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absorbent absorption accumulation active material alpha American amounts Appendix apply Association beta beta radiation body Bone chairman chamber changed chemistry clothing Committee considered containers counter covered deposition detection determined disintegrates disposal dose dust effective elimination emitted energy equipment exposure external Feces film filter gamma radiation gamma rays give given half-life Handbook handling hands hazard indicated individual ingestion inhalation injury inspection irradiation isotopes laboratory lead levels limited liquid Liver lung maximum measured ments meters method monitoring mr/hr necessary normally operation organizations package packed permissible personnel Persons physical possible potential preparation present problem properly protection radioactive materials radioisotopes radium range recommendations reduce regulations removal response rules safe samples sensitivity shielding shipment significant solutions specifically studies Subcommittee sufficient suitable surface tests thickness tion Tracer transportation Urine waste X-ray
Página 26 - Radioactive materials that present special hazards due to their tendency to remain fixed In the human body for long periods of time (ie, radium, Plutonium, and radioactive strontium, etc.) must, in addition to the packing...
Página 28 - ... 0.1 millicuries of radium, or polonium, or that amount of strontium 89, strontium 90, or barium 140 which disintegrates at a rate of more than 5 million atoms per second; or that amount of any other radioactive substance which disintegrates at a rate of more than 50 million atoms per second.
Página 26 - All outside shipping containers must be of such design that the gamma radiation will not exceed 200 mr/hr or equivalent at any point of readily accessible surface. Containers must be equipped with handles and protective devices when necessary in order to satisfy this requirement...
Página 6 - In the absence of an internationally accepted unit, the "rep" is a convenient shorthand notation for statements of dose of ionizing radiation not covered by the definition of the roentgen. It represents that dose which produces energy absorption of 93 ergs/gram of tissue.
Página 26 - ... from any point on the radioactive source will not exceed 10 milliroentgens per hour. The shield must be so designed that it will not open or break under conditions incident to transportation. The minimum shielding must be sufficient to prevent the escape of any primary corpuscular radiation...
Página 26 - ... be packed in suitable inside containers completely surrounded by a shield of lead or other suitable material of such thickness that at any time during transportation the gamma radiation at one meter (39.3 inches) from any point on the radioactive source will not .exceed 10 milliroentgens per hour.
Página 9 - ... the feces may be required when the predominant elimination is by feces. Special tests for specific isotopes are in order when they exist (eg, radioiodine may be estimated in the thyroid gland in terms of the emitted gamma radiation measured by a Geiger counter or ionization chamber). Where exposure 4 A single exposure of 25 r can apparently escape detection by standard blood counting techniques.