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Nothing is so firmly believed as what we least know.

Book i. Chap. xxxi. Of Divine Ordinances. A wise man never loses anything, if he has himself.

Chap. xxxviii. Of Solitude. Even opinion is of force enough to make itself to be espoused at the expense of life. Chap. xl. Of Good and Evil.

56'Tis to no purpose for a sober man to knock at the door of the Muses;” and Aristotle says " that no excellent soul is exempt from a mixture of folly;" 1

Book ii. Chap. ii. Of Drunkenness.

Plato says,

For a desperate disease a desperate cure.?

Chap. iii. The Custom of the Isle of Cea. And not to serve for a table-talk.3

Ibid. To which we may add this other Aristotelian consideration, that he who confers a benefit on any one loves him better than he is beloved by him again.*

Chap. viii. Of the Affection of Fathers. The middle sort of historians (of which the most part are) spoil all; they will chew our meat for us.

Chap. x. Of Books. The only good histories are those that have been written by the persons themselves who commanded in the affairs whereof they write.

She [virtue] requires a rough and stormy passage ; she will have either outward difficulties to wrestle with, or internal difficulties.

Chap. xi. Of Cruelty. There is, nevertheless, a certain respect and a general duty of humanity that ties us, not only to beasts that have life and sense, but even to trees and plants.



i See Dryden, page 267.
& See Shakespeare, page 64.

2 See Shakespeare, page 141.

4 ARISTOTLE: Ethics, ix. 7. 6 See Milton, page 255.

Some impose upon the world that they believe that which they do not; others, more in number, make themselves believe that they believe, not being able to penetrate into what it is to believe.

Buok ii. Chap. xii. Apology for Raimond Sebund.

When I play with my cat, who knows whether I do not make her more sport than she makes me ? Ibid.

'Tis one and the same Nature that rolls on her course, and whoever has sufficiently considered the present state of things might certainly conclude as to both the future and the past.


The souls of emperors and cobblers are cast in the same mould.... The same reason that makes us wrangle with a neighbour causes a war betwixt princes. Ibid.

Man is certainly stark mad; he cannot make a worm, and yet he will be making gods by dozens.


Why may not a goose say thus: “All the parts of the universe I have an interest in: the earth serves me to walk upon, the sun to light me; the stars have their influence upon me; I have such an advantage by the winds and such by the waters; there is nothing that yon heavenly roof looks upon so favourably as me. I am the darling of Nature! Is it not man that keeps and serves me ? " 2

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Arts and sciences are not cast in a mould, but are formed and perfected by degrees, by often handling and polishing, as bears leisurely lick their cubs into form."

Ibid. He that I am reading seems always to have the most force.

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1 See Plutarch, page 726.
2 See Pope, page 318.
8 See Burton, page 186.

Apollo said that every one's true worship was that. which he found in use in the place where he chanced to be.

Book ii. Chap. xii. Apology for Ruimond Sebond. How many worthy men have we seen survive their own reputation !

Chap. xvi. Of Glory. The mariner of old said to Neptune in a great tempest, "O God! thou mayest save me if thou wilt, and if thou wilt thou mayest destroy ine; but whether or no, I will steer my rudder true.” 8

Ibid. One may be humble out of pride.

Chup. xvii. Of Presumption. I find that the best virtue I have has in it some tincture of vice.

Chap. xx. That we taste nothing pure. Saying is one thing, doing another.

Chap. cxxi. Of Anger. Is it not a noble farce, wherein kings, republics, and emperors have for so many ages played their parts, and to which the whole vast universe serves for a theatre ?

Chap. xxxvi. Of the most Excellent Men. Nature forms us for ourselves, not for others; to be,

Chap. xxxvii. Of the Resemblance of Children to their Brothers. There never was in the world two opinions alike, no more than two hairs or two grains ; the most universal quality is diversity.5

Of the Resemblance of Children to their Fathers. The public weal requires that men should betray and

Book iii. Chap. i. Of Profit and Honesty. Like rowers, who advance backward.

I speak truth, not so much as I would, but as much as I dare; and I dare a little the more as


Chap ii. Of Repentance.

not to seem.

lie and massacre.


1 XENOPHON: Mem. Socratis, i. 3, 1.
I SEXECA: Epistle 85.
" See Browne, page 218.

2 See Bentley, page 284.
4 See Shakespeare, page 69
6 See Burton, page 186.

Few men have been admired by their own domestics.

Book iii. Chap. ii. Of Repentunce. It happens as with cages : the birds without despair to get in, and those within despair of getting out.?

Chap. v. Upon some Verses of Virgil. And to bring in a new word by the head and shoulders, they leave out the old one.

Ibid. All the world knows me in my book, and my book in




'T is so much to be a king, that he only is so by being

The strange lustre that surrounds him conceals and shrouds him from us; our sight is there broken and dissipated, being stopped and filled by the prevailing light.8

Chap. vii. Of the Inconveniences of Greathes. We are born to inquire after truth; it belongs to a greater power to possess it. It is not, as Democritus said, hid in the bottom of the deeps, but rather elevated to an infinite height in the divine knowledge.

Chap. viii. Of the Art of Concersation. I moreover affirm that our wisdom itself, and visest consultations, for the most part commit themselves to the conduct of chance.5

loid. What if he has borrowed the matter and spoiled the form, as it oft falls out ? 6

The oldest and best known evil was ever more supportable than one that was new and untried.?

Chap. ix. Of Vanity.

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1 See Plutarch, page 740.
2 See Davies, page 176.
8 See Tennyson, page 629.
4 LACTANTIUS: Dirin. Instit. iii. 28.

6 Although men flatter themselves with their great actions, ther are not 60 often the result of great design as of chance. — ROCHEFOUCAULD : Maxim 57.

6 See Churchill, page 413. 7 Livy, xxiii. 3.


Not because Socrates said so, I look upon all men as my compatriots.

Book iii. Chap. ix. Of Vanity. My appetite comes to me while eating.

Ibid. There is no man so good, who, were he to submit all his thoughts and actions to the laws, would not deserve hanging ten times in his life.

Ibid. Saturninus said, “Comrades, you have lost a good captain to make him an ill general."

Ibid. A little folly is desirable in him that will not be guilty of stupidity.

Ibid. Habit is a second nature.8

Chop. x. We seek and offer ourselves to be gulled.

Chap. xi. Of Cripples. I have never seen a greater monster or miracle in the

Ibid. Men are most apt to believe what they least understand.

Ibid. I have here only made a nosegay of culled flowers, and have brought nothing of my own but the thread that ties them together.

Chap. xii. Of Physiognomy. Amongst so many borrowed things, I am glad if I can steal one, disguising and altering it for some new service.4

I am further of opinion that it would be better for us to have (no laws] at all than to have them in so prodigious numbers as we have.

Chap. xiii. Of Experience. There is more ado to interpret interpretations than to interpret the things, and more books upon books than upon all other subjects; we do nothing but comment upon one another.

world than myself.



1 See Rabelais, page 771.
$ See Shakespeare, page 44.

2 See Walpole, page 389.
4 See Churchill, page 413

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