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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF INDIANA.

Article 1. Bill of rights. 2. Suffrage and election. 3. Distribution of powers. 4. Legislative. 5. Executive. 6. The administrative. 7. Judicial. 8. Education. 9. State institutions. 10. Finance. 11. Corporations. 12. Militia, 13. Political and municipal corpora

tions.
14. Boundaries.
15. Miscellaneous.
16. Amendments.

Schedule.
Preamble.

ARTICLE I.

Bill of Rights. Section 1. All men are naturally equal and

have certain inalienable rights. - Origin of power and object

of government. 2. Religious freedom. 3. Laws not to control religious

opinion. 4. No preference to be given to any

particular sect. 5. Religious tests and qualifica

tions for office not allowed. 6. No money to be drawn from the

treasury for religious or theo

logical institutions. 7. Witnesses not rendered incom

petent on account of religion. 8. Mode of administering oaths. 9. Freedom of speech and of the

press.

Section 10. Prosecutions for libel, 11. Exemption from illegal seizures

and searches. 12. Courts open.- Right of Justice. 13. Rights of persons accused of

crime.-Witnesses.- Counsel. 14. Second trial forbidden.- Not to

testify against one's self. 15. Confinement in jail not to be un

necessarily rigorous. 16. Excessive bail and fines.-- Cruel

punishments. 17. Right of bail. 18. Penal Code founded on princi

ples of reformation. 19. Juries to determine the law and

facts. 20. Right of trial by jury in civil

cases. 21. Particular services or private

property not to be taken with

out payment. 22. Imprisonment for debt not al

lowed. 23. Exclusive privileges not to be

allowed. 24. Ex post facto laws forbidden.

Contracts. 25. No law to be passed by any

authority not recognized in

Constitution. 26. Laws only to be suspended by

General Assembly. 27. Privilege of writ of habeas cor

pus. 28. Treason defined. 29. Treason, how proven. 30. Conviction not to work corrup

tion of blood or forfeiture. 31. The people have the right to as

semble together in a peaceable

a

ARTICLE IV.

Legislative. Section 1. Powers, how vested.- Style of

laws. 2. The number of each house.

Chosen by counties and dis

tricts. 3. Term of members of each house.

Classification of Senators.- In

case of injuries. 4. Census to be taken once in six

years.-Who to be enumerated. 5. Apportionment. 6. Districts not to be separated. 7. Qualification of members.-Least

age. 8. Privilege of members.- Freedom

of debate, 9. Sessions biennial. - Special ses

sions. 10. Powers of each house.-Adjourn

ments. 11. Two-thirds of each house shall constitute

quorum.- Each house shall keep a journal. 13. Doors to be open, except. 14. Punishment of members.- ExSection 25. Bills to be passed by a majority

Section

manner to consult for the com.

mon good. 32. Right of bearing arms. 33. Military subordinate to civil

power. 34. Quartering of soldiers. 35. Titles of nobility and hereditary

distinctions forbidden. 36. Emigration from State not to be

forbidden.
37. Slavery forbidden. Indentures

of negroes made out of State
not valid in it.

ARTICLE II.

Suffrage and Election. 1. Elections free and equal. 2. Qualifications of voters. 3. Persons in army and navy not

to gain right by being sta

tioned. 4. Absence in service of State or

United States not to forfeit

rights. 5. Negroes and mullatoes denied

the right of voting. (Stricken

out.) 6. Bribery at elections to forfeit

right. 7. Duelling to disqualify from vot

ing. 8. Laws may be passed depriving

criminals of the right to vote

or hold office.
9. No person holding a lucrative

office or appointment under
the United States, or under this
State, shall hold office. - Ex-

ceptions.
10. Non-accounting holders of public

money to be eligible to office. 11. Appointments pro tempore. 12. Electors privileged from arrest. 13. Election by the people to be by

ballot by the General Assembly

viva voce. 14. Day of general election.

pulsion. 15. Power over persons not mem

bers. 16. Each house to have powers nec

essary in a free and independ

ent State. 17. Bills may originate in elther

house. 18. Every bill shall be read on three

separate days in each house. 19. Every act shall embrace but one

subject, and matters properly

connected therewith. 20. Every act and joint resolution

shall be plainly worded. 21. No act shall be revised or

amended by mere reference to

its title. 22. The General Assembly shall not

pass local or special laws as in any of the following enumer

ated cases. 23. General laws shall be of uniform

operation. 24. Suits against the State.-Special

acts for this not allowed.

ARTICLE III.

Distribution of Powers. 1. The legislative, the executive

and the judicial.

of those elected. 26. Right of protest. 27. Every law to be public, if not

otherwise declared. 28. Publication of laws, in cases of

emergencies. 29. Pay of members. - Mileage.

Limit of sessions. 30. Members not eligible to certain

other offices.

Section

mittee of the whole.- Casting

vote. 22. Salary of Governor. 23. Of Lieutenant-Governor. 24. They are not eligible to other

offices.

ARTICLE V.

ARTICLE VI.

Administrative. 1. State officers, eligible four years

in six. 2. County officers.-- Terms.- Limit

of eligibility. 3. Other county and township offi

cers to be elected by law. 4. Officers must be voters.-- Limit

of residence. 5. Official residence of State offi

cers. 6. Residence and offices of county

officers, etc. 7. Removal of State officers. 8. Impeachment

or removal or officers. 9. Vacancies in county and town

ship offices. 10. Powers may be conferred upon

county boards.

ARTICLE VII.

Education. 1. Executive power vested in Gov

ernor.-- Not to be elected two

consecutive terms. 2. Lieutenant-Governor.-- Term. 3. When elected. 4. How elected.--- Returns of elec

tion. 5. In case of tie, how settled. 6. Contested elections to be deter

mined by law. 7. Qualifications for the office. 8. Members of Congress.- Of Fed

eral offices, not eligible. 9. Beginning of term. 10. Vacancy in office of Governor,

how filled. 11. President of the Senate in case

Lieutenant-Governor serves as

Governor. 12. The Governor shall be command

er-in-chief of the militia. 13. To communicate by a message. 14. To sign bills.-Veto power lim

ited. 15. To transact business with offi

cers of government.-- May re

quire information. 16. He shall take care that the laws

are faithfully executed. 17. Pardoning powers. 18. To fill certain vacancies in office. 19. To issue writs of election to fill

vacancies. 20. May in certain cases convene

General Assembly elsewhere than at the seat of govern

ment. 21. Lieutenant-Governor to preside

in Senate:- May speak in com

Judicial. 1. Judicial powers of the State,

how vested. 2. Supreme Court, how organized.

- Quorum.- Terms of judges. 3. The State shall be divided into

as many districts as there are

judges of the Supreme Court. 4. Jurisdiction of Supreme Court. 5. Decision to be in writing and of

record. 8. Publication of decisions.

Judges not to report decisions. 7. Clerk of the Supreme Court.

Terms and duties. 8. Circuit Courts.-Jurisdiction. 9. Judicial Circuits. -- Judges.

Terms.- Residence. 10. Exchange of circuits by judges.

- Case of inability to hold

court. 11. A prosecuting attorney in each

district.

Section

ARTICLE X. 12. Removal of judges and prose

Finance. cuting attorneys.

Section 13. Salaries of judges.

1. Taxation to be uniform.- Prop14. Justices of the peace.- Terms. erty exempted. - Powers.

2. Revenues for payment of 15. Conservators of the peace.

public debt. 16. Judicial officers not eligible to 3. No money to be drawn from the any other offices.

treasury but in pursuance of 17. General Assembly may modify

appropriations made by law. or abolish grand jury system. i 4. Reports of receipts and expendi18. Style of process.- Authority of

tures shall be made. criminal prosecutions.

5. Objects for which State debts 19. Tribunals of conciliation.-To be

can be contracted. binding only when parties

6. Restrictions upon county subconsent.

scriptions.- Credit not to be 20. Commissioners to revise rules,

loaned.

7. The State not to be liable to pay etc.- May reduce the laws to a code.

or

redeem any certificate of 21. Every voter entitled to admis

stock, etc.
sion to practice law.

ARTICLE XI.
ARTICLE VIII.

Corporations.
Education.

1. No bank or banking company

to be created, except as pre1. Duty of the State to encourage

scribed by Constitution. improvements in schools.

2. Banking law for all banks, ex2. The common school fund shall

cept under section 4. consist of the Congressional

3. In case of a banking law being township fund, and the lands

passed, bills to be counterbelonging thereto, etc.

signed, securities, under State 3. The principle to remain invio

control. late.-Income to be applied

4. A bank with branches may be for no purpose but schools.

chartered. 4. Investment or school fund.

5. Mutual responsibility of branchDistribution,

es. 5. In case of failure to demand its

6. Liability of bank stockholders. proportion by any county.

7. Redemption of bills in gold or 6. Counties liable for safe keeping

silver. No

suspension of of school fund.

specie payments to be al7. Trust funds to be inviolable.

lowed. 8. The election of Superintendent

8. Preference to bill. - Holders in of Public Instruction.-- Terms

case of insolvency. and duties.

9. Banks not to receive a greater

rate of interest than indiARTICLE IX.

viduals. State Institutions.

10. Banks to close business within

twenty years. 1. Benevolent institutions to

11. Trust funds may be invested in maintained.

with banks.- Safety

to be 2. Houses of refuge to be provided.

guaranteed. 3. Who are to be supported on 12. State not to become a stockfines and in asylums.

holder after present bank

be

Section 3. Term to begin when elected and

qualified. 4. Officers to take an official oath. 5. Seal to be kept by Governor. 6. Commissions, how sealed and

signed. 7. Least area of new counties. 8. Lotteries forbidden. 9. Grounds reserved for State capitol not to

sold

be

Section

charter expires.- Credit not

to be loaned. 13. Other corporations may be

formed under general laws. 14. Dues from corporations, how se

cured.- Personal liability of incorporators.

or leased. 10. Preservation of Tippecanoo

battleground.

ARTICLE XII.

ARTICLE XVI.

Militia. 1. The militia, how composed.—TO

be armed, equipped and

trained. 2. Governor to appoint certain

officers. 3. Officers to be commissioned by

the Governor.- Term limited

to six years. 4. Organization and subdivision of

militia. 7. Sedentary and active militia. 6. Persons may be exempted from

military service.

Amendments. 1. Amendments may be proposed

in either branch of the Gene

ral Assembly. 2. To be submitted.

ARTICLE XIII.
Political and Vunicipal Corporations.
1. No political or municipal corpo-

ration in this State shall ever
become indebted, in any man-
ner or for any purpose to any
amount, in the aggregate ex-
exceeding two per cent of the
value

of taxable property
within such corporation.

ARTICLE XIV.

Description of Boundaries.
1. Description of boundaries.
2. Concurrent jurisdiction on rivers

forming a common boundary
of other States.

SCHEDULE.

When to Take Effect. 1. Laws now in force, continued. 2. Suits, proceedings,

etc.,

continued. 3. Fines, penalties, etc., to be con

tinued. 4. Acts of incorporations for mu

nicipal purposes continued. 5. Governor to act until successor

is qualified. 6. First session of General As

sembly. 7. Senators, continued. 8. First election under Constitu

tion. 9. First State officers. 10. Continuance of office.- Proviso, 11. Officers to take oath to support

Constitution. 12. Vacancies in existing offices. 13. Separate vote concerning ne

groes and mulattoes. 14. No other article or section to be

submitted separately. 15. A new county from Perry and

Spencer allowed, if voters ap

prove. 16. Charter of Clarksville may be

amended.

ARTICLE XV.

Miscellaneous. 1. Officers not enumerated, to be

chosen by law.
2. Offices not limited to be held at

pleasure of appointing power.
- New offices. - Not more
than four years.

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