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mirers of their watches and money, it quits the liouse abruptly, to be also present at the divifion!
acquisition of goods and securities, which being once in their custody, are seldom recovered, nor any thing equivalent to their value. I would, therefore, much fooner put my life into the hands of a quack, than entrust my property with an advertising money-lender!
You will excuse my having dwelt so long on theatrical affairs, but the accounts given in thç daily prints being usually fabricated by the partial and the interested, it is neceffary, occafionally, to point out the truth.
ANOTHER NUISANCE. A MORE alarming nuisance than the former, is the Advertising Money Lender! This is a public nuisance that, under the mask of friendship, plants a dagger in many a breast. He riots in the distresses of his fellow creatures; and, in. stead of removing their miseries, plunges them in ten-fold ruin! It is impossible to conceive the variety of wretchedness to which families are daily reduced by these villains and their confederates, who thus openly, and in the face of day, under a shew of philanthrophy, prey upon the ignorance, the simplicity, and the necessities of mankind. The gentry of this vocation have greatly increased in their number lately; and some of them are so honourable as to inform you in their advertisements, that they will not give you a proof of their villainy under two, or perhaps five hundred pounds, as " nothing under 66 that sum will be advanced.”.
-Various are the modes of defraud practised by them for the
To other CORRESPONDENT S.
STANZAS on a Summer Morning, and Ignoratus are received. The request of Modestus, reSpetting the mottos, and the reprinting of the numbers already published, will be complied with. The letter figned A. B. and the manner in which it was sent, are proofs of a very polite taste and manners: the letter will appear next week, with the real name of the author.
LONDON: Printed by T. RICKABY, No. 15, Duke's-Court, Bow-Street, Covent-Garden;
And Sold by T. AXTELL, No. 1, Finch-Lane, Cornhill, and at the Royal Exchange; by
W. SWIFT, Bookfeller, Charles-Street, St. James's-Square; by P. BRETT, Bookseller and Stationer, opposite St. Clement's-Church in the Strand; by G. KEARSLEY, No. 46, Fleet-Street; and by W. THISELTON, Bookseller and Stationer, No. 37, Goodge-Street, Kathbone-Place.
* Correspondents are requested to address their favours to the New SPECTATOR, to be
left at Mr. Swift's, in Charles-Street, St. James's-Square, where a LETTER-Box is affixed for their reception.
F the various kinds of knowledge, requisite
to conduct human life with propriety, there seems none less understood, or at least less
practised, than that which should teach us how to support our characters under the different circumstances of prosperity and adversity. It has, however, been universally acknowledged, that the duties to which we are rendered liable, and the temptations to which we are exposed, by prosperity, are the most numerous and the most difficult to encounter; for such is the perverseness, and such the weakness of human nature, that its most salutary blessings are too frequently converted into the most poisonous evils; and the profperous are more generally remarked for their follies rather than their virtues. Adversity, on the other hand, has been called the school of wisdom ; but the discipline, like that of all other schools, has different effects on different tempers and dispositions; and there are scholars as froward, perverse, and intractable in the one as in the other. The consequences of disobedience and non-compliance in these seminaries are indeed widely different; in one, we incur the displeasure of an authorized tutor, and frustrate the care
of indulgent parents; in the other, we bid a kind of defiance to the laws of providence, and excite the anger of heaven.
The perpetual fluctuation of human affairs, and the vicissitudes to which every one is subject, have taught mankind the necessity of providing against future contingencies, by unremitted industry, and the previous exercise of that charity which seldom fails to insure the real esteem of the world and the approving smile of heaven. To the influence of such rational motives, are the poor indebted for those noble afylums from want and destruction, which, in this country, have, of late years, risen like those exhalations of the evening that, descending in beneficial dews, form the lustre of a vernal morning.
Suck, however, is the imperfection of all human institutions, and such the irresistibility of all human passions, that the intentions of goodness are too often defeated by the intervention of folly, or the subtility of wickedness. Hence it is, that institutions calculated for public benefit, do sometimes more abundantly redound to private emolument; and the principle that formed the basis, being abandoned in the superstructure,
what was meant for universal advantage, produces but a partial good, and sometimes gives rise to an extensive evil.
PREVIOUSLY informed of the nature of our laws, and of the provision made for our poor, a stranger is not a little astonished to find his charity folicited in our streets, and our highways abounding with beggars. And he cannot but conclude that we take more delight in extolling, than in executing our laws ; that we form medicines, but neglect to apply them; at once exhibiting our wisdom and our folly.
Every well-wisher to order and economy, entertained fanguine expectations of seeing this grievance redressed, by the enacting of a statute framed for that particular purpose; but the whole attention of the legislature having been directed to objects apparently of more immediate concern, and which could be terminated only by the tedious operations of fleets and armies, or the improbable union of heterogeneous principles, the design was, if not defeated, at least deferred. How it happens that an attention to internal polity, and the exercise of foreign dominions, are incompatible, I have not fagacity enough to discover; and I am afraid the present contest for power amongst the different factions of the day, will totally preclude all thoughts of the country's benefit in the amendment or the framing of laws respecting the poor, which is matter of surprize' to me, as there are several members of the lower House of Parliament that, should they fail in their views, might hereafter reap advantage from those
The cup goes round,
And who so artful as to pass it by ? Many persons have lived to enjoy the benefit of those charities which they have established for the relief of indigence.
But whatever institutions may be formed, there will always remain objects to whom they will be of no service; objects who have fallen from elevated situations, still contending with the elements of affliction, and dildaning to seck shelter, whilst there is a possibility of braving the storm; and others, who, from a certain delicacy of difposition, languish in obscurity, and are more willing to indulge the most distant hope, than eager to solicit immediate redress; a kind of live ing monuments of misery and modesty. These would then be the objects of all peculiar charity; and to their support might be appropriated those casual effufions of benevolence, which are at prefent lavished on undeferving objects, and too frequently tend to the encouragement of idleness, and the stimulation of impudence.
Adversity tries the temper of all those who bow under its influence, and nothing sooner exposes their predominant passions. I have often observed that they who by unjust means, have accumulated wealth, and have afterwards been reduced to poverty, generally discover the most violent impatience; and, rejecting that universal protection of providence, from which they ima: gine themselves secluded, place their future dependence on the success of new stratagems of vice, and fresh schemes of more complicated wickedness.
On the other hand, thc wealth acquired by honeft industry, and successful ingenuity is often resigned with patient submission and religious resignation; with thanks of providence for past enjoyment, and arm dependence for future fupport. But it is, in all things, difficult to avoid extremes ; and if some men place too much confidence in themselves, and neglect to implore the assistance of heaven; there are others who, imploring the aslistance of heaven, lose the neceffary confidence in their own abilities; and by neglecting to co-operate with benignant providence, become examples of the little effect of pious ejaculations without hearty exertions; and afford matter of triumph to the votarics of vice, who wanton in luxury, and hold in derision the expectations of dependent piety.
A DECENT, and a becoming behaviour is difficult to sustain under the pressures of adversity. Hence some are unfeasonably importunate, and some unmeasurably dejected: it is, therefore, the peculiar excellence of unaffected goodness, to reflect on the imperfections of human nature, and patiently to attend to the former, and asfiduoully to seek out the latter; omitting no opportunity, under the conduct of prudence and propriety, of testifying that regard for the welfare of others, which we would wish, in similar circumstances, were extended to our own.
The difficulties to which we are exposed by the possession of riches, and the deprellion of poverty, and which every rational man views in the fame light, have rendered the golden mean the general object of pursuit. In holy writ we find one wishing for “ neither poverty nor riches," as the happiest state of humanity; and HOKACE, no unskilful judge of human felicity, has left his testimony to the same effect;
Bene eft, cui Deus obtulit
the political club at the St. Alban's Tavern, which
be called the Labour in vain Club. For the satisfaction of his majesty, the King of Clubs, and such others of my correspondents and readers as wish to be acquainted with the state of clubs in this metropolis, I shall direct my Deputy, John Bull, to make a report of them and their proceedings, to be laid before the public,
Unfortunately, however, few people know when they do possess the golden mean; for that is one of those matters on which we permit inclination to decide rather than reason; and almost every man applies the term to a different quantity of wealth. But reason and conscience cannot always be stifled; and no man ever yet made an addition to his treasures, that did not immediately feel his mind filled with ideas of additional duties, though he may have rejected the performance. It cannot, therefore, be too often, or too seriously recommended to a mercantile people to recollect, that on every accession of wealth, it is their duty, and consequently their interest, to attend to the distresses of those in adversity, and to relieve their necessities, rather than to emulate those numerous follies of the prodigally prosperous, which render them contemptible, instead of ornamental to human nature.
To the New SPECTATOR.
To the New SPECTATOR,
The greatest of your predeceffors made it a rule to give accounts of the various clubs which, in his time, were formed in the metropolis; and some of the papers which contain his descriptions of them, are the most entertaining to be met with, and at the same time, throw no small light on the mixed character of our fellow subjects; exhibiting the serious and the risible in many points of view, I hope that in this, at least, you will follow his example, and give us some humorous descriptions of the clubs of these days, which will be very acceptable to
Your's to command,
The King of CLUBs.
COPY, You Spector
Beeing a grate Hadmyror of the Hould Spector I was meetely pleised to se the Hadveretyzmunt inn the Mourning Yearould for a Nue Spector and bote em weth grate gle but haylack thaer starke noute but bawderdashe and nounsens about Maskreds and Pleighs and Harbyloones and Squre Mawlgins Neffey and hall mannur of foleries and nounsens to pleise wimmin and I kan maik noe mannur of sens inn it and I ham shure it wil never cum to nout taik mi wurd I hundurstand gud riteing tho I ham noe grate skollar and ham shure yure Spe&tor wil doe no gud becase why why becase ther his nout int abought SrRodgurding Coblerey and Mester Hunneycumb and the Hugley clubb and hall that and wats a Spector gud for weout hall that and soe I hav sent the nummbers bak inn desyer that yue wil putt inn summet abought Sr Rodgur and hall thoas haffares that I menshend and I wud hadvice yue to fa summet hansum of the Prins of Wails and Chris Phocks that is nixnained the Mann of the peeple and the grate Horridors that spekes longe speachers inn the Nusepaypurs abought hour haffares and the Coolishon and younge Pit and hall that and then yue shud rite abought Mistriss Robbeson and her Fiftyfee and nott abought Catterfelltoes Filhoffify and hall that but abought Seekrit Hinflewens and nott the Mades of Honer and the Dutchasses that dres soe at the kúrt that is menshund inn the Nuse and leve hout hall thoas grate lize abought the strainge nashon weth longe. Beerds and Harbyloones innsted of Hoffes I hop yue wil taik mi hadvice and I shal reckumend yure Nue Spector to hall mi Friends.
A, B. Berry Sunt Hedmunt,
I have not the least doubt but that his majesty the King of Clubs is a man of taste, and was 'I so happy as to be personally acquainted with him, probably I might be enabled to fulfil his wishes. At present, however, I know not of a single club in this metropolis which admits of description. Times are considerably changed since the days of Addison, and our amusements are widely different. Though society is more refined, it is less sociable; and men carry their discriminating ideas much further than they formerly did. Hence, clubs are confined to villages, whience trade by the introduction of wealth and artificial manners, has not banished equality, and the natural desire of allociating for mutual entertainment. I hear but of few clubs in the metropolis that are not appropriated to gaming and drinking: to Fortune and Bacchus; unless indeed I include
The above literary curiosity with three numbers of the New SpectATOR, was received by the Printer last week, who, by a singular accident, instantly discovered the writer, whose name I intended to have inserted at the foot of it (as I promised in my last), had he not, in another very curious cpistle, couched in terms of the most
To the New SPECTATOR. Friend Spec,
I AM by no means pleased with your extreme gravity, and I wish you would assume a little sprightliness, if it were only to divert the ladies, who, let me tell you, from the chief part of
your readers, and who, in general, prefer a little roinance to a great deal of morality. As to the gentlemen, it is the full moon with them, and they are politically mad, at least sixteen hours of the four and twenty; and consequently have few lucid intervals to bestow on the trifling concerns of morals, philosophy, or even bon ton. Besides the good people of these days are too wise to need instruction, and desire nothing of a periodical writer but amusement, and if you season it with a little Kyan of Scandal, it would suit the public taste much better, and your lucubrations become as relishing as a fricasee of half a dozen morning papers. But I know that to attempt persuading you from what you deem the right path, and the duty of a periodical writer, were vanity and vexation of spirit. And in my Milcellany I have determined to adhere so ftri&tly to truth, that I have not an opportunity, if I were so inclined, of gratifying the public taste in a few ebullitions of the extravaganza, comme le gazette Anglois !
CARLETON House, Pall-mall. His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales haying decorated this House in the stile of Eastern magnificence, it was opened with a kind of House warming, on Wednesday last.
It is unnecessary, and would be tedious, to give you a particular description of the principal rooms, and of the mouldings, cornices, frieze, pediments, and all the et ceteras of architecture employed in their construction and ornament. I will simply inform you, that the principal rooms in the house are a Dining room, a State room, a Ball room, and a Saloon; and that some ingenuity and some taste have given them a brilliant and a fanciful, rather than an elegant appearance.
Tile entertainment given by his Highness, is denominated, by some a Fele, and was highly relished by all parties, especially the ladies, great part of whom did not quit this terrestrial Elysium before eight the next morning.–To attempt a description of the supper would be useless to you, unless you was desirous of following his Highness's example, or of instructing your housekeeper in the art of setting out a table to the best advantage,
The company was very numerous and very brilliant, particularly the ladies, who emulated
Adieu, sweet Avon! gentle stream!
Where trees protracted form a Made, Excluding Sol's intenseft beam,
When o'er thy banks my feet have stray'd.
Adieu, sweet Avon! gentle stream !
Where many a fragrant flow'ret blows, Where oft some visionary scheme
Hath lulld my sorrows to repose!
Ah! who can tell the sweets that bloom
Along thy margin's verdant fide ? Or count the roses that perfume
The gale that blows o'er Avon's tide ?
Yc hills, ye vales, with umbrage crown’d,
So far beyond my view outsprcad, Where many a graceful villa's found,
And many a turret rcars its head:
'Twas not from you affli&tion found
Relief in forrow's pensive hour, But in the filent scenes around,
That deck sweet Avon's lovely bower!
Adieu sweet Avon! gentle stream !
Accept the muse's grateful lays ; For
many a soft enchanting dream From thee deriy'd, deserves my praise !