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THOUGH THOU HADST MADE A GENERAL SURVEY
OP ALL THE BEST OF MEN'S BEST KNOWLEDGES,
AND KNEW SO MUCH AS EVER LEARNING KNEW ;
YET DID IT MAKE THEE TRUST THYSELF THE LESS,
AND LESS PRESUME.—AND YET WHEN BEING MOV'D
IN PRIVATE TALK TO SPEAK; THOU DIDST BEWRAY
HOW FULLY PRAUGHT THOU WERT WITHIN; AND PROV'D
THAT THOU DIDST KNOW WHATEVER WIT COULD SAY.
WHICH SHOW'D THOU HADST NOT BOOKS AS MANY HAVE,
FOR OSTENTATION, BUT FOR USE; AND THAT
THY BOUNTEOUS MEMORY WAS SUCH AS GAVE
A LARGE REVENUE. OF THE GOOD IT GAT.
WITNESS SO MANY VOLUMES, WHERETO THOU
HAST SET THY NOTES UNDER THY LEARNED HAND,
AND MARK'D THEM WITH THAT PRINT, AS WILL SHOW HOW
THE POINT OF THY CONCEIVING THOUGHTS DID STAND;
THAT NONE WOULD THINK, IF ALL THY LIFE HAD BEEN
TURN'D INTO LEISURE, THOU COULDST HAVE ATTAIN'D
SO MUCH OF TIME, TO HAVE PERUS'D AND SEEN
80 MANY VOLUMES THAT SO MUCH CONTAIN'D."

7

DANIEL. Funeral Poem upon the Death of the late Noble Earl of

Devonshire."WELL-LANGUAGED DANIEL,” as BROWNE calls him in his “BRITTANIA's PastorALS,” was one of Southey's favourite Poets.

JOHN WOOD WARTÉR.

812

paring the sheets for the press, added a few notes on difficult and doubtful passages or expressions, but on consideration I crossed them out. One or two inadvertently remain, which may serve as a sample of others The Index I have taken such pains with as I might.

The lines quoted on the fly leaf from Daniel, I have quoted in the new edition of The Doctor, &c., in one volume ; but they seem, if possible, more to the purpose here. The purity of his English weighs with me, as it did with the lamented Southep.

JOHN WOOD WARTER

ICARAGE, West TARRING, SUSSEX,

April 10, 1849..

Southey's Common-place Book.

CHOICE PASSAGES, MORAL, RELIGIOUS, POLITICAL, PHILOSOPHICAL, HISTORICAL, POETICAL, AND

MISCELLANEOUS.

Toleration.

Quaker Dress. "As to the thing itself," says JEREMY Tay- SAMUEL FOTHERGILL says to a young man LOR, " the truth is, it is better in contemplation who had laid aside the dress of the Society, and than practice : for reckon all that is got by it with it some of the moral restrictions which it when you come to handle it, and it can never imposed, “If thou hadst appeared like a religious, satisfy for the infinite disorders happening in sober Friend, those companions who have exthe government, the scandal to religion, the ceedingly wounded thee, durst not have at. secret dangers to public societies, the growth tempted to frequent thy company. If thon of heresy, the nursing up of parties to a grand- hadst no other inducement to alter thy dress, I eur so considerable as to be able in their own beseech thee to do it to keep the distinction our time to change the laws and the government. principles lead to, and to separate thee from So that if the question be, whether mere opinions fools and fops. At the same time that by a are to be prosecuted, it is certainly true they prudent distinction in appearance thou scatter. ought not. But if it be considered how by est away those that are the bane of youth, opinions men rifle the affairs of kingdoms, it is thou wilt engage the attention of those whose also as certain, they ought not to be made pub-company will be profitable and honourable to "lic and permitted."

thee."

I Religion.

Forms. “ That is no good religion,” says JEREMY " La vraie philosophie respecte les formes TAYLOR, “whose principles destroy any duty autant que l'orgueil les dédaigne. Il faut une of religion. He that shall maintain it to be discipline pour la conduite, comme il faut un lawful to make a war for the defence of his ordre pour les idées. Nier l'utilité des rits et opinion, be it what it will, his doctrine is des pratiques religieuses en matière de morale, against godliness. Any thing that is proud, any ce serait nier l'empire des notions sensibles sur thing that is peevish and scornful, any thing des êtres qui ne sont pas de purs esprits; ce that is uncharitable, is against the úylaivovoa serait nier la force de l'habitude.”—PORTALIS.. Dideokahía, that form of sound doctrine which (Louis Goldsmith-Recueil, tom. 1, p. 277). the Apostle speaks of."

Religious Truths.
Faith and Opinion.

"La vérité est comme un rayon du soleil; si "FAITH," says

the "Public Friend,” SAMUEL nous voulons la fixer en elle-même, elle nous FOTHERGILL, overcomes the World : Opinion éblouit et nous aveugle : mais si nous ne conis overcome by the World. Faith is triumphant sidérons que les objets qu'elle nous rend sensiin its power and in its effects; it is of divine bles, elle éclaire à la fois notre esprit et réchauffe tendency to renew the heart, and to produce notre cæur.”—Saint-PIERRE.—Harmonies de those fruits of purity and holiness which demon- la Nature, tom. 3, p. 2. strate the dignity of its original : Opinion has filled the world, enlarged the field of speculation, and been the cause of producing fruits di

The Thoo Gates of Heaven. reotly opposite to the nature of faith. Opinion "Dieu a mis sur la terre deux portes qui has terminated in schism : Faith is productive mènent au ciel : il les a placées aux deux exof unity.”

trémités de la vie ; l'une à l'entrée, l'autre à la

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that “

sortie. La première est celle de l'innocence, la dernière est celle du répentir.” — Saint

New Opinions, how treated in Macaria. Pierre.- Harmonies de la Nature, tom. 3, The Traveller in the old Dialogue, who gives

an account of the "famous kingdom of Macaria,' says, “they have such rules, that they need no

considerable study to accomplish all knowledge Christianity.

fit for divines, by reason that there is no diversity "For certain it is, Christianity is nothing else of opinions amongst them.” Upon which the but the most perfect design that ever was, to Scholar with whom he is conversing asks, “How make a man be happy in his whole capacity: and can that be ?" as the law was to the Jews, so was philosophy Trav. Very easily : for they have a law, to the Gentiles, a schoolmaster to bring them to that if any divine shall publish a new opinion Christ, to teach them the rudiments of happi- to the common people, he shall be accounted a ness, and the first and lowest things of reason; disturber of the public peace, and shall suffer that when Christ was come all mankind might death for it. become perfect—that is, be made regular in Schol. But that is the way to keep them in their appetites, wise in their understandings, error perpetually, if they be once in it

. assisted in their duties, directed to, and in- “ Trav. You are deceived : for, if any ono structed in, their great ends. And this is that hath conceived a new opinion, he is allowed which the Apostle calls being perfect men in every year freely to dispute it before the great Christ Jesus ;' perfect in all the intendments of Council. If he overcome his adversaries, or nature, and in all the designs of God. And this such as are appointed to be opponents, then it was brought to pass by discovering, and restor- is generally received for truth; if it be overcome, ing, and improving the law of Nature, and by then it is declared to be false.”Harleian Misturning it all into religion.”—JEREMY Taylor, cellany (8vo. edit.) vol. 6, p. 383. Preface to the Life of Christ.

Trades.
Law.

In the "famous kingdom of Macaria,' there The Jesuit P. RICHEOME says of the law, are established laws, so that there are not too

entre toutes les parties de ceste faculté many tradesmen, nor too few, by enjoining longer la preud-hommie et bonne conscience est la plus or shorter times of apprenticeship.”Harleian rare, et la plus requise à un advocat Chrestien. Miscellany (8vo. edit.) vol. 6. C'est pour elle que les Advocats renouvellent tous les ans leur serment à la Saint Martin, ceremonie qui monstre que c'est la qualité la

Periodical Emigrations. plus necessaire de toutes au jugement des bons Tue speculative politician who at the meetjuges.”—Plainte Apologetique, p. 69.

ing of the Long Parliament recommended for • their adoption the laws of the ideal kingdom of

Macaria, as a panacea for the disturbances of Bonum and Bene.

the state, mentions among other institutions, "a It was well said by the Scotch Jesuit, Wil-law for New Plantations, that every year a cer. LIAM Critton (Crichton?) “ Deum magis amare tain number shall be sent out, strongly fortified, adverbia quam nomina : quia in additionibus and provided for at the public charge, till such (actionibus ?) magis ei placent BENE et LEGITIME time as they may subsist by their own endeavours. quam bonum et legitimum. Ita ut nullum bo- And this number is set down by the Council num liceat facere nisi BENE et LEGITIME fieri for New Plantations, wherein they take diligent possit.

notice of the surplusage of people that may be

spared.--Harleian Miscellany (8vo. edit.) vol. 6, Hume's Opinion of the Stability of American

Dependence. HUME says, speaking of our first plantations Abolition of Offices and Privileges. in America, “Speculative reasoners during that "He that thinks the King gives away nothing age, raised many objections to the planting of that is worth the keeping, when he suffers an those remote colonies, and foretold that after office, which keeps and maintains many officers draining their mother country of inhabitants, to be abolished, and taken away, does not conthey would soon shake off her yoke, and erect sider that so much of his train is abated ; and an independent Government in America. But that he is less spoken of, and consequently less time has shewn, that the views entertained by esteemed in those places where that power forthose who encouraged such generous undertak- merly extended : nor observes how private men ings were more just and solid. A mild govern- value themselves upon those lesser franchises and ment and great naval force have preserved, and royalties, which especially keep up the power, may still preserve during some time, the do- distinction, and degrees of men.”—CLARENDON, minion of England over her colonies."

vol. 1, p. 444 This was written in 1758.

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HOBBES-HOLINSHED.

11 suspend their former just and necessary obligaDifference between Craft and Wisdom.

tions.-Εικων Βασιλικη, p. 106. SPEAKING of the Parliamentary Leaders in Charles I.'s time, HOBBES says, “If craft be wisdom they were wise enough : but wise, as I

Church Dignities. define it, is he that knows how to bring his For those secular additaments and orna. business to pass (without the assistance of ments of authority, civil honour and estate, knavery and ignoble shifts) by the sole strength which my predecessors and Christian Princes of his good contrivance. A fool may win from in all countries have annexed to Bishops and a better gamester by the advantage of false dice, Churchmen, I look upon them but as just reand packing of cards.”—Behemoth.

wards of their learning and piety who are fit to be in any degree of Church Goverment : also

enablements to works of charity and hospitality, Aristocracy of Trade. Proneness of Tradesmen meet strengthenings of their authority in point to Disaffection.

of respect and observance, which in peaceful GREAT capital cities when rebellion is upon times is hardly paid to any Governors by the pretence of grievances, must needs be of the measure of their virtues so much as by that of rebel party, because the grievances are but their estates; poverty and meanness exposing taxes, to which citizens, that is, merchants, them and their authority to the contempt of li. whose profession is their private gain, are nat-centious minds and manners, which persecuting urally mortal enemies; their only glory being times much restrained. to grow excessively rich by buying and sell- “I would have such men Bishops as are most ing

worthy of those encouragements, and best able B. But they are said to be of all callings to use them. If at any time my judgement of the most beneficial to the Commonwealth, by men failed, my good intention made my error setting the poorer sort of people to work. venial : and some bishops I am sure I had,

A. That is to say, by making poor people whose learning, gravity and piety, no men of sell their labour to them at their own prices. any worth or forehead can deny. But of all So that poor people, for the most part, might men, I would have Churchmen, especially the get a better living by working in Bridewell

, Governors, to be redeemed from that vulgar than by spinning, weaving, and other such la- neglect, which (besides an innate principle of bour as they can do; saving that by working vicious opposition, which is in all men against slightly they may help themselves a little, to those that seem to reprove or restrain them) will the disgrace of our manufacture. And as most necessarily follow both the Presbyterian Party, commonly they are the first encouragers of re- which makes all ministers equal, and the Indebellion presuming of their strength, so also are pendent Inferiority, which sets their Pastors bethey for the most part, the first to repent, de- low the People."--Eckwv Baolacky, p. 149. ceived by them that command their strength.” -HOBBES, Behemoth.

Cottagers by the Wayside.

"THE Lords of the soil do unite their small Leagues and Covenants.

occupying, only to increase a greater proportion "SOLEMN Leagues and Covenants," says of rent; and therefore they either remove, or Charles I. “are the common road used in all give license to erect small tenements by the factions and powerful perturbations of State or high ways' sides and commons; whereunto in Church : where formalities of extraordinary truth, they have no right, and yet out of them also zeal and piety are never more studied and elab- do raise a new commodity." Harrison, in the orate, than when Politicians most agitate des- Description of Britain, describes this encroachperate designs against all that is settled or ing upon the wayside as "a fault to be found sacred in religion and laws; which by such almost in every place, even in the time of our screws are cunningly, yet forcibly, wrested by most gracious and sovereign Lady Elizabeth." secret steps and less sensible degrees from their -HOLLINSHED's Chronicles, vol. 1, p. 189. known rule and wonted practice, to comply with the humours of those men, who aim to subdue all to their own will and power under the dis- Toleration of the Reformed Churches. gaises of holy Combinations. Which cords and "We find that all Christian Churches kept withes will hold men's consciences no longer this rule ; they kept themselves and others close than Force attends and twists them : for every to the Rule of Faith, and peaceably suffered ono man soon grows his own Pope, and easily ab- another to differ in ceremonies, but suffered no solves himself of those ties, which, not the com- difference amongst their own. They gave liberty mands of God's word, or the Laws of the Land, to other Churches; and gave laws and no libbut only the subtlety and terror of a Party casts erty to their own subjects. And at this day upon him ; either superfluous and vain, when the Churches of Geneva, France, Switzerland, they were sufficiently tyed before; or fraudulent Germany, Low Countries, tie all their people to and injurious, if by such after ligaments they their own laws, but tie up no man's conscience : find the imposers really aiming to dissolve or if he be not persuaded as they are, let him cha

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