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HREQVI TCERA WALTI DE RHA QV ODA • 'DI NOLMICS

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William Hayley, esq. married the of we Mebams may be met with, which youngeft daughter of the late Dr. Ball, is referred to by Burton, in his Monafa Dean of Chichester, a lady of very fuá icon Eboracenje, p. 481, note d. perior attainments, that a supposition Yours, &c. JA. SAVAGE.. has gone abroad in the world of her ha. ving affifted her husband in composing THE CHRONICLES OF THE SEAsons, some of his beft poems.

EN

NWRAPT in fombrous gloom, Whilft Dr. Wolcott (p. 690) refided AUTUMN entered amid the blut. in the West Indies, he published some tering of wind, and the rattiing of hail, pieces full of fire, intituled, “ Wed-In. In the short space between the sun's en dian Eclogues ;" and he certainly had

france into Libra, and the first day of better have confined himself to that line, the succeeding month, occurred ice,

Eyles Irwin, esq. (p. 691), is now hail-forms, hurricanes, driving twowa gone in Lord Macartney's fuite to Chi ers, glooms, damps, heavy falls of rain,

In 1980, he published " A Series frofs, and vefperine irradiations of reof Adventures in the Course of a Voy. splendent sun-shine. St. Michael's way age up the Red sea," &c.; a work so was lightly, ftrewed with leaves of lime, very romantic and flowery (thouyh en acacia, walnut, apple, plumb, pear, and tertaining), that one cannot help fuf- cherry; and much windfal-fruit lay pecting him of having availed himself proftrate before him. Yet with decay of a liberty thas is very allowable in had begun renovation : already had the poetry, and of having given too much filberd-crees and hazel put forth kat. way to the influence of a poetic imagi- kins, and the knee-holly lower-buds; nation, In this volume are introduced, the daffodilis and giant-snowdrops now An Ode to the Defast, and another to emerged, and the dwarf hazels biola the Nile. Beldes these pieces, Mr. fomed. Had the apples which composed Irwin has published a poem, called, the sauce been as good after their kind “ St. Thomas's Mount," and one inti. as the geese were after theirs, we should tuled, “ Bedukah." I hope K, 2, will have ate Michaclmas goose in the highet favour us with a list of the living po- perfection, the wetness of the year have eteffes.

BLONDEL, ing preserved those birds in uninterrupi

ed health. Not so, the confined foge Mr. VRBAN, Kirby Moorfide, 08. 20. ing.birds; among them, prevailed, at

HE inclosed sketch of the action moulting time, a mortaliiy more geneon the spot by Mr. George Harwood, tended to their wild congeners is a doubt of the Adjutant-general's Office, Feb. not readily resolvable; though, if it did, 6, 1792, having been presented to me those at large probably derived relief by a friend lately arrived in the Cam. from feeds ipecitically appropriated by den, I send it for the illustration of the

Mushrooms were not scarce, action described in p. 659, &c.; and am, but so tough and biiter, that no culis Yours, &c.

C. pary skill could make them carable in

any manner, Mr. URBAN, Howden, Aug. 20.

In the beginning of O&tober, the cab. IF F the gentleman who figos D. 4, p. bage-butterflies disappeared, but not till

624, will favour me with his addrels, the caterpillar.offipring of the early I all think myself happy in the com- swarms had effe&ted the anatomization munication of the plan of my intended of all the cabbages, created a Icarcity of History of Wreflle Castle, and the parish cauliflower plants, and began upon the of Hemingbrough.

turnip.tops; but the evil might have Inclosed I send you the copy of an

been abated, and the number that may inscription (pl. l. fig. 2) on a large blue be expected (if the winter prove mode. ftone in Howden church, which has rate) next year diminished, if children been frequently misrepresented; it re had been set and encouraged to destroy laces to Walter de Kirkham, Bishop of them. One fource of the wretchedness Durham, who, dying at Howden, ac. and idleness of the poor is their not becording to Mr. Horchinson's History of ginning early enough to train children in Durham, vol. I. p. 313, on the oth day habits of utility, by selecting for them of Augut, 1260, was there emboweled, such employments as their frength is and his bowels buried in this church. equal to. Instead of this, till the boys

Can any of your correspondents in. are hale enough to tend a team, and form me where ihe regifter of ibe jamily the girls to make hay, their whole cime

nature.

is wasted in indolence and mischief. in that month that is usually the drick The obftru&tion to employ found in the of the twelve ! Of these circumftances, children's volatility might be easily re many were peculiarly unfortuitous at a moved by teaching them to consider period when England was supplying their garments and their meals as the the ravaged Continent with bread, and rewards of their industry, and by pla was feeding thoufands of refugees who eing the aged men and women to super. had resorted to her bosom for security. intend them. One old woman might By the unfortunate concurrence, the manage a dozen; especially if he were prices of all neceffaries increased exallowed to portion out to them their daily cessively and rapidly, insomuch that bread, and to recompence extraordinary thoughtful people regarded the approach diligence with apple-dumplins and hafty- of winter with great anxiety. Whilft puddings. So uncongenial was the wca- famine was thus threatening, the indos. ther, that quite in the beginning of the trious gypsies were epicurizing.--epicz. month the ladies found occafion for the rizing upon snails, thof animals confti. fusry spoils of lynxes, foxes, raccoons, tu:ing an article of epicurism in the diet rabbits, hares, moles, cats, and fite of that semi-barbarous fraternity. Nerer chets. Jully does Sturin affirm, that were fo many snails and frugs before all things in the kingdom of nature tend feen in the memory of man. They to the use and service of the human abounded greatly, and in most of their fpecies. Thus does even the ferocious varieties during the fummer; but in the Jyox, that the savage hardly dares apu autumn, by the addition of the young, proach ; thus does even the fetid fitchet, their number was increased ten.fold. that the clown will scarcely touch, con For their food, they, in the gardens, setribute to the ornament, the comfort, lected the lettuces, leaving the plants and the health, of the delicate and tasteful of endive untouched : perhaps, the fofemales of Great Britain ! This is the porific quality of the lettuce is particufact; though, in regard to the ftchet, larly appofite to the heavy temperature many ladies probably suppose, that the of the snail; and it is remarkable, that, animal so called is one of the rare natives at the Roman tables, lettuces and soails of the frozen-zone; and, possibly, these were concomitants ; but, were the fathion ladies would fhrink with horror, did they to come up here, it could not be this Pinow that the fitchet is no other than winter, fince all the former have been the loatbfome polecal of their own coun- devoured by the latter. uy; the come of which, by the inge. Very few indeed were the fair days nuity of the furrier, is rendered worthy in this month; even when the wind of defending, in the form of cippets and was Easterly, the weather was fhowery bojim friends*, the snowy bosoms of the and often, at the fame time, prevailed proudeft beauties, and of being seen the dry, thin, pink haze, that smells even in the ball-room of St. James's ! like a hot oven; a kind of haze fo tranNever was contraft greater than the one sparent, that the moon shines through Berween the O&tober of last year it without the leaft obscuration. On (see p. 424.) and the O&tober of the the evening of the 13th appeared a moft preleit. To this, the country an estuary, lustrous aurora, which lasted several ponds and' rivers confiderably overflow. hours: in the East, it affumed a sted fast ed, luxuriant crops of hay'and clover red; in the South, a vivid green; but yotting in the water; beans and barley in the other quarters, and in the zenith, Spoiling for want of opportunity to cut Mashed in Arcams of glory. But, alas! and carry them; fheep and caitle be. this grand display of heavenly Splendour coining fickly from the redurdancy of was followed by deluging descents of moitture ; the operations of the spade rain, by, furious hurricanes, by thun. and plough retarded by the wetness of der, and by lightning; which several the ground; and every road a poach. phænomena prevailed at intervals for Such was the fituarion of the country eight or nine days. During this period, * An article of dress introduced last win.

the troublous atmosphere exhibited a ter, canfiting of an oblong piece of fur variety of those beautiful cints that have doubled square, to place under a lady's neck. been expatiated on with lo much ingekerchief when ne is about leaving a warm nuiry, and imirated with so much talie, room, and juftly entitled to the appellation it by the amiable forefter of Boidre. But bears, being admirably calculated for pre- it is observable, that the declining foliventing those pulmorary complaints, that age appeared not this Autumn in its are so food contracted, and so sarely cured. wonted full degree of richaels; a cir

cumstance,

Nov. 30

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cumstance, perhaps, imputable to the tember, the swallows all hovered togelong recession of Ready funthine; the ther near rivers; but about the 17th solar rays being, probably, as contribu. they divided again into companies, and tory to the colouring of the foliage as returned to the villages that had nurto the ruddiness of the peach, or the tured them. In the afternoon of the yellowness of the pear, exclusive of the 28th, an immense host of them arrived general effect produced by them on the from the Eaft, and winged their way combination of leafy hues.

towards the Welt, with a gentle zephyr An aurora, less brilliant than the for. in tbeir teeth; but their rear had hardly mer, and confined to the North, ap. been out of sight an hour, when a dea peared on the 23d; and the nights of tachment returned and joined those bethe 27th and 28th were very foggy. longing to the diftrict, Tojourning with The whole portion of the horizon be. them some days. After this, the num Tween the North and East points was on bers decreased gradually till the formy the 29th filled with a tremendous fable week in O&tober, when the remainder opacity, which seemed heavily sure disappeared, the last ftraggler being seen charged with repletion; but nought hap on the 16th. If these few Weltward pened here : however, from former ob- likewise, they must have faced an hure Tervations, some particular meteorolo- ricade that was then blowing from that gical intelligence was to be expected in

quarter. (To be continued.) consequence of it from the North, and such came. According to “The Coy. Mr. URCAN, rier," Whitehaven was deluged on the

THE following relation of the battle terous gale two days after. The wild circumstances antecedent and fubleNorthern cherry, with some individuals quent to it, is, I believe, very little of afh, apple, plumb, walnut, and white- known, being translated from the Yearthorn, became denuded of their leaves book of Easter, 4 Edward IV. fol. 19. by the 20th of O&tober ; but on the lat b.; a book which is not likely to be the fruit hung so thick, that the samitio consulted by any but la:vyers, who are cation of the bulhes was scarcely more

generally too much engaged by profefperceptible than it was before. Horse konal pursuits to pay much attention

to chelnuts fell in showers; no longer objects of literary curiolity.

J. B. would they be deemed inutile, were they converted into hair-powder :

« About Whitsun'ide next before Trinity prac.

term, King Henry VI. was in Northumbertice is particularly worth adopting at a time when the primary ingredient of Duke of Somerset, the Lords Roos, Molios,

land at Alnwick canle: and with him the that effential (as it is become) to dress and Hungerfurd, the Queen, with Prince is likely to be so much wanted for the Edward their son, other lords

of Frauce, and preservation of exilence! The wild Sir Piers de Brace, and with him many lords plumb, climbing birthwort, dwarf ha. and knights of France, sent by the King of zel, a few common beeches, and all the France to aid King Henry and his lords. And 3unes, were defoliated by the 30th, at afterwards all the French lords, except the woich time the dwarf hazel was in full abovementioned Piers, were taken at Holy bloom. Let ornithologias observe*, INand by Robert, the lord of Ogiell (Oglej, that the moon was at the full on the zoh and other knights and efquis es Northumof September, and that the public prinss berland, and were ransomed. announced woodcocks to have been “ After this, the lord of Molintaque, brokilled in Cumberland and Yorkfire iwo ther of the Earl of Warwick, came into the days after, and in Dorferpire about the same Ihire, the king and his lords being at middle of October. This is only meant

Euerick (York]; and King Henry with his as “ a word to the wise," for other lords, viz. the Lord Roos, Molins, Tailfaunifts must aubenticare the arrival of bois, Sir Ralph Gray, kn”. Fondern", Hum. shefe birds. The few pheasants hatched phrey de Nevel, the Duke of Somerset, and in this diftri&t flood the wet better than Percy, kat. was Nain in another field, called

many others.

2. But Sir Ralpla the partridges did; which Rill corrobo. Hegsely More, which was fought by the rates the supposition of their being indi. aforesaid lords against the said Lord Moungenous f. During the fisit half of Sep cague; in which all the said Lords fled ex

i Sir Thomas Fynden, knt. was attainted in the first parliament of Edward IV. Logether with Thomas Lord Roos, William Talbois, Rohert Loru Hungerford, &c.

2 The sense is here incomplete, some words being omitted, as is extremely ufual in the Year-books, which are most incorrectly printed.

† See p. 435.

the

* See p. 507

cept except this Sir Ralph, who was there with French troops. (Which service they killed like a man 3.

performed, but]? could notmake themselves “ Then the faid lords took their King masters of the person of De Brace: por Henry, with a! bis power of people, and could they take. Bambrught [Bamborough) pitched their field in Hexhamshire, in a place cale, in which the abovementioned Sir called Livels, upon the river Devyll', against Ralph Gray, kot. was. And the farvants the aforesaid Lord Mountague, who joined of the aforerad lords, with a man called battle with them, and gained the victory over Goys, defended Duftanhreght (Dustanburgh} them. The lord of Somerset was there, and castle against them. Nay, though at first beiseade at Hexham, where he was buried. they took Alnwicke castle, and held it for The Lords Ros, Molyns, Hungerford, and King Edward, yet the Scots, to whom Henry, Findern, with many other knights, esquires, the late king, had delivered the town of Berand others, were also taken and executed : wicke, loun won ic from them, and setting the lords beforementioned, with two others, the French at liberty, against the will of being beheaded at Newcastle upon Tyne, in King Edwaru's lords, carried them into the a place called Sandhill, and buried in the kingilom of Scoland. Friars Minors and Augustines.

* The manner in which this caftle was Whether King Henry was taken after surprizel, and lost to our lord King Edward, this skirmith, or not, is diversely re caused the death of that noble knight, the ported S; but it is certain that three of his Lord of Fauconbridge, i Durham. But af. followers were made prisoners, who had in terwards the lords regained the poflession of their custody his helmet, and two of his Alnewicke cale; and took Dunstanbrught crowns richly adorned ; which were pre castle with all that was therein; and Goys fented to King Edward at York, on Wed was beheaded at Euerwicke; but the rest nesday, the 2 3d of May, in the fourth year were dismi Ted. bf his reign [1464].

“ After Midsomer they took Brambruglit " The other lords and knights, viz. the castle, which Sir Ralph Gray held against Earl of Kime, Gray, Nevel, Richard de King Fdward IV. Gray was carried to Dunstable, and many others, took Aight Doncaster, where he was deprived of the from Hexham field. The Earl of Kyme was honour of knighthood, before many of the apprehended a long time after in Riddesdale, king's people, in the following manner : his and beheaded at Newcastle, where he was gilt spores were bewed from his feet, his interred in the Friars Minors. But Hum- sword and all his armour broken upon him, phrey Nevel remained in that county, near and taken from him, in the field; after the river Derwent, concealed under the which he was beheaded. The reason of his carth, for the space of five years; and was being punithed in this manner was his perafterwards seized in Holderness, and beheaded jury and doublenes to King Henry VI, late by the Larl of Warwick and others.

king, and also to King Edward IV. chat now «c After this battle, King Edward, in the is. Afterwards his head was taken to Lonfame year, went to Durham with his nobles, don, on Saturday the eve of St. Mary Magand sent the Earl of Warwicke, Mountague, dalen, in the fourth year aforesaid, and fixed Fauconbridge, Scrope, and many other lords, on a high pole upon London-bridge for the into Northumberland, commanding them to public view. On whose soul God have seize Alnwick castle, which was garrisoned mulcy!”

1 Our historians celebrate him for dying bravely at this battle with these words in his mouth, “I have saved the bird in my breast," meaning the oath that he had sworn to King Henry.

4 « One tout lour poruer de papi?The sheriff may, to keep the peace, pursue felons, or or repel the king's enemies coming into the land, summon all the people of his county to attend him; this is called the polle comitatus, or power, of the county. Muy not this word be derived from the Greek watcudri, ommbus copiisThe expreffion is nut yet entirely disused; we fay—“there were a power of people for a great number.

s This is curious ; it Thews the great dificulty with wbich news of the greatest importance found its way srom one end of the kingdom to the other.

6 « En tabis fumth le terre." This word occurs in the statute of Wiachester, 13 Edw. I. C. 5, which enacts, that the king's highway Mall be cleared of wood to the breadth of two hundred feet, that the felon may not be able to conceal (super) tiimself. I meet with it also in that curious old book the “Contes à rire," vol. 11. p. 77, where, in a story of fome GypLes sealing a pig, it is said, “le gaillard de Bohème qui étoit tapi derriere une borne.It is very justly derived, by Mr. Barrington (Obr.on anc. Stat. p. 132), from Fr. taupe, a mole. I do not find that this subterranean residence of Humphrey Neville has been noticed by any of our hittorians; por can 1 parallel it with any thing but that stratagem of Pythiagoras, reJated by Hermippus (ap. Diogen. Laert. p. 324), who Cys, that, upon his arrival in Italy, he built a house under-ground (nata [f. xalu] yns 01x19x:+ * apsau), where he lived some time, to inducé a belief that he had visited the infernal regions.

? I am not sure that I understand this pållige; I have, bow ever, rendered it according to what I conceived to be its meaning, and liave added a few words, to make it more intelligible

Mr.

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