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taking an easterly, and the other a westerly course. The easterly channel is, probably, the Gihon of Moses. Gihon, says he, “ Is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia," or Cush. This easterly branch, or channel, of the Euphrates, was, as it will be shown hereafter, the eastern boundary of the land of Cushsee Land of Cush.

4. THE Pison.—This was, probably, the westerly Pisor. branch, or channel, of the Euphrates. Pison, says Moses, “Is it, that compasseth the whole land of Havilah.” Havilah, as it will be seen, was in the northeastern part of the land of Cush; and it the country next to Babylonia, on the south-see Land of Havilah.

was

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called

This country is called Nod, or Vagabond, from Why so Cain's being sent into it as an exile, and a wandererGen. iv. 12-14.

Situation.

This country lay to the east of Eden-Gen. iv. 16. How far to the east, is uncertain; but it is probable, that it was situated beyond the fertile plains of the river Tigris.

It was a barren country. The soil was so poor, that Soil. the family of Cain procured a scanty subsistence, by the utmost toil. Compare Gen. iv. 12. 20—22.

City

Cain built a city in some part of this country, and called it after the name of his son Enoch, Gen. iv. 17. There are no circumstances, mentioned in the scriptures, to assist us in discovering its site.

CHAPTER II.

Countries after the Flood.

Dispersiora of mankind.

AFTER the flood, the descendants of Noah, and es. pecially those that settled in Shinar, manifested a disposition to live together in one compact society: but the Lord, by a special providence, scattered them abroad upon the face of all the earth-Gen. xi. 1-9.

The sons of Noah with their respective descendants, were planted in distinct tracts of country; and the world may be considered as being, originally, divided into three great parts, according to the number of these sons.

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Oldest son of Noah.

Japheth is here mentioned first, because he was the eldest son of Noah. This may be shown thus-Noah begat his eldest son, one hundred years before the flood-Compare Gen. v. 32-vii. 6.11. Shem was one hundred years old, two years after the flood. Gen.

xi. 10. Ham was the youngest son of Noah—Gen. ix. 24. These considerations settle the meaning of Gen. x. 21—that Japheth, and not Shem, is affirmed, to be the elder.

REESE LIBRARY CALIFORNIA UNIVERSITY

OF THE

CHAPTER III.

THE ALLOTMENT OF JAPHETH,

Japheth.

Location.

The descendants of Japheth settled, originally, in Lesser Asia, and extended, in process of time, through Europe, the north of Greater Asia, and perhaps, into America-Gen, ix. 27. This extensive district is designated by the Isles of the Gentiles-Compare Gen. x. 5. Isa. xi. 11.

This Allotment was bounded on the east, by unde. Boundaries. fined regions-on the south, by the Allotment of Shem, or the southern part of Greater Asia, and the Mediterranean Sea-on the west, by the Atlantic Ocean-and on the north, by the Arctic Ocean.

The region granted to Japheth, was divided, accord. Division. ing to his sons, into seven parts—Gen. X. 2–5. Their portions, for the sake of convenience, may be contem. plated in the following order : and they may be thus designated

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