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grown. In the last year the foundations single roof. The facade of gray stone is were laid for a new structure, to accom- in simple and excellent taste. The Grand modate the city and county business. They Opera House, purposely restricted to accover an entire block or square. The walls commodate no more than twelve hundred of granite will rise to a height of four auditors, though fronting on Sixth Street, stories, and the tower will ascend 350 feet. is virtually a part of the same structure, The estimated cost is $2,000,000, but it is and is one of the most complete and well understood that a much larger sum beautiful of American theatres. will be needed to complete and furnish On the east bank of the Mississippi, the building.

occupying the elevated knob where once

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The West Hotel, with its eight stories stood the old Winslow Hotel, the pride of and frontages of 173 and 196 feet, built of old settlers, now stands the vast building Joliet stone and red brick, is entitled, per- of the Minneapolis Industrial Exposition, haps, to hold the first place among the belonging technically to a corporation, but great number of splendid hostelries which devoted to public uses. This structure of adorn American cities. The vast central stone, brick, and glass, three stories in court with its ceiling of stained glass and height, 366 feet square, its picturesque walls of marble, the main staircase leading tower rising to an elevation of 260 feet, to the parlor floor, and the great dining- was built and completed in less than eighty room are beautiful examples of architectural days, in the spring of 1887. Within its design. The hotel is, of course, supplied walls are held annual expositions of industry with all the modern appliances, and is as and art, attracting vast crowds of visitors rear to being absolutely fire-proof as the from near and distant points. state of the building art permits.

There is one feature of these successive On Nicollet Avenue, reaching the whole displays in regard to which Minneapolis length of the block between Fifth and may perhaps claim a precedence. At the Sixth streets, stands the handsome Syndi- outset of the enterprise, the art movement cate Block, said to be the largest com- hereafter to be noticed had reached such mercial structure in the country under a a stage and acquired such an impetus, that the money ($10,000) and telegraph accept- known. The effects are noticeable in many ance. The collection embraces nearly all ways. The school-children already select the great masterpieces of classic sculpture the better works, and artists' “pot-boilers" and many interesting illustrations of deco- of no kind are wanted in the Minneapolis rative and architectural work. As disposed market. in the gallery, it produces an imposing The annual exhibit of the Minneapolis

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1. PIKT COXEFATIONAL CHURCH. 2. FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH. 3. CHURCH OF THE REDEEMER. 4. PLYMOUTH CHURCH.

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effect. From year to year the picture gal- School of Fine Arts has in every instance leries have been hung with examples of been an interesting feature of the exposipictorial art in great number and variety, tions. This institution, now in its fifth year, paintings in oil and water color, engravings is the bantling of the Minneapolis Society and etchings, drawings and sketches in all of Fine Arts, an organization first formally possible materials. Many works of high incorporated in 1883. This society in its merit have been furnished by leading artists, early years conducted several loan exhibiand several of these have been purchased as tions, which had a marked effect in stimuthe nucleus of a permanent collection. A lating art culture in the city. Since the notable feature of a late display was a large occupation of the exhibition field by the collection of charming landscapes and genre Exposition, with its large means, the Society

over at the instance of Minneapolis citizens establishing means of art instruction. It of Scandinavian descent. What needs par- had the good fortune to secure the services ticularly to be remarked is, that the art of Mr. Douglas Volk, well known as one of display divides more than equally the atten- the best trained and most promising of young tion of visitors. It attracts more visitors American artists, as director and principal and brings more cash to the treasury than teacher of the school. A late comparaany other branch of the Exposition Thou- tive exhibit of the work of students of the sands and tens of thousands of the working leading art schools of the country, held here, people have laid their eyes on the sculpt- showed that of the Minneapolis school to ures of Phidias and Praxiteles, the paint be equal to the product of any school of ings of many great ancient and modern its years. The society maintains an art masters, the etchings of Haden and Her- history class, meeting in the winter months, komer, and gone back to their shops and courses of art lectures, and minor exhibits farms with visions of a world hitherto un- of art productions. It is only justice to say that the society and its work have been Danz holds the first place among organconstantly upheld by “certain honorable izations of its kind, and loses nothing by women,” who, however, have been well comparison with the famous bands brought supported by gentlemen subscribing gen- by the Exposition directors to crown their erously to a guaranty fund. The society attractions. is open without election to all persons who The native-born population of Minnewill pay the very moderate fees.

apolis is exclusively of northern origin, with Musical culture does not lag behind the a large infusion of New England blood. It sister arts in Minneapolis. The situation would therefore be expected that the earand reputation of the city are such as to liest care of such a people, after getting attract the choicest musical entertainments. roofs over their heads and crops planted, The Thomas Orchestra has held two festi- would be the formation of religious assovals here, and the Boston Symphony Or- ciations and the building of churches. Such chestra has been heard. In response to was the fact. Congregations were assemgrowing demands, a body of musical in- bled in old Saint Anthony in 1849, and structors in various specialties has been church-building began the following year. attracted, whose labors have wrought a At the present time there are 151 churches, revolution in taste. Some of these are of 21 denominations, having a membership now associated in the Northwestern Con- of 25,000, and holding property to the servatory of Music, under the directorship value of $4,249,115. The church edifices of Professor Charles H. Morse, formerly are generally substantial and tasteful, and of Wellesley College, Massachusetts. The not a few are noble in their architecture. institution has passed its period of experi- As examples, may be cited the First Conment and is well established in the public gregational, Westminster, First Baptist, and confidence. The Gounod Club, a chorus First Universalist churches. From the of mixed voices, under the leadership of membership of the churches are formed

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Mr. Morse, interprets choice classical pro- numerous societies for Christian work and ductions in a creditable manner. Among benevolence. the German and Scandinavian people are The establishment of schools was also numerous musical and theatrical societies, coeval with settlement While private inaffording great pleasure to patrons and stitutions exist and have been well patrondoing much for the advance of art. The ized, the public schools are grounded firmly Harmonia Society and the Normaendenes in the public confidence, and will continue Singforening may be mentioned as excellent to be a chief object of municipal care and examples. The orchestra of Mr. Frank pride. The management is in the hands

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