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Annesly's eyes had been hitherto fixed on the kins. There was a certain indefinable attraction ground; nor was there wanting a tear in each which linked him every day closer to her, and for his unnatural father; he turned them on this artlessness of manner had the effect (which, I cousin with as contemptuous a look as his na- presume, from their practice, few young ladies ture allowed them to assume, and walked out believe it to have) of securing the conquest she of the house without uttering a word.

had gained. He was now thrown upon the world with the From the wealth which old Annesly was sentence of perpetual poverty for his inheritance. known to possess, his son was, doubtless, in the He found himself in the middle of a crowded phrase of the world, a very advantageous match street in London, surrounded by the buzzing for Miss Wilkins; but when her father discosons of industry, and shrunk back at the sense vered the young man to be serious in his attachof his own insignificance. In the faces of those ment to her, he frequently took occasion to sughe met he saw no acknowledgment of connexion, gest, how unequal the small fortune he could and felt himself, like Cain, after his brother's leave his daughter was to the expectations of murder, an unsheltered, unfriended outcast. the son of a man worth 30,0001., and with a He looked back to his father's door; but his frankness peculiar to himself, gave the father to spirit was too mild for reproach-a tear dropped understand, that his son's visits were rather from his eye as he looked !

more frequent than was consistent with that There was in London one person, whose gen- track of prudence which the old gentleman tle nature he knew would feel for his misfor- would probably mark out for him. The father, tunes; yet to that one, of all others, his pride however, took little notice of this intelligence; forbade him to resort.

the truth was, that, judging by himself, he gave Harriet Wilkins was the daughter of a neigh- very little credit to it, because it came from one, hour of his father's, who had for some tiine who, according to his conception of things, given up business, and lived on the interest of should, of all others, have concealed it from his 40001., which he had saved in the course of it. knowledge. From this circumstance, his acquaintance, old But though his son had the most sincere atAnnesly, entertained no very high opinion of tachment to Miss Wilkins, his present circumhis understanding; and did not cultivate much stances rendered it, in the language of prudence, understanding with a man whom he considered impossible for them to marry. They contented as a drone in the hive of society; but in this themselves, therefore, with the assurance of each opinion, as in many others, his son had the mis- other's constancy, and waited for some favourfortune to differ from him. He used frequently able change of condition which might allow to steal into Wilkins's house of an evening, to them to be happy. enjoy the conversation of one who had passed The first idea which struck Annesly's mind on through life with observation, and had known the disappointment he suffered from his father's the labour of business, without that contraction settlement, was the effect it would have on his of soul which it often occasions. Harriet was situation with regard to Harriet. There is percommonly of the party, listening with Annesly haps nothing more bitter in the lot of poverty, to her father's discourse, and with Annesly of- than the distance to which it throws a man from fering her remarks on it. She was not handsome the woman he loves : that pride I have before enough to attract notice; but her look was of taken notice of, which in every other circumthat complacent sort which gains on the be- stance tends to his support, serves but to wound holder, and pleases from the acknowledgment him the deeper in this. That feeling now turned that it is beneath admiration.

Annesly's feet from his Harriet's door; yet it Nor was her mind ill suited to this “ Index was now that his Harriet seemed the more worof the Soul.” Without that brilliancy which thy of his love, in proportion as his circumstanexcites the general applause, it possessed those ces rendered it hopeless. A train of soft reflecinferior sweetnesses which acquire the general tions at length banished this rugged guest from esteem; sincere, benevolent, inoffensive, and his heart—"'Tis but taking a last farewell !" unassuming. Nobody talked of the sayings of said he to himself, and trod back the steps which Miss Wilkins; but every one heard her with he had made. pleasure, and her smile was the signal of uni- He entered the room where Harriet was sitversal complacency.

ting by her father, with a sort of diffidence of · Annesly found himself insensibly attached to his reception that he was not able to hide; but ber by a chain, which had been imposed with Wilkins welcomed him in such a manner, as out art, and suffered without consciousness. soon dissipated the restraint under which the During his acquaintance with Harriet, he had thoughts of his poverty bad laid him. “ This come to that period of life when men are most visit, my dear Annesly,” said he, “flatters me, apt to be impressed with appearances ; in fact, because it shews you leaning on my friendship. he had looked on many a beauty with rapture, I ain not ignorant of your present situation, and which he thought sincere, till it was interrupted I know the effect which prudent men will say by the reflection that she was not Harriet Wil- it should have on myself ; that I differ from

them, may be the consequence of spleen per- song in his turn, and be rewariled with a cup haps, rather than generosity; for I have been of that excellent liquor I mentioncil. at war with the world from a boy.-Come hi- Their felicity was too periect to be lasting ther, Harriet; this is Richard Annesly: his such is the proverbial opinion of mankind. The father, it is true, has left him 30,0001. 'poorer days of joy, however, are not more winged in than it was once expected he would; but he is their course than the days of sorrow; but we Richard Annesly still ! you will therefore look count not the moments of their duration with upon him as you did before. I am not stoic so scrupulous an exactness. enough to deny, that riches afford numberless Three years after the birth of her first daughcomforts and conveniences which are denied to ter, Mrs Annesly was delivered of another; but the poor ; but that riches are not essential to the birth of the last was fatal to her mother, who happiness, I know, because I have never yet did not many days survive it. Annesly's griet found myself unhappy ;-nor shall I now sleep on this occasion was immoderate ; nor could all unsound, from the consciousness of having added the endeavours of his father-in-law, whose mini to the pressure of affliction, or wounded merit was able to preserve more composure, prevail afresh, because fortune had already wounded it.” upon him, for some days, to remember the com

Liberal minds will delight in extending the mon offices of life, or leave the room in which empire of virtue; for my own part, I am hap- his Harriet had expired. Wilkins's grief, howpy to believe, that it is possible for an attorney ever, though of a more silent sort, was not less to be honest, and a tradesman to think like deep in its effects; and when the turbulence of Wilkins.

the other's sorrow had yielded to the soothings of time, the old man retained all that tender re

gret due to the death of a child, an only child, CHAP. II.

whose filial duty had led him down the slope of

life without suffering him to perceive the deMore introductory Matter.

scent. The infant she had left behind her was

now doubly endeared to his father and him, Wukins having thus overlooked the want of from being considered as the last memorial of fortune in his young friend, the lovers found its dying mother; but of this melancholy kind but little hinderance to the completion of their of comfort they were also deprived in a few wishes. Harriet became the wife of a poor man, months by the small-pox. Wilkins seemed by who returned the obligation he owed to her and this second blow to be loosened from the little her father's generosity, by a tenderness and af- hold he had struggled to keep of the world, and fection rarely found in wedlock; because there his resignation was now built upon the hopes, are few minds from whom, in reason, they can not of overcoming his affliction, but of escaping be expected.

from its pressure. The serenity which such an His father-in-law, to whom indeed the sacri- idea confers, possesses, beyond all others, the fice was but trifling, could not resist the joint greatest dignity, because it possesses, beyond all request of his daughter and her husband, to others, the best assured confidence, leaning on leave the town, and make one of their family in a basis that is fixed above the rotation ot' subluthe country. In somewhat less than a year he nary things. An old man, who has lived in the was the grandfather of a boy, and nearly at the exercise of virtue, looking back without a blush same distance of time after, of a girl, both of on the tenor of his past days, and pointing to whom, in his opinion, were cherubs; but even that better state, where alone he can be perfectthe gossips around them owned they had never ly rewarded, is a figure the most venerable that seen more promising children. The felicity of can well be imagined ;-such did Wilkins now their little circle was now, perhaps, as perfect exhibit. as the lot of humanity admits; nor would it have “My son,” said he to Annesly, “ I feel that been easy to have found a group, whose minds I shall not be with you long ; yet I leave not were better formed to deserve or attainit. Health, the world with that peevish disgust, which is innocence, and good-humour, were of their sometimes mistaken for the courage that overhousehold ; and many an honest neighbour, who comes the dread of death : I lay down my being never troubled himself to account for it, talked with gratitude, for having so long possessed it, of the goodness of Annesly's ale, and the cheer- without having disgraced it by any great violafulness of his fireside. I have been often ad- tion of the laws of Him by whom it was bemitted of the party, though I was too young for stowed. There is something we cannot help a companion to the seniors, and too old for a feeling, on the fall of those hopes we had becii playfellow to the children; but no age, and often vainly diligent to rear. I had looked forwarıl indeed no condition, excluded from a participa- to some happy days, amidst a race of my Hurtion of their happiness ; and I have seen little riet’s and yours; but to the good, there can be Billy, before he could speak to be well under- no reasonable regret from the disappointment stood, lead in a long-bearded beggar, to sing his of such expectations, because the futurity they trust in after death, must far exceed any enjoy- day her brother and she were at play on the ment which a longer life here could have af- green at a little distance, attended by a servant forded. It is otherwise with the prospect of of their father's, when a favourite terrier of duty to be done : these two little ones I leave Billy's happened to wander amongst the bushes to your tenderness and care; you will value where this nest was sheltered. Harriet, afraid life, as it gives you an opportunity of forming of the consequences, begged the servant to run, them to virtue.- -Lay me beside my Harriet !” and prevent his doing mischief to the birds.

The old man's prediction was but too well Just as the fellow came up, the dog had lightverified; he did not long survive this pathetic ed on the bush, and surprised the dam, but w

was declaration. His son-in-law was now exposed, prevented from doing her much harm by the alone and unassisted, to the cares of the world, servant, who laid hold of him by the neck, and increased by the charge of his boy and girl; snatched his prey out of his mouth; the dog, but the mind will support much, when called resenting this rough usage, bit the man's finger into exertion by the necessity of things. His till it bled, who, in return, bestowed a hearty sorrow yielded by degrees to the thoughts of drubbing upon him, without regarding the enthat active duty he owed his children ; in time treaties or the threats of his little master. Billy, his fire-side was again cheered by their sports enraged at the sufferings of his favourite, rearound it; and, though he sometimes looked solved to wreak his vengeance where it was in upon them with a tear at the recollection of his power; and running up to the nest, threw the past, yet would he as often wipe it from his it down, with all its unfledged inbabitants, to eye, in silent gratitude to Heaven, for the en- the ground. “ Cruel Billy!" cried his sister, joyment of the present, and the anticipation of while the tears ran down her cheeks. He turnthe future.

ed sullenly from her, and walked up to the house, while she, with the man's assistance, ga

thered up the little flutterers, and having fasCHAP. III.

tened the nest as well as she could, replaced

them safely within it. The openings of two Characters, with which the When she saw her brother again, he pouted, Reader may afterwards be better acquainted. and would not speak to her ; she endeavoured

to regain his favour by kindness, but he refused His son had a warmth of temper, which the her caresses; she sought out the dog who had father often observed with mingled pleasure and suffered on her linnet's account, and stroking regret ; with pleasure, from considering the ge- him on the head, fed him with some cold meat nerosity and nobleness of sentiment which it be- from her own hand; when her brother saw it, spoke; with regret, from a foreboding of the he called him away. She looked after Billy till many inconveniences to which its youthful pos- he was gone, and then burst into tears. sessor might naturally be exposed.

Next day they were down at the rivulet But Harriet was softness itself. The spright- again. Stili was Harriet endeavouring to be liness of her gayest moments would be checked reconciled, and still was her brother averse to a by the recital of the distress of a fellow-creature, reconciliation; he sat biting his thumb, and and she would often weep all night from some looking angrily to the spot where his favourite tale which her maid had told of fictitious disas- had been punished. ter. Her brother felt the representation of worth At that instant the linnet, in whose cause the ill-treated, or virtue oppressed, with indignation quarrel had begun, was bringing out her youngagainst the oppressor, and wished to be a man, lings to their first imperfect flight, and two of that he might, like Jack the Giant-killer, gird them, unfortunately taking a wrong direction, on his sword of sharpness, and revenge the fell short into the middle of the pool. Billy wrongs of the sufferer; while his sister pressed started from the ground, and without consider his hand in hers, and trembled for the danger ing the depth, rusbed into the water, where he to which she imagined him exposed ; nay, she was over head and ears the second step that he has been afterwards heard to cry out in her made. His sister's screams alarmed the servant, sleep, in a hurried voice, “You shall not go, who ran to his assistance; but before he got to my Billy, papa and I will die if


do !” the place, the boy liad reached a shallower part A trifling incident, of which I find an account of the pool, and, though staggering from his first in one of their father's letters, will discriminate plunge, had saved both the linnets, which be their characters better than a train of the most held carefully above the water, and landed safelaboured expression.

ly on the opposite bank. He returned to his At the bottom of his garden ran a little rivu. sister by a ford below, and, presenting her the let, which was there dammed up to furnish wa- birds, flung his arms round her neck, and, blubter for a mill below. On the bank was a lin- bering, asked her, if she would now forgive his net's nest, which Harriet had discovered in her unkindness. rambles, and often visited with uncommon an- Such were the minds which Annesly's tuixiety for the callow brood it contained. One tion was to form. To repress the warinth of temerity, without extinguishing the generous enough,” said Annesly, " to put weapons into principles from which it arose, and to give firm- those hands which never have been taught the ness to sensibility where it bordered on weak, use of them; the reading we recommend to ness, without searing its feelings where they led youth will store their minds with intelligence, to virtue, was the task he had marked out for if they attend to it properly; but to go a little his industry to accomplish. He owned, that his farther, we must accustom them to apply it,plan was frequently interrupted on both sides we must teach them the art of comparing the by the tenderness of paternal affection; but he ideas with which it has furnished them.” In accastomed himself to remember, that, for his this view it was the practice, at those stated children, he was accountable to God and their times I have mentioned, for Billy, or his sister, country. Nor was the situation I have described to read a select passage of some classical author, without difficulties, from the delicacy of pre- on whose relations they delivered opinions, or venting inclinations in the extreme, which were on whose sentiments they offered a comment. laudable in degree ; “ but here also,” said An- Never was seen more satisfaction on a countenesly,“ it is to be remembered, that no evil is nance, than used to enlighten their father's, at so pernicious as that which grows in the soil the delivery of those observations, which his from which good should have sprung." little philosophers were accustomed to make;

indeed, there could scarcely, even to a stranger,

be a more pleasing exhibition ; their very errors CHAP. IV.

were delightful, because they were the errors of

benevolence, generosity, and virtue. A very brief Account of their Education. As punishments are necessary in all societies,

Annesly was obliged to invent some for the reAnnesly was not only the superintendant of gulation of his : they consisted only of cerhis children's manners, but their master in the tain modifications of disgrace. One of them several branches of education. Reading, wri. I shall mention, because it was exactly opposite ting, arithmetic, the elements of mathematics to the practice of most of our schools ; while and geography, with a competent knowledge of there, offences are punished by doubling the the French and Italian languages, they learned task of the scholar; with Annesly, the tting together; and while Billy was employed with of a lesson, or performing of an exercise, was a his father in reading Latin and Greek, his sise privilege, of which a forfeiture was incurred by ter received instruction in the female accom- misbehaviour ; to teach his children, that he ofplishments, from a better sort of servant, whom fered them instruction as a favour, instead of Annesly kept for that purpose, whose station pressing it as a hardship. had once been superior to servitude, and whom Billy had a small part of his father's garden he still treated more as a companion than a do- allotted him for bis peculiar property, in which mestic. This instructress, indeed, she lost when he wrought himself, being furnished with no about ten years old ; but the want was more other assistance from the gardener than directhan supplied by the assistance of another, to tions how to manage it, and parcels of the seeds wit, Mrs Wistanly, who devoted many of her which they enabled him to sow. When he had leisure hours to the daughter of Annesly, wbom brought these to maturity, his father purchased she had then got acquainted with, and whom the produce. Billy, with part of the purchasereciprocal worth had attached to her with the money, was to lay in the stores necessary for sincerest friendship and regard. The dancing- his future industry, and the overplus he had the master of a neighbouring town paid them a liberty of bestowing on charitable uses in the weekly visit for their instruction in the science village. The same institution prevailed as to he professed ; at which time also were held their his sister's needle-work or embroidery. For family concerts, where Annesly, who was es- it is necessary,” said Annesly, “ to give an idea teemed in his youth a first-rate player on the of property, but let it not be separated from the violin, used to preside. Billy was an excellent idea of beneficence.” second ; Mrs Wistanly, or her pupil, undertook Sometimes, when these sums were traced to for the harpsichord; and the dancing-master their disbursements, it was found that Harriet's played bass as well as he could. He was not a money did not always reach the village, but was very capital performer, but he was always very intercepted by the piteous recital of a wanderwilling; and found as much pleasure in his ing beggar by the way; and that Billy used to own performance as the best of them. Jack appropriate part of his to purposes not purely Ryland, too, would sometimes join in a catch, eleemosynary; as, when he once parted with though indeed he had but two, Christ Church two-thirds of his revenue, to reward a little boy Bells, and Jack, thou’rt a toper ; and Annesly for beating a big one, who had killed his tame alleged that he was often out in the last, but sparrow; or another time, when he went the Jack would never allow it.

blameable length of comforting with a shilling Besides these, there were certain evenings ap- a lad who had been ducked in a horse-pond, for propriated to exercises of the mind. “ It is not robbing the orchard of a miser.

It was chiefly in this manner of instilling where the hand of a parent and friend had his sentiments (as in the case of the charitable es- therto guided him in happiness and safety. The tablishment I have mentioned,) by leading in- substance of what he delivered to his son and sensibly to the practice of virtue, rather than by daughter, (for she too was an auditor of his disdownright precept, that Annesly proceeded with courses,) I have endeavoured to collect from his children ; for it was his maxim, that the some of the papers Mrs Wistanly put into my heart must feel as well as the judgment be con- hands; and to arrange, as far as it seemed arvinced, before the principles we mean to teach rangeable, in the two following chapters. can be of habitual service; and that the mind It will not, however, after all, have a perfectwill always be more strongly impressed with ly connected appearance; because, I imagine, ideas which it is led to form of itself, than with it was delivered at different times, as occasion those which it passively receives from another. invited, or leisure allowed him; but its tendenWhen, at any time, he delivered instructions, cy appeared to be such, that, even under these they were always clothed in the garb rather of disadvantages, I could not forbear inserting it. advices from a friend, than lectures from a father; and were listened to with the warmth of friendship, as well as the humility of venera

CHAP. V. tion. It is, in truth, somewhat surprising, how little intimacy subsists between parents and Paternal Instructions Of Suspicion and Confitheir children, especially of our sex ; a circum- dence-Ridicule--Religion-True Pleasure stance which must operate, in conjunction with -Caution to the Femule Sex. their natural partiality, to keep the former in ignorance of the genius and disposition of the “ You are now leaving us, my son," said latter.

Annesly, “ to make your entrance into the Besides all this, his children had the general world ; for, though from the pale of a college, advantage of a father's example: they saw the the bustle of ambition, the plodding of business, virtues he inculcated attended by all the conse- and the tinsel of gaiety, are supposed to be exquences in himself, which he had promised them cluded ; yet, as it is the place where the persons as their reward ; piety in him was recompensed that are to perform in those several characters by peace of mind, benevolence by self-satisfac- often put on the dresses of each, there will not tion, and integrity by the blessings of a good be wanting, even there, those qualities that disconscience.

tinguish in all. I will not shock your imaginaBut the time at last arrived, when his son was tion with the picture which some men, retired to leave those instructions, and that example, for from its influence, have drawn of the world; the walks of more public life. As he was intend- nor warn you against enormities, into which, I ed, or, more properly speaking, seemed to have should equally affront your understanding and an inclination, for a learned profession, his fa- your feclings, did I suppose you capable of fallther sent him, in his twentieth year, to receive ing. Neither would I arm you with that susthe finishings of education necessary for that picious caution, which young men are somepurpose, at one of the universities. Yet he had times advised to put on: they who always susnot, I have heard him say, the most favourable pect will often be mistaken, and never be hapopinion of the general course of education there; py. Yet there is a wide distinction between the but he knew that a young man might there confidence which becomes a man, and the simhave an opportunity of acquiring much know- plicity that disgraces a fool: he who never ledge, if he were inclined to it; and that good trusts, is a niggard of his soul, who starves himprinciples might preserve him uncorrupted, self, and by whom no other is enriched ; but he even amidst the dangers of some surrounding who gives every one his confidence, and every dissipation : besides, he had an additional in- one his praise, squanders the fund that should ducement to this plan, from the repeated request serve for the encouragement of integrity, and of a distant relation, who filled an office of some the reward of excellence. consequence at Oxford, and had expressed a very “ In the circles of the world, your notice may earnest desire to have his young kinsman sent be frequently attracted by objects glaring, not thither, and placed under his own immediate useful; and your attachment won to characters, inspection.

whose surfaces are showy, without intrinsic Before he set out for that place, Annesly, value: in such circumstances, be careful not although he had a sufficient confidence in his own ways to impute knowledge to the appearance of son, yet thought it not improper to mark out acuteness, or give credit to opinions according to to him some of those errors to which the unex- the confidence with which they are urged. In perienced are liable. He was not wont, as I have the more importantarticles of belief or conviction, before observed, to press instruction upon his let not the flow of ridicule be mistaken for the children ; but the young man himself seemed force of argument. Nothing is so easy as to exto expect it, with the solicitude of one who ven- cite a laugh, at that time of life when serious. tired, not without anxiety, to leave that road, ness is held to be an incapacity of enjoying it;

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