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We have left undone those things which we ought to have done; and we have done those things which we ought not to have done.

Morning Prayer. The noble army of martyrs.

Ibid Afflicted, or distressed, in mind, body, or estate.

Prayer for all Conditions of Meth Have mercy upon us miserable sinners.

The Litany. From envy, hatred, and malice, and all uncharitableness.

Ibid. The world, the flesh, and the devil.

Ibid. The kindly fruits of the earth.

Ibid. Read, mark, learn, and inwardly digest.

Collect for the Second Sunday in Advent. Renounce the Devil and all his works.

Baptism of Infants Grant that the old Adam in these persons may be so buried, that the new man may be raised up in them.

Baptism of those of Riper fears The pomps and vanity of this wicked world.

Catechism. To keep my hands from picking and stealing.

ibid. To do my duty in that state of life unto which it shall please God to call me.

An outward and visible sign of an inward and spirit


ual grace.


Let him now speak, or else hereafter for ever hold his peace.

Solemnization of Matrimony. To have and to hold from this day forward, for better for worse, for richer for poorer

, in sickness and in health, to love and to cherish, till death us do part.




To love, cherish, and to obey.

Solemnization of Matrimony. With this ring I thee wed, with my body I thee worship, and with all my worldly goods I thee endow.?

Ibid. In the midst of life we are in death.?

The Burial Service Earth to earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust, in sure and certain hope of the resurrection.

Ibid. Whose service is perfect freedom. Collect for Peace. Show thy servant the light of thy countenance.

The Psalter. Psalın xxxi. 18. But it was even thou, my companion, my guide, and mine own familiar friend.

Ir. 14. Men to be of one mind in an house.

liriii. 6. The iron entered into his soul. The dew of thy birth is of the womb of the morning.

cv. 18.

cx. 3.


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Untimely grave.

Psalm vit. And though he promise to his loss, He makes his promise good. The sweet remembrance of the just Shall flourish when he sleeps in dust.

cxii. 6. 1 With this ring I thee wed, and with all my worldly goods I thee endow. -- Book of Common Prayer, according to the use of the Protestant Episcopal Church in America,

* This is derived from a Latin antiphon, said to have been composed by Notker, a monk of St. Gall, in 911, while watching some workmen building a bridge at Martinsbrucke, in peril of their lives. It forms the groundwork of Luther's antiphon " De Morte."

Nahum Tate, 1652–1715; Nicholas Brady, 1659-1726.


All the brothers were valiant, and all the sisters vir

tuous, · From the inscription on the tomb of the Duchess of Newcastle in West

minster Abbey. Am I not a man and a brother?

From a medallion by Wedgwood (1787), representing a negro in chains,

with one knee on the ground, and both hands lifted up to tearen. This was adopted as a characteristic seal by the Antislavery Society of London.

Anything for a quiet life.

Title of a play by Middleton.

Art and part.
A Scotch law-phrase,

- an accessory before and after the fact. A man is said to be art and part of a crime when he contrives the manner

the deed, and concurs with and encourages those who commit the crime, although he does not put his own hand to the actual execution of it. - Scott : Tales of a Grandfather, chap. xxii. (1.xecution

of Morton.) Art preservative of all arts.

From the inscription upon the facade of the house at Harlem formerly occupied by Laurent Koster (or Coster), who is charged, among others

, with the invention of printing. Mention is first made of this inscrip tion about 1628 : -




As gingerly.

CHAPMAN: May Day. SHAKESPEARE : Two Gentlemen of Perona. Be sure you are right, then ahead.

The motto of David Crockett in the war of 1818.




say Jack Robinson.
This current phrase is said to be derived from a humorous song by Hud.
son, a tobacconist in Shoe Laue, London. He was a professivual song
writer and vocalist, who used to be engaged to sing at supper-rooms
and theatrical houses.

A warke it ys as easie to be done
As tys to saye Jacke! robys on.

HALLIWELL: Arrhæological Dictionary.

(Cited from an old Play.)

Begging the question.
This is a common logical fallacy, petitio principii; and the first explana-

tion of the plırase is to be found in Aristotle's “ Topica,” viii. 13, where
the five ways of begging the question are set forth. The earliest Eng-
lish work in which the expression is found is “The Arte of Logike
plainlie set forth in our English Tongue, &c." (1584.)

Better to wear out than to rust out.

When a friend told Bishop Cumberland (1632-1718) he would wear
bimself out by his incessant application, “It is better," replied the
Bishop, “to wear out than to rust out." HORNE: Sermon on the

Duty of Contending for the Truth.
BUSWELL: Tour to the Hebrides, p. 18, note.

Beware of a man of one book.

When St. Thomas Aquinas was asked in what manner a man might

best become learned, he answered, “By reading one book.” The homo unius libri is indeed proverbially formidable to all conversational figurantes.

- SoutheY: The Doctor, p. 164.

Bitter end.

This phrase is nearly withont meaning as it is used. The true phrase,

"beiter end,” is used properly to designate a crisis, or the moment of an extremity. When in a gale a vessel has paid out all her cable, her cable has run out to the better end," — the end which is secured within the vessel and little used. Robinson Crusoe in describing the terrible storm in Yarmouth Roads savs, “We rode with two anchors ahead, and the cables veered out to the better end.”

Cockles of the heart.

Latham says the most probable explanation of this phrase lies (1) in the

likeness of a heart to a cockleshell, – the base of the former being compared to the hinge of the latter ; (2) in the zoological name for the cockle and its congeners being Cardium, from kapdia (heart).

Castles in the air.

This is a proverbial phrase found throughout English literature, the first

instance noted being in Sir Philip Sidney's “ Defence of Poesy."

Consistency, thou art a jewel.

This is one of those popular sayings — like "Be good, and you will be

happy,” or “ Virtue is its own reward " — that, like Topsy, "dever was born, only jist growed.” From the earliest times it has been the popular tendency to call this or that cardinal virtue, or bright and shining excellence, a jewel, by way of emphasis. For example, lago says,

** Good name, in man or woman, dear my lord,

Is the immediate jewel of their souls."
Shakespeare elsewhere calls experience a "jewel.” Miranda says her
modesty is the "jewel" in her dower ; and in “All's Well that ends
Well," Diana terms her chastity the "jewel" of her house. — P. A.

O discretion, thou art a jewel! – The Skylark, a Collection of well-

chosen English Songs. (London, 1772.)
The origin of this expression is unknown. Some wag of the day

allayed public curiosity in regard to its source with the information that it is from the ballad of Robin Rough head in Murtagh's "Col. lection of Ballads (1754)." It is needless to say that Murtagh is a verbal phantom, and the ballad of Robin Roughhead first appeared in an American newspaper in 1867.

Cotton is King; or, Slavery in the Light of Political

This is the title of a book by David Christy (1855).
The expression “Cotton is king

was used by James Henry lan:mond in the United States Senate, March, 1858.

Dead as Chelsea.

To get Chelsea : to obtain the benefit of that hospital. “Dead as Chel

sea, by God!” an exclamation uttered by a grenadier at Fontenov, on having his leg carried away by a cannon-ball. – Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue, 1758 (quoted by Brady, “ Varieties of Literature," 1826).

Die in the last ditch.

To William of Orange may be ascribed this saying. When Bucking

ham urged the inevitable destruction which hung over the United wealth was ruined, “There is one certain means." replied the Prince, " by which I can be sure never to see my country's ruin

. – I will die in the last ditch."

HUME : History of England. (1622.)

Provinces, and asked him whether he did not see that the common

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