would say that our "dander which during many months of the year load every breeze with Destilence and death. Another medical was raised when we read the following: friend, who spent a summer in Charleston, South Caro- "Over all the Southern country you might search in lna, informs me that though the city is extremely un- vain for an assembly like this. An industrious yeo. healthy, compared with northern cities, yet the country manry is there unknown.” around it, is vastly more so. Very few white people live in, and as few as possible attempt to cross over the . We confess that we lelt emotions of a 10
te! We confess that we felt emotions of a just in. develcountry for sixty or seventy miles back of Charles- dignation when we read those words. We felt ton in summer. To go beyond the ramparts of the as our author would feel if we were to assert the city, especially in the night time, is for many months same things respecting Essex County. And yet almost certain death! Now what degree of fertility we could assert it with as much truth as has our added to our soil, would compensate for such an atmos- author. It is painful to us to notice such looseness phere?"-p. 11.
and boldness of assertion. Our author's views of The noxious insects referred to are, we suppose, slavery are as different from what we suppose to some more musquitoes, and the venempus reptiles be correct. Hear him:must be, we suppose, snakes. We have long re- "There the taskmaster brandishes his lash, and the sided in the South, and although we have never
er slaves labor beneath a burning sun, curse the race that been to London, yet we have been to Boston and fatten and luxuriate upon their toil, and whet the apto Charleston too. We have also travelled by day petite of revenge and the scythe of death for a day and by night, over swamps and rivers and throngh of future retribution. Fathers and mothers of New
England ! Could all the gold of Mexico induce you to nurses, watching day and night; and that not one fix your domicil, and leave your children where their in fifty of Southern slaves is committed to a stew. only chance of safety was the prospect of holding aard without the liberty of appeal and complaint and population of two and a half millions, and their rapidly
pidly reference to the proprietor. As our author does increasing posterity in a state of perpetual bondage?
not seem to know much about modes and manners with an equal chance that thirty years will turn the scale, deluge the country in blood, and give the white
ve the white in the slave holding States, we would like to read population only the desperate alternatives of death, him a short lecture on the subject; but we hope slavery, or exile?”—p. 12. “While our Southern what we have said will lead him to more carebrethren may threaten or nullify-change the tariff or ful and extensive inquiry. It is not many years perpetrate a revolution,--they will still tind they have since two men in New England killed their wives. not reached the cause of their depression. The ab- What would Dr. Spofford think, should one of sence of voluntary vigorous industry, is the real cause the Southern papers assert that the New Engof the evils of which they complain. A white popu- Llanders were niurderers of their own wives? The lation ashamed to be 'seen with implements of labor non in their hands, and a black population doing as little
general impression made on our minds when our labor as possible, is enough to 'nullify' the prosperity
author describes the South, is very much such as of any country. Perhaps some may imagine that it would be made on his mind, were we, who never were easy to grow rich where men possess slaves who
saw him, to send him his own likeness drawn by labor without wages. But let such remember that ourselves. The serious objections we have to these slaves are also men, who must eat or they cannot such representations as those referred to arework--that they must be maintained, the old and the First. That they are calculated to keep those young-the sick, the lame and the lazy,' with the to whom they were made, with views as narrow, taskmasters necessary to make them labor at all, before and feelings as illiberal, as they had before they any surplus can arise to support the luxury of the land- read or heard the address; whereas no educated lord.”- p. 17.
man is excusable for not warring against prejuThe truth of so much of the foregoing quota- dices and illiberal views in himself or others. tions as relate to the unproductiveness of slave Second. They show a want of sacred regard property and slave labor is most readily admitted. and tender interest for the perpetuity of our NationWe have long been of opinion, that ten thousand al Union. Such is the spirit of most of the condollars vested in land and negroes will yield less tents of page 17. And he who shall help to sever than the same vested in any stocks in our market, this union, formed as it was, upon the full recognay that very frequently it is a losing business. Of nition of slavery, as a matter not to be touched this Southrons are generally aware. They feel by any but slave holders, will be spoiling the best the pressure heavily. And were this the time pattern ot' a free government that has ever been and place, we think we could show how and why given to the world. it is so. Nor are we ever going to undertake a Third. All such representations betray an delence of the principle of slavery which ought amount of ignorance that we cannot pass by withnever to gain admission into any country or govern-out reproving. We are fully of the opinion of the ment. We believe that whoever founds a State author when he saysin wisdom excludes slavery. We believe that o
believe that “True these opinions would be of more weight if they
th no evil presses on our Southern country with came equal force and that "he ought to have the King's tensively.”—p. 16.
with came from abroad, or from one who had travelled exdaughter in marriage," who will devise any just and practicable method of removing it, without! Why will not the doctor travel ? We ought in introducing greater evils both to black and white. all frankness to say to him, however, that we do But against such statements as those just quoted not suppose it would be safe for him to travel in we müst lift up our voice. One imóression in the South, except in disguise. Such statements tended to be made by these statements is, that there
that there as are in his address would be very apt to be nois cruelty in the amount of labor required of slaves
ticed could their author be seen. The Southern in the South. In the vast factories of the South. I people are of one mind in intending to let no man hands earn from fifty cents to two dollars per week inte
I interfere with their domestic relations. Men can by doing work beyond the tasks required of them. say what they please on the north side of the On Southern plantations where labor is performed Potomac, but having said such things there, it by tasks, the tasks are generally performed by 2 would hardly be safe to travel in the South. The or 3 o'clock, P. M. Another thing in the para- reas
in the para reason is, we know who are apt to scatter "arrows, graphs quoted is offensive to us. It is the ap-hre brang
fire brands and death.” parent pleasure the writer seems to take in telling. Fourth. We also agree with our author when how dark the prospects before the Southrons are.
he says: The fact that probably in thirty years the South “I should consider (ought to consider] myself as crimiwill be deluced in blood calls from him no regret, nal, were I to traduce the character of a country, as not even a note of exclamation or a praver to the the character of an individual." throne above. But like certain preachers who say Oh doctor! you have traduced the characters of much about the wrath to come, he seems to have some millions of your countrymen. Recant-rereal pleasure in his denunciations. Another im- pent-reform! pression evidently intended to be left on the reader's We have not much to add. We wish to state mind is, that slaves generally in the South are however, for the doctor's information, that we under the care of some hireling taskmaster,” and have some good things in the South. It is true that the usual method of getting along ia by “bran- we are rather scarce of “venemous reptiles," but dishing the lash.” Our author ought to know in the "far South” we have very fine alligators that generally slaves are now spoken of and re- which are equally valuable. We have also some garded as a part of a man's family, and that in very fine swamps, which furnish immense quansickness the master or mistress are the assiduous Itities of timber, found profitable to us and valuable
to our northern friends. We have also very fine submitted, which, (if you think they can be of pines, which soon restore exhausted lands, and any use to H or any body else) are at your service. the wood from which bears exportation to northern On the subject of buckwheat he inquires, "wheglass works. We have also some literature in ther it is as great an impoverisher of land as oats, the South. We have the Spectator, the Rambler, and whether if turned in it becomes a good fertiDr. Spofford's Address at the Cattle Show, and lizer? What soil is best adapted to its growth, and frequently a newspaper from Boston, and so on. what quantity of seed is generally sown to the We have also, especially in Virginia, some very acre ?" I think, and I believe it is generally so fine tobacco, which always sells well at home and thought, in this neighborhood, where both are in France. We have also no small quantity of commonly raised, that buckwheat is a greater im"lugs,” which when twisted into plug", and "pig poverisher than oats; its straw either green or dry, tail," sells very well in New England. We also is of less value for manure, than the straw of any grow very good gouber peas and sweet potatoes, other kind of grain. Any soil in this section of yams, &c. We also find our raw cotton from the the state produces it abundantly: a thin sandy soil, highest "upland” to the sea-island" in good de- that will produce a good crop of no other kind of mand, not only in Liverpool, but also in New grain, will bear a tolerably good one of buckwheat. York and Providence. Our cotton cloths and And although the quantity of straw will be much yarns also do not suffer in comparison with any in greater on a rich, there will be less grain, than on the world. We can also let our northern ship a thinner soil. On rich land, it rarely fills well, builders have a good supply of tar, pitch, turpen- but on a suitable soil, and in a favorable season, tine, plank and timber. Indeed we value ourselves the product is very great. The quantity of seed not a little upon our “live-oak.” There is also sown to the acre and the time of sowing should, left among us some degree of patriotism, in so I think, depend upon the object in view in sowing much as that none can disturb our domicils from it. When the grain is the object, half a bushel, abroad without suffering for it. We are also a or three pecks is ample, as it throws out many very peaceable people. We have always had, lateral branches. When designed to be ploughand still have, our full share in the Federal Govern- ed down as green manure, I would sow a bushel ment. We have never complained that the South-sown early in the season it produces more straw has not furnished her full quota of presidents, —when later more grain,-indeed the later it is orators, and able statesmen. We have also along in ripening, so as to escape frost, (a slight frost our southern coast neither "eighty nor a hundred will kill it the greater will be the product of grain. miles from the sea,” lands, which have been in For green manure I would sow in May or early cultivation for more than a century, and were in June, (two crops may be ploughed down in the never artificially manured, and yet yield as good same season:) if I wished to reap the grain, I crops as they did eighty years ago. We have would not sow till after the middle of July, I also as good land as Essex County generally con- have sown it in August, and at the same time, tains, within less than one hundred miles of the sown rye and cloved seed, upon the same ground, sea, and supplied with inexhaustible beds of cal- and all three succeeded well. careous manure, for sale at from 81 to 2 per Millet. On this subject H inquires whether acre. And last but not least, we are very glad to “millet is made to any extent in any of the United see amongst us all “Northern gentlemen," who States? What soil suits it—is it an exhauster, do not "traduce" us before they leave home, and and what is the price per bushel?" to show to them a degree of hospitality, which A species of millet, (very much resembling the they shall be compelled to declare Essex County fox-tail grass, only of a much finer, richer appearnever surpassed.
ance) was raised to some extent, some few (parFinally, we are much gratified that our author haps 8 or 10) years ago in the Valley. None is confesses that New England is not perfect. He raised hereabouts now. It requires a very rich says she has the drifiing snow and driving sleet," soil, very neatly prepared. It is certainly a great and that "the cold seasons of 1812 and 1816 and exhauster. When in repute here, (it had but a the intermediate years” were to some rather alarm- short day) the price per bushel was about $2. It ing; that the "ands are not enriched by the allu- could not now be given away, to be sown here. vion of rivers three thousand miles long," and that On à suitable soil, that is, one rich enough to "the sceptre of political power has departed." produce a fine crop of hemp, it produces well both We are sorry that any such evils should have in hay and seed-the seed when ground, made a come on New England, a land which our fathers fine rich looking meal, and was excellent food for taught us never to traduce," but always to give milch cows-the hay when well cured, is nearly her "an honorable place in her country's annals.” equal to timothy. Its sponsors pronounced it But as they have come upon her, we are pleased 'preferable to either clover, meadow, or timothy that our author has ingenuousness sufficient to hay.” But "chacun a son gout," seemed to think make the confession.
all my horses and cattle: they all preferred the clover.
In the memoirs of the Pennsylvania AgricultuOx BUCKWHEAT AND MILLET.
ral Society, (1824) John Hare Powell says, “I To the Editor of the Farmers' Register.
have made many experiments, on various soils,
and at diferent seasons to ascertain the product, Rockingham, August 12th, 1834.
as well as the properties of millet. · Upon light Should none of your correspondents more satis- land in good condition it succeeds best. It requires factorily answer the inquiries of H, in the Jupe in all cases fine tilth and as much strength of soil, No. of the Farmers' Register, on the subject of as is necessary to produce heavy oats. I have buckwheat and millet, the following remarks, the not seen either in Europe; or America, any groen results of some experience on those subjects, are crop which so largely rewards accurate tillage, and