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PUBLISHED BY B. J. HOLDSWORTH, 18, ST. PAUL'S CHURCH-YARD.

SOLD ALSO BY JOHN ANDERSON, JUNIOR, AND
JAMES ROBERTSON AND CO. EDINBURGH;
AND CHALMERS AND COLLINS,

GLASGOW. : : is.

H. Bryer, Printer, Bridge-street, Blackfriars, London,

THE

ECLECTIC REVIEW,

For JANUARY, 1823.

Art. I. 1. Histoire des Republiques Italiennes du Moyen Age. The

History of the Italian Republics of the Middle Ages. By J. C. L. Simonde de' Sismondi. 16 vols. Svo, pp. 7740. Paris. 1809,

1815, 1818. 2. Illustrations, Historical and Critical, of the Life of Lorenzo de'

Medici, called the Magnificent ; with an Appendix of Original and other Documents. By William Roscoe. 8vo. pp. 400. Price

10s. 6d. London. 1822. THERE are some striking coincidences, both in facts and in

romantic interest, between the earlier and the later periods of Italian History. We find, in the most ancient as well as in more modern times, the same division into small states, generally constituted on principles more or less popular; the same tendency to mutual dissension; and the same consequent liability to invasion and subjugation, by powers less refined and, though not more martial in their habits, more successful in their enterprises, from the single, concentrated, and persevering direction of their plans and movements. The Etruscan Lucumonies, like the Italian Republics of the Middle Ages, were eminent in arts and arms. The massive materials and gigantic proportions of their mural structures, may be deemed slender evidence of their architectural skill ; but the beautiful relics of their pottery, and the various indications to be collected from history, from inscriptions, and from other monumental remains, furnish unquestionable proof of the industry, refinement, and high spirit of this remote but brilliant people. The federation in which they were united, although it was, no doubt, effectual and beneficial to a certain extent, seems, on many important occasions, to have given way before the suggestions of selfish policy, or the terror of an approaching enemy; and it ultimately dissolved under the systematic encroachment and steady aggrand-, Vol. XIX. N.S.

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