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and guided reformation.


Equal and exact justice to all men, of whatever state or persuasion, religious or political ; peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations, - entangling alliances

the support of the State governments in all their rights, as the most competent administrations for our domestic concerns, and the surest bulwarks against anti-republican tendencies; the preservation of the general government in its whole constitutional vigour, as the sheet anchor of our peace at home and safety abroad ;... freedom of religion ; freedom of the press ; freedom of person under the protection of the habeas corpus; and trial by juries impartially selected, – these principles form the bright constellation which has gone before us, our steps through an age of revolution and

First Inaugural Address. March 4, 1801. In the full tide of successful experiment. Of the various executive abilities, no one excited more anxious concern than that of placing the interests of our fellow-citizens in the hands of honest men, with understanding sufficient for their stations. No duty is at the same time more difficult to fulfil. The knowledge of character possessed by a single individual is of necessity limited. To seek out the best through the whole Union, we must resort to the information which from the best of men, acting disinterestedly and with the purest motives, is sometimes incorrect.

Letter to Elias Shipman and others of New Haven, July 12, 1801. If a due participation of office is a matter of right, how are vacancies to be obtained ? Those by death are few; by resignation, none.

This passage is thus paraphrased by John B. McMaster in his " History of the People of the United States" (1.586): “One sentence will undoubtedly be remembered till our republic ceases to exist. No duty the Executive had to perform was so trying," he observed, • as to put the right man in


the right place.

2 Usually quoted, “Few die and none resign."

When a man assumes a public trust, he should consider himself as public property.

Life of Jefferson (Rayner), p. 356. Indeed, I tremble for my country when I reflect that God is just.

Notes on Virginia. Query ziii. Manners.

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr. 1744–1775.

Blandishments will not fascinate us, nor will threats of a "halter” intimidate. For, under God, we are determined that wheresoever, whensoever, or howsoever we shall be called to make our exit, we will die free men.

Observations on the Boston Port Bill, 1774.

CHARLES DIBDIN. 1745-1814.

There's a sweet little cherub that sits up aloft,
To keep watch for the life of poor Jack.

Poor Jack.
Did you ever hear of Captain Wattle ?
He was all for love, and a little for the bottle.

Captain Wattle and Miss Roe.
His form was of the manliest beauty,

His heart was kind and soft;
Faithful below he did his duty,
But now he's gone aloft.

Tom Bowling.
For though his body's under hatches,
His soul has gone aloft.

ibid. Spanking Jack was so comely, so pleasant, so jolly, Though winds blew great guns, still he'd whistle and

sing; Jack loved his friend, and was true to his Molly, And if honour gives greatness, was great as a king.

The Sailor's Consolation.? 1 See Appendix, page 859.

2 A song with this title, beginning, “One night came on a hurricane," was written by William Pitt, of Malta, who died in 1840.


HANNAH MORE. 1745–1833.

To those who know thee not, no words can paint !
And those who know thee, know all words are faint !

Since trifles make the sum of human things,
And half our misery from our foibles springs. Ibid.
In men this blunder still you find, -
All think their little set mankind.

Florio. Part i. Small habits well pursued betimes May reach the dignity of crimes.


LORD STOWELL. 1745-1836.

A dinner lubricates business.

Life of Johnson (Boswell). Vol. viii. p. 67, note. The elegant simplicity of the three per cents." 1

Lives of the Lord Chancellors (Campbell). Vol. 2. Chap. 212.


Than all Bocara's vaunted gold,
Than all the gems of Samarcand. A Persian Song of Hafie.
Go boldly forth, my simple lay,
Whose accents flow with artless ease,
Like orient pearls at random strung."


2 The sweet simplicity of the three per cents. — DISRAELI (Ear] Beacons

field): Endymion.

? 'T was he that ranged the words at random flung,
Pierced the fair pearls and them together strung.

EASTWICK: Anvari Suhaili. (Translated from Firdousi.)

On parent knees, a naked new-born child,
Weeping thou sat'st while all around thee smiled;
So live, that sinking in thy last long sleep,
Calm thou mayst smile, while all around thee weep.

From the Persian
What constitutes a state ?

Men who their duties know,
But know their rights, and knowing, dare maintain.

And sovereign law, that state's collected will,

O’er thrones and globes elate,
Sits empress, crowning good, repressing ill.

Ode in Imitation of Aicæus.

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Seven hours to law, to soothing slumber seven,
Ten to the world allot, and all to heaven.*

JOHN LOGAN. 1748-1788.

Thou hast no sorrow in thy song,

No winter in thy year.

To the Cuckoo.

Oh could I fly, I'd fly with thee!

We'd make with joyful wing
Our annual visit o'er the globe,

Companions of the spring.


1 Neither walls, theatres, porches, nor senseless equipage, make states

, but men who are able to rely upon themselves. – Aristides: Orations (Jebb's edition), vol. i. (trans. by A. W. Austin).

By Themistocles alone, or with very few others, does this saying appear to be approved, which, though Alcæus formerly had produced, many afterwards claimed: “ Not stones, nor wood, nor the art of artisans, make a state; but where men are who know how to take care of themselves, these are cities and walls." - Ibid, vol. ij.

2 See Coke, page 24.

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A man's ingress into the world is naked and bare,
His progress through the world is trouble and care ;
And lastly, his egress out of the world, is nobody knows


If we do well here, we shall do well there :

I can tell you no more if I preach a whole year.”

The Eccentricities of John Edwin (second edition), vol. i. p. 74.

London, 1791.

JOHN TRUMBULL. 1750-1831. .

But optics sharp it needs, I ween,
To see what is not to be seen.

M°Fingal. Canto i. Line 67.
But as some muskets so contrive it
As oft to miss the mark they drive at,
And though well aimed at duck or plover,
Bear wide, and kick their owners over.

Line 93.
As though there were a tie
And obligation to posterity.
We get them, bear them, breed, and nurse :
What has posterity done for us

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Written for the Bow Street Theatre, Portsmouth, New Hampshire. 2 These lines Edwin offers as heads of a “sermon.” Longfellow places them in the mouth of "The Cobbler of Hagenau," as a "familiar tune." Bee " The Wayside Inn, part ii. The Student's Tale."

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