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Is life so dear or peace so sweet as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery ? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take, but as for me, give me liberty, or give me death !

Speech in the Virginia Convention, March, 1776.

EDWARD GIBBON. 1737-1794.

The reign of Antoninus is marked by the rare advantage of furnishing very few materials for history, which is indeed little more than the register of the crimes, follies, and misfortunes of mankind.

Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (1776). Chap. iü.
Revenge is profitable, gratitude is expensive. Chap. ci.
Amiable weaknesses of human nature.?
In

every deed of mischief he had a heart to resolve, a head to contrive, and a hand to execute.s

Our sympathy is cold to the relation of distant misery.

Chap. zir.

.

Chap. xlviii.

Chap. zliz.

Chap. lauri.

The winds and waves are always on the side of the ablest navigators."

Vicissitudes of fortune, which spares neither man nor the proudest of his works, which buries empires and cities in a common grave.

All that is human must retrograde if it do not advance.

Chap. Lazi.

Ibid.

I saw and loved.

Memoirs. Vol. i. p. 106.

1 L'histoire n'est que le tableau des crimes et des malheurs (History is but the record of crimes and misfortunes). – VOLTAIRE: L'Ingénu, chap.a. 2 See Fielding, page 364.

8 See Clarendon, page 255. + On dit que Dieu est toujours pour les gros bataillons (It is said that God is always on the side of the heaviest battalions). – VOLTAIRE: Letter to M. le Riche. 1770.

J'ai toujours vu Dieu du coté des gros bataillons (I have always noticed that God is on the side of the heaviest battalions). – De la Ferté to Arne of Austria.

6 See Chapman, page 35.

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On the approach of spring I withdraw without reluctance from the noisy and extensive scene of crowds without company, and dissipation without pleasure.

Memoirs. Vol. i. p. 116. I was never less alone than when by myself.

P. 117

THOMAS PAINE. 1737-1809.

And the final event to himself (Mr. Burke) has been, that , as he rose like a rocket, he fell like the stick.

Letter to the Addressers. These are the times that try men's souls.

The American Crisis. No. 1. The sublime and the ridiculous are often so nearly related, that it is difficult to class them separately.

One Step above the sublime makes the ridiculous, and one step above the ridiculous makes the sublime again.”

Age of Reason. Part ii. note.

JOHN WOLCOT. 1738-1819.

What

rage

for fame attends both great and small ! Better be damned than mentioned not at all.

To the Royal Academicians. No, let the monarch's bags and others hold The flattering, mighty, nay, al-mighty gold.8

To Kien Long. Ode iv. Care to our coffin adds a nail, no doubt. every grin so merry draws one out.

Expostulatory Odes. Ode är.

And

1 Never less alone than when alone.- ROGERS: Auman Life.

" Du sub? Probably this is the original of Napoleon's celebrated mot

, lime au ridicule il n'y a qu'un pas ” (From the sublime to the ridiculors there is but one step).

8 See Jonson, page 178.

432

WOLCOT. – THRALE. - MORRIS. – TOPLADY.

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A fellow in a market town,
Most musical, cried razors up and down.

Farewell Odes. Ode si.

MRS. THRALE. 1739-1821.

The tree of deepest root is found
Least willing still to quit the ground:
'T was therefore said by ancient sages,

That love of life increased with years
So much, that in our latter stages,
When pain grows sharp and sickness rages,

The greatest love of life appears. Three Warnings.

CHARLES MORRIS. 1739-1832.

Solid men of Boston, banish long potations !
Solid men of Boston, make no long orations !

Pitt and Dundas's Return to London from Wimbledon.

American Song. From Lyra Urbanica.
O give me the sweet shady side of Pall Mall !

Town and Country. .

A. M. TOPLADY. 1740–1778.

Rock of Ages, cleft for me,
Let me hide myself in thee.

Salvation through Christ.

1 Solid men of Boston, make no long orations!
Solid men of Boston, banish strong potations!
Billy Pitt and the Farmer. From Debrell's Asylum for

Fugitive Pieces, vol. ij. p. 250.

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THOMAS MOSS. 1740–1808.

Pity the sorrows of a poor old man,

Whose trembling limbs have borne him to your door,
Whose days are dwindled to the shortest span;
Oh give relief, and Heaven will bless your store.

The Beggar. A pampered menial drove me from the door.' Toid.

And souls are

MRS. BARBAULD. 1743-1825. Man is the nobler growth our realms supply, ripened in our northern sky.

The Invitation. This dead of midnight is the noon of thought, And Wisdom mounts her zenith with the stars.

A Summer's Evening Meditation. It is to hope, though hope were lost.”

Come here, Fond Youth.
Life! we've been long together
Through pleasant and through cloudy weather;

'T is hard to part when friends are dear, -
Perhaps 't will cost a sigh, a tear;
Then steal away, give little warning,

Choose thine own time;
Say not “Good night,” but in some brighter clime
Bid me “Good morning."

Life. This line stood originally, “ A liveried servant," etc., and was altered above by Goldsmith. — Forster: Life of Goldsmith, vol. i. p. 215 (fifth

Who against hope believed in hope. — Romans io. 18.

Hope against hope, and ask tili ye receive. – MONTGOMERY : World before the Flood.

edition, 1871).

2

Tho

So fades a summer cloud away;

So siuks the gale when storms are o'er;
So gently shuts the eye of day; 1
So dies a wave along the shore.

The Death of the Virtuous. Child of mortality, whence comest thou? Why is thy countenance sad, and why are thine eyes red with weeping ?

Hymns in Prose. zii

THOMAS JEFFERSON. 1743–1826.

The God who gave us life, gave us liberty at the same time.

Summary View of the Rights of British America. When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and of nature's God? entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

Declaration of Independence. We hold these truths to be self-evident, – that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; 8 that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

Ibid. We mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honour.

Error of opinion may be tolerated where reason is left free to combat it.

First Inaugural Address. March 4, 1801. 1 See Chaucer, page 6.

2 See Bolingbroke, page 304. 8 All men are born free and equal, and have certain natural

, essential and unalienable rights. — Constitution of Massachusetts.

Toid.

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