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CONSTITUTION

OF THE

STATE OF IDAHO.

CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF IDAHO.

ARTICLES. Article 1. Declaration of rights. 2. Legislative department. 3. Executive department. 4. Judicial department. 5. Elective franchise. 6. Municipal corporations. 7. Corporations other than munici.

pal. 8. Education. 9. School and public lands. 10. County and township organiza

tions. 11. Revenue and taxation. 12. Public debt and public works. 13. Militia. 14. Impeachment and removal from

office. 15. Future amendments. 16. Compact

with the United States. 17. Miscellaneous. 18. Congressional and legislative ap

portionment.
19. Public institutions.
20. Prohibition.

Schedule.
Preamble.

Section 4. Freedom of religious thought

and worship. 5. Writ of habeas corpus. 6. Bail shall be accepted, except

for capital offenses. 7. Right of trial by jury. 8. Offenses shall be prosecuted

criminally by indictment, or

information. 9. Freedom of speech. 10. The people have the right to

assemble together in a peaceable manner for the common

good. 11. The people have the right to

bear arms. 12. The military shall be subordi.

nate to the civil power. 13. Right to speedy and public trial.

-No person shall twice be put in jeopardy for the same of

fense. 14. In regard to the use of lands

for the storage of water, etc.Private property taken for public use must have a just

compensation. 15. Imprisonment for debt. 16. No law impairing the obligation

of contracts snall ever be

passed. 17. Unreasonable searches and seiz.

ures not tolerated. 18. Right and justice shall be ad

ministered without sale or

prejudice. 19. Right of suffrage not to be in

terfered with. 20. No property qualification for

right to vote.

ARTICLE I.

Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All men are by nature free and

have certain inalienable

rights. 2. All political power is inherent

in the people. 3. The State is inseparable from the Union.

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ARTICLE IV

Legislatice Department. 1. The legislative power of the

State is vested in the Senate

and House of Representatives. 2. The Senate to consist of eigh

teen members; the House of Representatives of thirty-six

members. 3. Elected for two years. 4. Apportionment. 5. No county shall be divided in

creating districts. 6. Senator and Representative

must be an elector of this

State. 7. Legislators privileged from ar

rest, except when. 8. Sessions of Legislature to be

held biennially. 9. Each house to choose its own

members. In regard to ad

journment. 10. A majority of each house shall

constitute a quorum. 11. To expel a member, a two-thirds

vote required. 12. The business of each house to

be transacted openly. 13. Each house to keep a journal. 14. Bills may originate in either

house. 15. No law shall be passed except

by bill, which must be read

three times. 16. Every act to contain but one

subject. 17. Every act to be plainly worded. 18. Revisal or amendment of an act. 19. The Legislature may not pass

local or special laws in certain cases.

Executive Department. 1. Officers composing the same. 2. Said officers to be elected by

qualified electors of the State. 3. To be eligible for election to

State offices. 4. Governor to be commander-in

chief. 5. Supreme executive power vested

in Governor. 6. If vacancies occur. 7. Board of pardons. 8. The Governor may require in

formation in writing from

State officers. 9. The Governor may on extraor

dinary occasions convene the

Legislature by proclamation. 10. All bills before becoming a law shall be presented

to the Governor for his approval or

disapproval. 11. The Governor may object to

items in a bill, in which case

they are to be reconsidered. 12. When the Lieutenant-Governor

shall act as Governor. 13. The Lieutenant-Governor shall

be president of the Senate. 14. When president of Senate pro

tempore is to act as Governor. 15. In regard to the seal of the

State. 16. Grants and permissions, how

signed and sealed. 17. A semi-annual report to be

made to the Governor of all money received and spent by the State.

Section 18. Board of State prison commis

sioners. 19. Salaries.

Section 17. Salary of justices of Supreme

Court and of judges of the

District Courts. 18. District Attorney, term of office

and salary. 19. How vacancies are to be filled. 20. District Court, jurisdiction of. 21. Probate Courts, jurisdiction of. 22. Justices of the peace, jurisdic

tion of. 23. To be eligible for office of dis

trict judge. 24. Enumeration of the judicial

districts. 25. In regard to defects or omis

sions in the laws. 26. All general laws to be uniform

in operation. 27. Right to increase or diminishi

salaries.

ARTICLE V.

Judicial Department. 1. Civil and criminal actions de

fined. 2. The judicial power of the State

shall be vested in a court for the trial of impeachments, a Supreme Court, District and Probate Courts, and Courts of

Justices of the Peace. 3. When Governor is impeached,

the Chief Justice shall preside. 5. Treason against the State,

definition of. 6. Supreme Court to consist of

three justices, a majority of whom shall be necessary to make a quorum, or pronounce

a decision. 7. No justice of Supreme Court

shall hold any other office in

the State. 8. At least four terms of said

court shall be held annually. 9. Supreme Court, jurisdiction of. 10. Shall have original jurisdiction

to hear claims against the

State. 11. State to be divided into five

judicial districts.-A judge is to be chosen from each district-Term of office to be

four years. 12. District judges to reside in the

districts from which they are

elected. 13. The Legislature shall have no

power to deprive the judicial department of any power or jurisdiction which rightfully

pertains to it. 14. The Legislature may provide for

the establishment of special

courts. 15. Clerk of Supreme Court, term of

office and compensation. 16. Clerk of the District Court,

term of office.

ARTICLE VI.

Suffrage and Elections 1. All elections by the people must

be by ballot. 2. Qualified electors, who are.

Women may vote at school

elections. 3. Those who may not vote. 4. The Legislature may prescribe

additional qualifications for

the right of suffrage. 5. Service under the United States

out of the State does not cause loss of residence.

ARTICLE VII.

Finance and Revenue. 1. Fiscal year to

commence on second Monday of January in

each year. 2. Such revenue as is needed is to

be provided by taxation. 3. Property to be defined by law. 4. What property is exempt. 5. All laws to be uniform upon the

same class of subjects. 6. For what the Legislature is not

to impose taxes. 7. As to State taxes. 8. In regard to taxing corpora

tions.

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