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fyrst, and ye shall tell us after."-Sir THOMAS Defiance of Authority.

More's Dialoge, ff. 61. “SOME have I sene which when they have for theyr paryllous prechynge ben by theyr prelates prohybyted to preche, bave (that not with

Holiday Sports. standyng) proceded on styll. And for the mayn "In some countries they go on hunting comtenaunce of theyr disobedyence, have amended monly on good Friday in the morning, for a the matter with an heresy, boldely and stubburnly common custom. Will ye break the evil cusdefendynge, that syth they had connynge to tom, or cast away Good Friday? There be preche, they were by God bounden to preche. cathedral churches into which the country comAnd that no man, nor no lawe that was made, eth with processions at Whitsuntide, and the or coulde be made, had any authoryte to forbede women following the cross with many an unthem. And this they thought saffycyently womanly song, and that such honest wives as proved by the wordes of the appostle, Oportet out of that procession ye could not hyre to magis obedire Deo quam hominibus. As though speck one such foul rybaudry word as they these men were appostles, now specyally sent by there sing for God's sake hole rebaudous songs God to preche heresyes and sow sedycyon as loud as their throat can cry. Will you mend amonge Crysten men, as the very appostles that lewde manner or put away Whitsuntide ? were in dede sente and commaundyd by God to Ye speak of lewdness used at pylgrymages; is preche his very faythe to the Jeves.”—Sir there, trow ye, none used on holy days ? And Thomas More's Dialoge, ff. 38.

why do ye not then advise us to put them clean away, Sundays and all ? Some wax dronke in

Lent of wygges and cracknels; and yet ye Scripture not need ful.

wolde not, I trust, that Lent were fordone.". “The fayth came in to Saynt Peter his Sir Thomas More's Dialoge, ff. 79. harte as to the prynce of the appostles, without herynge, by secrete inspyracyon, and into the remenaunt by his confessyon and Crystes holy

A Reforming Itinerant. mouthe; and by theym in lyke maner, fyrste “May ye not tell his name, quod he. without wrytynge by onely words and prechynge, Which of them, quod I; for he had mo names so was it spredde abrode in the worlde, that than half a lefe can hold. Where dwellyd he, his faythe was by the mouthes of his holy mes- quod your frend. Every where and no where, sengers put in to mennes eres, and by his holy quod I : for he walked about as an apostle of hande wrytten in mennes hartes, or ever any the Devyll from shyre to shyre and towne to worde thereof almost was wrytten in the boke. towne, throwe the realme, and had in every And so was it convenyent for the laue of lyfe, diocyse a dyverse name : by reason whereof he rather to be wrytten in the lyvely myndes of did many years moche harm or he coulde be men, than in the dede skynnes of bestes. And found out."-Sir Thomas More's Dialoge, I nothynge doubte, but all had it so ben, that ff. 90. never gospell hadde ben wrytten, yet sholde the substaunce of this fayth never have fallen out of Crysten folkes hartes, but the same spyryte

Too Many Priests. that planted it, the same sholde have watered "Were I Pope," says Sir Thomas More it, the same shold have kepte it, the same shold in his Dialoge with the Messenger. “By my have encreased it."-Sir Thomas More's Dia- soul, quod he, I wolde ye were, and my lady, loge, f. 46.

your wife, Popess, too. Well, quod I, then sholde she devyse for nuns.

And as for me, touchyng the choice of prestys, I could not well Dinner Hour.

devyse better provysyons than are by the laws “By my trouthe, quod he, I have another of the Chyrche provyded allredy, if they were tale to tell you, that all thys gere graunted, as wel kept as they be well made. But for tournyth us yet into as moche uncertayntye as the nomber, I wolde surely see such a way were in before. Ye, quod I, then have we well therin that we sholde not have such a rabbell, walked after the balade, 'the further I go, the that every mean man must have a preste in his more behynde.' I pray you what thynge is house to wayte upon his wyfe, which no man that? For that longe I to here ere yet we go. almost lackett now, to the contempt of presthed, Nay, quod he, it were better ye dyne fyrste. in as vyle offyce as his horse-keeper. That is, My lady wyll I wene be angry with me that I quod he, trouth in dede, and in worse too, for kepe you so longe therefro, for I holde it now they keep hawkes and dogges : and yet mo well towarde twelve. And yet more angry semeth surely a more honest servyce to wayte wolde waxe wyth me, yf I sholde make you syt on an horse than on a dogge. And yet I supand muse at your mete, as ye wolde I wote well pose, quod I, yf the laws of the Chyrch which muse on the matter, yf ye wysta what it were. Luther and Tyndall wolde have all broken, If I were, quod I, lyke my wyfe, I sholde muse were all well observed and kept this gere more theron nowe, and ete no mete for longynge sholde not be thus, but the nomber of prestes to knowe. But come on than, and let us dyne wolde be much mynyshed, and the remenaunt

Six THOMAS MORE-MERCURIUS RUSTICUS.

15 moche the better. For it is by the laws of the to the counsayle of Cryst, by whiche they saye Chyrch provyded, to the entente no preste that we be forboden to defend ourselfe; and sholde unto the slaunder of presthed, be dryven that St. Peter was reproved of our Savyour to lyve in such lewd maner, or worse, there when he strake of Malchus ere, all be it that sholde none be admytted unto presthed, untyll he did it in the defence of his own master, and he have a tytell of a suffycyent yerely lyvyng, the most innocent man that ever was. And eyther of his own patrymony or other wyse. unto this they lay, that syth the time that Nor at this day they be none other wyse ac- Cristen men first fell to fyghting, it hath never cepted. Why, quod he, wherefore go there so encreased, but alway mynyshed and decayed. many of them a begging ? Marry, quod I, for So that at this day the Turk hath estraỹted us they delude the law and themself also. For very nere, and brought it within a right narrow they never have a graunt of a lyvyng that may compass, and narrower shall do, say they, as serve them in syght for that purpose, but they long as we go about to defend Crystendome by secretly discharge it, ere they have it, or els the sword: which they say, sholde be as it was they could not gete it. And thus the Bysshop in the beginning encreased, so be contynued is blynded by the syght of the wrytyng, and the and preserved only by pacyence and martyrprest goth a beggynge for all his graunt of a dome."-SIR Thomas More's Dialoge, ff. good lyvynge; and the laue is deluded and the 145. order is rebuked by the prestes beggynge and lewd lyvynge, which eyther is fayne to walk at rovers, and lyve upon trentalles or worse, or

Readiness of Belief in the Reformed People. ellys to serve in a secular mannes house, which “Surely for the most part such as be ledde sholde not nede yf this gappe were stopped.”— out of the ryght way do rather fall thereto of a ff. 103.

lewde lyghtnesse of theyre owne mynde, than for any grete thynge that moveth theym in

theyr mayster that techeth them. For we se The Bible. Sir Thomas More's Opinion. them as redy to byleve a purser, a glover, or a

“Where as many thynges be layde against wever, that nothynge can do but scantely rede it, yet is there in my mynde not one thyng that Englysshe, as well as they wolde byleve the more putteth good men of the clergy in doubte wysest and the best lerned doctor in the to suffre it, than this that they se sometyme realme."--Sir Thomas More's Dialoge, ff. moche of the worse sorte more fervent in the 147. callyng for it, than them whom we fynde far better. Which maketh them to fere lest suche men desyre it for no good, and lest if it were

Sectaries at Chelmsford. had in every mannes hande, there wold grete "There was but one church at Chelmsford, parell aryse, and that sedycyous peopl sholde the Parishioners were so many that there were do more harme therewith, than good and honest 2000 communicants, and Dr. Michelson the folke sholde take fruyte thereby. Which fere I Parson was an able and godly man. Before promyse you nothynge fereth me; but that this Parliament was called of this numerous who soever wolde of theyr malyce or foly take congregation there was not one to be named, harme of that thynge that is of itselfe ordeyned man or woman, that boggled at the Common to do all men good, I wold never for the avoyd- Prayers, or refused to receive the sacrament ynge of theyr harme, take from other the profyte kneeling, the posture which the Church of Eng. whiche they myght take, and nothynge deserve land (walking in the footsteps of venerable anto lese. For els, yf the abuse of a good thynge tiquity) hath by act of Parliament enjoined all sholde cause the takynge awaye thereof from those which account it their happiness to be other that wolde use it well, Cryst sholde hym- called her children. But since this magnified self never have been borne, nor brought his reformation was set on foot this town (as indeed fayth into the worlde, nor God sholde nevermost Corporations, as we find by experience, have made it neyther, yf he sholde for the loss- are nurseries of faction and rebellion) is so filled es of those that wolde be dampned wretches, with sectaries, especially Brownists and Ana. have kept away the occasyon of rewarde from baptists, that a third part of the people refuse them that wolde with help of his grace, endea- to communicate in the Church Liturgy, and voure them to deserve it." --SIR THOMAS MORE's half refuse to receive the blessed sacrament Dialoge, ff. 114-5.

unless they may receive it in what posture they please to take it."-Mercurius Rusticus, p.

22. Luther's Declaration against War. " LUTHER and his followers among their other heresies hold for a plain conclusion, that Dr. Featley's Sermon against Sectaries. it is not lefull for any Crysten man to fight “THE Scripture,” said Dr. Featley, preachagainst the Turk, or to make agaynst him any ing in those days at Lambeth, sets forth the resystance though he come into Crystendome true visible Church of Christ upon earth, under with a great army, and labour destroy all. the emblem of a great field a great floo For they say that all Crysten men are bounden great house, a great sheet, a great draw-net, a

great and large foundation, &c. The church

Covenant and the number 666. shadowed out under these similitudes cannot be their congregation, or rather conventicles. For, “It will not,” says the Querela Cantabria as they brag and commend themselves, wanting giensis, “ be more than what upon trial will be good neighbours, in their field there are no found true, if we here mention a mystery which tares, in their floor there is no chajf, in their many (we conceive) will not a little wonder at, house no vessels of dishonour, in their sheet no viz., that the Covenant for which all this perseunclean beasts, in their net no trash, on their cution hath been consists of six articles, and foundation nothing built but gold, silver, and those articles of 666 words. This is not the precious stones. They have not sate with vain first time that persecution hath risen in England persons, nor kept company with dissemblers : upon six articles. Witness those in the reign they have hated the assembly of malignants, of king Henry VIII. But as for the number of and have not accompanied with the ungodly : the Beast, to answer directly to the words of they have not, and will not christen in the same those six articles, it is a thing which (consider. font; nor sit at the holy table (for to kneel at ing God's blessed Providence in every particular the Sacrament is Idolatry), nor drink spiritually thing) hath made many of us and others sethe blood of our Redeemer in the same chalice riously and often to reflect upon it, though we with the wicked. Get ye packing then out of were never so superstitiously caballistical as our Churches with your bags and baggages, to ascribe much to numbers. This discovery, hoyse up sail for New England, or the Isle of we confess, was not made by any of us, but by Providence, or rather Sir Thomas More's Euto- a very judicious and worthy divine (M. Geast) pia, where Plato's Commoner, and Oforius his formerly of our university, and then a prisoner Nobleman, and Castillio his Courtier, and Ve- (for his conscience) within the precincts of it, getius his Soldier, and Tully his Orator, and and not yet restored to his liberty, but removed Aristotles Felix, and the Jews Bencohab, and to London. And therefore we shall forbear to the Manachees Paraclete, and the Gnosticks Il- insist any farther, either upon it, or the occasion luminate Ones, and the Montanists Spiritual of it."-P. 24. Ones, and the Pelagians Perfect Ones, and the Catharests Pure Ones, and their Precise and Holy Ones, are all met at Prince Arthur's Round Presbyterians win the Women. Table, where every guest like the Table is to "MADAM,” says Jeremy Taylor (vol. 9, tus, teres atque rotundus.Mercurius Rusticus, 314) in a Dedication to the Countess Dowager

of Devonshire, “I know the arts of these men;

and they often put me in mind of what was told “There are three heads of Catechism and me by Mr. Sackville, the late Earl of Dorset's grounds of Christianity, the Apostles Creed, the uncle; that the cunning sects of the world (he Lord's Prayer and Ten Commandments. These named the Jesuits and the Presbyterians) did may be more truly than Gorran his Postills more prevail by whispering to ladies, than all termed aurea fundamenta, which they go about the church of England and the more sober to overthrow and cast down, and when they Protestants could do by fine, force and strength have done it, no place remaineth for them to of argument. For they, by prejudice or fears, build their synagogues or Maria Rotundas, but terrible things and zealous nothings, confident the sand in the saw-pit where their Apostle sayings and little stories, governing the ladies Brown first taught most profoundly. The consciences, who can persuade their lords, their Lord's Prayer they have excluded out of their lords will convert their tenants, and so the Liturgy, the Apostles' Creed out of their Con- world is all their own." fession, and the Ten Commandments by the Antinomians their disciples out of their rule of life. They are too good to say the Lord's

Prophecy against Elizabeth. prayer, better taught than to rehearse the Apos ARCHBISHOP PARKER concluded the last let. tles' Creed, better-lived than to hear the Deca- ter which he ever wrote to Burleigh, “ with an logue read at their service, for God can see no old prophetic verse, that often as he said, recursin in them, ,-nor man honesty."'-Dr. FEATLEY, red to his head, though he was not much led, Mercurius Rusticus, p. 170.

he said, by worldly prophecies : namely this,

"Fæmina morte cadet, postquam terram mala Testimony of our own Lives to the Spirit. tangent.

“If the Spirit be obeyed, if it reigns in us, Hereby hinting his fears of the Queen's life, ocif we live in it, if we walk after it, if it dwells casioned by those that now so neglected her in us, then we are sure that we are the sons of authority (he was speaking of the sectaries) ; God. There is no other testimony to be ex- and his apprehension of formidable evils that pected, but the doing of our duty. All things might fall upon the nation afterward. else (unless an extra-regular light spring from

* This old prophecy," continues Strype Heaven and tell us of it) are but fancies and de- " (whereof the Archbishop repeated only the ceptions, or uncertainties at the best."-JERE- first verse, and had it seems some weight with MY TAYLOR, vol. 9, p. 158.

it in those times, among the better sort that

p. 167.

STRYPE-HAMMOND.

17 dreaded the issue of the Queens death), I have pushed out some hurtful suckers, receding every met with in the Cotton Library, as pretending way from the mother plant; crooked and missome disaster to befall the Queen, and the inva- shapen if you will, and obscuring and eclipsing sion and conquest of the kingdom by the king the beauty of its stem; yet still there was someof Spain, or some other king. They are an thing in their height and verdure which bespoke hexastich of old rhiming verses, with an old the generosity of the stock they rose from. She translation of them into English : as follow. is now seen under all the marks of a total

decay: her top scorched and blasted, her chief Fæmina morte cadet, postquam terram mala branches bare and barren, and nothing remaintangent.

ing of that comeliness which once invited the Trans vada rex veniet; postquam populi cito whole continent to her shade. The chief sign plangent.

of life she now gives is the exuding from her Trans freta tendentes, nil proficiendo laborant sickly trunk a number of deformed fungus's, Gentes, deplorent illustres morte cadentes. which call themselves of her, because they stick Ecce repentina validos mors atque ruina upon her surface, and suck out the little reTollet, prosternet, nec Gens tua talia cernet. mains of her sap and spirits.”—WARBURTON,

Introduction to Julian.
The translation followeth.
The common stroke of death shall stop a wom-
ans breath.

Alliance between Church and State. Great grief shall then ensue; and battle gin to "Ir,'' says WARBURTON, the reader should brew.

ask where this charter, or treaty of convention A king shall oer the stream. The people of for the union of the two societies, on the terms this Reame.

here delivered, is to be found ? we are enabled Shall then complayne and mourne, and all in to give him a satisfactory answer. It may be dueyl sojourne.

found, we say, in the same archive with the The saylors ore the flood shall do themselves famous originAL COMPACT between magistrate no good.

and people, so much insisted on, in vindication Ne profyt, nor yet avayl, when Death doth of the common rights of subjects. Now when them assayl,

à sight of this compact hath been required of The sore stroke repentine of Death and great the defenders of civil liberty, they held it suffi. ruine.

cient to say, that it is enough for all the purposes The stalworthy men of strength shall lye down of fact and right, that such original compact is at the length

the only legitimate foundation of civil society; In field and eke in strete. Thy Folk yet shall that if there were no such thing formally exenot see't."

cuted, there was virtually ; that all differences Life of Archbishop Parker, p. 493. between magistrate and people ought to be reg

ulated on the supposition of such a compact,

and all government reduced to the principles Degeneracy of Theological Studies in Warbur- therein laid down; for that the happiness of ton's Age.

which civil society is productive, can only be The system of man, that is of ethics and attained by it, when formed on those princitheology, received almost as many improvements ples. Now something like this we say of our from the English divines, during the course of Alliance between Church and Stato.” — Vol. 4, the Reformation, as the system of nature, amongst p. 140. the same people hath done since. It would have received more, but for the evil influence which the corrupt and mistaken politics of those

Elton Hammonds Belief! times have had upon it. For politics have ever "I BELIEVE that man requires religion. I had fixed effects on science. And this is natu- believe that there is no true religion now existral. What is strange in the story is that these ing. I believe that there will be one. It will studies gradually decay under an improved con- not, after 1800 years of existence, be of quesstitution. Insomuch that there is now neither tionable truth and utility, but perhaps in eighteen force enough in the public genius to emulate years be entirely spread over the earth, an eftheir forefathers, nor sense enough to understand tectual remedy for all human suffering, and a the use of their discoveries. It would be an source of perpetual joy. It will not need iminvidious task to inquire into the causes of this mense learning to be understood, it will be subdegeneracy. It is sufficient, for our humiliation, ject to no controversy.-E. H.” that we feel the effects.

Not that we must suppose, there was nothing to dishonor the happier times which went before: there were too many;

Safety only in Peter's ship. but then the mischiefs were well repaired by the "Extra enim Petri naviculum perseverantes, abundance of the surrounding blessings. This cito submergunt : ipsius vero ductu atque veChurch, like a fair and vigorous tree, once hiculo homines perveniunt ad portum salutis. teemed with the richest and noblest burthen. Tutius profecto est navigare quam natare ; duci And though, together with its best fruits, it a nautis peritissimis, quam poni solitarie inter

B

When you

maris procellas et aquarum undas." —Baltha- | Now truth shall be welcome so they may have SAR, Contra Bohemorum Errores. 1494. Peace.—The Lord hath hereby facilitated the

rebuilding of his own house. There are wise

men who think our Reformation would have Presbyterian Exultations.—1644.

been very low, had not God raised the spirits of "By the good hand of our God upon us, our Reformers by the length of these multiplied there is a beautiful fabric of his House (as near Troubles.”—Hill's Sermon. 1644. as we can according to the Apostolical pattern) preparing amongst us; and some such things as are already done towards it, as will be of singu- Exultalion at this, and Call for clearing away lar concernment both in reference to the honour

all Rubbish. of the Lord himself, and also to the comfort of "You read in Isaiah, Before Zion shall be the Inhabitants. Instead of the High Commis- redeemed with judgment, he will purely purge sion, which was a sore scourge to many godly away her dross, and take away all her tin. Here and faithful ministers, we have an honourable was much dross in England, both of persons Committee, that turns the wheel upon such as and things. Wonder not if they be not sudare scandalous and unworthy. In the room of denly or easily removed. Many drossy persons Jeroboam's Priests, burning and shining lights and things have been taken away by the length are multiplied, in some dark places of the land of these troubles, which otherwise in all probawhich were full of the habitations of cruelty. bility would still have clogged us. As in matIn the place of a long Liturgy, we are in hope ters of state, the civil Sword, being so indulgent, of a pithy Directory. Instead of prelatical would not take off Delinquents, therefore the Rails about the table, we have the Scripture Lord still renews the commission of the military Rails of Church Discipline in good forwardness. Sword to do justice till his counsel be fulfilled. Where Popish Altars and Crucifixes did abound, So in the affairs of the Church, many poor dewe begin to see more of Christ crucified in the luded people in England were fond of their simplicity and purity of his ordinances. Instead needless ceremonies and ready to dote on some of the Prelates Oath, to establish their own ex- Babylonish trinkets, who probably would not orbitant power with the appurtenances, we have have been weaned from them, had not God a Solemn Covenant with God, engaging us to whipped them off by the continuance of these endeavour Reformation, according to his Word, troubles.”—Hill's Sermon. 1644. yea, and the extirpation of Popery, and Prelacy itself. Who could expect that such great mat

have pulled down the old buildters should be easily and suddenly effected ?:' ing, leave no rubbish upon the place. It was an Hill's Sermon. 1644.

unhappy defect in former reformations, though some of the grand Idols were removed, yet still

there was much Babylonish stuff left behind, Effect of the War in making Good People will- which now hath occasioned great trouble. Away

ing to give up any thing for Peace. with ceremonies, altars, and crucifixes ! Away

All our delays and difficulties may prove with the Pope's Canon Law, or whatsoever the Lord's method to fetch off people's spirits, may give any occasion to Samaritan builders to to close more fully with his own work. The make such a mixture in the Church as is conbusiness of Church Reformation stuck here most trary to the simplicity in Christ.”—Hill's Serof all, even in the reluctancy of the peoples mon. 1644. minds against it, and their indisposedness to comply with it, as in good Jehosophat's days. The high places were not taken away, for as yet

Wine-press for squeezing Delinquents. the people had not prepared their hearts unto the “Tulis vineyard, whereof God hath made you God of their Father. Our Temple-work was keepers, cannot but see that nothing is wanting no more forward, because the hearts of the most on your part. For you have endeavored to of England have been so backward to it. Be- fence it by a settled militia; to gather out mahold here the admirable providence of God, how lignants as stones ; to plant it with men of piety he hath improved the lengthening of our Troub- and trust as choice-vines ; to build the tower of les! Hereby he hath by little and little moulded a powerful ministry in the midst of it, and also people's spirits to a more pliable disposition, to make a wine-press therein for the squeezing of and made many much more ready to concur in delinquents.''—Joun ArrowSMITH.

Sermon. the building of the Temple, in the advancing of 1643. Dedicated to the House of Commons. Reformation.

“When the wars began, thousands in England who in a humour would have taken up Rushworth’s Account of the Tricks of his Party. arms to fight for the Prelacy and the Service “ POSTERITY,” says Rusuworth, in the prefBook, have been so hammered and hewed by ace to his first volume," should know that some the continuance of God's judgments upon us, durst write the truth, whilst other men's fancies that now they are come to this, Let the Parlia- were more busy than their hands, forging relament and Assembly do what they will with Pre- tions, building and battering castles in the air ; lacy and Liturgy, so the sword may be sheathed. publishing speeches as spoken in Parliament

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