From Puzzles to Principles?: Essays on Aristotle's Dialectic

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May Sim
Lexington Books, 1999 - 251 páginas
Scholars of classical philosophy have long disputed whether Aristotle was a dialectical thinker. Most agree that Aristotle contrasts dialectical reasoning with demonstrative reasoning, where the former reasons from generally accepted opinions and the latter reasons from the true and primary. Starting with a grasp on truth, demonstration never relinquishes it. Starting with opinion, how could dialectical reasoning ever reach truth, much less the truth about first principles? Is dialectic then an exercise that reiterates the prejudices of one's times and at best allows one to persuade others by appealing to these prejudices, or is it the royal road to first principles and philosophical wisdom?

In From Puzzles to Principles? May Sim gathers experts to argue both these positions and offer a variety of interpretive possibilities. The contributors' thoughtful reflections on the nature and limits of dialectic should play a crucial role in Aristotelian scholarship.

 

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Contenido

For Dialectic Puts Questions about Matters which Philosophy Knows
1
The Diodorean Modalities and the Master Argument
15
Dialectic and Method in Aristotle
39
The Epistemological Basis of Aristotelian Dialectic
57
Choosing the Good in Aristotles Topics
107
The Normalization of Perplexity in Aristotle
125
Dialectic Contradiction and Paraconsistency in Aristotle
137
Perception and Dialectic in Aristotles De Anima
151
Aristotles Discovery of First Principles
163
Dialectical Communities From the One to the Many and Back
183
Poetry History and Dialectic
215
Selected Bibliography
229
Index
237
About the Contributors
249
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Acerca del autor (1999)

May Sim is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Oklahoma State University. She is the editor of The Crossroads of Norm and Nature: Essays on Aristotle's Ethics and Metaphysics (Rowman & Littlefield, 1995).

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