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phosphates or oil he shall furnish, subject to approval by the Secretary of the Interior, a bond or undertaking as security for the payment of all damages to the crops and improvements on said lands by reason of such prospecting for phosphates or oil. Any person who has acquired from the United States the oil or phosphate deposits in any such land, or the right to mine or remove the same, may reenter and occupy so much of the surface thereof as may be required for all purposes reasonably incident to the mining and removal of the oil or phosphate therefrom and mine and remove the oil or phosphate upon payment of the damages caused thereby to the owner thereof, or upon giving a good and sufficient bond or undertaking in an action instituted in any competent court to ascertain and fix said damages: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall be held to deny or abridge the right of the State of Idaho to present and have prompt consideration of applications to select lands, which have been classified as oil or phosphate lands, with a view to disproving such classification and securing a certificate without reservation: And provided further, That the reserved phosphate and oil deposits in approved selections under this act shall not be subject to exploration or entry, other than by the United States, except as hereinafter authorized by Congress.

38 STAT. 509, JULY 17, 1914 (PUBLIC_NO. 128_630 CONGRESS).

OIL AND PHOSPHATE LANDS-AGRICULTURAL ENTRY.

AN ACT To provide for agricultural entry of lands withdrawn, classified, or reported

as containing phosphate, nitrate, potash, oil, gas, or asphaltic minerals. Be it enacted, etc., That lands withdrawn or classified as phosphate, nitrate, potash, oil, gas,' or asphaltic minerals, or which are valuable for those deposits, shall be subject to appropriation, location, selection, entry, or purchase, if otherwise available, under the nonmineral land laws of the United States, whenever such location, selection, entry, or purchase shall be made with a view of obtaining or passing title with a reservation to the United States of the deposits on account of which the lands were withdrawn or classified or reported as valuable, together with the right to prospect for, mine, and remove the same; but no desert entry made under the provisions of this act shall contain more than 160 acres: Provided, That all applications to locate, select, enter, or purchase under this section shall state that the same are made in accordance with and subject to the provisions and reservations of this act.

SEC. 2. That upon satisfactory proof of full compliance with the provisions of the laws under which the location, selection, entry, or purchase is made, the locator, selector, entryman, or purchaser shall be entitled to a patent to the land located, selected, entered, or purchased, which patent shall contain a reservation to the United States of the deposits on account of which the lands so patented were withdrawn or classified or reported as valuable, together with the right to prospect for, mine, and remove the same, such deposits to be subject to disposal by the United States only as shall be hereafter expressly directed by law. Any person qualified to acquire the reserved deposits may enter upon said lands with a view of prospecting for the same upon the approval by the Secretary of the Interior of a bond or undertaking to be filed with him as security for the payment of all damages to the crops and improvements on such lands by reason of such prospecting, the measure of any such damage to be fixed by agreement of parties or by a court of competent jurisdiction. Any person who has acquired from the United States the title to or the right to mine and remove the reserved deposits, should the United States dispose of the mineral deposits in lands, may reenter and occupy so much of the surface thereof as may be required for all purposes reasonably incident to the mining and removal of the minerals therefrom, and mine and remove such minerals, upon payment of damages caused thereby to the owner of the land, or upon giving a good and sufficient bond or undertaking therefor in an action instituted in any competent court to ascertain and fix said damages: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall be held to deny or abridge the right to present and have prompt consideration of applications to locate, select, enter, or purchase, under the land laws of the United States, lands which have been withdrawn or classified as phosphate, nitrate, potash, oil, gas, or asphaltic mineral lands, with a view of disproving such classification and securing patent without reservation, nor shall persons who have located, selected, entered, or purchased lands subsequently withdrawn, or classified as valuable for said mineral deposits, be debarred from the privilege of showing, at any time before final entry, purchase, or approval of selection or location, that the lands entered, selected, or located are in fact nonmineral in character.

Sec. 3. That any person who has, in good faith, located, selected, entered, or purchased, or any person who shall hereafter locate, select, enter, or purchase, under the nonmineral land laws of the United States, any lands which are subsequently withdrawn, classified, or reported as being valuable for phosphate, nitrate, potash, oil, gas, or asphaltic minerals, may, upon application therefor, and making satisfactory proof of compliance with the laws under which such lands are claimed, receive a patent therefor, which patent shall contain a reservation to the United States of all deposits on account of which the lands were withdrawn, classified, or reported as being valuable, together with the right to prospect for, mine, and remove tl

same.

See pago 1221.

HILIPPINE ISLANDS MINING ACT.

31 STAT. 895, p. 910, MARCH 2, 1901.

PHILIPPINE ISLANDS-MINING RIGHTS.

*

AN ACT Making appropriations for the support of the Army for the fiscal year ending

June 30, 1902. Be it enacted, etc., All military, civil, and judicial powers necessary to govern the Philippine Islands, acquired from Spain by the treaties, *

Until a permanent government shall have been established in said archipelago full reports shall be made to Congress on or before the first day of each session of all legislative acts and proceedings of the temporary government instituted under the provisions hereof; and full reports of the acts and doings of said government, and as to the condition of the archipelago, and of its people, shall be made to the President, including all information which may be useful to the Congress in providing for a more permanent government: Provided, That no sale or lease or other disposition of the public lands or the timber thereon or the mining rights therein shall be made:

**

*

A. UNOCCUPIED GROUND-ADVERSE CLAIM.

There can be no adverse claim under this act where the grounds are not unoccupied. Reavis v. Franza, 215 U. S. 16, p. 24.

32 STAT. 697-710 (ORIGINAL ACT), JULY 1, 1902; 33 STAT. 689 (AMENDMENT), FEBRUARY

6, 1905.

MINING RIGHTS AND CLAIMS.

AN ACT Temporarily to provide for the administration of the affairs of civil government in the Philippine Islands, and for other purposes, approved July 1, 1902, as amended by Public-No. 43, approved February 6, 1905. NOTE.—The sections of the original act and of the amended act are here combined. Be it enacted, etc.,

* * * Sec. 12. That all the property and rights which may have been acquired in the Philippine Islands by the United States under the treaty of peace with Spain, signed December 10, 1898, except such land or other property as shall be designated by the President of the United States for military and other reservations of the Government of the United States, are hereby placed under the control of the government of said islands to be administered for the benefit of the inhabitants thereof, except as provided in this act.

Sec. 13. That the government of the Philippine Islands, subject to the provisions of this act and except as herein provided, shall

classify according to its agricultural character and productiveness, and shall immediately make rules and regulations for the lease, sale, or other disposition of the public lands other than timber or mineral lands, but such rules and regulations shall not go into effect or have the force of law until they have received the approval of the President and when approved by the President they shall be submitted by him to Congress at the beginning of the next ensuing session thereof and unless disapproved or amended by Congress at said session they shall at the close of such period have the force and effect of law in the Philippine Islands: Provided, That a single homestead entry shall not exceed 16 hectares in extent.

Sec. 14. That the government of the Philippine Islands is hereby authorized and empowered to enact rules and regulations and to prescribe terms and conditions to enable persons to perfect their title to public lands in said islands, who, prior to the transfer of sovereignty from Spain to the United States, had fulfilled all or some of the conditions required by the Spanish laws and royal decrees of the Kingdom of Spain for the acquisition of legal title thereto yet failed to secure conveyance of title; and the Philippine Commission is authorized to issue patents, without compensation, to any native of said islands, conveying title to any tract of land not more than 16 hectares in extent, which were public lands and had been actually occupied by such native or his ancestors prior to and on the 13th of August, 1898.

SEC. 15. That the government of the Philippine Islands is hereby authorized and empowered, on such terms as it may prescribe, by general legislation, to provide for the granting or sale and conveyance to actual occupants and settlers and other citizens of said islands such parts and portions of the public domain, other than timber and mineral lands, of the United States in said islands as it may deem wise, not exceeding 16 hectares to any one person and for the sale and conveyance of not more than 1,024 hectares to any corporation or association of persons: Provided, That the grant or sale of such lands, whether the purchase price be paid at once or in partial payments, shall be conditioned upon actual and continued occupancy, improvement, and cultivation of the premises sold for a period of not less than five years, during which time the purchaser or grantee can not alienate or encumber said land or the title thereto; but such restriction shall not apply to transfers of rights and title of inheritance under the laws for the distribution of the estates of decedents.

MINERAL LANDS.

SEC. 20. That in all cases public lands in the Philippine Islands valuable for minerals shall be reserved from sale, except as otherwise expressly directed by law.

SEC. 21. That all valuable mineral deposits in public lands in the Philippine Islands, both surveyed and unsurveyed, are hereby declared to be free and open to exploration, occupation, and purchase, and the land in which they are found to occupation and purchase, by citizens of the United States, or of said islands; Provided, That when on any lands in said islands entered and occupied as agricultural lands under the provisions of this act, but not patented,

mineral deposits have been found, the working of such mineral deposits is hereby forbidden until the person, association, or corporation who or which has entered and is occupying such lands shall have paid to the Government of said islands such additional sum or sums as will make the total amount paid for the mineral claim or claims in which said deposits are located equal to the amount charged by the Government for the same as mineral claims.

Sec. 22. That mining claims upon land containing veins or lode of quartz or other rock in place bearing gold, silver, cinnabar, lead, tin, copper, or other valuable deposits located after the passage of this act, whether located by one or more persons qualified to locate the same under the preceding section, shall be located in the following manner and under the following conditions: Any person so qualified desiring to locate a mineral claim shall, subject to the provisions of this act with respect to land which may be used for mining, enter upon the same and locate a plat (feet in original act) of ground measuring, where possible, but not exceeding 300 meters in length by 300 meters in breadth, in as nearly as possible a rectangular form; that is ot say, all angles shall be right angles, except in cases where a boundary line of a previously surveyed claim is adopted as common to both claims, but the lines need not necessarily be meridional. In defining the size of a mineral claim it shall be measured horizontally, irrespective of inequalities of the surface of the ground.

SEC. 23. That a mineral claim shall be marked by two posts, placed as nearly as possible on the line of the ledge or vein, and the posts shall be numbered 1 and 2, and the distance between posts numbered 1 and 2 shall not exceed 300 meters, the line between posts numbered 1 and 2 to be known as the location line; and upon posts numbered 1 and 2 shall be written the name given to the mineral claim, the name of the locator, and the date of the location. Upon post numbered 1 there shall be written, in addition to the foregoing,

Initial post,” the approximate compass bearing of post numbered 2, and a statement of the number of meters (feet in original act) lying to the right and to the left of the line from post numbered 1 to post numbered 2, thus "Initial post. Direction of post numbered 2 meters of this claim lie on the right and meters on the left of the line from number 1 to number 2 post.” All the particulars required to be put on number 1 and number 2 posts shall be furnished by the locator to the provincial secretary, or such other officer as by the Philippine Government may be described as mining recorder, in writing, at the time the claim is recorded, and shall form a part of the record of such claim.

SEC. 24. That when a claim has been located the holder shall immediately mark the line between posts numbered 1 and 2 so that it can be distinctly seen. The locator shall also place a post at the point where he has found minerals in place, on which shall be written Discovery post:” Provided, That when the claim is surveyed the surveyor shall be guided by the records of the claim, the sketch plan on the back of the declaration made by the owner when the claim was recorded, posts numbered 1 and 2, and the notice on number 1, the initial post.

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