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fold. His Aeth is torn from his legs, neither age nor sex escaped the popular thighs, arms, and breaft, with red-hoc fury. In this massacre 30,000 persons * pincers. His right-hand is buint with are said to have been butchered with Aaming brimstone. Melted lead and the most horrible barbarity. The faboiling oil are poured upon his wounds; cred obligations of morality and religion and his body is then corn to pieces by were turned into jeft: and dances were four horses.

made to some of the Psalms of David +, What idea can we form of the polite. in order to celebrate these diabolical nels, the feeling, the humanity of those transactions with more triumph and people, who can with to be present at eclat! Such a sight, and view it, as they would The depredations and massacres, lately view an object of curiohty, or a scene committed al Paris, and other parts of of rejoicing!

France, make humanity Iudder, and On the contrary, consider the cle- betray an uncommon ferocity and cru. mency, observed in this country towards elty in the difpofition of the people I. a miserable creature, guilty of the very When they can murder thousands of

fame crime as Challel and Damien. their fellow.citizens, who are guilty of ..These two wretched maniacs (for they no offence, but that of disapproving

were both infane) were executed with their iniquitous proceedings, and rethe foregoing infernal process of cruelty, fusing to violate their oaths of allegiin France; whereas the crazy delin: ance; when they can disregard the quent, who attempred the life of her pravers, the agonies, the groans, the Sovereign in England, was no otherwise thrieks of the dying, they discover a punished, than by being confined in an native malignity of heart, which before hospital of lunaticks for life.

was concealed under the mask of hypoWhatever atrociousness there may be crisy, and a despicable appearance of in the crimes of affaflins, it is hardly civility and politeness. possible for a case to exist, in which While France, in this manner, exhi. these inhuman executions are justifiable. bits a frightful spectacle of rapide and It should always be remembered, that barbarity, which is not to be paralleled an offender, deprived of his senses, is among the favages of New Zealand, an object of compassion, and the great observe the generous fympathy and Ef criminal, a fellow-creature. compassion, with which the people of

Read the history of France, during England receive the antient clergy of the reign of Charles IX. When the France, and others, who have escaped Catholicks found, that the Protestants the poniards of their fellow citizens. could not be suppressed by force, they The honest open-hearted Briton forgets had recourse to fraud; and the moit all former injuries, all national animosanguinary project was concealed under fities, all' religious and political differthe veil of kindness and friendship. The ences, and Aies to the succour of the leaders of the Protestants were invited unfortunate, with a noble spirit of disa to Paris, to celebrate the marriage of interested benevolence. What recepHenry of Bourbon, king of Navarre, tion we fould have found at Paris, if with Margaret de Valois, after to King circumstances had been inverted, we Charles. But what a marriage! The

cannot easily conceive-and may we neFuries lighted up the torch of Hymen;

ver know by experience, and rage, cruelty, horror, 1. ughter,

Hereafter, it is to be hoped, no Engand impiety, presided at the ceremony. lifhman will send his sons or his daugh. In the middle of the night, preceding ters joto Fraoce, to be educated à-lathe festival of St. Bartholomew, 1572, mode de Paris; that is, to gain a few ibe figoal was given by a bell, for a ge- frivolous accomplifh nients, tinctured neral mafsacre. The Slaughter immedia with the hypocrisy, affectation, folly, ately commenced, and continued for and vices of the natives. On every ocshree days in Paris and the suburbs, In casion, let us beware of that bloodthe mean time, the streets were strewed thisfy and perfidious people. J. R. with dead bodies; the river, the pave

* De Serres, an. 1572, Cellarii Hift. ments, the squares, and the market

Univ. p. 175. – Some writers aflirm, that places, were dyed with human blood.

100,000 perfons were, at that time, either 'The example of the capital was follow- massacred, or reduced to beggary. Vid. ed in all the towns, 'throughout the Martiæi Theat. Hist. p. 1098. kirgdom. The Protestants were drag + Psal. cxxix. &c. geu from the mor secret recelles; and İSee Geot Mase for Sept. pp. 855, 856.

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Sept. 24.

dition; but of his I was able to procure herewith , plate I.) is ftuated at Axminfict, that it was demolithed by the parliain Devonthire, 150 miles from Londons mentary forces during the civil wars. which rown takes one part of its name If any correspondent can communis te from the river Axe, and the other from any particulars of the fiege and final deits church, or minster, which was erected fruction of this antient fortress, by imby King Athelftan for seven priests to parting the same he will much oblige pray for the deparied souls of some per. several, families residing in the neighfons buried here, among which are said bourhood, to be two dukes and a bishop, with Erldswick, in his Hiftory of Stafford. other persons of distinction, who were shire, mentions the founder of this castle, Nain in his army when he defeated the as well as of Croxden abbey (arother Danes at a bloody battle in the neigh- noble ruin in the neighbourhood), to bouring field, which to this day is calied have been Bertrand de Verdun, temp. King's field, and their monuments are Henry II. This castle and manor, af. yet remaining in the church. The ter palling through several noble fami. number of priests were afterwards chan- lies, into which they were carried by ged from seven to ewo, for whom a por female heirs, at length became the pro tion of ground was allotted, known by perty of John Talbot, first Earl of the name of Prief aller. This church Shrew lbury, in right of his wife ; and is a vicarage, with two daughter - in this noble family the castle and ma. churches belonging thereto at Kilming. por of Alion remain to this present time, ton and Membury, value gool. per an. a space of near 400 years.

VIATOR, mum, now in the gift of one of the prebendaries of York. Youis, &c. T. P. Mr. URBAN, Ciemont's Inn, 05. 2.


OUR correspondent W. W. will Mr. URBAN,

Sepl. 25 find his question, p. 798, answered N a tour which I made this last sum in the following quotation from Burn's

mer through the midland counties, Ecclesiattical Law, 8vo, vol. I. p. 250. simongst other remains of antient fruce

" Lord Coke says, concerning the building tures, I vified Alton-castle, in Staf. or erecting of tombs, sepulchres, or monuford fhire, berween Cheadle and Alb. ments for the decealed, in church, chancel, borne. It is situated at the apparent common chapel, or churchyard, in convetermination of a most romantic valley picnt manner, it is lawful; for, it is the last about a mile in length. In the bottom work of charity that can be done for the de. Aows the Churnet, bounded on one side ceased, who, while he lived, was a lively by abrupt and craggy rocks, rising to a temple of the Holy Ghost, with a reverend tremendous height; and, on the other, regard and Christian hope of a joyful resur. by well.cultivated inclofures, skirted by rection. And the defacing of them is pua hanging wood. Alion calle and nishable by the common-law; es it appear

eth in the book of the 9th Edward IV. 14 church form the termination of this

(the Lady Wiche's case, wife of Sir Hugli vifta. The caftie occupies a large ex.

Wiche); and so it was agreed by the whole tent of ground; the outer wall, though court, M. 10 Ja. in the Common Pleas bemuct ihattered, fill remains, as also

tween Corven and Pym. And for the de. two or three of the towers. The space facing thereof, they that build or erect the within the walls was lately converted fame Thall have the action during their lives to the purposes of a bowling green, but (as the Lady Wiche had in the case of 9 Edis now laid down as a meadow, and ward IV.); and, after their deceases, the heir bears a very good crop of grass. les fi- of the deceased shall have the action." tuation mur formerly have rendered it a Yours, &c. LEGULEIUS. place of great strengih. On three fides, the walls are situate on the edge of the Mr. URBAN,

08. 2. precipice; on ihe remaining fide, by A. (p. 268) may easily atcertain, which alone it was accelGble, it appears that the inlees resembling bees are to have been defended by vast pries of in reality a species of fly, by their hamasonry. The fingularly beautiful and ving only two wings. Another correo romantic fituation of this venerable spondent calls them drones, perhaps Structure naturally excited my curiosity, , becaute they have nu Rings. They are, to know when, and by what means, it however, ot a claís totally diftinct froin was reduced to its present ruinous coh. bees and drones, and range among the GENT. MAG. Odober, 1792.





dipterous insects. This species is called rabie brooks that supplies Grallimere. musia tenax by Linnæus, and is very The fun was hot. After a gentle cummon ahout privies and dunghills. ascent of about a mile we refted fome Yours, &c. P. B. C. minutes under a chick hawthorn, which

we will call the tout of the crag. The Mr. URBAN, Margate, Sept. 13. pojecting prine of the firit rise looked

formidable, and not lets so, to speak in one of your former Magazines, an plain English, from having a complete account and sketch of the profile of a belly.full; however, when people are human face found in a lint lone, which diteripined to overcome difficulties, was then thought unique, and that it time and circumstances are no obstrucwould eontinue so; I herewith lend you tions. (plaie II. fig. 1, 2) the exact delinea. We were covered from the wind, and tions of another, discovered lil week, it was no tiep we were frequently o. by a person at this place, clearing fores blired to stop when we micia parrow tó make gun Aints. The drawing is of Dell; and, when we got to the first the exa&t fize of ih: two halves of the range of the hill, I was glad to throw stone and profiles, and shaded !s nedi to mylelf down, paiting for relief, Tho watu.e as I could bring India muk. grais was Rippery, which we guarded

Fiz. 3. is a small parrila@ivo in a ar air: st by forcing our fticis as deepinto ye:low fint; which being, as I apple the ground as we pollinią could. And hend, a care' pillar, I conceive it ex when we had gained the second height, traordinary, conndesing the fine iexiure I beser remember meering a of that animal in iis reprise fiale. chearful relief than in firiding we had Fig: is a school.piece, inscribed, got over that part of the hill which kep:

the wind from us, we were not only RORA MVSIS AMICA,

enlivered, but ope:sed upon profpe&ts Fig. 5: dug up at Margate a few

which preriled to repay our labour monins lince. Legend,

when we had surmouniudic.

The pion.cle hanging over our right obliged wg to lake a liveep; and as we

had the wint, and a near right of ihe Exergiac : HANS KRAV. & H. K.

ropy we found les trouble in this fiage Fig. 6. A cuin of bladrian, of the le.

than in the others, We were exa&lly eund brass, exceeding (carce, infcribért,

an nour from the hawthorn; which was IMP.CAIS. TRAINVS HADRIANYS AVO.

not from its being a ligi hill, but the

faepeit in this part of the country, be. Exergue : BRITANIA.

ingieldo:n vissred bot by theep, lavens It is described by some authors, but and fuses, Newton, our guide, was found in very tris Cab nets. L. Cozens. never on i! but once ; and neither he

nou ans of the other guides remembes Mr. URBAN,

Auz. 18.

jis being vifited by Mrangers. I

AM lately re:urced from an excur Buci mult be allowed to rest anyfelf

fion to die Laks, and exri& from a line before I say any thing of the my Ramble the following account of prolpces around us and look with awe.

Helm Crag, a projecting mountain ful pleasure at the sight. about five miles in the rood berween

We went upon the pinnacle, which Anbleride and Ketwick, and which has had just room to buid two, from wnich alkays been mentioned as a tovarkibie I mark the views, but thought it pro rock, though I believe it has never be.

dent to have a leis exalted suck in order fore been vificed by tourilis; a realon, to write them down. Mr. Uiban, that induces me to select it The suinmir ix covered with pieces for the Genileman's Magazine, of rock, that give it the app:arance of a

Yours, &c. A RAMBLER, grand ruin occafioned by an earth. July 29. We went up a narrow lane quake, or a number of hopes jumbled about halt a mile from the churcb, which ingether after the myftical mander of gave us a new view of Gratlinere valley, the Diuids. There is a deep titfure, with a perperual water fall, juliv, frons

two teel broad and cwenty long, with a ies force, called White-Chuin Gill*; it done over ogc end of it, which pives it Icemed to ruth from a crelcear Weathed hill, and forms one of the most conlide public house in Gratlivere, and may ba 1.fely

Robert Newluil, the guide, keeps a A gill incios a wator-faktor securineuded as a nuclear?,




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