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18-9

THE

AMERICAN JOURNAL

OF

SCIENCE AND ARTS.

CONDUCTED BY

PROFESSORS B. SILLIMAN, B. SILLIMAN, JR.,

AND

JAMES D. DANA,

IN CONNECTION WITH

PROF. ASA GRAY, OF CAMBRIDGE,
PROF. LOUIS AGASSIZ, OF CAMBRIDGE,
DR. WOLCOTT GIBBS, OF NEW YORK.

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CONTENTS OF VOLUME XXIX.

NUMBER LXX X V.

Page.

Art. I. On the Origination and Distribution of Species :-Intro.

ductory Essay to the Flora of Tasmania ; by Dr. Joseph D.

HOOKER, . . . . . . . .

II. Some General Views on Archæology; by A. Morlot, - 25

III. On a new genus of Patelliform shells from the Cretaceous

rocks of Nebraska; by F. B. Meek and F. V. HAYDEN.-

(With a Plate.), . . . . . . . .

IV. General account of the results of the discussion of the De.

clinometer observations made at Girard College, Philadel.

phia, between the years 1840 to 1845, with special refer.

ence to the eleven year period; by A. D. Bache, Super.

intendent of the U. S. Coast Survey.-(With a Diagram), 36

V. A Visual Method of effecting a Precise Automatic Compari.

son of Time between distant stations; by Jonathan HONER

Lane.-(With a Plate.),” ·

· · 43

VI. On Osmious Acid, and the position of Osmium in the list

of Elements; by Prof. J. W. MALLET, . . . .

VII. The Comas and Tails of Comets; by Prof. W. H. C.

BARTLETT, . . . . . . . . . 62

VIII. On Sodalite and Elæolite from Salem, Massachusetts ; by

J. P. KIMBALL, P.D., . . . . . . . .

IX. Description of Nine new species of Crinoidea from the Sub-

carboniferous Rocks of Indiana and Kentucky ; by SIDNEY

S. Leon and S. A. CASSEDAY, .

X. Theoretical Determination of the Dimensions of Donati's

Comet; by Prof. W. A. Norton, . . . . . 79

XI. Geographical Notices. No. X, .

XII. The Great Auroral Exhibition of August 28th to Septem-

ber 4th, 1859.—2d Article, . . . . . .

XIII. On Numerical Relations existing between the Equivalent

Numbers of Elementary Bodies ; by M. CAREY LEA, . 98

XIV. Remarks on the Dissolution of Field Ice; by Chas. Whit.

TLESEY, . . . . . . . . . 111

Bolany and Zoology. Collection of Cuban Plants, 127.--Systematic Arrangement of the

Species of the Genus Cuscuta, etc., by GEORGE ENGELMANN, M.D. : On the Distribu-

tion of the Forests and Trees of North America, with Notes on its Physical Geography,

by J. G. Cooper, M.D., 128.-ZOOLOGICAL Notices.-Letter of Prof. J. VICTOR

Carus to the Smithsonian Institution, 129.-Die Klassen und Ordnungen des Thier.

Reichs, wissenschaftlich dargestellt in Wort und Bild, von Dr. H. G. BRONN: De-

scription of Oceania (Turritopsis) nutricula, n. s., and the embryological history of a

singular Medusan Larva found in the cavity of its bell, by Prof. John McCRADY, 130.

-On the zoological affinities of Graptoliies, by Prof. John McCRADY, 131.--Letters

from Alabama, chiefly relating to Natural History, by Philir HENRY Gosse, F.R.S.:

Sketch of a revision of the genera Mithracidæ, by Wm. Stimpson, 132.—The Natural

History Review and Quarterly Journal of Science, 133.-An essay on Classification,

by Louis AGASSIZ: On the genus Synapta, by Woodward and Barrett, 131.-

Proceedings of Societies, 134, 135.

Astronomy and Meteorology.-Discovery of the 57th planetoid (Mnemosyne): Total Solar

Eclipse of July 18, 1860, 136.- Notice of the Meteor of Nov. 15, 1859, by Prof. E.

Loomis, 137.- Meleoric Explosion, in West Tennessee, Sept 1st, 1859, Prof. B W.

McDonnold, 139.-Catalogue of the Meteorites in the Imperial Austrian Collection at

Vienna, by Prof. W. HAIDINGER, 139.

Miscellaneous Scientific Intelligence.- Inquiries into the Phenomena of Respiration,

by Edward SMITH, M.D., 142.-Dr. Newberry's Explorations in New Mexico, Utali,
and Texas, 144.—Discovery of Devonian rocks and fossils in Wisconsin : Cretaceous
Strata at Gay Head, Mass. : The New Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge,

Messrs. Blake and Chauvenet, 145.-Prof. Dana, 146.

New Books.-Archaia ; or Studies of the Cosmogony and Natural History of the Ilebrew

Scriptures, by J. W. Dawson, LL.D., F.G S., 146.–On the Origin of Species by means

of Natural Selection : or, the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for life, by

CHARLES DARWIN, 146 –Elements of Somatology: A Treatise on the general princi-

ples of Matter, by Prof. GEO. M. MACLEAN, M.D.: The Telegraph Manual, a complete

history of the Telegraphs of Europe, Asia, Africa and America, by T. P. SCHAFFNER,

150.–Bail's Drawing System: The Human Head, by Louis Bail: Memoir of John

Griscom, LL.D., late Professor of Chemistry and Nat. Philosophy, &c., by Join H.

GRISCOM, M.D., 151.-Notices of new works, 152.

Obituary.--Professor William W. Turner: Dr. George Wilson, 152.

Page.

Art. XV. Review of Darwin's Theory on the Origin of Species

by means of Natural Selection,

ection,

..

'. • . •

152

XVI. Forces ; by Theodore LYMAN, . . . . . 185

XVII. On the causes of deviation in Elongated Projectiles; by

Maj. J. G. BARNARD, U. S. A., . . . . . 191

XVIII. Gulf Stream Explorations—Third Memoir. Distribution

of Temperature in the Water of the Florida Channel and

Straits ; by A. D. Bache, Sup’t U. S. Coast Survey._ With

Diagrams, . . · · · · · · 199

XIX. On the Chemical Composition of Pectolite; by J.D.WHITNEY, 205

XX. Notes on the Ancient Vegetation of North America ; by

Dr. J. S. NEWBERRY. In a letter to Prof. DANA, .. . 208

XXI. Abstract of a Meteorological Journal, kept at Marietta,

Ohio; by S. P. HildreTH, M.D., . . . . .

XXII. Geographical Notices; by Daniel C. Gilman. No. XI, 221

Biographical Sketch of Carl Ritter, 221.–Lentz's Report

on his Explorations in Persia and Afghanistan, 232.—SCHLA-

GINTWEIT's Ethnographical Collections, 235.-A. SCILAGINT-

weit's Death in Turkistan, 236.—Letter from Dr. Livings-

TONE, 337.-KRAPF's Residence and Travel's in Eastern Af.

rica, 240.-SPEKE's Explorations in Eastern Africa, 242.-

H. SCHLAGINTWEit on the Salt Lakes of the Himalayas, 245.

- Journal of the Roy. Geographical Soc. of London, 246.

XXIII. On the Species of Calceola found in Tennessee:-Calceola

Americana; by Prof. J. M. SAFFORD, . . . . 248

XXIV. The Great Auroral Exhibition of August 25th to Septem.

ber 4th, 1859.—3d Article, . . . . . . 219

XXV. Correspondence of Mr. JEROME NICKLÈS-Biography,

Cagniard-Latour, 266.—'The Aurora Borealis and its theory,

268.-Human Remains in the Drift : Curare in the treat-

ment of Tetanus, 269.--The new alloys of Platinum :

Rifled Cannon, 270.-Acclimation : Photo-Chemical Re.

searches-Persistent Activity of Light : Maritime Canals, 271

SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.

Chemistry and Physics.-On two new series of Organic Acids, HeinTZ, 272.-On the

chemical constitution of Isethionic acid and Taurin, KOLBE: Researches on the atomic

weight of Graphite, BRODIE, 274.-On the Cause of Color and the Theory of Light, by

Mr. John Smiti, M.A., 276.

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