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Section 3. Military duty, exemption from 4. No loss of residence by those in
service of United States. 5. All elections by the people shall
be by ballot.
Distribution af Powers. 1. The powers of State govern
ment are legislative, executive and judicial.
Section 21. No embezzler or defaulter may
hold office in this State. 22. State treasury and appropria
tions. 23. Pay of members of Legislature. 24. Subject of every act to be in its
title and to be in the English
language only. 25. Thirty-three cases in which the
Legislature shall not pass local
or special laws. 26. Lotteries and gift enterprises. 27. Congressional districts, division
for. 28. Viva voce vote required in Leg
islature. 29. General appropriations. 30. Appropriations not to be made
for any sect, church or creed. 31. No authority for giving or lend
ing credit of State to any per-
corporation. 32. No authority for any extra com
Legislative Department. 1. Legislative power of the State
is in the Senate and Assembly. 2. Time for sessions of Legislature. 3. Time for electing members and
their term of office. 4. Term of office of Senators. 5. The numbers composing Senate
and Assembly. 6. State divided into forty senator
ial and eighty assembly dis
tricts. 7. Each house to choose its own
pensation to a public officer,
etc. 33. Regulation of compensation for
services performed and for
commodities furnished. 34. Only one item in bill for appro
priations. 35. Bribery and influence of vote of
members of Legislature.
officers. 8. Majority of each house consti
tutes a quorum. 9. What is required to expel a
member. 10. Journal of proceedings to be
kept by each house. 11. Members privileged from arrest.
-Exceptions. 12. Vacancies, how filled. 13. Doors of each house to be
opened.--Exceptions. 14. Adjournment, regulations as to. 15. No law to be passed except by
bill. 16. Veto by Governor. 17. Impeachment, sole
pointments of Senators and
in this State if holding a lu-
Executive Department. 1. Supreme executive power vested
in the Governor. 2. Election of Governor. 3. Qualifications for Governor. 4. Election of Governor, how de
termined. 5. Commander-in-chief. 6. Duties of Governor. 7. He shall see that the laws are
faithfully executed. 8. Vacancies in office, how filled. 9. May call extra sessions. 10. Governor's message. 11. Governor has power to adjourn
Legislature. 12. Governor may not hold office
under United States except as provided.
Section 13. Seal of State to be kept by
Governor. 14. Grants and commissions. 15. Lieutenant - Governor, election,
qualifications and eligibility. 16. When to act as Governor. 17. Election of executive officers. 18. Secretary of State, his duties. 19. Compensation of executive of
ficers. 20. Governor while in office may
not be elected United States Senator.
Section 16. Publication of opinions of the
Supreme Court. 17. Salaries of justices of the Su
preme Court and of judges of
Superior Courts. 18. Justices of Supreme Court and
judges of Superior Courts may
hold no other office. 19. Judges' charge to juries. 20. How prosecutions shall be con
ducted. 21. Reporter for Supreme Court.
Term of office and salary. 22. Judge of Court of Record. 23. Eligibility for justice of Su
preme Court and' for judge of
Superior Court. 24. In regard to judges drawing monthly salary.
Pardoning Power, 1. Governor has power of reprieve
Militia, 1. Organization of militia.-Elec
tion of officers. 2. Flag which militia may carry
while under arms.
Judicial Department. Pui ial power, where vested. 2. Supreme Court.-Chief and asso
ciate judges, their duties and
powers. 3. Election and term of office of
same. 4. Supreme Court, power of. 5. Jurisdiction of the Superior
Court. 6. Superior Courts, number of the
same. Number of sessions, choice of presiding judge, his duties and term of office.
Vacancies, how filled. 7. Number of sessions in particu
lar cases. 8. Judge pro tempore of Superior
Court, how appointed. 9. Penalty for a judge to leave the
State for more than sixty
days. 10. Justices of Supreme and judges
of Superior Courts may be re
moved by Legislature. 11. Number of justices of the peace,
their duties and responsibili
ties. 12. Courts of Record, what are. 13. Jurisdiction, powers, duties and
responsibilities of inferior courts and judges thereof
shall be fixed by law. 14. Clerk of Supreme Court.-Coun
ty clerks, election to be provided for by the Legislature.
Appointment of commissioners. 15. Fees and perquisites of office,
who may receive the same.
Education, 1. Encouragement of education. 2. Superintendent of lic in
struction-his election and sal
ary. 3. Superintendent of schools. 4. For the support of common
schools. 5. Free schools to be open at least
six months in every year. 6. Grades of public school system. 7. State board of education and
text-books. 8. Sectarian or denominational
schools and public money. 9. The University of California.
ARTICLE X. State Institutions and Public Buildings. 1. State board of prison directors. 2. Duties of the same.
Section 3. Prison officers. 4. Compensation of the board. 5. Regulation of the duties of the
board, wardens and clerks. 6. Convict labor.
Counties, Cities and Touns.
enlargement of others. 4. County government. 5. County officers. 6. Organization of cities and
towns. 7. Consolidation of city and county
governments. 8. City charters. 9. County, city town and munici
pal officers--their pay and
term of office. 10. Taxes for State purposes-No
release from. 11. Local and police regulations. 12. Legislature has no power to im
pose taxes upon counties,
cities and towns. 13. It may not delegate any special
commission or private corporation to have control of county or town money, prop
erty or effects. 14. Inspectors, measurers, etc. 15. Private property may
not be sold for payment of the corporate debt of any political or
municipal corporation, 16. County, city or town money.
Disposition of same. 17. Use of public money for private
purposes. 18. Indebtedness
may not be incurred that is greater than the income for the year without the assent of two-thirds of the
qualified electors. 19. In case public works are not
owned or controlled by municipality.
Corporations. Section 1. How corporations are
formed. 2. Dues from corporations. 3. Liability of stockholders. 4. Corporations—what is included
in the term. 5. No charters for banking pur
poses.-Lawful money. 6. Charters and grants existing
before this Constitution if not in bona fide organization have
no validity. 7. Extension of franchise of char
ter. 8. Right of eminent domain. 9. Not to engage in other business. 10. Leasing or alienation of fran
chise. 11. Increase of stock or bonds. 12. Vote of stockholders and elec
tion of directors. 13. Loan of State credit. 14. Books of corporations open for
inspection. 15. Corporations organized out of
this State. 16. Place where corporation may be
sued. 17. Common carriers. Rights of
railroads to cross each other. 18. Restrictions in regard to officers
and employes' interest in any railroad or canal of those who
are not stockholders. 19. Free passes and penalty for ac
cepting the same. 20. Contracts of common carriers
with vessels, etc. In regard to lowering rates for passen
gers and freight. 21. No discrimination in charges. 22. Division of the State into dis
tricts for election of railroad
forcement of provisions ot this article.
Amending and Revising the Constitu
tion. Section 1. Constitution may be amended. 2. Revision of Constitution.
1. Aliens, paupers, criminals and
contagious diseases. 2. Employment of Chinese. 3. Employment of Chinese by
State. 4.Coolie labor.
ARTICLE XX. Miscellaneous.
1. Seat of government 2. Dueling 3. Oath of office. 4. Election or appointment of offi
cers not provided for by Con
stitution. 5. Fiscal year. 6. Suits against the State. 7. Contract of marriage. 8. Property of husband and wife. 9. No perpetuities allowed except
for eleemosynary purposes. 10. Offering bribe disqualifies for
holding office. 11. Person convicted of bribery,
perjury, forgery, etc. 12. Absence from State in regard
to residence. 13. Plurality of votes. 14. State board of health. 15. Mechanics, laborers, etc., have
lien on property for value of
labor done. 16. Term of any officer com
Revenue and Taxation. Section 1. Taxes. Definition of the word
property. 2. Assessment, how made. 3. Assessment of
more than 640 acres of land. Assessment of
small tracts. 4. Mortgage, and of trust, or con
tract. 5. When a contract is null and
void. 6. Power of taxation not to be
surrendered. 7. Power of Legislature to provide
by law for payment of taxes. 8. Statement of property owned. 9. Board of equalization. 10. Manner of assessing property. 11. Income taxes. 12. Levy and collection of poll tax. 13. Legislature to pass laws to
carry out provisions of this article.
Water and Water Rights.
1. Water rights under control of
State. 2. Collection of rates.
Harbor Frontage, Etc. 1. Right of eminent domain. 2. Navigation of waters and right
of way. 3. Tde lands.
missioner when not provided
for by Constitution. 17. Eight hours a day's work. 18. Rights of both sexes to carry
on business. 19. In regard to payment of expen
ses of the convention framing
this Constitution. 20. When election of officers shall
1. Extent of liabllity.
Land and Ilomestead Exemption.
1. Rights of the homestead.
We, the people of the State of California, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, in order to secure and perpetuate its blessirgs do establish this Constitution.
Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All men are by nature free and independent, and have certain inalienable rights, among which are those of enjoy. ing and defending life and liberty; acquiring, possessing and protecting property; and pursuing and obtaining safety and happiness.
Sec. 2. All political power is inherent in the people. Government is instituted for the protection, security and benefit of the people, and they have the right to alter or reform the same whenever the public good may require it.
Sec. 3. The State of California is an inseparable part of the American Union, and the Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the land.
Sec. 4. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference, shall forever be guaranteed in this State; and no person shall be rendered incompetent to be a witness or juror on account of his opinions on matters of religious belief; but the liberty of con