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INDEX.

ABSORPTION of obscure heat, 240.
Abyssinian expeclition, 227.
Action of electric current on the Mi.

mosa pudica, 146.
Action of green light on plants, 2 10.
Active wheel cilia, 290.
Africa, eastern coast, 229.
Agaricus, 20.
Agricultural implements found in

France, 236.
Agricultural products of Abyssinia, 233.
Air columns, 46.
Air-vesicles of Bladderworts, utricu•

laria, 207.
Alchemilla alpina, 25.
Aluminium bronze, 152.
Arniens gravel, 395.
Ammodytes tobianus, 252.
Anatomy of thysanura, 239.
Ancient ornaments, 310.
Andromeda, 379.
Anemometer, new, 392.
Anglo-Saxon remaine, 459.
Animal life in Himalayas, 132.
Animal oxidation, 88.
Annelids, structure of, 266, 365.
Annuloida, 296.
Antiquarian relic at Andover, 310.
Ant's eggs, 322.
Apennines, lunar, 274.
Aphrodita aculeata, 272.
Arbroath Abbey, 26.
ARCHEOLOGIA. – Archæological asso-

ciated bodies, 148 ; tumulus at
Thruxton, 149; Roman pottery at
Thruxton, 149 ; excavations at
Wroxeter, 149; Roman city of Uri.
conium, 149; Wigmore Abbey, 150;
grave-mounds of Derbyshire, 180,
254, 342, 459; Celtic period, 181;
barrows, 182; sepulchral urns, 185,
344; stone cists, 186; chambered
tumuli, 187; Blackmore Museum,
233; Roman lead mining, Roman
work, 234; Stonelenge, 235; stones
of Sterness, 235; Roman town in
France, 233; agricultural imple-
ments, 236; sepulchral interments,
236; sepulchral deposits of Roman
period, 236; flint implements, 254;
arrow and spear-heads and dagger-
blacles, 254 ; flint knives, 256; stone
implements, 256; jet articles, an: |

VOL. XII.—NO. VI.

cient, 257 ; bone implements, 258 ;
bronze implement, 258 ; skeletons,
258; bronze daggers, 259; pottery,
Celtic, 260, 348 ; cinerary urns, 260;
food vessels, 260 ; drinking cups,
260; incense cups, 260; sepulchral
urn, 261; Roman station at Vin-
domis, 310; Yorkshire barrows,
310; skeletons in Yorkshire, 310;
bronze ornaments, 310; armlets
and necklaces, 311; Roman road,
311; Roman antiquities, 311 ;
Cheshire archeological produce,
312 ; flint implements, 312; Ro.
man coins, 312 ; Saxon beads,
312; excavations at Wroxeter, 312;
Birmingham of Roman Britain,
312; intaglio, 312; Roman coins,
313 ; coins of Tetricus, 313; Roman
roads, 342; pigs of lead, 342 ; armour
in tumuli, 341; ornaments in bronze,
iron, and silver, 345; iron knives,
345; coins in Derbyshire, 347;
beads, 348; Roman pottery, 348 ;
Roman cemeteries, 349; Roman

Salopian ware, 350.
Arctic fox, 364.
Ariadæus, second great cleft, 96.
Arid countries prevent rain, 337.
Armlets, and necklacey, 311.
Armour interred with skeletons in tu-

muli, 341.
Arrow and spear-heads, and dagger.

blades, 254, 460.
Arthropodes, 270.
Asplanchna, 287.
ASTRONOMY.-Notes on star streams,

1; milky way, 1; section of galactic
nebula, 4; stream formations, 8;
clustering in the milky way, 10; rolls
of stars, 11; streams of light, 12;
stippling, 12 ; doubts and facts con-
cerning Linné, 36 ; new crater, 36;
shallow crater, 37; observations on
Linné, 39; Wolf on Linné, 40 ;
Mure Vaporum and the lunar clefts,
52; cracks or rills, 52 ; supposition
of life in Moon negatived, 55 ;
absence of noticeable atmosphere in
the Moon, 55; meteoric appearances,
80; Mars during the late opposition,
81: colours of Mars, 82 ; undis.
covered satellite, 85; lunar clcíis,

II

95; Mare Vaporum, 95; Ariadæus, ' Belong vulgaris, 253.
96; Hyginus, 98; Triesnecker, 102; | Birmingham of Roman Britain, 312.
Jupiter's satellites, 103; occultations, | Blackmore Museum in Salisbury, 233.
104; Jupiter without satellites, 144; | Bladderworts, air vesicles of, 207.
outline lunar map, 155; constitution Blasting power, new, 315.
of Sun and stars, 159; 92nd planet, Blood corpuscles, function of, 87.
159; November shooting stars, 190; | Blood discs, 199.
motion of rotation, 192; radiant | Body and appendages of annelids, 267.
point, 192; meteoric orbit, 196; | Bologna phosphorus, 137.
meteoric streams, 197 ; Gruithui- | Bone implements, 258.
sen's city in the Moon, 214; clefts in | BotaNY.-Fungi on the plains of
the Moon, 215; rampart-work, 216; India, 18; Polyporus lucidus, 18;
selenites, 217 ; Rbæticus, 216; hills Schezophyllum commune, 18; Irper
in the Moon, 219; Jupiter's satel flavus, 18; Dædalea sanguinea, 18;
lites, 222; occultations, 223; lunar Agaricus, 18 ; Dum-dum collection
eclipse, 223; colour of the Moon, of fungi, 18; Agaricus malleus. 20;
225: colour seen during the lunar Agaricus alliciens, 20; Agaricus
eclipse, 226; luminous meteors, 239; holophlebius, 20; Podaxon carce-
lunar Eratosthenes and Copernicus, nomalis, 21 ; Phallus truncatus, 21;
273; Apennines, 274; zone of Eras ferns of Glen Clora, 23; oak fern,
tothenes' shadows in terrestrial sun. 23; beech ferns, 23; brittle bladder
shine, 275; lunar penumbra, 275 ; fern, 23; tooth bladder ferns, 24;
lara currents, 279; transit of Jupi. Wilson's film fern, 24; holly ferns
ter's satellites, 280; occultations, 24; hard fern, 24; Woodsia ilven-
280; theories of Copernicus and sis, 24; Lastrea spinulosa, 24;
Ptolemy, 317; colour question and Polystichum lonchitis, 24; Bilberry
lunar eclipse, 319; two new planets, and mountain or cloud-berry, 25;
320; coming star showers, 320; Alchemilla alpina, 25; hart's tongue
lunar details, 370; Copernicus, 370; ferns, 27 ; sea spleenwort, 27 ; marsh
craters in the Moon, 370; Gay fern, 28 ; green spleen wort, 29; pot-
Lussac, 370; light streaks, 371; tery tree of Para, 50; Moquilea
crater chains, 372 ; Eratosthenes, utilis, 50 ; bark of pottery tree, 30;
374; Sinus Estuum, 374 ; double silex in bark, 51; Handybook to col-
stars, 375; Lyra, 376; Cygni, lection of fungi and licben, 79; forest
376; Andromeda, 379; clusters and trees of Himalayas, 131 ; orchids,
nebulæ, 380 ; Jupiter's satellites, 131 ; Magnolias, 132; Rhododen-
381 ; occultations, 381 ; day view of dron, 132; Magnolia excelsa, 132;
Venus, 399; new planet, 479.

Rhododendron argenteum, 132;
Atherine, 231.

Magnolia Campbelli, 132; Gen-
Atmosphere in the moon, absence of, 55. tiana coronata, 132; Foxglove, 132;
Atmospheric agency among the Ched. Viola repens, 132; Bladderworts,
dar rocks, 34.

207; Utricularia vulgaris, 207; air
Autograph of Sir Isaac Newton, 362. vesicles of bladderworts, 207;
Auvergne, its thermo-mineral springs, utricles, 207 ; leaf-bearing branches,
climate, and scenery, 156.

208 ; gaseous evolutions in aquatic
Axolotls, fecundity of, 480.

plants, 213; Hottonia, 212; Ranun.

cuius aquatilis, 212; subjecting
BARBETS and their distribution, 241. fruits to electricity, 399: baricot
Badger, 202.

beans electrified, 399; hybrid cot-
Baridia, 119.

ton, 399; electro-capillary currents
Barbatula, 243.

in plants, 399.
Barks of various plants, value of, 49. Brachion mastas, 292.
Barrows in Derbrshire, 180, 257, 342. Brachions, 284.
Bassunt bari, Indian bird, 212.
Beatis, old Roman, 348.

Bradycinctus, 128.

Brama Raii, 253.
Bet-eaters, 2+5.
Bell-bird, 241.

Breadth of meteoric stream, 197.
Bell rock lighthouse, 27.

Breech-loading gun, 74.
Bichromate of potash and albumen,

Brimstone moth, 328.

British Association, 237.
polariscope object, 240.

Bronze implements, 258.
Bilberry and mountain or cloud berry, Bronze and iron orpaments, 5*.

Bronze ornaments, 310.

Brown bear, 202.

152; utilization of aluminium bronze,
Brown hair streak, 330.

152; preservation of liquors con-
Brown-tail moth, 328.

taining alcohol, 153; new application
Brute Chronicle, extract, 170.

of electricity, 153 ; latent image,
Bucconidæ, 241.

153 ; substitution of electric current
Buff tiger moth, 328.

for a fulminate with fire-arms, 237;
Burying beetles' eggs, 323.

absorption of obscure heat, 210 ;
Bythocythere, 124.

bichromate of potash and albumen,

210; novel action of light, 308;
CABINET of earth unlocked, 386.

iodide of silver, 309; artificial meer-
Caen stone hardening, 238.

schaum, 313 ; starch, 314; blasting
Calcar, or spur of rotifer, 283.

powder, 315; preservative com-
Caloric engines, 473.

pound, 316; explosive compound,
Candona, 118.

316 ; photography, new application,
Canidæ family, characteristics of, 335. 317 ; colour of water, 319; sul
Cannon, new, 392.

phuric acid formed by a mollusk,
Cantharus griseus, 250.

319; micro-crystals of alkaloids, 320;
Capitonidæ, 243.

hydraulic cement, 391; printing on
Caranx trachurus, 250.

glass, 391; galvanic battery, 393 ;
Cathedral rocks of Cheddar, 31.

gelatine, new application, 393 ; new
Caves and coves of Forfarshire, 26.

photometer, 393; test for ozone,
Cave bear, 202.

399; free sulphuric acid in mollusks,
Cave hyæna, 202.

399; electricity and vegetation, 399 ;
Cave lion, 202.

electro-capillary currents in plants,
Celtic period, 181.

400; sulphuric acid, 474.
Cemeteries of the Romano-British Chladni’s figures, 47.
periods, 349.

Chlorophane or calcic fluoride, 139.
Chambered tumuli, 187.

Ciliary organs of rotifers, 289.
Change in position of Jupiter's satel Cinerary urns, 260.
lites, 145.

Circles of stones at Stonehenge, 233.
Changes in appearance and position of Ciefts, lunar, 52.
milky way, 1.

Clefts in the moon, 215.
Characteristics of rotifers, 281.

Clouds, of what they consist, 333.
Cheddar cliffs, 30.

Clupeidæ, 110, 250.
Chemical constituents of eggs, 324. Clupea pilchardus, 253.
CHEMISTRY.—Economic production of Clusterings in the milky way, 10.

formic ether on large scale, 74; Cluster aud nebulæ, 380.
manufacture of steel, 74; galvanic Coal-fields of Brazil, 80.
batteries, 75; plating and gilding, Coccus eggs, 327.
75; magnetism and diamaguetisin Coccus Persicæ, 326.
of gases and vapour3, 78; medi Cock-roach's eggs, 322.
cines through the nose, 79; func Cod-fish tribe, 250.
tions of the blood, 86; colouring | Coinage of Japan, 14.
matter of blood corpuscles, 87 ; Coinage remodelled by Sir Isaac New-
animal oxidation, 83; identification ton, 351.
of blood stains, 89; poisonous action Coinage standard, 297.
of carbonic acid gas, 83; mineralized Coins found in Derbyshire, 347.
blood, 89; test in case of suspected Coins, Roman, 313.
poisoning, 90; oxidation, 91; nu Coleopterous insects eggs, 322.
trient fluid, 92 ; muscular currents Colour of Murs, 82.
of electricity, 94; Bologna phos Colour of the moon, 223,
phorus, 137 ; prismatic colours, 138; Colours of the stars, 315.
chlorophane, or calcic fluoride, 139; Colour of water, 319.
luminous action of sulphide, 140; Colour question and lunar eclipse, Sept.
phosphorescent compounds, 140; ap 13, 319.
plication of superheated steam, 150; Colours seen during the lunar eclipse,
renovation of polished surface on Sept. 13, with remarks on the pre-
glass, 151 ; application of electro ceding communication, 226.
magnetism to the inanufacture of Coloured utricles, 210.
iron, 151; application of sulphuret Colouring matter of blood corpuscles,
of carbon to the extraction of olen 87.
ginous matters on the larger scale, ! Comber fish, 250.

Combination of horse and steam power | Difference in the qualitr of the flesh of

for locomotives on ordinary roads, L a sea and fresh-water salmon, 109.
151. .

Digestive apparatus of rotifers, 294.
Comet III., 1867, 479.

Digestive organs of ar nelids, 271.
Component parts of Para pottery bark, Dingy shears moth, 328,
51.

Discoveries of antiquities in Great
Conchoecia, 128.

Britain, 201.
Conchoeciadze, 115, 128.

Double stars, 375.
Condensation of vapour, 333.

Doubts and facts concerning Linné,
Configuration of galactic nebula, 6.

36.
Conochilus, 284.

Drawings of Mars, as seen through a
Constellation Lyra, 376.

telescope, 81.
Constellation-seasons, 78.

Drees in olden times, 169.
Constitution of sun and stars, 159. Drinking cups, 260.
Contour and elevation of a country Dujardin's free swimmers, 287.

affecting the quantity of rain, 336. Dum-dum collection of fungi, 18.
Copernican theory, 318.
Copernicus, 370.

EARTH-BORER, 323.
Copernicus, lunar, 271.

Eccentricity of the earth's orbit, 62.
Cosmical origin of shooting stars, Echoes, 44.
191.

Economic production of formic ether
Cosmopolites of India, 18.

on the large scale, 74.
Court of Exchequer, 297.

Effect of temperature on metallic
Craters in the moon, 370.

bodies, 300.
Crawling rotifers, 28 1.

Efforts of human agency in modifying
Cremation, 184, 311.

the earth's surface, 66.
Cross-fox fur, 358.

Egg membrane or shell, 325.
Crustacea, 113.

Eggs of epiornis, 240.
Cry of the barbet, 212.

Eggs of insects, 32.
Crustacean fauna of the English lakes, Eggs of rotisers, 283.
417.

Egyptian land surveving, 480.
Cuirassiers rotifers, 288.

Electric condition of different parts of
Curassones, 245.

the earth, 151.
Curiosities of sound, 42.

Electric current, action on sensitive
Curious conformation of cliff architec plant, 146.
ture, 32.

Electrical countries, and their action
Currency system of Japan, 17.

on the weather, 134, 411.
Cuticle of the fish, 218.

Electricity and vegetation, 399.
Cygni, 376.

Electricity, application of, to sensitive
Cylindroleberis, 127.

plants, 147.
Cypridæ, 114,

Electricity, new application of, 153.
Cypridinide, 115, 127.

Electro-capillary current in plants, 400.
Cyridopsis, 117.

Electro-magnetism applied to manu.
Cythere, 120.

facture of iron, 151.
Cytherella, 129.

Emerald volute moth, 329.
Cytherellidr, 116, 120.

ENTOMOLOGY.-Insects' eggs, their
Cytheridea, 114, 120, 122.

structure, variety, and beauty, 321;
Cytherideis, 125.

Lepidopterous, 321; care of insects
Cytheropsis, 122.

in depositing eggs, 321 ; cockroaches'
Cytheropteron, 121.

eggs, 322 ; ant eggs, 322; queen
Cytherura, 121.

bees' eggs, 322; silkworms' eggs,

322; goat moths' eggs, 322; Cole.
DAGGER-LLADES in Derbyshire, 254, opterous insects' eggs, 322 ; burying
Dark 1 racis near Sinus E-tuum, 375. beetles' ergs, 322; Scaraboida, 333;
Darwinian theory of the transmutation earth borer, 323; formation of eggs,
of species, 381.

chemical constituent of eggs, 324;
Davy's Lamp, 173.

egg membrane shell, 325 ; Cocous
Day view of Venus with small tele persicæ, 326 ; Phryganea eggs, 326;
scope, 399.

coccus eggs, 327; ora of crus-
Debra Tabor, Abresinia, 231.

taceans, 3:7; mottle umber moth,
Derbyshire grave-mounds, 180, 254, 327; magpie moths, 327 : thorn
3+%, 459.

moth, 327; strawbelle moth, 328;
dingy shears moth, 328 ; puss moth | Fur of grey fox, 360.
eggs, 328 ; swallow prominent moth, Fur of kitt fox, 360.
328 ; brimstone moth, 328; lappet
moth, 328; butf tiger moth, 328; GADOID fish, 247.
brown-tail moth, 328 ; emerald Gadus fish, 253.
volute, 328; glory of Kent moth, Galileo on the milky way, 3.
329; silkworm moth, 329; silver Galvanic batteries, 75.
lines moth, 329; meadow brown Galvanic battery, simplification of, 393.
butterfly, 329; white butterfly, 330 ; Gaseous evolutions in aquatic plants,
brown hair streak buttertly, 330 ; 213.
termites, or white ants in India, Gauge for steam boilers, 394.
381; winged ants, 382; white ant | Gelatine, new application of, 393.
destroyers, 382.

Geographical distribution of annelids,
Entomostraca, 110.

369.
Epiornis, great bird of Madagascar, | Geological Society, 395.
240.

GEOLOGY.-Geology of Glen Clova
Eratosthenes, lunar, 273.

granite, 23; Craig Ought rocks,
Eratosthenes, region of, 374.

23 ; felstone porphyry and syenite,
Ermine, 202.

23 ; quartz, 23; crystals of horri-
Esox lucius, 253.

blende, 23; magnetic iron pyrites,
Eulogium historidrum, 169, 171.

24; caves of Forfar, 26; vitrified
Euplextella speciosa, 161..

forts, 28; slate quarries, 29; red-
Excavations at Wroxeter, 149, 312. stones, 29; Cheddar cliffs, 30 ; at-
Experiments with the rigid spectro mospheric agency among the Cheddar
scope, 158.

rocks, 34; stratigraphical structure
Explosive compound, 316.

of Cheddar cliffs, 34 ; plane of
Eyes of rotifers, 283.

marine denudation, 30; permian

conglomerate, 30; wind cliff, 31;
Falcons, 245.

cathedral rock, 31; curious con-
Fall of Aerolites in Algiers, 160.

formation of cliff architecture, 31;
Ferns of Forfar, 27.

screes at Cheddar, 32; Cheddar
Ferns of Glen Clova, 22.

caves, 33; water-mark in Cheddar
Finhauen fort, 28.

caves, 33; clean removal of rock, the
Fish scales, structure, etc., 246.

origin of Cheddar cliffs, 34; sea-
Five wells tumulus, 188.

marks in Cheddar ravine, 36; geu-
Fixed rotifers, 284.

logical eras, 63; coal-fields of Brazil,
Flint cores and arrow heads, 203.

80 ; volcanic eruptions at Santorin,
Flint flakes, 202.

142; basalt, quartz-pebbles, argil-
Flint implements, 312.

laceous slate, jasper, schist, sandstone,
Flint implements in Derbyshire, 254. 256 ; mining districts of Derbyshire,
Flint knives, or scrapers, 256.

342; cabinet of earth unlocked, 336;
Flint Jack, 254.

Introductory Text-book of Geology,
Floscularians, 284.

390; Amiens gravel, 395; Geolo-
Food of the salmon, 104.

gical Society, 395, 478; chalk, 396;
Food vessels, 260.

quaternary deposits, 396.
Foraminifera, 112.

Geology, Introductory Text-book, 390.
Forces called into action for a downfall Germinal matter and the contact theory,
of rain, 331.

388.
Forests, great generators of rain, 337. Gilding and plating, 75.
Forests of the Himalayas, 132.

Gizzards of rotifers, 291.
Forgeries, Newton, 400.

Glen Clova, geology of, 22.
Formation of eggs, 323.

Globules with pedicels, 209.
Formic ether, production of, 74.

Glory of Kent inoth, 329.
Foscules, 293.

Glycerians, 272.
Fossilized carapaces, 110.

Goat moth's eggs, 322.
Fox, fossil, 202.

| Graduate logic-chopping, 385.
Foxes, fur-bearing, 354.

Grave-mounds of Derbyshire, and their
Free sulphuric acid in mollusks, 399. contents, 180, 254, 342, 459.
Frogs and toads, 108.

Great cleft, lunar, 95.
Functions of the blood, 86.

Grey fox, 355.
Fungi of the plains of India, 18.

Grun cave, 27.
Furcularians, rotisers, 288.

Gruithuisen's city in the moon,

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