Imágenes de páginas

Better one byrde in hand than ten in the wood.?

Prorerbes. Part i. Chap. zi. Rome was not built in one day.

Ibid Yee have many strings to your bowe.?

Ibid. Many small make a great.

Ibid. Children learne to creepe ere they can learne to goe.

Ibid. Better is halfe a lofe than no bread.

Ibid. Nought venter nought have."

Ibid. Children and fooles cannot lye.

Ibid. Set all at sixe and seven.

Ibid. All is fish that comth to net.?

Ibid. Who is worse shod than the shoemaker's wife ?

Ibid. One good turne asketh another.

Ibid. By hooke or crooke.'

Ibid. An earlier instance occurs in Heywood, in his “Dialogue on Wit and

? Two strings to his bow. – Hooker: Polity, book v. chap. Ixzx. ChapMAN: D'Ambois, acl ii. sc. 3.

BUTLER: Hudibras, part iii. canto i. line 1, CHURCHILL: The Ghost

, book io. FIELDING: Love in Several Masques, sc. 13. 8 See Chaucer, page 5. * Naught venture naught have. — Tusser: Five Hundred Points of Good Ilusbandry. October Abstract. 6 'Tis an old saw, Children and fonles speake true. — LYLY: Endymion. o Set all on sex and seven.

- CHAUCER: Troilus and Cresseide, book iv. line 623; also Towneley Mysteries.

At six and seven. - SHAKESPEARE : Richard 11. act ii. sc. 2. ? All's fish they get that cometh to net. – Tusser: Five Hundred Points of Good Husbandry. Februnry Abstract.

Where all is fish that cometh to net. GASCOIGNE: Steele Glas. 1575. 8 Him that makes shoes go barefoot himself. — Burton : Anatomy of Melancholy. Democritus to the Render.

* This phrase derives its origin from the custom of certain manors where tenants are authorized to take fire-bote by hook or by crook; that is, so much of the underwood as may be cut with a crook, and so much of the loose tim. ber as may be collected from the boughs by means of a hook. One of the earliest citations of this proverb occurs in John Wycliffe's Controversial Tracts

, circa 1370. — See Skelton, page 8. Rabelais : book r. chap. xiii. DU BARTAs: The Map of Man. SPENSER: Faerie Queene, book iii. conto 1. st. 17. BEAUMONT AND FLETCHER: Women Pleased, act i. sc. 3

Folly,” circa 1530.

She frieth in her owne grease." Proverbes, Purt i. Chap. u Who waite for dead men shall goe long barefoote.

Ibid. I pray thee let me and my fellow have A haire of the dog that bit us last night.”


But in deede, A friend is never knowne till a man have neede. Ibid. This wonder (as wonders last) lasted nine daies.

Part ii. Chop.i. New brome swepth cleene.

Ibid. All thing is the woorse for the wearing.


Burnt child fire dredth..

Chap. ii.


All is not Gospell that thou doest speake.
Love me litle, love me long.'


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1 See Chaucer, page 3.

2 In old receipt books we find it invariably advised that an inebriate should drink sparingly in the morning some of the same liquor which he had drunk to excess over-night.

3 See Chaucer, page 6.

4 Ah, well I wot that a new broome sweepeth cleane - LYLY: Euphues (Arber's reprint), p. 89.

E Brend child fur dredth,
Quoth Hendyng.

Proverbs of Hendyng. MSS. A burnt child dreadeth the fire. – Lyly: Euphues (Arber's reprint), p. 319.

6 You do not speak gospel. RABELAIS : book i. chap. xiii.
7 MARLOWE: Jew of Jalta, act iv. sc. 6 Bacon : Formularies.
8 Sottes bolt is sone shote. – Proverbs of Plendyng. MSS.

9 It has been the Providence of Nature to give this creature nine lives instead of one. — PILPAY: The Greedy and Ambitious Cat, fable iii.

10 Lyy: Euphues (Arber's reprint), p. 80.

B, C.

You stand in your owne light. Proverbes. Part ü. Though chaunge be no robbry.

Ibid. Might have


further and have fared worse. Ibid. The grey mare is the better horse.

Ibid. Three may keepe counsayle, if two be away.” Chap. v. Small pitchers have wyde eares.

Ibid. Many hands make light warke.

Ibid. The greatest Clerkes be not the wisest men.* Ibid. Out of Gods blessing into the warme Sunne. Tbid. There is no fire without some smoke.

Ibid. One swallow maketh not summer.?

Ibid. Fieldes have eies and woods have eares. 8

Ibid. A cat may looke on a King.

Ibid, Pryde and Abuse of Women, 1550. The Marriage of True Wit and Science. Butler : Pudibras, part ü. canto i. line 698. FIELDING : The Grub Street Opera, act ii. sc. 4. Prior : Epilogue to Lucius.

Lord Macaulay (History of England, vol. i. chap. iii.) thinks that this proverb originated in the preference generally given to the gray mares of Flanders over the finest coach-horses of England. Macaulay, however, is writing of the latter half of the seventeenth century, while the proverb was used a century earlier. ? See Chaucer, page 6.

Two may keep counsel when the third 's away. — SHAKESPEARE : Titus Andronicus, act iv. sc. 2.

- SHAKESPEARE: Richard III. act ii. sc. 4. • Thou shalt come out of a warme sunne into Gods blessing. ---LYLY:

Thou out of Heaven's benediction comest
To the warm sun.

SHAKESPEARE ; Lear, act ii. sc. 2. • Ther can no great smoke arise, but there must be some fire. — LYLY: Euphues (Arber's reprint), p. 153. ? One swallowe prouveth not that summer is neare. — - NORTHBROOKE: Treatise ngainst Dancing. 1577.

8 Pitchers have ears. 4 See Chaucer,

page 3


8 See Chaucer, page 2.

It is a foule byrd that fyleth his owne nest."

Proverbes. Part ii. Chap. e. Have yee him on the hip.?

Ibid. Hee must have a long spoone, shall eat with the devill.8

Ibid, It had need to bee A wylie mouse that should breed in the cats eare.* Ibia Leape out of the frying pan into the fyre.5

Jbid. Time trieth troth in every doubt.

Ibid Mad as a march hare.?


Much water goeth by the mill That the miller knoweth not of.8


He must needes goe whom the devill doth drive.'

Chap. rii. Set the cart before the horse. 10


1 See Skelton, page 8.

2 I have thee on the hip. — SHAKESPEARE : Merchant of Venice, act iv. 8C. 1 ; Othello, act ii. sc. 7. 8 See Chaucer, page 4.

4 A hardy mouse that is bold to breede
In cattis eeris.

Order of Foles. MS. circa 1450. 6 The same in Don Quixote (Lockhart's ed.), part i. book iii. chap. iv. BUNYAN : Pilgrim's Progress. FLETCHER : The Wild-Goose Chase, act iv. sc. 3. 6 Time trieth truth.– Tottel's Miscellany, reprint 1867, p. 221.

Time tries the troth in everything. — TUSSER : Five Hundred Points of Good Husbandry. Author's Epistle, chap. i.

7 I saye, thou madde March hare. - SKELTON : Replycation against cer tayne yong scolers.

8 More water glideth by the mill Than wots the miller of.

SHAKESPEARE: Tilus Andronicus, act ij. sc. 7. . An earlier instance of this proverb occurs in Heywood's Johan the Husbande. 1533.

He must needs go whom the devil drives. — SHAKESPEARE : All's Well that Ends Well, act i. sc. 3. CERVANTES: Don Quixote, part i. book it. chap. ir. Gosson: Ephemerides of Phialo. PEELK : Edward I.

10 Others set carts before the horses. - RABELAIS : book v. chop, Izii.


The moe the merrier.1

Proverbes. Part ii. Chap. vii. To th’ end of a shot and beginning of a fray.?

Ibid. It is better to be An old man's derling than a yong man's werling.

Be the day never so long, Evermore at last they ring to evensong.'

Ibid. The moone is made of a greene cheese.“

Ibid. I know on which side my bread is buttred.

Ibid. It will not out of the flesh that is bred in the bone.5

Chap. ciii Who is so deafe or so blinde as is hee That wilfully will neither heare nor see ?

Chap. ix. wrong sow by th' eare.?

Ibid. Went in at the tone eare and out at the tother. 8 Ibid.





my dog.

act i. sc. 2.

Ibid. love 1 GASCOIGNE: Roses, 1575. Title of a Book of Epigrams, 1608. BeauMONT AND FLETCHER : The Scornful Lady, act i. sc. 1; The Sea Voyage,

? To the latter end of a fray and the beginning of a feast.—SHAKESPEARE: 2 Henry IV. act iv. sc. 2.

8 Be the day short or never so long,
At length it ringeth to even song.
Quoted at the Stake by George Tankerfield (1555).

Fox : Book of Martyrs, chap. vii. p. 346. 4 Jack Jugler, p. 46. RABELAIS : book i. chap. xi. BLACKLOCH : Hatchet of Heresies, 1565. BUTLER : Hudibras, part ii. canto iii. line 263. • What is bred in the bone will never come out of the flesh. PILPAY : The Two Fishermen, fable xiv.

It will never out of the flesh that's bred in the bone. - JONSON : Every Man in his Humour, act i. sc. 1.

* None so deaf as those that will not hear. - MATHEW HENRY : Com mentaries. Psalm lviii. He has the wrong sow by the ear.

- Jonson : Every Man in his Humour, act ï. sc. 1. 8 See Chaucer, page 6. 9 CHAPMAN: Widow's Tears, 1612.

A proverb in the time of Saint Bernard was, Qui me amat, amet et Canem meum (Who loves me will love my dog also). – Sermo Primus.

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