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Section 3. Military duty, exemption from 4. No loss of residence by those in

service of United States. 5. All elections by the people shall

be by ballot.

ARTICLE III.

Distribution af Powers. 1. The powers of State govern

ment are legislative, executive and judicial.

Section 21. No embezzler or defaulter may

hold office in this State. 22. State treasury and appropria

tions. 23. Pay of members of Legislature. 24. Subject of every act to be in its

title and to be in the English

language only. 25. Thirty-three cases in which the

Legislature shall not pass local

or special laws. 26. Lotteries and gift enterprises. 27. Congressional districts, division

for. 28. Viva voce vote required in Leg

islature. 29. General appropriations. 30. Appropriations not to be made

for any sect, church or creed. 31. No authority for giving or lend

ing credit of State to any per-
son,
association

corporation. 32. No authority for any extra com

or

1

ARTICLE IV.

Legislative Department. 1. Legislative power of the State

is in the Senate and Assembly. 2. Time for sessions of Legislature. 3. Time for electing members and

their term of office. 4. Term of office of Senators. 5. The numbers composing Senate

and Assembly. 6. State divided into forty senator

ial and eighty assembly dis

tricts. 7. Each house to choose its own

pensation to a public officer,

etc. 33. Regulation of compensation for

services performed and for

commodities furnished. 34. Only one item in bill for appro

priations. 35. Bribery and influence of vote of

members of Legislature.

officers. 8. Majority of each house consti

tutes a quorum. 9. What is required to expel a

member. 10. Journal of proceedings to be

kept by each house. 11. Members privileged from arrest.

-Exceptions. 12. Vacancies, how filled. 13. Doors of each house to be

opened.--Exceptions. 14. Adjournment, regulations as to. 15. No law to be passed except by

bill. 16. Veto by Governor. 17. Impeachment, sole

power in
Legislature.
18. Impeachment, those liable to.
19. Restrictions in regard to ap-

pointments of Senators and
members of assembly to any

civil office.
20. No person is eligible for office

in this State if holding a lu-
crative office under the United
States.

ARTICLE V.

Executive Department. 1. Supreme executive power vested

in the Governor. 2. Election of Governor. 3. Qualifications for Governor. 4. Election of Governor, how de

termined. 5. Commander-in-chief. 6. Duties of Governor. 7. He shall see that the laws are

faithfully executed. 8. Vacancies in office, how filled. 9. May call extra sessions. 10. Governor's message. 11. Governor has power to adjourn

Legislature. 12. Governor may not hold office

under United States except as provided.

Section 13. Seal of State to be kept by

Governor. 14. Grants and commissions. 15. Lieutenant - Governor, election,

qualifications and eligibility. 16. When to act as Governor. 17. Election of executive officers. 18. Secretary of State, his duties. 19. Compensation of executive of

ficers. 20. Governor while in office may

not be elected United States Senator.

Section 16. Publication of opinions of the

Supreme Court. 17. Salaries of justices of the Su

preme Court and of judges of

Superior Courts. 18. Justices of Supreme Court and

judges of Superior Courts may

hold no other office. 19. Judges' charge to juries. 20. How prosecutions shall be con

ducted. 21. Reporter for Supreme Court.

Term of office and salary. 22. Judge of Court of Record. 23. Eligibility for justice of Su

preme Court and' for judge of

Superior Court. 24. In regard to judges drawing monthly salary.

ARTICLE VII.

Pardoning Power, 1. Governor has power of reprieve

and pardon.

ARTICLE VIII.

Militia, 1. Organization of militia.-Elec

tion of officers. 2. Flag which militia may carry

while under arms.

ARTICLE VI.

Judicial Department. Pui ial power, where vested. 2. Supreme Court.-Chief and asso

ciate judges, their duties and

powers. 3. Election and term of office of

same. 4. Supreme Court, power of. 5. Jurisdiction of the Superior

Court. 6. Superior Courts, number of the

same. Number of sessions, choice of presiding judge, his duties and term of office.

Vacancies, how filled. 7. Number of sessions in particu

lar cases. 8. Judge pro tempore of Superior

Court, how appointed. 9. Penalty for a judge to leave the

State for more than sixty

days. 10. Justices of Supreme and judges

of Superior Courts may be re

moved by Legislature. 11. Number of justices of the peace,

their duties and responsibili

ties. 12. Courts of Record, what are. 13. Jurisdiction, powers, duties and

responsibilities of inferior courts and judges thereof

shall be fixed by law. 14. Clerk of Supreme Court.-Coun

ty clerks, election to be provided for by the Legislature.

Appointment of commissioners. 15. Fees and perquisites of office,

who may receive the same.

ARTICLE IX.

Education, 1. Encouragement of education. 2. Superintendent of lic in

struction-his election and sal

ary. 3. Superintendent of schools. 4. For the support of common

schools. 5. Free schools to be open at least

six months in every year. 6. Grades of public school system. 7. State board of education and

text-books. 8. Sectarian or denominational

schools and public money. 9. The University of California.

ARTICLE X. State Institutions and Public Buildings. 1. State board of prison directors. 2. Duties of the same.

ARTICLE XII.

Section 3. Prison officers. 4. Compensation of the board. 5. Regulation of the duties of the

board, wardens and clerks. 6. Convict labor.

ARTICLE XI.

Counties, Cities and Touns.

1. Counties.
2. Removal of county seat.
3. Formation of new counties and

enlargement of others. 4. County government. 5. County officers. 6. Organization of cities and

towns. 7. Consolidation of city and county

governments. 8. City charters. 9. County, city town and munici

pal officers--their pay and

term of office. 10. Taxes for State purposes-No

release from. 11. Local and police regulations. 12. Legislature has no power to im

pose taxes upon counties,

cities and towns. 13. It may not delegate any special

commission or private corporation to have control of county or town money, prop

erty or effects. 14. Inspectors, measurers, etc. 15. Private property may

not be sold for payment of the corporate debt of any political or

municipal corporation, 16. County, city or town money.

Disposition of same. 17. Use of public money for private

purposes. 18. Indebtedness

may not be incurred that is greater than the income for the year without the assent of two-thirds of the

qualified electors. 19. In case public works are not

owned or controlled by municipality.

Corporations. Section 1. How corporations are

formed. 2. Dues from corporations. 3. Liability of stockholders. 4. Corporations—what is included

in the term. 5. No charters for banking pur

poses.-Lawful money. 6. Charters and grants existing

before this Constitution if not in bona fide organization have

no validity. 7. Extension of franchise of char

ter. 8. Right of eminent domain. 9. Not to engage in other business. 10. Leasing or alienation of fran

chise. 11. Increase of stock or bonds. 12. Vote of stockholders and elec

tion of directors. 13. Loan of State credit. 14. Books of corporations open for

inspection. 15. Corporations organized out of

this State. 16. Place where corporation may be

sued. 17. Common carriers. Rights of

railroads to cross each other. 18. Restrictions in regard to officers

and employes' interest in any railroad or canal of those who

are not stockholders. 19. Free passes and penalty for ac

cepting the same. 20. Contracts of common carriers

with vessels, etc. In regard to lowering rates for passen

gers and freight. 21. No discrimination in charges. 22. Division of the State into dis

tricts for election of railroad
commissioners. Salary and
term of office of same. Duties

of commissioners.
23. Enumeration of railroad

dis-
tricts.
24. Legislature to pass laws for en-

forcement of provisions ot this article.

ARTICLE XVIII.

Amending and Revising the Constitu

tion. Section 1. Constitution may be amended. 2. Revision of Constitution.

ARTICLE XIX.

Chinese.

1. Aliens, paupers, criminals and

contagious diseases. 2. Employment of Chinese. 3. Employment of Chinese by

State. 4.Coolie labor.

ARTICLE XX. Miscellaneous.

1. Seat of government 2. Dueling 3. Oath of office. 4. Election or appointment of offi

cers not provided for by Con

stitution. 5. Fiscal year. 6. Suits against the State. 7. Contract of marriage. 8. Property of husband and wife. 9. No perpetuities allowed except

for eleemosynary purposes. 10. Offering bribe disqualifies for

holding office. 11. Person convicted of bribery,

perjury, forgery, etc. 12. Absence from State in regard

to residence. 13. Plurality of votes. 14. State board of health. 15. Mechanics, laborers, etc., have

lien on property for value of

labor done. 16. Term of any officer com

or

ARTICLE XIII.

Revenue and Taxation. Section 1. Taxes. Definition of the word

property. 2. Assessment, how made. 3. Assessment of

more than 640 acres of land. Assessment of

small tracts. 4. Mortgage, and of trust, or con

tract. 5. When a contract is null and

void. 6. Power of taxation not to be

surrendered. 7. Power of Legislature to provide

by law for payment of taxes. 8. Statement of property owned. 9. Board of equalization. 10. Manner of assessing property. 11. Income taxes. 12. Levy and collection of poll tax. 13. Legislature to pass laws to

carry out provisions of this article.

ARTICLE XIV.

Water and Water Rights.

1. Water rights under control of

State. 2. Collection of rates.

ARTICLE XV.

Harbor Frontage, Etc. 1. Right of eminent domain. 2. Navigation of waters and right

of way. 3. Tde lands.

missioner when not provided

for by Constitution. 17. Eight hours a day's work. 18. Rights of both sexes to carry

on business. 19. In regard to payment of expen

ses of the convention framing

this Constitution. 20. When election of officers shall

be held.

ARTICLE XVI.

State Indebtedness.

1. Extent of liabllity.

ARTICLE XVII.

Land and Ilomestead Exemption.

1. Rights of the homestead.
2. In regard to holding large tracts

of land.
3. Granting of State lands.

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We, the people of the State of California, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, in order to secure and perpetuate its blessirgs do establish this Constitution.

ARTICLE I.

Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All men are by nature free and independent, and have certain inalienable rights, among which are those of enjoy. ing and defending life and liberty; acquiring, possessing and protecting property; and pursuing and obtaining safety and happiness.

Sec. 2. All political power is inherent in the people. Government is instituted for the protection, security and benefit of the people, and they have the right to alter or reform the same whenever the public good may require it.

Sec. 3. The State of California is an inseparable part of the American Union, and the Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the land.

Sec. 4. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference, shall forever be guaranteed in this State; and no person shall be rendered incompetent to be a witness or juror on account of his opinions on matters of religious belief; but the liberty of con

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