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the world was ever conquered by Science, how soon those conquests were popped, and those very nations again reduced to her dominion. Then distinguishing the land of Great Britain, Thews by what aids, by what persons, and by what degrees it all be brought to her Empire. Some of the persons he causes to pass ir review before his eyes, describing eacb by his proper figure, character, and qualifications. On a sudden the Scene shifts, and a vast number of miracles and pròdigies appear, utterly surprising and unknown to the King himself, 'till they are explained to be the wonders of his own reign now commencing. On this subject Settle breaks into a congratulation, yet not unmixed with concern, that his own times were but the types of these. He prophesies how first the nation shall be overrun with Farces, Operas, and Shows; how the Throne of Dulness shall be advanced over the Theatres, and set up even at Court:

then how her Sons Jhall preside in the seats of Arts and Sciences : giving a glympse, or Pisgah-sight of the future Fulness of her Glory,' the accomplishment whereof is the subject of the fourth and last book.

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A Slipshod Sibylled his Steps along In lofty Madnese meditating Song

Dunciad.' Book ITT.

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UT in her Temple's last recess inclos'd,

On Dulness' lap th' Anointed head repos'd. Him close the curtains round with vapours blue, And soft besprinkles with Cimmerian dew, Then raptures high the seat of Sense o’erflow, 5 Which only heads refind froin Reason know. Hence, from the straw where Bedlam's Prophet nods, He hear; loud Oracles, and talks with Gods : Hence the Fool's Paradise, the Statesman's Scheme, The air-built Castle, and the golden Dream,


R E M'A RK S. VER. 5, 6, &c. Hereby is intimated that the following vi. fion is no more than the chimera of the dreamer's brain, and not a real or iotended satire on the present Age, doubtless more learned, more enlightened, and more abounding with great Gepius's in Divinity, Politics, and whatever arts and sciences, than all the preceding. For fear of any such mistake of our Poet's honeft meaning, he hath again, at the end of the Vision, repeated this monition, saying that it all palled through the Ivorygale, which, (according to the Ancients) denoteth Fallity

SCRIBL. How much the good Scriblerus was minaken, may be seen from the fourth book, which, it is plain from hence, he had


never seen.

VER. 7, 8. Hence from the straw where Bedlam's Prophet nods,

He hears loud Oracles, and talks with Gods :
Et varias audit voces, fruiturque deorum

Virg, Æn. viii.


The maid's romantic wish, the Chemist's flame,
And Poet's vision of eternal Fame,

And now, on Fancy's.easy wing convey'd,
The King descending, views th' Elysian Shade.
A Nip.shod Sibyl led his steps along,
In lofty madness, meditating song;
Her tresses staring from Poetic dreams,
And never wash'd, but in Castalia's streams.
Taylor, their better Charon, lends an oar,
(Once fwan of Thames, tho' now he fings no more.)


R E M A R K S. "Ver. 15. A Nip.shod Sibylj This allegory is extremely just, no conformation of the mind so much subjecting it to real Madness, as that which produces real Dulness. Hence we find the religious (as well as the poctical) Enthofiasts of all ages were ever, in their natural state, most heavy and lumpish ; but on the least application of heat, they can like lead, which of all metals falls quickelt into fusion. Whereas fire in a Genius is truly Promethean, it hurts not its constituent parts, but only fits it (as it does well-tem perd steel) for the necessary imprei* fions of art. But the common people have been caught, (I do not know on what foundation) to regard Lunacy as a mark of Wit, just as the Turks and our modern Merhodists do of Holness. But if the cause of Madness assigned by a great Philofopher be true, it will unavoidably fall upon the dunces. He supposes is to be the dwelling over long on one objet or idea : Now as this attention is occasioned either by Grief or Study, it will be fixed by. Duloess ; which hath not quickness enough to comprehend what it seeks, nor force and vigour enough to divert the imagination from the object it laments.

Ver. 19. Taylor] John Taylor the Water-poet, an honeft man, who owns he learned not so much as the Accidence : A rare example of modesty in a Poet!

VER. 15. A Nip Mod Sibyl, &c.]
Conclamat Vatesa
--furens antro fe immifit aperto.


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