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CONSTITUTION

OF THE

STATE OF MICHIGAN.

CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN.

ARTICLE I. Section 1. Territorial jurisdiction.

ARTICLE II. 1. The seat of government shall be

at Lansing.

ARTICLE III. 1. Departments of government shall

be the legislative, executive

and judicial. 2. Limitation of power, etc.

ARTICLE IV. 1. The legislative power is vested

in the Senate and House of Re

presentatives. 2. The Senate shall consist of

thirty-two members. 3. The House of Representatives.

Representative districts. 4. The Legislature shall provide a

law for the enumeration of the inhabitants.-Apportionment of

Senators and Representatives. 5. Members must be citizens. 6. Certain officers eligible. 7. Privileges of members. 8. Majority to constitute a quo

rum. 9. Powers of each house. 10. Each house to keep a journal. 11. In all elections the vote shall be

viva voce. 12. Doors to be open.-Adjournments. 13. Bills may originate in either

house. 14. Bills and resolutions to be pre

sented to the Governor.-Proceedings when Governor disapproves bill-How vote determined-Bills to become law if not returned in ten days.—May be signed in five days after adjournment.

Section 15. Compensation of members.-Of

members from Upper Peninsula.-When in extra session.Mileage, stationery, laws, jour

nals, documents. 16. In regard to postage. 17. Compensation of the president

and speaker. 18. No member to receive civil ap

pointment or to be interested

in contract with the State, etc. 19. Bills, etc., to be read three times.

-Ayes and nays on final pass

age. 20. No law shall embrace more than

one subject.-When to take ef

fect. 21. Extra, compensation forbidden. 22. Fuel, stationery, printing, etc.,

to be let by contract. 23. Sale of real estate, vacating

roads, etc. 24. Chaplain for State prison, etc. 25. Altering or amending laws, etc. 26. Divorces shall not be granted by

the Legislature. 27. Lotteries illegal. 28. Introduction of bills. 29. Contested elections. 30. Ineligibility of certain persons. 31. The Legislature shall not audit

or allow any private claim or

account. 32. Hour of adjournment. 53. The Legislature shall meet at

the seat of government. 34. Elections of Senators and Repre

sentatives. 35. State paper.-Compensation for

publishing laws. 36. Publication of statutes and de

cisions. 37. In regard to vacancies. 38. Legal legislation.

Section

when performing the duties of

Governor. 18. There shall be a State seal,

which shall be kept by the

Secretary of State. 19. Commissions, how issued.

Section 39. In regard to religious liberty. 40. Appropriations for religious pur

poses forbidden. 41. Rights of opinion. 42. Liberty of speech and press. 43. The Legislature shall not pass

any bill of attainder or ex post

facto law. 44. In regard to the writ of habeas

corpus. 45. Bills appropriating money. 46. The right of trial by jury. 47. The style of the laws shall be.

ARTICLE V. 1. The executive power is vested

in the Governor. 2. Eligibility of persons for Gov

ernor. 3. In regard to the elecrion of Gov

erinor and Lieutenant-Gov

ernor. 4. The Governor shall be (( mmind

er-in-chief of tue milita.y and

the naval forces. 5. He shall transact all necessary

business with officers of the

government. 6. He shall see that the laws are

faithfully executed. 7. He may convene tue Legislacure

on extraordinary orr asitlis. 8. In regard to the Govern:r's

messages. 9. When sessions may be held else

where. 10. He shall issue writs of election

to fill vacancies. 11. He shall have the power to grant

pardons and reprieves.--In re

gard to cases of treason. 12. In case of vacancy, absence, etc. 13. Who to act as Governor. 14. The Lieutenant-Governor shall

be president of the Senate. 15. Eligibility of certain persons. 16. No person elected to the office of

Governor or Lieutenant-Governor shall hold any other of

fice. 17. In regard to the compensation of

the President of the Senate

ARTICLE VI. 1. The judicial power is vested in

one Supreme Court. 2. Supreme Court.-Classification

and term of office. 3. The Supreme Court shall have a

general superintending control

over all inferior courts. 4. Four terms of the Supreme Court

shall be held annually. 5. Rules of the Supreme Court, etc.

-Master in chancery prohib

ited. 6. The State shall be divided into

judicial circuits. 7. Alteration of circuits, etc. 8. Jurisdiction of the Circuit Court. 9. Salary of judges, etc. 10. The Supreme Court may ap

point a reporter of its decisions.

--May fill certain vacancies. ! 11. Terms of court.-Judges may

hold court for each other. 12. In regard to clerks of Circuit

Courts. 13. Courts of Probate. - Jurisdiction,

etc. 14. Vacancies.-How filled. 15. Courts of record. 16. Circuit Court commissioners. 17. Justices of the Peace.-HOW

elected, etc. 18. Civil jurisdiction of justices. 19. The judges of the Supreme Court,

Circuit judges and justices of the peace shall be conservators

of the peace. 20. Election of Circuit judges. 21. Election of judges of Probate. 22. What deemed vacancy. 23. The Legislature may establish

courts of conciliation, 24. Suitors may appear by attorney

or in person. 25. Libels.-Truth may be given in

evidence.

Section 4. What officer at county seat. 5. Sheriff to hold no other office.

To give security.-County not

responsible. 6. Board of Supervisors. 7. Cities to be represented in board. 8. County seats.--How removed. 9. The Board of Supervisors may

borrow money for constructing

highways, bridges, etc. 10. Claims against counties, etc. 11. The Board of Supervisors of each

county may provide for the laying out of highways, etc.

ARTICLE XI. 1. Township officers. 2. Each organized township shall

be a body corporate.

ARTICLE XII. 1. The House of Representatives

shall have the sole power of

impeachment. 2. How tried.--Conviction and

judgment. 3. Who to prosecute.--When to be

tried. 4. No judicial officer shall exercise

his office after impeachment is

directed until he is acquitted. 5. Vacancy by suspension, etc. 6. For reasonable cause, which

shall not be sufficient ground for the impeachment of judge, the Governor shall re

а

Section
26. Security of person, property, etc.

Search warrants.
27. Right of trial by jury.
28. Accused to have speedy trial, etc.
29. No trial after acquittal upon

merits. 30. Treason against the State de

fined. 31. Excessive bail or fines shall not

be required. 32. Testimony of person

against himself. 33. No person shall be imprisoned

for debt. 34. Competency of witnesses. 35. Style of process.

ARTICLE VII. 1. Qualifications of electors.-Pro

viso.
2. All votes to be by ballot.
3. Privilege from arrest.
4. No person shall be obliged to do

military duty on the day of
election, except during time of

war,
5. Residence of electors.
6. Laws shall be passed to pre-

serve the purity of elections. 7. Soldiers, etc., not residents. 8. Duelling disqualifies for office.

move him. 7. Removal of certain officers. 8. Removal of certain State of

ficers.

ARTICLE VIII. 1. Officers to be elected at each

general biennial election.

Where to keep their offices. 2. Their term of office. 3. The Governor shall have power

to fill any vacancy which may

occur in any State office, 4. Who shall constitute the board

of State auditors. 5. In case of a tie Legislature to

make choice.

ARTICLE XIII.

ARTICLE IX. 1. In regard to the salaries of the

State officers.

1. The Superintendent of Public

Instruction shall have the general supervision of public in

struction. 2. In regard to the school fund. 3. All lands the title of which shall fail

from a defect of heirs shall escheat to the State. 4. In regard to free schools.-In

struction to be in English language.

ARTICLE X. 1. Counties to be bodies corporate. 2. Number of townships in county. 3. County officers.

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