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publication in the style in which the Farmers' Regis- / It is presumed that the low price at which it is ofter appears, requires far more, care and expense; and it fered to existing subscribers, will induce many to take is presumed that not many of its subscribers would be the cheap edition, if for no other reason than the better willing that it should lose its rank in this respect, preservation of the higher priced copy. To all such, even though accompanied by a reduction of price. who take the cheap edition, and who may choose to let

There is another reason, and a very important one, their higher priced monthly numbers remain with the why most papers, and even most agricultural papers publisher until the close of the volume, they shall be may be furnished at lower prices, in proportion to delivered in neat and strong half binding, (with leather the amount of matter printed, than the Farmers' Re- backs and corners,) for an additional sum of 50 cents gister. The latter derives no profit from advertise- for each volume-or without any charge for binding, ments entering the body of the work-and these fur- (if the cheap edition was obtained at not less than $2 50.

nish a considerable part, and generally much the great. These several advantages offered to the subscribers to .. est part of the profit of the paper that admits them. the monthly publication, it is presumed will be to them

It is for our readers to compare this publication a sufficient pecuniary compensation for the facility with others as to the quality and value of the matter which their subscriptions afford to the issuing the cheap furnished. Considering merely size and beauty, and

edition. correctness of execution, taken together, this is the It is frankly admitted that it is the liberal aid already cheapest periodical that has yet appeared in the south afforded by existing subscriptions to the Farmers' ern states.

Register that enables the proprietor to offer this edition But though justice requires that we should thus meet in so cheap a form--and that the future diminution of the objection to the alleged high price of the Farmers'

that aid, should it occur, will put an end to this plan, as Register, we know that the most conclusive arguments soon as all existing engagements have been complied on this head will not avail much in extending its circu- with: unless, indeed, the list of subscribers to the cheap lation. To effect this object, it is necessary to furnish

furnish edition should by that time become so extended, as to a publication which shall be cheap in every sense-and

furnish of itself a source of profit. In that event, the therefore it is intended to offer one which may be com- monthly edition may also be reduced in price, though pared with most others, as to price, by measure and

it will necessarily be always higher, for those who debulk, without losing any thing in correctness, or in sire such paper and press work as will make a handany other respect than external appearance. This ex-some volume. periment will be made forthwith-and it will be for

Further—for the purpose of facilitating payments the farming community to decide whether it shall be through the mail to those who wish to subscribe for supported or not.

more than one publication, and also as more suitable In addition to the present monthly publication, the to the now general state of pecuniary embarrassment, Farmers' Register will be issued in a single sheet of 16 the price of the Farmer's Library will be reduced to pages, four times a month. By using paper of inferior $2 50, by its first proposed size being diminished in quality, and saving the expense now incurred for press- proportion. This change will be stated more particuing, folding, and stitching and covering the sheets, and larly in an amended prospectus, which will be on the of the guarantee of the safe passage of the copies by cover of this number of the Farmers' Register. mail, the price may be reduced to the following rates! The proprietor cannot lose by the publication of -at which the Cheap Edition will be furnished, com- the cheap edition for a year, even should it be then mencing with this sheet.

discontinued-and by its being made, the public will For one copy, or 48 sheets in 12 months, $3 00 | gain whatever may be the value of the extended diffuFor 4 copies, subscribed and paid for in ad- sion of the information contained in this work.

vançe at one time, $10, or for each, - - 2 50 To any person who is already a subscriber to

TO CORREPONDENTS AND SUBSCRIBERS. the monthly Farmers' Register, the price of a

The fol

The following communications have been received, single copy of the cheap edition will be, - 2 50 and will appear in No. 2: “On the diseases of Cattle And 5 subscribers to the monthly Farmers' Re-' and Sheep"_“On the cultivation of low grounds”—

gister, may, by subscribing at once, for the On apprenticeships to farming,” [continuation of cheap edition, receive their copies for $10, or Pattern Farms.] for each, per annum, - - - . - 2 00

The price of the cheap edition, in every case, must! Supplementary sheets containing a list of subseribe paid in advance.

bers, and a general index to Vol. I. will be sent with The cheap edition will be commenced remularly as this number--which though not separately directed, soon as the names of 500 subscribers are returned. As postmasters will please to deliver to the subscribers for but few copies will be struck off more than for actual Vol. I. who still receive the Farmers' Register at their subscribers, the year of subscription will generally be respective post offices. commenced with the last published number: but if desired by the subscriber, he will be supplied with back Printed by Robert Ricketts, numbers, as long as they can be furnished. The mat

AT THE SHELLBANKS PRESS, ter contained in every sheet will be precisely the same where the printing of books, pamphlets, and other jobs, can be with that of the monthly Farmers' Register.

executed promptly, and in the best style.

VOL. II.

JULY, 1834.
EDMUND RUFFIN, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.

No. 2.

ON THE CORN CROP.

tility which it induces depends the profit of the From the proceedings of the New York State Agricultural So-crop. Long or unfermented manure is to be preciety. By J. BUEL.

ferred. It decomposes as the wants of the plant There is no crop more beneficial to the Ameri- require it; while its mechanical operation, in rencan farmer than Indian corn. An eminent agri- dering the soil light and porous, is beneficial to the culturist, the late John Taylor of Virginia, called crop. It should be equally spread over the whole it the meal, meadow, and manure," of the farm. surface, before it is ploughed under. It then conIt is convertible into human food in more forms tinues to afford fresh pasture to the roots till the than any other grain; its value in fattening domes-corn has matured, and is in its place to benefit the tic animals is not exceeded by any product of the succeeding crop. If put into the hill, the roots farm; and no crop returns more to the soil than soon extend beyond its influence, it does not so this does in the form of manure. There are two readily decompose, and the subsequent crop is important requisites, however, to its profitable cul- prejudiced from its partial distribution in the soil. tivation. The first is, that the soil be adapted to In a rotation of four or five years, in which this its growth; and the second, that the crop be well crop receives the manure, twenty-five or thirty orfed and well tended: for food and attention are as dinary loads may be applied to one acre with important to the plant as to the animal. Ordina- greater profit, than to two or three acres. Every rily speaking, it costs less to take care of a good addition tells in the product; and there is scarcely crop of corn, on proper corn land, than it does of a any danger of manuring too high for this favorite bad crop on land not adapted to its culture. The crop. Gypsum is applied broadcast before the first is light and dry. The latter stiff, wet or last ploughing or harrowing, or strewed on the grassy. I put the average expense of cultivating hills after hoeing. I pursued the first method, at and securing an acre, at $15, (a) including a fair the rate of a bushel to the acre. (d) rent though it ordinarily exceeds this sum. The The best preparation for a corn crop is a clover or farmer, therefore, who obtains thirty bushels from other grass lay, or lea, well covered with a long the acre, estimating the grain at 50 cents per manure, recently spread, neatly ploughed, and bushel, gets a fair compensation for his labor, and harrowed lengthwise of the furrow. A roller the use of his land. Whatever the product falls may precede the harrow with advantage. The short of this is an absolute loss; and whatever it time of performing these operations depends upon may exceed it is net gain. Thus the man who the texture of the soil, and the quality of the sod. gets but twenty bushels from the acre, loses upon If the first is inclining to clay, or the latter tough, this estimate $20 worth of his labor, on four acres. or of long continuance, the ploughing may be perHe who raises 80 bushels an acre, on the other formed the preceding autumn; but where sand or hand, realizes a net profit of $100 from four acres gravel greatly preponderate, or the sod is light and -making a difference in the profits of the two tender, it is best performed in the spring, and as farmers, in the management of four acres of corn, near to the planting as convenient. The harrow of one hundred and twenty dollars! These data at least should immediately precede planting. All are sufficiently accurate to show the importance of seeds do best when put into the fresh stirred mould. the two requisites I have suggested, and the value Stiff' lands are ameliorated and broken down by fall of a little calculation in the business of farming. ploughing; but light lands are rather prejudiced by The habit of noting down the expense, as well as it. When corn is preceded by a tilled crop, the the product of a crop, and thus ascertaining the ground should be furrowed, and the seed deposited relative profit and loss, is highly advantageous to in the bottoms of the furrows. Where there is a the practical farmer, and one which cannot be too sod, the rows should be superficially warked, and strenuously inculcated. It will perhaps be said, the seed planted upon the surface. Where the that I ought to add the value of the manure which field is flat, or the sub-soil retentive of moisture, is employed in the large crop; but I reply that I the land should be laid in ridges, that the excess offset 'this against the increased forage which this of water which fals may pass off in the surrows. crop furnishes. Besides, by applying the manure The time of planting must vary in different disin the unfermented state in which it is generally tricts and in different seasons. The ground should found in the spring, it wiil be as beneficial to the be sufficiently warmed by vernal heat to cause a succeding crops, as though it had lain and fer- speedy germination. Natural vegetation affords mented in the yard, and been applied in the usual the best guide. My rule has been to plant when way in the autumn. (b) .

the apple is bursting its blossom buds, which has The soils adapted to the culture of Indian corn, generally been between the 12th and 20th of May. are such as are permeable to heat, air (c) and Preparation of the seed. The enemies to be the roots of the plant, and embrace those denomi- combatted are the wire worm, brown grub, birds nated sandy, gravelly and loamy. Corn will not and squirrels. Of these, the first and two last prey succeed well on grounds that are stiff, hard or wet. upon the kernels, and against these tar offers a The roots grow to as great a length as the stalks, complete protection. I soak my seed 12 to 20 and the soil must be loose to permit their free ex-hours in hot water, in which is dissolved a few

ounces of crude saltoetre, and then add (say to The manures used are generally yard and stable eight quarts of seed) half a pint of tar, previously dung, and plaster of paris, (sulphate of lime.) | warmed and diluted with a quart of warm water. The first ought to be abundant; as upon the fer- | The mass is well stirred, the corn taken out, and

VOL. II.-9

tension.

as much plaster added as will adhere to the grain. I fertilizing properties, as a manure, are greatly augThis impregnates and partially coats the seed with mented by being fed out in the cattle yard, and the tar. The experience of years will warrant me imbibing the urine and liquids which always there in confidently recommending this as a protection for abound, and which are lost to the farm, in ordinary the seed.

yards, without an abundance of dry litter to take The manner of planting is ordinarily in hills, them up. By the first of these methods, the crop from two and a half to six feet apart, according to may be secured before the autumnal rains; the the variety of corn, the strength of the soil, and value of the fodder is increased, and the ground is the fancy of the cultivator. The usual distance cleared in time for a winter crop of wheat or rye. in my neighborhood is three feet. Some, howe- The second mode impairs the value of the forage, ver, plant in drills of one, two and three rows, by requires more labor, and does not increase the which a greater crop is unquestionably obtained, quantity, or improve the quality, of the grain. though the expense of culture is somewhat in- The third mode requires the same labor as the first, creased. (e) The quantity of seed should be may improve the quality of the grain, but must indouble, and may be quadruple of what is re-evitably deteriorate the quality of the fodder. The quired to stand. It is well known that a great corn cannot be husked too promptly after it is difference is manifest in the appearance of the gathered from the field. If permitted to heat, the plants. Some appear feeble and sickly, which value of the grain is seriously impaired. (i) the best nursing will not render productive. The Saving seed. The fairest and soundest ears are expense of seed, and the labor of pulling up all either selected in the field, or, at the time of huskbut three or four of the strongest plants in a hill, I ing, a few of the husks being left on, braided and it is believed will be amply remunerated by the preserved in an airy situation till wanted for use. increased product. If the seed is covered, as it! In making a choice of sorts, the object should be should be, with fine mould only, and not too to obtain the varieties which ripen early, and afford deep, we may at least calculate upon every hill or the greatest crop. I think these two properties are drill having its requisite number of plants. best combined in a twelve rowed kind which I ob

The after culture consists in keeping the soil tained from Vermont some years ago, and which I loose and free from weeds, which is ordinarily ac- call Dutton corn, from the name of the gentleman complished by two dressings, and in thinning the from whom I received it. It is earlier than the plants, which latter may be done the first hoeing, common eight rowed yellow, or any other field vaor partially omitted till the last. The practice of riety I have seen, and at the same time gives the ploughing among corn, and of making large hills, greatest product. I have invariably cut the crop is justly getting into disrepute: for the plough in the first fourteen days in September, and once bruises and cuts the roots of the plants, turns up in the last week in August. The cob is large, the sod and manure to waste, and renders the but the grain is so compact upon it, that two bushcrop more liable to suffer by drought. The first els of sound ears have yielded five pecks of shelled dressing should be performed as soon as the size grain, weighing 62 lbs. the bushel. of the plants will permit, and the best implement! In securing the fodder, precaution must be used. to precede the hoë is a corn harrow, adapted to The buts become wet by standing on the ground, the width of the rows, which every farmer can and if placed in large stacks, or in the barn, the make. This will destroy most of the weeds and moisture which they contain often induces fermenpulverize the soil. The second hoeing should be tation and mouldiness. To avoid this I put them performed before or as soon as the tassels appear, first in stacks so small, that the whole of the buts and may be preceded by the corn harrow, a shal' are exposed upon the outer surface; and when low surrow of the plough, or what is better than thoroughly dry they may be taken to the barn, or either, by the cultivator. (g) A slight earthing left to be moved as they are wanted to be fed out, is beneficial, providing the earth is scraped from merely regarding the propriety of removing a the surface, and the sod and manure not exposed. whole stock at the same time. It will be found beneficial to run the harrow or cultivator a third, or even a fourth time, between

NOTES. the rows, to destroy weeds and loosen the surface, (a) Estimated expense of cultivating an acre particularly if the season is dry. (h)

of Indian corn: In harvesting the crop, one of three modes is One ploughing, (suppose a clover lay,) - $2 00 adopted, viz. 1. The corn is cut at the surface of Harrowing and planting, - - - - the ground, when the grain has become glazed, or Two hoeings, 4 days and horse team, - - 3 75 hard upon the outside, put immediately into Harvesting, 2 days, - - - - - - - 1 50 stooks, and when sufficiently dried, the corn and Cutting and harvesting stalks, - - stalks are separated, and both secured. 2. The Rent, - - - - - - - - - - - - 500 tops are taken off' when the corn has become glazed, and the grain permitted to remain till Oc

$15 75 tober or November upon the buts. Or, 3. Both corn and stalks are left standing till the grain has (b) Stable and yard manures lose 50 per cent. fully ripened, and the latter becomes dry, when by the fermentation they undergo in the yard both are secured. There are other modes, such as during the summer. This loss consists of the leaving the buts or entire stalks, in the field, after gases which are evolved in the process of rotting, the grain is gathered; but these are so wasteful and of the fluids which sink into the earth, or are and slovenly as not to merit consideration. The carried off by the rains. Plants receive their food stalks, blades, and tops of corn, if well secured, either in a gaseous or liquid form. If manure rots are an excellent fodder for neat cattle. If cut, or in the soil, neither these gases or fluids are lost: cut and steamed, so that they can be readily mas- the earth retains, and the roots of the plants imticated, they are superior to hay. Besides, their bibe them. Yet recent manures are not proper to

be applied to small grains. They cause too rank 6. The same in do. 3 rows a growth of straw, and are apt to induce rust and in a drill, as above, 3 mildew. Thus a crop of corn, potatoes, or ruta | ft. from centres of drills, 43,560 170 5 baga may be fed and fattened, if I may use the expression, upon the dung which is destined to The fifth mode I have tried. The ground was nourish the wheat crop, without deteriorating its highly manured, the crop twice cleaned, and the value for the latter purpose, if it is applied to the entire acre gathered and weighed accurately, the corn, &c. before it has fermented.

same day. The product in ears was 103 baskets, (c) We are on the northern border of the each 84 lbs. net, and 65 lbs. over. The last basket maize zone, and should make up for defect in cli- was shelled and measured, which showed a promate by selecting soils into which the heat readily duct on the acre of 118 bushels 10 quarts. I penetrates. Air, besides conveying warmth in gathered at the rate of more than 100 bushels the summer, imparts fertility by the vegetable food acre, from four rods planted in the third method which is always suspended in it in the form of last summer; the result ascertained in the most acgases. Dews are also charged with these proper- curate manner. Corn shrinks about 20 per cent ties of vegetable nutriment, and when the soil is after it is cribbed. The sixth mode is the one by porous, they settle down as in a sponge, and im- which the Messrs. Pratts, of Madison county, ob. part fertility to the roots (the true mouths) of tained the prodigious crop of 170 bushels per acre. plants.

| These gentlemen, I am told, are of opinion, that (d) I adopt the opinion of Davy, as the modus the product of an acre may be increased to 200 operandi of plaster of paris, that it forms a neces- bushels. sary constituent of plants which it benefits, and is! (f) I am told the Messrs. Pratts, above alluded to, of no direct benefit to plants which do not afford it used seven bushels of seed to the acre, the plants on analysis. Among the first are the clovers, corn, being subsequently reduced to the requisite number. potatoes, and generally such plants as have broad (g) The cultivator is made in the form of or succulent leaves; while the latter embrace cul- a triangular harrow, with two bulls; or if inmiferous grains and grasses, as wheat, rye, timo- tended to be graduated to different widths, a centre thy, &c. Critical observation for years has con- bull is added, to which the exterior ones are atfirmed me in this conclusion. Gypsum, must be tached by hinges. Iron slats, fixed to the exterendered soluble before it can be taken up by the rior bulls, pass through a mortice in the centre one, mouths of plants, and it requires 600 parts of wa- perforated with holes, through which an iron pin ter to dissolve one of this mineral. I infer from passes to hold them at the graduated width. The these facts, that by burying it in the soil, it more rea- teeth may be in any approved form, or reasonable dily dissolves, and is more accessible to the mouths number. The cultivator I used has five teeth, two of plants, than if spread upon the surface of the in each of the outward, and one upon the centre ground. I am induced, from these views of the sub- timber. The teeth have a stout shank, with a ject, to sow plaster, on grass grounds, in March, and duck's foot termination, four inches broad, someupon corn and potato grounds before the last plough- what cylindrical, rounded at the point, and inclined ing for these crops. The latter was recommended forward in an angle of 30 or 40 deg. This impleand practised by the distinguished agriculturists, the ment is useful for other purposes; and may be used, late Mr. Taylor of Virginia, and Judge Peters, like Beatson's, as a substitute for the plough, in of Pennsylvania.

preparing light soils for a crop. The handles are (e) The following table exhibits the difference attached to the centre piece. The teeth have a in product of various methods of planting, and shoulder, on the under side of the timber, and are serves also to explain the manner in which large fastened with screws and nuts above. crops of this grain have been obtained, I have (h) Some entertain a mistaken notion, that it is assumed in the estimate, that each stalk produces prejudicial to stir the soil among corn in dry one ear of corn, and that the ears average one gill weather, and others that weeds serve to prevent of shelled grain. This is estimating the product the evaporation of moisture by a hot sun. The low; for while I am penning this (October) I find reverse of these opinions is true. The exhaustion that my largest ears give two gills, and 100 fair of moisture by a plant is in the ratio of the surears half a bushel of shelled corn. The calcula- face of its leaves and stalks presented to the sun tion is also predicated upon the supposition, that and air. there is no deficiency in the number of stalks, a (i) The leaves are the necessary organs for contingency pretty sure on my method of planting. elaborating the food of plants, and when these are

| taken away the plant must cease to grow. The

Hills. bush. qts. sap is useless until it undergoes elaboration in the 1. An acre in hills, 4 feet apart,

| leaves. Hence, when corn is topped in the usual each way, will produce - 2722 42 16 way, the supply of food is cut off from the grain, 2. The same, 3 by 3 feet, - 4840 75 20 except what may be elaborated in the husks. On 3. The same, 3 by 21 feet, - 5808 93 28 comparing corn gathered by the first and second 4. The same in drills, at 3

modes, it was the opinion of those who assisted feet, plants 6 inches

in husking, that the first was soundest, brightest apart, in the drills, - 29,040 113 14 and heaviest. The third mode I have not tried.

But it seems probable, that the grain might ac5. The same in do. 2 rows

quire an increase of volume, though it would lose in a drill, 6 in. apart,

again by depredation and waste. The first method and the plants 9 in.

has these further advantages that it preserves the and 3 feet 9 in. from

cob from being saturated with rains, and secures centre of drills thus, . 30,970 120 31

the fodder, when it is in its highest perfection and greatest quantity.

THE GARDEN.

7. As soon as the plants are firmly rooted, the

more the earth is stirred about them the better. From the (New York) Cultivator. This facilitates the preparation of the vegetable Though we do not intend to enter into the mi-tood in the soil, and greatly promotes growth. nute details of gardening, nor to say much of the Next to the destruction of weeds, nothing counornamental portion of the art, yet we would fain teracts the effects of drought so much, in garden encourage a taste for this branch of labor, which or field, as stirring the surface of the soil. does much to multiply our comforts, and refine our 8. Different seeds require different temperatures manners, and proffer such occasional directions as to induce germination; and if they are put into the may tend to benefit the generality of our readers. ground when it is too cold, they are liable to rot. We go upon the principle that we all ought to look Wheat, rye, barley, &c. will germinate at 45 defor our chief happiness at home; and that the more grees, corn at perhaps 55, while the melon probathis home is embellished, and provided with the bly requires a heat of 60 to 70 degrees. The comvaried productions of the soil, the stronger will our mon bean will vegetate in a cold temperature, attachments be to it, and the more multiplied will while the Lima bean will rot in a cold or wet soil. be our enjoyments. At all events, there are many Hence, in planting, regard is to be had to the productions of the garden which are in a measure hardiness of the plant which is to be sown. indispensable in every family; and the farmer can The present month is an important one in the raise them with more economy than he can buy operations of the garden. If not already done, them. It is in relation to the culture of these that no time should be lost in sowing the seed of onions, we intend to offer some brief remarks.

sallads, early cabbage, peas, radishes, and in plantAmong the general rules which ought to be re-ing some early corn and potatoes. The beet, cargarded in the management of a garden, and which rot, parsnip, and summer squash may also be in some measure apply to the management of a sown. Cabbages for winter use may be sown in farm, we may particularize the following: time, from the 20th to the 30th. As soon as the soil

1. A garden should be enclosed by a secure and the season are warm enough to bring up corn, fence-otherwise an unruly animal may destroy in which here is generally from the 15th to the 20th, a night the fruits of many a day's toil."

plant your melons, pumpkins and cucumbers, 2. A garden should be rich: for here the maxim though it will do equally well to plant the latter, particularly applies,—that it is better to cultivate for pickles, in the early part of June. The 15th a small piece of ground well, than a large one will ordinarily do for Lima beans, which are the slovenly and bad." JVell done” is the only good best of the bean family. Soak the seed of these enough" for a garden.

in warm water, a few hours, and cover them 3. Do not plant your roots and vines in the slightly. My practice is to save this crop for winshade, or under the drippings of trees, but in an ter use. They afford a great product. When open exposure. Appropriate these situations to frost is apprehended, the beans are all picked, the medicinal plants and herbs. Trees impoverish the unripe ones shelled and dried; and, if soaked beground, and their shade is baleful to most crops. fore cooking, are nearly as good as when first Plant trees upon the north, east, and west borders, gathered from the vines. An acquaintance digs a where their shade will be but partially prejudicial, I large hole, in which he deposites a barrow of dung, or along a main alley.

which he covers with six inches of earth, and 4. Alternate your crops; that is, do not plant plants the Lima beans, and puts down poles upon your onions or other vegetables, two successive the border of the manured circle. In this way they years on the same quarter. This rule is as im- are said to grow luxuriantly, and to produce in portant to the garden as it is to the farm; and every great abundance. Of the pumpkin' there are farmer, at least every good farmer, knows, that several new and much esteemed varieties, as the alternating his farm crops is of the first importance Valparaiso, Porter and acorn squashes. These to profit.

are rather later in coming to maturity than the 5. Plant your seeds when the ground is fresh old yellow kind; though they have been successdug or ploughed, when it is filled with atmospheric fully cultivated among corn. We would commend air, and moist, and permeable to heat, three indis- the planting out, or sowing seeds of parsley, balm, pensable requisites to the vigorous germination of worm-wood, tanzy, garlick, hyssop, rue, sage, the seeds. They will then sprout quick, and grow thyme, and other herbs, which are often required luxuriantly.

| in a family. 6. Seeds require to be kept moist till their roots have got firm hold of the earth, and their leaves ON THE MANAGEMENT OF HORSES WHILST have expanded above it. To ensure this, the soil

TRAVELLING. must be brought in close contact with them, and they sufficiently covered. A good precaution is to

From the Southern Agriculturist. tread the fresh dug soil on the line where the seeds

" April 24th, 1834. are to be planted, which retards evaporation from Dear Sir, -As it is your request, I will now enbelow; or, when the seeds are covered to a sufficient deavor to say something about the treatment of depth, to compress the earth upon them with a a horse upon a journey, though, I assure you, that hoe, spade or board, which not only tends to retain you have travelled much more than I have. I the moisture, but to break the soil and to bring it in will, however, say, how I would treat my nags. close contact with them. Seeds often fail to grow, ! It is of great importance that the horse be in or, having began to germinate, are dried and lost, good condition before the journey is commenced for the want of moisture. And many small seeds not very fat: he should eat nothing but the most with husky coverings, particularly flower seeds, solid food for sometime before you start, nothing have been declared bad, because they have been light or green; for nine out of ten horses will founplanted without due reference to this rule. der if fed on green food. Early in the morning

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