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GEORGIA

Comprising Sketches of Counties, Towns, Events,

Institutions, and Persons, Arranged

in Cyclopedic Form

IN THREE VOLUMES

EDITED BY

Ex-governor ALLEN D: CANDLER

AND

General CLEMENT A. EVANS

VOLUME III

State Historical Association
ATLANTA

1906

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Cyclopedia Of Georgia

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Oak, a post-hamlet in the southern part of Berrien county, is about six miles southeast of Heartpine, which is the nearest railroad station.

Oakdale, a post-village of Cobb county, is on the Southern railroad, about twelve miles northwest of Atlanta.

Oakfield, a town in the southwestern part of Crisp county, was incorporated by act of the general assembly on Dec. 6, 1900. Its population that year was 107. It is on the Albany & Northern railway, about half-way between Albany and Cordele, and is one of the most important trading and shipping points on the line. It has a money order postoffice, express and telegraph offices, schools, churches, etc., and is one of the thriving towns in that section of the state.

Oakhurst, a post-hamlet in the northern part of Cobb county, is on the Atlanta, Knoxville & Northern railroad, about six miles from Marietta.

Oakland, a post-village of Meriwether county, with a population of 68, is about ten miles northeast of Greenville, which is the nearest railroad station, and is a trading center for the neighborhood in which it is situated.

Oakridge, a post-hamlet of Meriwether county, is about eight miles northwest of Greenville. Odessadale, on the Macon & Birmingham railroad, is the nearest station.

Oakwood, a post-village of Hall county, is a station on the Southern railway, about eight miles southwest of Gainesville. The population in 1900 was 43. It was incorporated by act of the legislature on August 12, 1903.

Oaky, a post-hamlet in the northern part of Effingham county, is not far from the Screven county line. Oliver, seven miles west on the Central of Georgia, is the nearest railroad station.

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Oasis, a post-hamlet of Fannin county, is about seven miles due west of Kyle, which is the nearest railroad station.

Oats.—As a forage crop oats has been profitably cultivated in the Oostanaula, Etowah and Coosa valleys, and all through Middle Georgia. The expense of production is comparatively light and under favorable conditions the returns are good. In 1900 there were 467,336 acres and the production was 7,010,040 bushels, valued at $3,434,920. The largest yield was reported from a farm in Wilkes county. This was 137 bushels to the acre, but farms in DeKalb, Floyd, Coweta and Schley counties reported crops of 100 bushels and over.

Oatts, a post-hamlet of Burke county, is fifteen miles southwest of Waynesboro and almost on the Jefferson county line. Louisville is the nearest railroad station.

Ocean City.—(See Tybee).

Ocee, a post-hamlet of Milton county, is about five miles northwest of Duluth, which is the nearest railroad station.

Ocher.—Strictly speaking ocher is a combination of peroxide of iron with water, but the name has been conferred on various clays colored with iron oxides, the shade of color depending upon the proportion. Subjected to the process of calcination the color is deepened and rendered more permanent. Ocher is found in the iron bearing mud associated with the water pumped from many mines and in natural beds, sometimes several feet in thickness, in different geological formations. In northwest Georgia large deposits of these iron bearing clays are found, being generally associated with the brown iron ores. The most extensive of these deposits are found in what is known as the Weisner quartzite, near Cartersville. They occur chiefly along the western margin of the quartzite, where it has been crushed or broken. The ocher obtained from these deposits is really a pulverulent form of brown iron ore, is remarkably free from impurities and well adapted to the manufacture of paints and linoleum. The mining and shipment of yellow ocher has become a considerable industry in Bartow county. At Cartersville there are four mills for preparing the material. For the year ending August 1, 1900, the product of this district was 4,500 tons. It is said that most of this ocher finds its way to England, where it is used in the linoleum factories. The value of the state's output for the same year was approximately $75,000.

Ochillee, a village in the northern part of Chattahoochee county, is at the junction of the Seaboard Air Line and the Central of Georgia railroads. It has a money order postoffice, express and telegraph offices, and is an important trading and shipping point for that part of the county.

Ochlochnee, an incorporated town in the northwestern part of Thomas county, is on the Albany & Thomasville division of the Atlantic Coast Line railway, and in 1900 had a population of 244. It has a money order postoffice, which supplies mail to the rural districts by means of several free delivery routes, and is an important commercial center and shipping point for that section of the county.

Ochwalkee, a village of Montgomery county, is a short distance west of Mount Vernon, on the Seaboard Air Line, at the point where it crosses the Oconee river. It has a money order postoffice, express and telegraph service, some mercantile interests and in 1900 reported a population of 100.

Ocilla, a town in the eastern part of Irwin county, was incorporated by act of the legislature in 1898. It is located on a branch of the Atlantic & Birmingham railroad and a branch of the Seaboard Air Line connects it with Fitzgerald. It is the second largest town in the county, and by the census of 1900 had a population of 805 in the corporate limits and 1,740 in its entire district. It has express and telegraph offices, a money order postoffice with rural free delivery, a bank, prosperous commercial establishments, and an oil and fertilizer company doing a large business, while there are good schools and churches in the town and vicinity.

Ocilla Oil & Fertilizer Company, manufacturers of cotton-seed oil products and fertilizers, Ocilla, Irwin county, represents one of the important enterprises which has been fostered through the development of the cotton-seed industry throughout the South. The company was organized and incorporated in 1903, with a capital stock of $30,000, and its well equipped plant has a capacity for the handling of forty tons of cotton seed every twenty-four hours, while in connection is maintained an extensive gin, with a capacity of 125 bales of cotton a day. The oil products of the concern are maintained at the maximum standard of purity and attractiveness and are sold throughout the Union, the business of the company having shown a constant tendency to expansion from the time of its inception. The plant utilizes 25,000 square feet of ground, and employment is given to a corps of forty men. The stock of the company is owned entirely by residents of Irwin county, the officers being as follows: J. A. J. Henderson, president; J. E. Howell, vice-president; R. V. Faulk, secretary and treasurer. In addi

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