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Examination Questions, 309.

Respect the Body, 151.
Eyesight and Microscope, The, 235.

Salaries, Economy of Low, 53.
Faith, The Principle of Life, 172.

School Houses-Hon. Newton Bateman, 20.
Farming, Why Boys Should Learn, 31. School of Design for Women, 26.

School Directors, Duties of, 145.
Fiat Justitia— Editorial, 266.

School Directors—G. D. Hunt, 301.
German Kindergarten, 284.

School Government-Illinois Teacher, 146.
Going up Stairs, The Science of, 346.

School Progress, 323.
Grading in Schools, 337.
Graded Schools, Different Names for --Ed. 95. Slate Pencils, 287.

Science for Children- Quin, 344.
Hanging Baskets for School Rooms, 348,

Soldiers' Orphans Editorial, 238.
Heavenward Side, The, 285.

Spelling, Bad, 30.
History in Common Schools--Humanitas, 181. State Superintendent Wickersham's Annua.
How to Spoil a School and Disgrace a Teach-

Report-Editorial, 178.
er, 231.

How to Teach, 345.

Announcement and Programme of, 1, 33.
Intemperance, 174.

Proceedings of, 68-92.
In School Days-Whittier, 320.

Address of Welcome-Rev. C. J. Plitt, 68.
Is a Little Music Better than None? 147. Inaugural Address—S. S. Jack, 70.
La Fayette College, 48.

Teachers' Certificates-Discussion, 73, 75.
Labor, Mental and Manual, 60.

Civil Government- Calvin Townsend, 78.
Language a Fine Art, 312–316.

Teachers' Inner Life, Hon. E. E. White, 81.
Learning and the Magazines—Editorial, 298. The True Practical, Hon. T. H. Burrowes, 87
Love of the Beautiful, 264.

Address by Hon J. P. Wickersham, 88.
Magazines in Schools—S. P. Bates, 222.

Members in attendance, 91-92.
Milestones on the Road-Humanitas, 277. Absenteeism, Report by . C. Gilchrist, 104.
National Association of Superintendents :

Must the Classics be Abandoned ?-D. S.
Proceedings of, 293-296.

Burns, 106.
National Teachers' Association, programme, 4. Higher Education, State Aid for- Rev. R.
Proceedings of, 114, 124.

A. Browne, 108.
Natural History-Humanitas, 136.

Permanent Certificates—S. D. Ingram, 111.
Nineteenth Century, The, 224.

State Normal Schools—1, O. Best, 138.
Nouns, Classification of T. Ř. Vickroy, 45. Family, School, and Church--C. Cornforth,
Normal School, Another-Editorial, 265.

Object Teaching-Humanitas, 17.

“ Sunday, The Fourth,”- Editorial, 36.
On Infant Education, 262.

Teaching, Errors in, 167.
On Punishing-H. W. Beecher, 25.

Teaching Grammar,- Jesse Newlin, 169.
Oral Instruction, 174.

Teacher Training, 259.
Parents, Suggestions to, 347.

Teaching by the Page, 292.
Penmanship in Schools, 283.

Teachers, Admission and Removal of, Ed. 297.
Pictures for the Home, 165.

Text Books, Frequent Changes,-Ed. 238.
Philosophic Abstraction, 291.

The Bridge,- Mrs. H. B. Stowe, 27.
Philadelphia Editorial, 210.

The Children,-Dickens, 148.
Philadelphia Supervision, 227.

The “Widow's Mite,325.
Position of Pupils and Modes of Reciting, 309. The Little Girl and the Copy, 175.
Practical, The-Mass. Teacher, 150.

The Sun-Lippincott's Magazine, 50.
Primary Schools, 170.

The Tireless Brain-Holmes, 311.
Professional Teachers Editorial, 35.

Things that Never Die, 288.
Professional Training, Hon. Newton Bateman 48 Tiptoeing in School, 285.
Professional Courtesy-G. D. Hunt, 18. Tobacco, Effects of, 289.
Professional Jealousy-G. D. Hunt, 252.

To Teacher and Directors—S. T. Kirk, 232.
Provisional Certificates, Marking- Philom, 253. Trust in Youth, 279.
Public Schools, Elevation of, — Miss M. L. Ventilation, Axioms in, 344.
Sandford, 22.

Veteran School Mistress, A, 292.
Punctuation, A Talk About, 171.

What a Man Knows, 348.
Reading, Made Profitable and Delightful, 162. Wickersham, Hon. J. P., Biographical Sketch
Reading, Practical Drills in Edwards. 281.

of, 339-343
Reign of Archelaus, The, 54.

Words, Classification of—T. R. Vickroy, 16.
Reviews-Editorial, 211.

Written Examinations-Philom, 18.

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STATE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. the low rates of from $1.00 to $1.50 per day. The Pennsylvania State Agricultural Society will hold its next exhibition at HARRISBURG, commencing

The programme of exercises was not quite Tuesday, September 28th, 1869, and to continue four ready for this number of the Journal, but it days. For particulars, address the Secretary at Harrisburg, is nearly completed, and will be published in

Amos E. KAPP, Pres'ı. the issue for August, which will be mailed be. D. W. SEILER, Rec. Sec.

fore August ist; also, in the Daily Press and ELBRIDGE McConkey, Cor. Sec.

Age of Philadelphia, and the leading papers of
VOL. 18. NO. I.

Harrisburg and Pittsburg, in the issue of July

HENRY Houck,
Again the Journal salutes its readers at the

Chairman Ex. Com. commencement of a new volume. On its part nothing need be added to what was said, in the

TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION. last number, as to the course to be pursued. It

Free return passes will be issued over the will hold on its course as usual, neither fearing following railroads : for the cause in which it is engaged, nor prom

Allegheny Valley, ising great things for itself. Emergencies will

Cumberland Valley, be met as they shall arise ; old practices, when

East Pennsylvania, found good, shall be continued as long as pro

Erie and Pittsburg, motive of the end in view; new projects will

Huntingdon and Broad Top, be scrutinized, and only adopted when likely

Hanover Branch and Gettysburg, to prove better than their predecessors; tried

Lehigh Valley, friends will be cherished, and listened to as

Lehigh and Susquehanna, advisors as well as thanked as supporters, and

Lackawanna and Bloomsburg, new ones will be cordially welcomed, not only

Northern Central, because their aid is needed, but because it is

North Penrsylvania, from the new recruits that the future leaders

Philadelphia and Erie, are to spring. Hold on, then, ye oldsters in

Philadelphia and Reading, the good work, and come on in thousands, ye

Philadelphia and Baltimore Central,

West Chester and Philadelphia. youngsters. Let us make a brilliant campaign of it. The JOURNAL will do its part.

Excursion tickets will be issued for the Cata

wissa railroad. STATE TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION. A few roads have not answered the applica

tion at this date, June 21st. The annual meeting of the Pennsylvania The railroad superintendents and general State Teachers' Association will be held at ticket agents have been very liberal, and if the Greensburg, Westmoreland county, commenc- teachers avail themselves of these arrangements, ing Tuesday, August 10th, and continuing the applications for the same favors next year

can be made and received with much better The people of Greensburg are making am- grace. It has sometimes happened that only ple arrangements to accommodate all who may four or five teachers have passed over any part possibly attend.

of some of the railroads. It is hoped that this Ladies will be accommodated free of charge, year the reproach will not be cast upon the and the hotel rates for gentlemen will range at officers of the Association, of asking favors for

three days.

the teachers, which they do not accept. When Rev. Geo. A. Leakin, Baltimore—“Periodic there is such a unanimous expression of good Law as applied to Education." feeling toward the cause of education on the Prof. Ellis Apgar, State Superintendent of part of public corporations, let the teachers New Jersey-"Method of Teaching Map respond heartily with their presence and energy Drawing in Schools." at the coming meeting. C. H. HARDING, Prof. Austin C. Apgar, State Normal School,

Secretary. Trenton, New Jersey—“Method of Teach

ing Elementary Arithmetic." NATIONAL ASSOCIATION.

John D. Philbrick, Esq., Superintendent of

Public Schools of Boston—" The Workshop The educational meetings to be held in and the School.” Trenton, New Jersey, during the third week Rev. B. G. Northrop, State Superintendent in August, promise to be a great success. Three of Connecticut—“Rate Bills in Public Schools.” national associations hold their annual meeting Mr. White, of Boston—"Christianity in there during that week. The Association of our Public Schools." State Superintendents meets on Monday, that of Normal School Principals and Teachers on AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. Tuesday, and the general Association of Teachers on Wednesday, Thursday and Friday. The month of early Aowers and the first

The arrangements for these meetings are by fruits of the garden has passed quietly but this time nearly completed. Papers or lectures pleasantly. Much cleaning up around the buildhave been promised from the following dis- ings has been done, and the lads have been astinguished educators:

tonished at the change effected by an odd day Address by the President, Rev. L. Van devoted to improving roads and paths, removBokkelen, late Superintendent of Public Schools ing rubbish, trimming trees and extirpating of Maryland.

weeds. From this more than any other cause, Major General 0. 0. Howard, United a love for the school and a degree of home States Army—“ Education in the South with feeling seem to be springing up. Strawberries, reference to the Colored Population."

too, on the table almost daily, and in quantity An exercise in “ Practice Teaching," with to satisfy even the boyish appetite; cherries criticisms, and a discussion as to the necessity without stint and in great variety, with an ocof such an exercise in a Normal School, and casional treat of ice-cream, have served not the best method of conducting it.

only to please the palate, but to show that the Prof. Edward Brooks, Principal of the State garaen was not worked or the ice-house filled Normal School, Millersville, Pa.-" The Spir- for nothing. itual Element in Education.”

Our oats and barley look promisingly, and Prof. Fordyce A. Allen, Principal of the the large corn-fields, though late in the plantState Normal School, Mansfield, Pa.—“Course ing, are not only as good as our neighbors', but, of Study for a Normal School.”

owing to the prevalence of cold rains in May, Prof. Lewis B. Monroe, of Boston—“The turn out to have been seeded in the right time. Voice and its Training," with illustrations and The fine weather in the latter part of June has readings.

been quite propitious, and our Indian cornProf. John S. Hart, Principal of the New “child of the sun,”-is fairly astonishing us by Jersey State Normal School -—“Method of its rapid growth-aided not a little, we Aatter Conducting Religious Worship in Schools.” ourselves, by a good dressing of plaster and

Hon. J. P. Wickersham, State Superintend the frequent use of the cultivator. ent of Pennsylvania-"Higher Education."

A small attempt has been made at fallow Mrs. Randall, of the Oswego Training ploughing, either for wheat or winter barley. School— Method of Teaching Elocution," About an acre of the latter was sown on the with readings.

farm last fall, and though it seemed quite unMiss Swayze, of the New Jersey State Nor- promising-in fact like a failure—till the midmal School - Vocal Culture.” Readings. dle of May, yet it now looks so well and bids

Rev. Joseph Alden, D. D., LL. D., Princi. so fairly to yield a fine crop, that probably a pal of the State Normal School at Albany, dozen of acres of it will be sown the coming New York_“What is the best Teaching for fall. This is, be believe, the same grain,a Normal School?”

called Bere or Bear,--so much cultivated in Prof. Z. Richards, of Washington, D. C.- Scotland and the north of England, and found “Elementary Schools ; Radical Faults, Radi- to be valuable as a grain, and less severe upon cal Remedies.”

the soil than wheat. At any rate, the price of

barley has been so good latterly, and the yield gineered by our Professor of civil engineering, so much greater to the acre than that of wheat, with a corps of assistants from the students ; that it deserves a fair trial.

the survey being now actually in progress. In agricultural matters another part of our In the meantime, the College studies proper operations is rapidly attracting attention and go on with their usual quiet and order. As becoming important. An hundred acres of the the end of the term approaches, the examinafarm have been laid off, are being furnished tions are perhaps more thought about, and with separate house, barn, &c., and devoted to greater attention is paid to preparation for reciexperiments in practical agriculture, as the tation; and contrary to a very generally enter“Central Model and Experimental Farm.” tained opinion, manual labor does not seem to The whole will be worked in such manner, when indispose or unfit for study. This, howall the necessary arrangements shall have been ever, is probably due to the fact that ten hours completed, that, without reference to cost, the of physical exertion each week—which is the best results shall be produced that can be taken average in all cases, is so slight a tax upon the out of good soil by abundant, careful, and skil- muscles, as not to amount to a cause of diffiful labor. Of this farm, twenty-five acres have culty or disturbance between mind and body. been devoted to experiments in the grains So we get along : studying, and working, and and grasses and in potatoes, under all the enjoying ourselves ; caring little for the outside various conditions as to the preparation of the world, though in every act and in all our purground, effect of lime, &c., kind and quality suits preparing for its trials and its duties when of seed, &c., that have been suggested as likely the fullness of time shall call us to its realities. to test processes and establish reliable princi- Though forgetful of the world, it is not, ples in agriculture by actual and continued ex. however, to be supposed that we are altogether periment,-each being designed to be contin. satisfied to be “by the world forgot.” On ued for ten years, so as to avoid the accidents the contrary, it has lately been whispered of weather, &c. Our students begin to take a amongst us that means will be adopted, about lively interest in this Experimental Farm, the end of the present term-say during the which, though not worked by themselves, is last week of July—to challenge a rigid inspecour next neighbor, and often visited.

tion of this Institution by all who feel an inAnother matter of interest is the new turn- terest in its great object, and to submit not pike to be constructed, certainly, this season, I only its claims, but its results thus far to the from the College gate to the end of Nittany test of the senses as well of the judgment. mountain-about three miles,—and which will “ Come and see for yourselves,” will be the give us a continuous turnpike to Bellefonte. invitation. For particulars, see the newspaThis the more attracts attention, as it is en- pers.

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of Scbools and for Private instruction. By Lewis B. TRONOMY. For the use of Colleges and Academies. By Monroe, Supl. Physical and Vocal Culture in the Public Charles J. White. A. M., Assistant Professor of AsSchools of Boston, Mass. Illustrated by Hammat Bill- tronomy and Navigation in the United States Naval ings. 12mo. Pp. 102. Philadelphia: Corvperthwait Academy. With numerous illustrations. One Vol. & Co. 1869.

demi-ociavo. $2.00. Pp. 272. Philadelphia : ClaxBased on the great and original work of Dr. Rush on ton, Remsen & Haffelfinger. 1869. the human voice, whose system has been brought down This work, by Prof. White, of the United States Naval to present improvements in science by Profs. Bell of Lon- Academy at Annapolis, comes fairly up “to date"-condon, and Russell of Massachusetts,—this cannot but be a taining the latest information upon all branches of the good work. Of course the portion of it relating to gen- subject treated. A highly interesting description of the eral physical culture is and must be brief in a book of spectroscope is given, and of the important discoveries such small compass, and is only included as leading to the made through its agency, concerning the heavenly bodies, training of the voice. But in the main design-the ed- and, very recently, concerning the real motions of some of ucation of the voice—the reader will find all he needs, the brighter stars—the mode of conducting these latter and that set forth methodically, perspicuously and yet delicate experiments being clearly explained. More scientifically. The selections for practice, throughout the mathematical processes and explanations are found than in book, are admirable. In fact, it is the only text-book of most other text books,-involving, however, little beyond sterling merit and practical size we know of, on the sub- the elementary principles of geometry and trigonometry ject of which it treats.

but these are so lucidly presented and so useful to the




student who would understand how certain results in as- cumulates upon the lids of their Bibles. Books like this, tronomy are arrived at, that the book is for this reason thus popularizing Bible truth-cannot be multiplied too the more valuable. It contains also what we had not greatly or distributed too widely. This Old Testament been able to find in any other text-book within reach- History and the New Testament History, of the same namely, a table of fixed stars, the value of whose paral- series, would be very useful, especially to the Sunday lax has been obtained with a fair degree of accuracy, school teacher, and should find a place in every Christian among these Vega, Sirius, Arcturus, the North Star and home. Capella—the latter being distant from us 4,130,000 times Moral CULTURE OF Infancy, AND KINDERGARTEN our distance from the sun. The appendix contains an interesting table of Astronomical Chronology; also tables

GUIDE. With Music for Plays. By Mrs. Horace of the transits of the planets, the constellations, northern,

Mann and Elizabetb P. Peabody. Second Edition, masouthern and zodiacal; variable stars, binary stars, etc.

terially revised. 12m0., 216 pages. New York: J.

W. Scbermerhorn & Co. 1869. The only thing still wanting (nor is it given in any other text-book we know of) is a list of the stars with names

The first portion of this interesting work—about oneproperly accented and pronounced, the language from half, -—-contains all that can well be put upon paper as dewhich obtained, and the meaning of the same, so far as

scriptive as a guide to the practice of Froebel's method of

infant culture in the garden. No teacher can study it withthese facts can be arrived at. The work is issued in attractive style, and is a valuable addition to the list of text

out unconsciously transplanting therefrom to the school very books in this science now before the public.

many valuable ideas. The other half is an able and original

essay on the “Moral Culture of Infancy.” by Mrs. HorThe First Sıx Books of Virgil's Æneid, with explan- ace Mann. Like her most distinguished husband and

atory notes, a Lexicon and Map; together witb an Ap- most other true reformers in education, Mrs. Mann's pendix containing Dr. S. H. Taylor's questions on Virgil. forte is not the making of text-books or the practicalizing and a Metrical Index. Illustrated with numerous Ên- of particular methods of teaching, but the ennunciation gravings, and a Fac-simile of one page of the oldest ex- of great educational truths for others to work out. Here isting Manu:cript of the Latin Texi. "By Edward Scar- is a mine of that kind of material which will richly repay ing, A. M., Prof. of Latin, Milton College, Wisconsin. the working. 8vo. 421 pages. New York. A. S. Barnes & Co.

A NEw METHOD OF LEARNING THE FRENCH LANGUAGE. 1869. This is the most beautiful school edition of a portion

Embracing both the analytic and synthetic modes of inof the Æneid we have ever seen; tinted paper, generous

struction. Being a plain and practical way of acquiring margin, large and clear type, handsome binding and nu

the art of reading, speaking and composing French. merous beautiful and characteristic illustrations, with ac

the plan of Woodbury's method with German. By Louis curacy of text, full and instructive notes and a rich vocab

Fasquelle, LL D., Prof. of Mod. Lan, and Lit. in the ulary, render it all that the school student could desire,

University of Michigan, and author of several French as far as it goes. But we are not amongst those who are

text-books. Revised and improved edition. 12m0. 508 willing to indorse the modern and cramping system of

pages. New York: Ivison, Phinney, Blakeman & only reading a portion of the classical authors. Such,

Co. 1869. however, is the practice, and the presenteditore only the phrase method, but interweaving all the grammatical

This is a full and satisfactory treatise, somewhat on ministers to it by this curtailed edition, which, did it contain the whole poem, would be an ornament to the library principles of the French. No better book can be taken of the general scholar.

up by the adult acquiring a practical knowledge of that

language, either with or without a teacher. It is perhaps too THE STUDENT'S OLD TESTAMENT HISTORY. The old cumbrous for the very young pupil

, or on the other hand, Testament History. From the Creation to the Return of for the student already engaged in various other studies. the Jews from Capriviry. Edited by William Smith, The general index is remarkably good and aidful in the LL D. With Maps and Woodcuts. Large 12mo.

use of the work, affording access to hundreds of idiomatic Pp. 715. Cloch, $2.00. New York: Harper & and other difficulties which the student often wants to Brothers. 1869.

refer to, but knows not where to find in the book withThis is the latest addition to the series of Students' out just such a guide. Histories issued in uniform style, by the Messrs. Harper. The historical accounts found in the Old Testament are

WALLACE's MALAY ARCHIPELAGO. — The Malay Arcbihere given in continuous narrative and in the style of pelago : The Land of the Orang-Utan and the Bird of ordinary history, with such collateral information sup

Paradise. A Narrative of Travel, 1854-1862. plied as is needed to keep the thread of the narrative un- With Studies of Man and Nature. By Alfred Russel broken, and, subsequently, to connect the history of the

Wallace. With Maps and Numerous Illustrations. Jewish race with that of cotemporary nations treated in Crown 8vo Pp. 638. Cloth, $3.50. New York : profane history. Besides all necessary explanations, notes,

Harper & Brothers. 1869. references and citations, this work contains information Mr. Wallace is an enthusiastic English naturalist, who on a large number of other subjects,-among them, an spent about eight years among the islands of the Malay account of each of the Books of the Bible, the geography Archipelago, collecting birds, reptiles, insects, and certain of the Holy Land and of certain contiguous regions, to- species of mammalia, the number of specimens secured gether with the political and ecclesiastical antiquities of amounting to nearly 120,00, many of them unknown to the Jews, and full historical and genealogical tables, etc. science, and many others not before accurately described. There is something radically wrong in our religious train- Besides the rich entomological region found here, these ing, both at home and at school, or why should the islands are most interesting, from their wonderful vegetaBible possess so little attraction for youth? To tens of tion, birds of strange forms and gorgeous plumage, variethousands who see it daily in their homes, it is rather re- ties of the human race, with their curious modes of life, pulsive than otherwise. They take up the last novel, or and their remarkable colonies of Europeans. The author, the latest work in some interesting department of nat- starting from Singapore, visited Sumatra, Java, Borneo, ural science or natural history with eagerness, but Celebes, the Malaccas, and nearly all the principal anathema maranatha may be written in the dust that ac- islands, pushing his explorations as far as New Guinea.



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