Real Alternatives, Leibniz’s Metaphysics of Choice
Springer Science & Business Media, 1998 M04 30 - 198 páginas
In the `Preliminary Dissertation' of his Theodicy, Leibniz declares himself an apologist for the compatibilist doctrines of original sin, election and reprobation propounded by the theologians of the Augsburg Confession. According to those theologians, man's actions are determined but man retains the power to act otherwise and therefore is responsible for his actions. Savage argues that Leibniz, in formulating his apology, availed himself of both his doctrine of possible worlds and his finite-infinite analysis distinction (the latter being applied within the former). Savage challenges the dogma that Leibniz's metaphysical principles entail that individuals are powerless to act otherwise and that God cannot conceive of them acting otherwise. He argues that interpreters deduce the dogma from those principles with the aid of dubious extra-textual premises, for example, that a Leibnizian individual has only one complete concept or cannot be persons other than the person it actually is.
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Complete Concepts and Counterfactuals
Complete Concepts and Counterfactuals
Complete Concepts and Leibnizs Metaphysics of Substance
What Makes Accidents Essential?
Counterfactual Semantics Roughly Speaking
Notes to Chapter One
Deliberations and Counterfactuals
Counterfactual Identity and Creaturely Deliberation
Leibniz and Creatio ex Nihilo
An Alternative reading of Leibniz on Creatio ex Nihilo
Potential Beings as Eternal Truths
the Dependence of Potential Beings on Gods Mind
Perception and Relative Creation
Notes to Chapter Four
The Freedom of Creatures and Gods Ideas
Notes to Chapter Two
Personal and Metaphysical Identity
Introduction Two Counterfactual Identity and Indiscernibility
The Identity of Indiscernibles
Personhoods and Identity
Notes to Chapter Three
Compossibility and Creation
Notes to Chapter Five
Infinite Analysis and Counterfactuals
Hypothetical Necessity and the Principle of Sufficient Reason
Infinite Analysis And Counterfactual Truth
Notes to Chapter Six
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absolutely accidental according to Leibniz act otherwise action actual individuals actual world Adam antecedent Arnauld attributes Augsburg Confession Bayle body Caesar cause Christ coexist complete concept complete individual concept compossible conceive consequence consistent contains contradiction counterfactual identity counterpart theory create the world creatio ex nihilo creation creatures cross the Rubicon deliberate denied Descartes determined different person distinction divine doctrine of complete essence eternal truths evil exist finite freedom G VII God's mind Grua ideas identity of indiscernibles implies incompatible individual laws individual substance infinite analysis Jalabert Judas knowledge Leibniz held Leibniz maintained Leibniz meant Leibniz wrote Leibniz's doctrine Leibnizian individuals Malebranche matter mean metaphysical moral nature passage perceive perfect perfect concept possible individuals possible things possible worlds potential predicate primitive properties purely possible sense Sleigh soul speaking species Spinoza sufficient reason Theodicy thought tion true truths of fact universe vidual
Página 16 - God, he says, either wishes to take away evils, and is unable; or He is able, and is unwilling; or He is neither willing nor able, or He is both willing and able. If He is willing and is unable, He is feeble, which is not in accordance with the character of God; if He is able and unwilling, He is envious, which is...
Página 14 - ... so much effort as making our perception of the primary notions clear and distinct. Admittedly, they are by their nature as evident as, or even more evident than, the primary notions which the geometers study; but they conflict with many preconceived opinions derived from the senses which we have got into the habit of holding from our earliest years, and so only those who really concentrate and meditate and withdraw their minds from corporeal things, so far as is possible, will achieve perfect...