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could not personally dislike a man whose open and amiable dispositions and manners resembled their own.

The first measure proposed by Fox as Minister, and supported by Burke, appears to have been somewhat precipitate:-an offer of peace to the Dutch, which they received very coldly.

Mr. Fox brought a message from the King, recommending the adoption of a plan for the retrenchment of expences. The object of this was to pave the way for the revival of Burke's reform bill, which, after several modifications, passed. Several popular propositions were made by the new Ministry or their adherents, and adopted. The resolution of 1769, respecting the Middlesex election, and against which Burke had displayed such eloquence, was expunged from the journals of the house. Such measures were proposed as tended to satisfy Ireland, by rendering the Parliament of that country independent of that of

Great Britain. The only party measure with which this Administration was chargeable was the appointment of Admiral Pigot to supersede Rodney, who had, on the famous 12th of April, gained a most celebrated naval victory. July 1, 1782, the Marquis of Rockingham died.

Burke wrote the following inscription for the mausoleum erected to the Marquis's memory in Wentworth Park, in which Lord Fitzwilliam has also placed a bust of the author.


Charles, Marquis of Rockingham,-a statesman, in whom constancy, fidelity, sincerity, and directness, were the sole instruments of his policy. His virtues were his


A clear, sound, unadulterated sense, not perplexed with intricate design, or disturbed by ungoverned passion, gave consistency, dignity, and effect to all his measures. In Opposition, he respected the


principles of Government; in Administration, he provided for the liberties of the people. He employed his moments of power in realizing every thing which he had proposed in a popular situation. This was the distinguishing mark of his conduct. After twenty-four years of service to the public, in a critical and trying time, he left no debt of just expectation unsatisfied.

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By his prudence and patience, he brought together a party, which it was the great object of his labours to render permanent, not as an instrument of ambition, but as a living depositary of principle.

The virtues of his public and private life were not, in him, of different characters. It was the same feeling, benevolent, liberal mind, which, in the internal relations of life, conciliated the unfeigned love of those who see men as they are, which made him an inflexible patriot. He was devoted to the cause of liberty, not because he was haughty

and untractable, but because he was beneficent and humane.

Let his successors, who from this house behold this monument, reflect that their conduct will make it their glory or their reproach. Let them be persuaded that similarity of manners, not proximity of blood, gives them an interest in this



I have already said that it was generally understood that the Marquis of Rockingham advanced to Mr. Burke ten thousand pounds, on a simple bond, never intended to be reclaimed.* Whatever the precise amount was, that it never was intended to be reclaimed has, since the publication of the first edition, been ascertained to the writer on the following grounds. On Saturday, June 30th, 1782, Mr. Counsellor Lee was sent for by express

*See page 166 of this edition.

to come to the Marquis of Rockingham, then on his death-bed. Having arrived, he was soon ushered into the sick room. On seeing him, his Lordship expressed much pleasure; and desired they might be left alone. After a few words on some other subject, my dear Lee,' said the Marquis,

there is a piece of business I wish you to execute immediately, as there is no time to be lost. Various pecuniary transactions have passed between me and my admirable friend Edmund Burke. To the best of my recollection, I have given him up every bond or other document, and also added the fullest discharges; but, lest my memory should have failed me, I, a dying man, bu in the full use of my reason, desire you, a a professional man, will make out a codici to my will, cancelling every paper that ma be found containing any acknowledgemen of a debt due to me from Edmund Burke Mr. Lee drew up the codicil to the desire effect, and related the circumstance to brother counsellor, who lately communicate the anecdote to the writer. With Ea

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