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In sober state,
Through the sequestered vale of rural life,
The venerable patriarch guileless held
The tenor of his way.

Death. Line 108.
One murder made a villain,
Millions a hero. Princes were privileged
To kill, and numbers sanctified the crime.? Line 154.
War its thousands slays, Peace its ten thousands.

Line 178.

Teach him how to live, And, oh still harder lesson ! how to die.

Lins 316.


Labour to keep alive in your breast that little spark of celestial fire, - conscience.

Rule from the Copy-book of Washington when a schoolboy To be prepared for war is one of the most effectua) means of preserving peace."

Speech to both Houses of Congress, Jan. 8, 1790. 'Tis our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world.

His Farewell Address.

1 See Gray, page 385.
9 See Young, page 311.
8 See Tickell, page 313.

• Qui desiderat pacem præparet bellum (Who would desire peace should be prepared for war). – VEGETIUS: Rei Militari 3, Prolog.

In pace, ut sapiens, aptarit idonea bello (In peace, as a wise man, be should make suitable preparation for war.

– HORACE: Book ii. satire ü.

LORD THURLOW. 1732-1806.

The accident of an accident.

Speech in Reply to the Duke of Grafton. Butler's

Reminiscences, vol. i. p. 142.

When I forget my sovereign, may my God forget me.?

27 Parliamentary History, 680; Annual Register, 1789.

JOHN DICKINSON. 1732-1808.

Then join in hand, brave Americans all !
By uniting we stand, by dividing we fall.

The Liberty Song (1768).
Our cause is just, our union is perfect.

Declaration on taking up Arms in 1775.8

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W. J. MICKLE. 1734-1788.


The dews of summer nights did fall,

The moon, sweet regent of the sky,
Silvered the walls of Cumnor Hall

And many an oak that grew thereby.
For there's nae luck about the house,

There's nae luck at a';

Cumaor llall.

1 Whereupon Wilkes is reported to have said, somewhat coarsely, but not unhappily it must be allowed, “Forget you! He'll see you d-d first." Burke also exclaimed, “The best thing that could happen to you!" — BROUGHAM: Statesmen of the Time of George 111. (Thurlow.)

2 From the original manuscript draft in Dickinson's handwriting, which has given rise to the belief that he, not Jefferson (as formerly claimed), is the real author of this sentence. 8 Jove, thou regent of the skies. — Pope: The Odyssey, book ii. line 42. Now Cynthia, named fair regent of the night. - GAY: Trivia, book iii

. And hail their queen, fair regent of the night. - Darwin: The Botanic Garden, part i. canto ii. line 90.

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JOHN LANGHORNE. 1735-1779.
Cold on Canadian hills or Minden's plain,
Perhaps that parent mourned her soldier slain ;
Bent o'er her babe, her eye dissolved in dew,
The big drops mingling with the milk he drew
Gave the sad presage of his future years, —
The child of misery, baptized in tears.

The Country Justice. Parti

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Hope ! thou nurse of young desire. .

Love in a Village. Act i. Sc. L
There was a jolly miller once,

Lived on the river Dee;
He worked and sung from morn till night:
No lark more blithe than he.

8c. 2. And this the burden of his song

Forever used to be,
I care for nobody, no, not I,
If no one cares for me. 8


?." The Mariner's Wife” is now given" by common consent," says Sarah Tytler, to Jean Adam (1710-1765).

? This allusion to the dead soldier and his widow on the field of battle was made the subject of a print by Bunbury, under which were engraved the pathetic lines of Langhorne. sir Walter Scott has mentioned that the only tinie he saw Burns this picture was in the room.

Burns shed tears over it; and Scott, then a lad of fifteen, was the only person present who could tell him where the lines were to be found. - LOCKHART: Life of Scott, tol. i. chap. io

8 If naebody care for me,
I'll care for naebody.

BURNS : I hac a Wifo o' my Ain.

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Young fellows will be young fellows.

Love in a Village. Act it. Sc. 2. Ay, do despise me! I'm the prouder for it; I like to be despised.

The Hypocrite. Ad e. Se. 1.

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Ah, who can tell how hard it is to climb
The steep where Fame's proud temple shines afar?

The Minstrel. Book i. Stansa l.
Zealous, yet modest; innocent, though free;
Patient of toil, serene amidst alarms;
Inflexible in faith, invincible in arms.

Stanza 11.
Old age comes on apace to ravage all the clime.

Stanza 25
Mine be the breezy hill that skirts the down,
Where a green grassy turf is all I crave,
With here and there a violet bestrewn,
Fast by a brook or fountain's murmuring wave;
And many an evening sun shine sweetly on my grave!

Book ü. Stanza 17.
At the close of the day when the hamlet is still,
And mortals the sweets of forgetfulness prove,
When naught but the torrent is heard on the hill,
And naught but the nightingale's song in the grove.

The Hermit
He thought as a sage, though he felt as a man. Toid.
But when shall spring visit the mouldering urn?
Oh when shall it dawn on the night of the grave? Ibid.

By the glare of false science betray'd,
That leads to bewilder, and dazzles to blind. Ibid.
And beauty immortal awakes from the tomb. Tbila


JOHN ADAMS. 1735-1826. Yesterday the greatest question was decided which ever was debated in America ; and a greater perhaps never was, nor will be, decided among men.

A resolution was passed without one dissenting colony, that those United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States.

Letter to Mrs. Adams, July 3, 1776. The second day of July, 1776, will be the most me. morable epocha in the history of America. I am apt to believe that it will be celebrated by succeeding generations as the great anniversary festival. It ought to be commemorated as the day of deliverance, by solemn acts of devotion to God Almighty. It ought to be solemnized with pomp and parade, with shows, games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations, from one end of this continent to the other, from this time forward for ever,



PATRICK HENRY. 1736-1799.

Cæsar had his Brutus ; Charles the First, his Cromwell; and George the Third [" Treason !” cried the Speaker] — may profit by their example. If this be treason, make the most of it.

Speech in the Virginia Convention, 1765. I am not a Virginian, but an American.

Ibid. September, 1774. I have but one lamp by which my feet are guided, and that is the lamp of experience. I know no way of judg. ing of the future but by the past."

Ibid. March, 1775. I was born an American ; I will live an American ; I shall die an American ! – Webster: Speech, July 17, 1850.

2 See Burke, page 411.

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