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Section 13. Construction, connecting with

other roads—to receive freight

from other roads. 14. Are public highways - laws to

prevent discrimination. 15. To keep public office and

books - meetings and reports

of directors. 16. Property liable to execution. 17. Parallel lines should not consolidate nor

be managed jointly. 18. Consolidation with foreign com

panies. 19. Laws in favor of, and imposing

a new liability on the people. 20. Street railroads. 21. Benefit of future legislation. 22. Officers not to be interested in

business of company. 23. Discrimination between com

panies and individuals. 24. Granting free passes to public officers prohibited.

Banks,

25. No State bank shall be created

State shall not own stock in

banks. 26. Laws creating banks to be sub

mitted to the people. 27. Receiving deposits after bank

is insolvent.

ARTICLE XIII.

Mili tia,

1. Persons liable to military duty. 2. Organization of militia. 3. Election of officers. 4. Volunteer companies. 5. Militia privileged from arrest. 6. Appointment of officers by the

governor. 7. Public arms and military rec

ords.

ARTICLE XIV.

Miscellaneous Provisions. 1. Public lands lands of the

Section

der military authority for

bidden. 3. Dueling - the offender cannot

hoid office. 4. Officers of the United States

not eligible to State office. 5. Present officers to remain in

office. 6. Oath of office generally. 7. Removal for misdemeanor in

office. 8. Fees not to be increased nor

term of office extended. 9. Appointment of officers. 10. Lotteries prohibited. 11. Investigation by grand jury. 12. Legislators privileged from arrest freedom of debate.

ARTICLE XV.
Mode of Amending the Constitution,
1. Constitution may be amended.
2. Amendments proposed and sub-

mitted to the people.
3. Convention may be called.

SCHEDULE.
1. Provision as to existing laws,

rights and actions. 2. Provisions as to existing obli.

gations, prosecutions, etc. 3. Existing county and probate

courts. 4. Criminal courts. 5. Courts of common pleas. 6. Existing officers to continue. 7. Appeals returnable to Jefferson

City. 8. Provision for payment of bond

ed debt. 9. Constitution to be submitted to

a vote of the people. 10. Clerks to furnish poll-books and

ballots. 11. Form of ballots. 12. Returns of election-proclama

tion by governor. 13. Result of election-constitution

to take effect, when. 14. Schedule to take effect imme

diately. 15. Laws to enforce constitution. 16. Provision as to existing execu

tive officers. 17. Preliminary examinations and

arrests.

United States exempt from
taxation taxing non-resi-

dents.
2. Prosecutions for acts done un-

PREAMBLE.
We, the people of Missouri, with profound reverence for the
Supreme Ruler of the Universe, and grateful for his goodness,
do, for the better government of the State, establish this Consti-
tution.

ARTICLE I.
Boundaries.

Section 1. The boundaries of the State as heretofore established by law, are hereby ratified and confirmed. The State shall have concurrent jurisdiction on the river Mississippi, and every other river bordering on the State, so far as the said rivers shall form a common boundary to this State and any other State or States; and the river Mississippi and the navigable rivers and waters leading to the same shall be common highways, and forever free to the citizens of this State and of the United States, without any tax, duty, impost or toll therefor, imposed by this Staie.

ARTICLE II.

Bill of Rights. In order to assert our rights, acknowledge our duties, and proclaim the principles on which our government is founded, we declare:

Section 1. That all political power is vested in and derived from the people; that all government of right originates from the people, is founded upon their will only, and is instituted sely for the good of the whole.

Sec. 2. That the people of this State have the inherent, sole and exclusive right to regulate the internal government and police thereof, and to alter and abolish their Constitution and form of government whenever they may deem it necessary to the safety and happiness; Provided, such change be not Ifpi.gnant to the Constitution of the United States.

Sec. 3. That Missouri is a free and independent. State, subject only to the Constitution of the United States; and as the preservation of the States and the maintenance of their governmnents are necessary to

indestructible Union, and were intended to co-exist with it, the Legislature is not authorized to adopt, nor will the people of this State ever assent to, any amendcant or change of the Constitution of the United States which

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may in anywise impair the right of local self-government belong. ing to the people of this State.

Sec. 4. That all constitutional government is intended to promote the general welfare of the people; that all persons have a natural right to life, liberty and the enjoyment of the gains of their own industry; that to give security to these things is the principal office of government, and that when government does not confer this security, it fails of its chief design.

Sec. 5. That all men have a natural and indefeasible right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates of their own conscience; that no person can, on account of his religious opinions, be rendered ineligible to any office of trust or profit under this State, nor be disqualified from testifying, or from serving as a juror; that no human authority can control or interfere with the rights of conscience; that no person ought, by any law, to be molested in his person or estate, on account of his religious persuasion or profession; but the liberty of conscience hereby secured shall not be construed

to

excuse acts of licentiousness, nor to justify practices inconsistent with the good order, peace or safety of this State, or with the rights of others.

Sec. 6. That no person can be compelled to erect, support or attend any place or system of worship, or to maintain or support any priest, minister, preacher or teacher of any sect, church, creed or denomination of religion; but if any person shall voluntarily make a contract for any such object, he shall be held to the performance of the same.

Sec. 7. That no money shall ever be taken from the public treasury, directly, or indirectly, in aid of any church, sect or denomination of religion, or in aid of any priest, preacher, minister or teacher thereof as such; and that no preference shall be given to, nor any discrimination made against, any church, sect or creed of religion, or any form of religious faith or worship.

Sec. 8. That no religious corporation can be established in this State, except such as may be created under a general law for the purpose only of holding the title to such real estate as may be prescribed by law for church edifices, parsonages and cemeteries.

Sec. 9. That all elections shall be free and open; and no power, civil or military, shall at any time interfere to prerent the free exercise of the right of suffrage.

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Sec. 10. The courts of justice shall be open to every person, and certain remedy afforded for every injury to person, property or character, and that right and justice should be administered without sale, denial or delay.

Sec. 11. That the people shall be secure in their persons, papers, homes and effects, from unreasonable searches and seizures; and no warrant to search any place, or seize any person or thing, shall issue without describing the place to be searched, or the person or thing to be seized, as nearly as may be; nor without probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation reduced to writing

Sec. 12. That no person shall, for felony, be proceeded against criminally otherwise than by indictment, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia when in actual service in time of war or public danger; in all other cases, offenses shall be prosecuted criminally by indictment or informa. tion as concurrent remedies.

Sec. 13. That treason against the State can consist only in levying war against it, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them aid and comfort; that no person can be convicted of treason, unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act,

on his confession in open court; that no person can be attainted of treason or felony by the General Assembly; that no conviction can work corruption of blood or forfeiture of estate; that the estates of such persons as may destroy their own lives shall descend or vest as in cases of natural death; and when any person shall be killed by casualty, there shall be no forfeiture by reason thereof.

Sec. 14. That no law shall be passed impairing the freedom of speech; that every person shall be free to say, write or publish whatever he will on any subject, being responsible for all abuse of that liberty; and that in all suits and prosecutions for libel the truth thereof may be given in evidence, and the jury, under the direction of the court, shall determine the law and the fact.

Sec. 15. That no ex post facto law, nor law impairing the obligation of contracts, or retrospective in its operation, or making any irrevocable grant of special privileges or immunities, can be passed by the General Assembly.

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Sec. 16. That imprisonment for debt shall not be allowed, except for the non-payment of fines and penalties imposed for violation of law.

Sec. 17. That the right of no citizen to keep and bear arms in defense of his home, person and property, or in aid of the civil power, when thereto legally summoned, shall be called in question; but nothing herein contained is intended to justify the practice of wearing concealed weapons.

Sec. 18. That no person elected or appointed to any office or empuyment of trust or profit under the laws of this State, or any ordinance of any municipality in this State, shall hold such office without personally devoting his time to the performance of the duties to the same belonging.

Stc. 19. That no person who is now or may hereafter become a collector or receiver of public money, or assistant or deputy of such collector or receiver, shall be eligible to any office of trust or profit in the State of Missouri under the laws thereof, or of any niunicipality therein, until he shall have accounted for and paid over all the public money for which he may be accountable.

Sec. 20. That no private property can be taken for private use, with or without compensation, unless by the consent of the owner, except for private ways of necessity, and except for drains and ditches across the lands of others for agricultural and sanitary purposes, in such manner as may be prescribed by law; and that whenever an attempt is made to take private property for a use alleged to be public, the question whether the contemplated use be really public shall be a judicial question, and as such judicially determined, without regard to any legislative assertion that the use is public.

Sec. 21. That private property shall not be taken or damaged for public use without just compensation. Such compensation shall be ascertained by a jury or board of commissioners of not less than three freeholders, in such manner as may be prescribed by law; and until the same shall be paid to the owner, or into court for the owner, the property shall not be disturbed or the proprietary rights of the owner therein divested. The fee of land taken for railroad tracks without consent of the owner thereof shall remain in such owner, subject to the use for which it is taken.

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