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MARTIN LUTHER. 1483-1546.

A mighty fortress is our God,

A bulwark never failing;
Our helper He amid the flood
Of mortal ills prevailing.
Psalm. Ein feste Burg ist unser Goui (trans. by

Frederic H. Hedge).
Tell your master that if there were as many devils at
Worms as tiles on its roofs, I would enter."

Here I stand; I can do no otherwise. God help me. Amen!

Speech at the Ditt of Worms. For where God built a church, there the Devil would also build a chapel.

Title-Talk. izrü, A faithful and good servant is a real godsend; but truly 't is a rare bird in the land.



I am just going to leap into the dark.> Motteur's Life. Let down the curtain : the farce is done.

Ibid. He left a paper sealed up, wherein were found three articles as his last will: “I owe much; I have nothing; I give the rest to the poor.”

Ibid. One inch of joy surmounts of grief a span, Because to laugh is proper to the man.

To the Reader, 1 On the 16th of April, 1521, Luther entered the imperial city [of Worms]. . On his approach

the Elector's chancellor entreated him, in the name of his master, not to enter a town where his death was decided. The answer which Luther returned was simply this. — BUNSEN: Life of Luther.

I will go, though as many devils aim at me as there are tiles on the mofs of the houses. - RANKE: History of the Reformation, vol. i. p. 633 (Mrs. Austin's translation).

2 See Burton, page 192.
8 Je m'en vay chercher un grand peut-estre.

called lack of money.

To return to our wethers. Works. Book i. Chap. i. n. 2. I drink no more than a sponge.

Chap. v. Appetite comes with eating, says Angeston.

Ibid. Thought the moon was made of green


Chap. c. He always looked a given horse in the mouth.3 Ibid.

By robbing Peter he paid Paul,4 ... and hoped to catch larks if ever the heavens should fall.6

Ibid. He laid him squat as a flounder.

Chap. xxvii, Send them home as merry as crickets.

Chap. xxix. Corn is the sinews of war.

Chap. xlvi. How shall I be able to rule over others, that have not full power and command of myself?

Chap. lii. Subject to a kind of disease, which at that time they

Book ii. Chap. Tui. He did not care a button for it.

Ibid. How well I feathered


Chap. Tri. So much is a man worth as he esteems himself.

Chap. xxix. A good crier of green sauce.

Chap. xxxi. Then I began to think that it is very true which is commonly said, that the one half of the world knoweth not how the other half liveth.

Chap. xxxii. This flea which I have in mine ear.

Book iii. Chap. xxxi. You have there hit the nail on the head."

Chap. xxxiv. Above the pitch, out of tune, and off the hinges.

Book iv. Chap. xix.

," — & prorerb taken from the French farce My appetite comes to me while eating: - MONTAIGNE : Book iii. chap.

4 See Heywood, page 14.

6 See page 810. 7 See Heywood, page 20.

I "Revenons à nos moutons," of "Pierre Patelin,' edition of 1762, p. 90. ix. Of Vanity.

8 See Heywood, page 11. 6 See Heywood, page 11.

I'll go his halves.

Works. Book ir. Chap. zziii The Devil was sick, — the Devil a monk would be; The Devil was well, — the devil a monk was he.

Chap. rzie Do not believe what I tell you here any more than if it were some tale of a tub.

Chap, tzard. I would have you call to mind the strength of the ancient giants, that undertook to lay the high mountain Pelion on the top of Ossa, and set among those the shady Olympus.

Ibid. Which was performed to a T."

Chap. cả. He that has patience may compass anything.

Chap. xlri.
Chap. xlix.

Chap. I.

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Chap. Ir.

We will take the good will for the deed.3

You are Christians of the best edition, all picked and culled.

Would you damn your precious soul?
Let us fly and save our bacon.
Needs must when the Devil drives.4
Scampering as if the Devil drove them.

He freshly and cheerfully asked him how a man should kill time.

Chap. ci. The belly has no ears, nor is it to be filled with fair words.5


Chap. Irai.

Chap. lii.

Whose cockloft is unfurnished.

The Author's Prologue to the Fifth Boné. Speak the truth and shame the Devil.?

Ibid Plain as a nose in a man's face.


1 See Ovid, page 707.
8 See Swift, page 292.
o See Plutarch, page 725.
7 See Shakespeare, page 85.

2 Sce Johnson, page 375.
4 See Heywood, page 18.
6 See Racon, page 170.
8 See Shakespeare, page 44

Like hearts of oak."

Prologue to the Fifth Book. You shall never want rope enough.

Ibid. Looking as like . . as one pea does like another.2

Book v. Chap. Nothing is so dear and precious as time.8 Chap. r. And thereby hangs a tale."

Chap. io. It is ineat, drink, and cloth to us.

Chap. vii. And so on to the end of the chapter.

Chap. x. What is got over the Devil's back is spent under the belly.

Chap, n. We have here other fish to fry."

Chap. xii. What cannot be cured must be endured.8 Chap. xv. Thought I to myself, we shall never come off scot-free.

Ibid. It is enough to fright you out of your seven senses.

Ibid. Necessity has no law.10

Ibid. Panurge had no sooner heard this, but he was upon

Chap. qiii. We saw a knot of others, about a baker's dozen.

Chap. zrii. Others made a virtue of necessity."

Ibid. Spare your breath to cool your porridge. 19

Chap. xxviii. I believe he would make three bites of a cherry. llid

the high-rope.

i See Garrick, page 388.

4 See Shakespeare, page 68.

2 See Lyly, page 33. • See Franklin, page 361. Also Diogenes Laertius, page 762.

6 See Shakespeare, page 71. Isocrates was in the right to insinuate that what is got over the Devil's back is spent under his beli.-- LE SAGE: Gil Blas, book riii. chap. ic. I have other fish to fry. - CERVANTES: Don Quixote, part ii. chap. Tutto

9 See Scott, page 493.

11 See Chaucer, page 3. 12 See Plutarch, page 738.

8 See Burton, page 190. 10 See Shakespeare, page 115.


(Works. Cotton's translation, revised by Hazlitt und Iright) Man in sooth is a marvellous, vain, fickle, and unstable subject.?

Book i. Chap. i. That Men by various Ways arrive at the

same End. All passions that suffer themselves to be relished and digested are but moderate.

Chap. ii. Of Sorrow. It is not without good reason said, that he who has not a good memory should never take upon him the trade of lying:

Chap. ix. Of Lars. He who should teach men to die would at the same time teach them to live.5

Chap. srü. That Men are not to judge of our Happiness

till after Death. The laws of conscience, which we pretend to be derived from nature, proceed from custom. Chap. zzii. Of Custo.

Accustom him to everything, that he may not be a Sir Paris, a carpet-knight,but a sinewy, hardy, and vigorous young man.

Chap. xxv. Of the Education of Chilli en. We were halves throughout, and to that degree that methinks by outliving him I defraud him of his part.

Chap. xxvii. Of Friendship. There are

some defeats more triumphant than victories.?

Chap. 272. Of Cannibals.

1 This book of Montaigne the world has indorsed by translating it into all tongues, and printing seventy-five editions of it in Europe. — EMERSON: Representative Men. Montaigne.

2 See Plutarch, page 730. 8 See Raleigh, page 25.

Curae leves loquuntur ingentes student (Light griefs are loquacious, but the great are dumb). — SENECA : Hippolytus, ii. 3, 607. 4 See Sidney, page 264.

Mendacem memorem esse oportere (To be a liar, memory is necessary). – QUINTILIAN : iv. 2, 91. 6 See Tickell, page 313.

6 See Burton, page 187. i See Bacon, page 171.

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