« AnteriorContinuar »
THE INDIAN TRIBES AND NATIONS.
An attempt is made, in the following Table, to locate the various bands
of Aborigines, ancient and modern, and to convey the best information respecting their numbers our multifarious sources will warrant. Modern writers have been, for several years, endeavoring to divide North America into certain districts, each of which should include all the Indians speaking the same, or dialects of the same, language; but whoever has paid any attention to the subject, must undoubtedly have been convinced that it can never be done with any degree of accuracy. This has been undertaken in reference to an approximation of the great question of the origin of this people, from a comparison of the various languages used among them. Au unwritten language is easily varied, and there can be no barrier to innovation. A continual intermixing of tribes has gone on from the period of their origin to the present time, judging from what we have daily seen; and when any two tribes unite, speaking different languages, or dialects of the same, a new dialect is produced by such amalgamation. Hence the accumulation of vocabularies would be like the pursuit of an infinite series in mathematics; with this difference, however in the one we recede from the object in pursuit, while in the other we approach it. But I would not be understood to speak disparagingly of this attempt at classification; for, if it be unimportant in the main design, it will be of considerable service to the student in Indian history on other accounts. Thus, the Uchees are said to speak a primitive language, and they were districted in a small territory south of the Cherokees; but, some 200 years ago, - if they then existed as a tribe, and their tradition be true, - they were bounded on the north by one of the great lakes. And they are said to be descended from the Shawanees by some of themselves. We know an important community of them is still in existence in Florida. Have they created a new language in the course of their wanderings? or have those from whom they separated done so ? Such are the difficulties we meet with at every step of a classification.
But a dissertation upon these matters cannot now be attempted. In the following analysis, the names of the tribes have been generally given
in the singular number, for the sake of brevity; and the word Indians, after such names, is omitted from the same cause. Few abbreviations have been used : — W. R., west of the Rocky Mountains ; m., miles ; r., river ; l., lake ; and perhaps a few others. In some instances, reference is made to the body of the work, where a more extended account of a tribe is to be found. Such references are to the Book and Page, the same as in the Index.
ABEKAS, probably Muskogees, under the French at Tombeckbee in 1750.
ABEN AKIES, over Maine till 1754, then went to Canada ; 200 in 1689; 150 in 1780.
Aesoroka, (Minetare,) S. branch Yellowstone; lat. 46o, lon. 105°; 45,000 in 1834.
ACCORESAW, W. side Colorado, about 200 m. S. W. Nacogdoches.
Acomak, one of the six tribes in Virginia when settled by the English in 1607.
ADAize, 4 m. from Nachitoches, on Lake Macdon; 40 men in 1875.
ADIRONDAKS, (Algonkin,) along the N. shore St. Lawrence; 100 in 1786.
INDIAN TRIBES AND NATIONS.
AFFAGOULA, small clan in 1783, on Mississippi r., 8 m. above Point Corpé.
AGAWOM, (Wampanoags,) at Sandwich, Mass.; others at Ipswich. ii. 46.
AHWAHAWAY, (Minetare,) S. W. Missouri 1820, 3 m. above Mandans; 200 in 1805.
AJOUES, S. of the Missouri, and N. of the Padoucas; 1,100 in 1760.
ALANSAR, (Fall,) head branches S. fork Saskashawan; 2,500 in 1804.
ALGONKIN, over Canada; from low down the St. Lawrence to Lake of the Woods.
ALIATAN, three tribes in 1805 among the Rocky Mountains, on heads Platte.
Aliche, near Nacogdoches in 1805, then nearly extinct; spoke Caddo.
ALLAKAWEAH, (Paunch,) both sides Yellowstone, heads Big Horn r.; 2,300 in 1805.
ALLIBAMA, formerly on that r., but removed to Red River in 1764.
AMALISTES, (Algonkins,) once on St. Lawrence; 500 in 1760.
ANASAGUNTAKOOK, (Abenaki,) on sources Androscoggin, in Maine. ii. 136, 152.
Andastes, once on S. sbore Lake Erie, S. W. Senecas, who destroyed them in 1672.
Apaches, (Lapane,) between Rio del Norte and sources of Nuaces r.; 3,500 in 1817.
APALACHICOLA, once on that r. in W. Florida ; removed to Red River in 1764.
APPALOUSA, aboriginal in the country of their name; but 40 men in 1805.
AQUANUSCHIONI, the name by which the Iroquois knew themselves.
ARAPAHAS, S. side main Canada River; 4,000 in 1836, on Kanzas River.
ARMOUCHIQuois, or MARACHITE, (Abenaki,) on River St. Johns, New Brunswick.
ARRENAMUSE, on St. Antonio River, near its mouth, in Texas; 120 in 1818.
Assinnavoin, (Sioux,) betw. Assinn. and Missouri r.; 1,000 on Ottawa r. in 1836.
ATENAS, in a village with the Faculli in 1836, west of the Rocky Mountains.
ATHAPASCOW, about the shores of the great lake of their name.
Arnas, next S. of the Athapascow, about lat. 57° N.
ATTACAPAS, in a district of their name in Louisiana ; but 50 men in 1805.
ArtapuLGAS, (Seminoles,) on Little r., a branch of Oloklikana, 1820, and 220 souls.
ATtikaMIGUES, in N. of Canada, destroyed by pestilence in 1670.
Aucosisco, (Abenaki,) between the Saco and Androscoggin River. ii. 48 ; iii. 93.
AUGHQUAga, on E. branch Susquehannah River; 150 in 1768; since extinct.
Arauais, 40 leagues up the Des Moines, S. E. side ; 800 in 1805.
AYUTANS, 8,000 in 1820, S. W. the Missouri, near the Rocky Mountains.
BAYAGOULA, W. bank Mississippi, opposite the Colipasa; important in 1699.
Bedies, on Trinity River, La., about 60 m. S. of Nacogdoches; 100 in 1805.
Big-DEVILS, (Yonktons,) 2,500 in 1836; about the heads of Red River.
Biloxi, at Biloxi, Gulf Mex., 1699; a few on Red r., 1804, where they had removed.
BLACKFEET, sources Missouri; 30,000 in 1834 ; nearly destroyed by small-pox, 1838.
BLANCHE, (Bearded, or White,) upper S. branches of the Missouri
BLUE-MUD, W., and in the vicinity, of the Rocky Mountains.
BROTHERton, near Oneida Lake; composed of various tribes; 350 in 1836.
Caddo, on Red River in 1717, powerful; on Sodo Bay in 1800 ; in 1804, 100 men.
CADODACHE, (Nacogdochet,) on Angelina r., 100 m. above the Nechez; 60 in 1820.
Carwas, or KAIWA, on main Canada River, and S. of it in 1830.
CalastHOCLE, N. Columbia, on the Pacific, next N. the Chillates; 200 in 1820.
Callimix, coast of the Pacific, 40 m. N. Columbia River; 1,200 in 1820.
CAMANCHES, (Shoshone,) warlike and numerous; in interior of Texas.
CANARSEE, on Long Island, N. Y., in 1610, from the W. end to Jamaica.
Cances, (Kansas,) 1805, from Bay of St. Bernard, over Grand r., toward Vera Cruz.
CANIBAS, (Abenaki,) numerous in 1607, and after; on both sides Kennebeck River.
CARANKOUA, on peninsula of Bay of St. Bernard, Louisiana ; 1,500 in 1805.
Caree, on the coast between the Nuaces and Rio del Norte ; 2,600 in 1817.
CARRIERS, (Nateotetains,) a name given the natives of N. Caledonia by traders.
CASTAHANA, between sources Padouca fork and Yellowstone ; 5,000 in 1805.
Catara, between N. and S. forks of Chien River; about 3,000 in 1804.
CatawBA, till late, on their river in S. Carolina; 1,500 in 1743, and 450 in 1764.
CathlACUMUPS, on main shore Columbia River, S. W. Wappatoo i. ; 450 in 1820.
CATALAKAHIKIT, at the rapids of the Columbia, 160 m. up; 900 in 1820.
CATHLAKAMAPS, 80 m. up Columbia River; about 700 in 1820.
Cathlamat, on the Pacific, 30 m. S. mouth of Columbia River; 600 in 1820.
CATHLANAMENAMEN, on an island in mouth of Wallaumut River; 400 in 1820.
CatalanaQUIAH, (Wappatoo,) S. W. side Wappatoo Island; 400 in 1820.
CATHLAPOOTLE, on Columbia River, opposite the Cathlakamaps; 1,100 in 1820.
CathlapooYa, 500 in 1820, on the Wallaumut River, 60 m. from its mouth.
Catalasko, 900 in 1820, on Columbia River, opposite the Chippanchikchiks.
CatalathLA, 900 in 1820, on Columbia River, opposite the Cathlakahikits.
Cathlath, 500 in 1820, on the Wallaumut River, 60 m. from its mouth.
Cattanahaw, between the Saskashawan and Missouri Rivers, in 1805.
INDIAN TRIBES AND NATIONS.
CAUGHNEWAGA, places where Christians lived were so called. v. 115.
CHacToo, on Red River; in 1805, but 100; indigenous of that place, it is said.
CHAOUANONS, the French so called the Shawanese; (Chowans?)
CHEEGEE, (Cherokees,) 50 to 80 m. S. of them; called also Mid. Settlement, 1780.
CHEHuws, small tribe on Flint River, destroyed by Georgia militia in 1817.
CHEPEYAN, claim from lat. 60° to 650, lon. 100° to 1100 W.; 7,500 in 1812.
CHEROKEE, in Georgia, S. Carolina, &c., till 1836; then forced beyond the Mississ.
CHESKITALOWA, (Seminoles,) 580 in 1820, W. side Chattahoochee.
CHIEN, (Dog.) near the sources Chien River; 300 in 1805; 200 in 1820.
CAIHEELEESH, 40 m. N. of Columbia River; 1,400 in 1820.
CHIKASAW, between heads of Mobile River in 1780; once 10,000; now in Arkansas.
CHIPPANCHIKCHIKS, 60 1820, N. side Columbia River, 220 m. from its inouth.
CHIKA HOMINI, on Matapony River, Va., in 1661; but 3 or 4 in 1790; now extinct.
CHIKAMAUGAS, on Tennessee River, 90 m. below the Cherokees, in 1790.
CHILLATES, 150 in 1820, on the Pacific, N. Columbia River, beyond the Quieetsos.
CHILLUKITTEQUAU, on the Columbia, next below the Narrows; 1,400 in 1820.
Chiltz, N. of Columbia River, on the Pacific, next N. of the Killaxthocles.
CHINNAHPUM, on Lewis River, N. W. side of the Columbia ; 1,800 in 1820.
CHIspook, on N. side Columbia River; in 1820, about 400 in 28 lodges.
CHIPPEWAS, about Lake jor, and other vast regions of the N., very numerous.
CHITINICHA, on W. bank Miss. River in 1722; once powerful, then slaves.
CHOKTAW, S. of the Creeks; 15,000 in 1812; now in Arkansas. iv. 25.
CHOPCINISH, on Kooskooskee River ; 4,300 in 1806, in 73 lodges.
CHOwaNOK, (Shawanese :) in N. Carolina, on Bennet's Creek, in 1708; 3,000 in 1630.
CHOWANS, E. of the Tuscaroras in N. Carolina; 60 join the Tuscaroras in 1720.
CHRISTENAUX, only another spelling of Kristenaux, which see.
CLAHCLELLAH, 700 in 1820, on the Columbia River, below the rapids.
CLAKSTAR, W. R., on a river flowing into the Columbia at Wappatoo Island.
CLAYOCTOMICH, on the Pacific, next N. of the Chiltz; 260 in 1820.
CLANIMATAS, on the S. W. side of Wappatoo Island; 200 in 1820, W.R.
CLASNARMINIMUNS, S. W. side of Wappatoo Island; 280 in 1820, W. R.
CLATsops, about 2 m. N. of the mouth of Columbia River; 1,300 in 1820.
CLAREAMES, on a river of their name flowing into the Wallaumut; 1,800 in 1820.
Csers, on a river flowing into Sabine Lake, 1690; the Coexis of Hennepin, probably
Cohakies, nearly destroyed in Pontiak's time; in 1800, a few near Lake Winnebago.
COLAPissas, on É. bank Mississippi in 1720, opposite head of Lake Pontchartrain.
Coschattas came to Appalousas in 1794, from E. the Mississ.; in 1801, on Sabine.
Coxg : REES, a small tribe on Congaree River, S. Carolina, in 1701 ; long since gone.
Coxoys, perhaps Kanhawas, being once on that river; (Canais, and variations.)
COOK 00-00SE, 1,500 in 1806, coast of Pacific, S. of Columbia r., and S. of Killawats.
CooPPELLAR, on a river falling into the Columbia, N. of Clark's; 1,600 in 1806.
Coosadas, (Creeks,) once resided near the River Tallapoosie.
COPPER, so called from their copper ornaments, on Coppermine River, in the north.
COREES, (Tuscaroras,) on Neus River, N. Carolina, in 1700, and subsequently.
COROSKAWA, on St. Jacintho River, between Trinity and Brazos; 350 in 1820.
COWLITSICK, on Columbia River, 62 m. from its mouth, in 3 villages; 2,400 in 1820.
Creeks, (Muscogees,) Savannah'r. to St. Augustine, thence to Flint r., 1730. iv. 54.
CREES, (Lynx, or Cat,) another name of the Knistenaux, or a part of them.
Crows, (Absorokas,) S. branches of the Yellowstone River; 45,000 in 1834.
CUTSAHNIM, on both sides Columbia River, above the Sokulks ; 1,200 in 1820.
DAHCOTA, or Docota, the name by which the Sioux know themselves.
DELAWARE, (Lenna-lenape,) those once on Delaware River and Bay; 500 in 1750.
DisoxdADIES, (Hurons,) same called by the French Tionontaties.
Doegs, small tribe on the Maryland side Potomac River, in 1675.
DOGRIBS, (Blackfeet,) but speak a different language.
Dogs, the Chiens of the French. See CHIEN.
DOTAME, 120 in 1895; about the heads of Chien River, in the open country.
EANUSES. See Emusas.
ECHEMINS, (Canoe-men,) on R. St. Johns; include Passamaquoddies and St. Johns.
EDISTOES, in S. Carolina in 1670; a place still bears their name there.
Extsas, (Seminoles,) W. side Chattahoochee, 2 m. above the Wekisas; 20 in 1820.
ESESHURES, at the great Narrows of the Columbia ; 1,200 in 1820, in 41 lodges.
Eries, along E. side of Lake Erie, destroyed by the Iroquois about 1654.
Esaws, on River Pedee, S. Carolina, in 1701 ; then powerful; Catawbas, probably.
EsReloots, about 1,000 in 1820, in 21 lodges, or clans, on the Columbia.
Esquimaux, all along the northern coasts of the frozen ocean, N. of 60° N. lat.
ETOHUSSEWAKKES, (Semin.,) on Chattahoochee, 3 m. above Ft. Gaines; 100 in 1820.
Facullies, 100 in 1820 ; on Stuart Lake, W. Rocky Mount.; lat. 54°, lon. 125° W.
Fall, so called from their residence at the falls of the Kooskooskee. See ALANSARS.
Five Nations, Mohawks, Senecas, Cayugas, Onondagas, and Oneidas; which see.
Flat-Heads, (Tutseewas,) on a large river W. R.; on S. fork Columbia r. iv. 25.
Folles Avoines, the French so called the Menominies.
Fond du Lac, roam from Snake River to the Sandy Lakes.
Fowl-towns, (Seminoles,) 12 m. E. Fort Scott; about 300 in 1820.
Foxes, (Ottagamies,) called Renards by the French; dispossessed by B. Hawk's war,
Ganawese, on the heads of Potomac River; same as Kanhaways, probably.
GAYHEAD, Martha's Vineyard; 200 in 1800; in 1820, 340.
Grand River, on Grand r., N. side L. Ontario; Mohawks, Senecas, and oth. ; 2,000.
Gros VENTRES, W. Mississippi, on Maria River, in 1806; in 1834, 3,000.
HARE-FOOT, next S. of the Esquimaux, and in perpetual war with them.
Hallibees, a tribe of Creeks, destroyed in 1813. iv. 57.
HANNAKALLAL, 600 in 1820, on Pacific, S. Columbia, next beyond the Luckkarso.
Hassanamesits, a tribe of Nipmuks, embraced Christianity in 1660. ii. 51, 115.
HiHiGHENIMMO, 1,300 in 1820, from mouth of Lastaw River, up it to the forks.
Hellwits, 100 m. along the Columbia, from the falls upward, on the N. side.
HERRING Pond, a remnant of Wampanoags, in Sandwich, Mass.; about 40.
Hietans, (Camanches,) erratic bands; from Trinity to Brazos, and Red River.
Hini, (Cadodache,) 200 in 1820, on Angelina r., between Red r. and Rio del Norte.
HITCHITTEES, once on Chattahoocheer. ; 600 now in Arkansas; speak Muskogee.
HoHilpos, (Tushepahas,) 300 in 1820, above great falls on Clark's River.
Humas, (Oumas,) - Red'nation,” in Ixsussees Parish, La., in 1805, below Manchak.
Hurons, (Wyandots, Quatoghies,) adjacent, and N. gt. lakes; subd. by Iroq., 1650.
Illinois, " the lake of men," both sides Illinois r.; 12,000 in 1670; 60 towns in 1700.
Inies, or Tachies, [Texas?] branch Sabine ; 80 men in 1806; speak Caddo.
Ioways, on loway River before Black Hawk's war; 1,100 beyond the Mississippi.
Iroquois, 1606, on St. Lawrence, below Quebec; 1687, both sides Ohio, to Miss. v. 3.
Isatis, sometimes a name of the Sioux before 1755.
ITHKYEMAMITS, 600 in 1820, on N. side Columbia, near the Cathlaskos.
Jelan, one of three tribes of Camanches, on sources Brazos, del Norte, &c.
KADAPAUS, a tribe in N. Carolina in 1707.
KAHUNKLES, 400 in 1820, W. Rocky Mountains; abode unknown.
Kaloosas, a tribe found early in Florida, long since extinct.
KANENAVISA, on the Padoucas' fork of the Platte ; 400 in 1805.
Kanhawas, Ganawese or Canhaways; on the River Kanhawa, formerly.
Kansas, on the Arkansas River; about 1,000 in 1836; in 1820, 1,850.
KASKASKIAS, (Illin.,) on a river of same name flowing into the Mississ. ; 250 in 1797.
KASKAYAS, between sources of the Platte and Rocky Mountains; 3,000 in 1836.
KATTEKA, (Padoucas,) not located by travellers. See Papoucas.
KEEKATSA, (Crows,) both sides Yellowstone, above mouth Big Horn r.; 3,500 in 1805.
KEYCHE, E. branch Trinity River in 1806; once on the Sabine; 260 in 1820.
Klawas, on Padouca River, beyond the Kites; 1,000 in 1806.
KIGENE, on the shore of Pacific Ocean in 1821, under the chief Skittegates.
KIKAPOO, formerly in Illinois; now about 300, chiefly beyond the Mississippi.
KILLAMUK, a branch of the Clatsops, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean; about 1,000.
Killawat, in a large town on the coast of the Pacific, E. of the Luktons.
KillAXTHOCLES, 100 in 1820, at the mouth of Columbia River, on N. side.
KIMOENIMS, a band of the Chopunnish, on Lewis's River; 800 in 1820, in 33 clans.
Kinai, about Cook's Inlet, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean.
Kites, (Staetans,) between sources Platte and Rocky Mountains; about 500 in 1820.
KISKAKOns inhabited Michilimakinak in 1680; a Huron tribe.
KNISTENAUX, on Assinnaboin River; 5,000 in 1812; numerous; women comely.
Konagens, Esquimaux, inhabiting Kadjak Island, lat. 58°, lon. 152° W.
KOOK-K00-00SE, on the coast of the Pacific, S. of the Killawats; 1,500 in 1835.
KUSKARAWAOKS, one of six tribes on E. shore of Chesapeak in 1607; (Tuscaroras ?)
LAHANNA, 2,000 in 1820, both sides Columbia, above the mouth of Clark's River.
LAPANNE. See Apaches.
LARTIELO, 600 in 1820, at the falls of Lastaw River, below Wayton Lake.
LEAF, (Sioux,) 600 in 1820, on the Missouri, above Prairie du Chien.
LEECH River, about 350 in 1820, near Sandy Lake, lat. 46° 9' N.
LENNA LENAPE, once from Hudson to Delaware River; now scattered in the West.
INDIAN TRIBES AND NATIONS.
LIParis, 500 in 1816, from Rio Grande to the interior of Texas; light hair.
Loucheux, nest N. of the Esquimaux, or S of lat. 67° 15' N.
Lukawis, 800 in 1820, W. of the Rocky Mountains; abode unknown.
LUKKARSO, 1,200 in 1820, coast of Pacific, S. of Columbia r., beyond the Shallalah.
LUKTORS, 20 in 1820, W. of the Rocky Mountains; abode unknown.
MACHAPUNGAS, in N. Carolina in 1700; practised circumcision.
Mandass, 1,250 in 1805, 1200 m. fm. mouth of Misso.; 1838, reduced to 21 by sm. pox.
Manguags, or TUTELOES, (Iroquois,) Nottoway River, formerly; now extinct.
MANHATTANS, (Mohicans,) once on the island where New York city now stands.
MannanoAKS, once on the upper waters of the Rappahannock r.; extinct long ago.
MARACHITES, (Abenakies,) on the St. Johns; a remnant remains.
MarsAPEAGUES, once on Long Island, S. side of Oyster Bay; extinct.
MARSHPEES, (Wampanoags,) 315 in 18:32; Barnstable Co., Mass.; mixed with blacks.
Mascottins, or Fire Ind., betw. Mississ. and L. Michigan, 1665 ; (Sacs and Foxes?)
MASSACHUSETTS, the state perpetuates their name. ii. 42.
(Iroquois, once spread over Kentucky.
MATALANOBS, 500 in 1820, on an island in the mouth of Wallaumut River, W. R.
Mares, 600 in 1805, St. Gabriel Creek, mouth of Guadaloupe River, Louisiana.
MENOMINIE3, (Algonkins,) once on Illinois r.; now 300, W. Mississ. v. 142–4, 171.
MESSASSAGNES, 2,000 in 1764, N. of, and adjacent to, L. Huron and Superior. v. 4, n.
Miamis, (Algonkins,) once on the r. of their name; now 1,500, beyond the Mississ.
MIKASAUKIES, (Seminoles,) about 1,000 in 1821 ; very warlike. iv. 93, 1:28.
MixMaks, (Algonkins,) 3,600 in 1760, in Nova Scotia; the Suriquois of the French.
MIESUKSEALTON, (Tushepaha,) 300 in 1820, Clark’s River, above great falls, W. R.
MINETARES, 2,500 in 1805, 5 m. above the Mandans, on both sides Knife River.
MINDAWARC ARTON, in 1805, on both sides Mississippi, from St. Peters upward.
MINGoes, on ce such of the Iroquois were so called as resided upon the Scioto River.
Mixsı, Wolf tribe of the Lenna Lenape, once over New Jersey and part of Penn.
MISSOURIES, once on that part of the River just below Grand River.
MITCHIGAMI ES, one of the five tribes of the Illinois; location uncertain.
Mohawks, head of Five Nations; formerly on Mohawk r.; a few now in Canada.
MOHEGANS, or MoHEAKUNNUKS, in 1610, Hudson r. from Esopus to Albany. ii. 87,97.
MONACANS, (Tuscaroras,) once near where Richmond, Virginia, now is.
MONGOULATCHES, on the W. side of the Mississippi. See BayAGOOLAS.
MONTAGNES, (Algonkins, N. side St. Lawr., betw. Saguenay and Tadousac, in 1609.
Montauks, on E. end of Long Island, formerly; head of 13 tribes of that island.
MORATOKS, 80 in 1607; 40 in 1669, in Lancaster and Richmond counties, Virginia.
Mosquitos, once a numerous race on the E. side of the Isthmus of Darien.
MultnomaHS, (Wappatoo,) 800 in 1820, mouth of- Multnonah River, W. R.
MUNSEYS, (Delawares,) in 1780, N. branch Susquehannah r.; to the Wabash in 1808.
MUSKOGEES, 17,000 in 1775, on Alabama and Apalachicola Rivers. See B. iv. 24.
NABEDACHES, (Caddo,) on branch Sabine, 15 m. above the Inies; 400 in 1805.
NABIJOS, betw. N. Mexico and the Pacific; live in stone houses, and manufacture.
Naxdakoes, 120 in 1805, on Sabine, 60 m. W. of the Yattassees; (Caddo.)
NANTIKOKES, 1711, on Nantikoke River; 1755, at Wyoming ; same year went west.
NARCOTAH, the name by which the Sioux know themselves.
NARRAGANSETS, S. side of the bay which perpetuates their name. ii. 21, 23, 38, 53.
NASHUAYS, (Nipmuks) on that river from its mouth, in Massachusetts.
NATCHEZ, at Natchez; discovered, 1701 ; chiefly destroyed by French, 1720. iv. 43.
NATCHITOCHES, once at that place; 100 in 1804; now upon Red River.
NATEOTETAINS, 200 in 1820, W. R., on a river of their name, W. of the Facullies.
Natiks, (Nipniuks,) in Massachusetts, in a town now called after them.
Nechacoke, (Wappatoo,) 100 in 1820, S. side Columbia, near Quicksand r., W. R.
NEEKEETOO, 700 in 1820, on the Pacific, S. of the Columbia, beyond the Youicone.
NEMALQUINNER, (Wappatoo,) 200 in 1820, N. side Wallaumut River, 3 m. up.
Niantiks, a tribe of the Narragansets, and in alliance with them. ii. 67.
NICARIAGAS, once about Michilimakinak; joined Iroquois in 1723, as seventh nation.
NIPISSINS, (original Algonkins,) 400 in 1764, near the source of Ottoway River.
Nipmuks, eastern interior of Mass.; 1,500 in 1775; extinct. ü. 18, 40, 100; iii. 91.
NORRIDGEWOKS, (Abenakies,) on Penobscot River. See Book iii. 119, 127.
NOTTOWAYS, on Nottoway River, in Virginia; but 2 of clear blood in 1817.
Nyacks, (Mohicans,) or MANHATTANS, once about the Narrows, in New York.
OAKMULGES, (Muskogees,) to the E. of Flint River; about 200 in 1834.
OCANECHES, in Virginia in 1607; had before been powerful; then reduced.
OCHEES. See UCHÉES.-Perhaps Ochesos; 230 in Florida in 1826, at Ochee Bluff.
Oconas, (Creeks.) See Book iv. 29.